Gorky Park (band)
Gorky Park or Парк Горького is a Russian hard rock band, that gained mainstream popularity in the United States during Perestroika. Gorky Park is famous for its kitsch use of western stereotypes of Russians, such as pseudo-traditional clothing, balalaika-like guitar design and the hammer and sickle as their logo, it was the first Russian band to be aired on MTV. In 1987 guitarist Alexey Belov, vocalist Nikolay Noskov, bassist Alexander "Big Sasha" Minkov, guitarist Yan Yanenkov, drummer Alexander Lvov came together to form Gorky Park. Stas Namin, a famous 70's soviet musician, became the band's manager; because Gorbachev lifted the censorship, many underground rock bands, including Gorky Park, became able to receive more widespread popularity. That year the band left Russia for the United States in search of a record deal. In the U. S. the band soon made some connections in the record business. One of the first people to take notice was famous guitarist Frank Zappa. Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora helped them to secure a deal with Mercury Records.
The band released a self-titled debut album in 1989, featuring initials'GP' stylized as a Hammer & Sickle on the cover. With the fall of the Iron Curtain and a growing interest in Soviets to western countries, Gorky Park soon became known; the band seemed to be a kind of symbol of American-Russian friendship. The band's first video, "Bang", received MTV rotation, their next two singles, "Try to Find Me" and a collaboration with Bon Jovi, "Peace in Our Time", received rotation on mainstream radio stations. Gorky Park participated on that year's Moscow Music Peace Festival alongside Bon Jovi, Mötley Crüe, Skid Row, Ozzy Osbourne and Scorpions. Gorky Park joined the other acts from the Moscow Music Peace Festival in the compilation album Stairway to Heaven/Highway to Hell; this album included each of the bands performing one song from an artist who died from, or a band who lost a member to, drug problems. Gorky Park's contribution was a cover of The; the band continued into 1990 touring with Bon Jovi and performing at the Goodwill Games opening ceremony.
Gorky Park live shows featured the band dressed in traditional Russian style, waving Soviet and American flags. In 1991 the band received Scandinavian Grammy award as the best new international act; as Perestroika era came to its end, the group's fame in America subsided rather quickly. Nikolai Noskov left the band in 1990 but Gorky Park remained active and kept releasing albums in the'90s with Minkov taking over as lead vocalist. 1993's Moscow Calling, produced by Fee Waybill, sold 500,000 copies outside the US. Their next album, came out in 1996, released only in Russia, followed up by promotional tour of the former USSR states. In 1998, the band released Protivofazza. In 1999, Nikolay Noskov joined the for the first time in 9 years to sing Bang Alexander Minkov left the band and started his solo career under the stage name Alexander Marshall. Gorky Park was never claimed to disband, but inactive since 2001. Belov and Yanenkov continue to perform Gorky Park songs in their band "Park Belova". Since Gorky Park made several brief re-unions in festivals.
In 2008, Gorky Park received Muz-TV award for contribution to Rock music and performed "Moscow Calling" with Alexander Minkov. On November 18, 2012 the band gave special show in Crocus City Hall in Moscow, celebrating their 25th anniversary. Nikolay Noskov joined the band on stage since 1999 to sing "Bang". Current line-upAlexander "Big Sasha" Minkov-Marshal – lead vocals, bass guitar, backing vocals Alexey Belov – lead and rhythm guitar, keyboards and lead vocals Yan Yanenkov – lead and rhythm guitar, backing vocals Alexander "Little Sasha" Lvov – drums, backing vocals Past membersNikolai Noskov – lead vocals Nikolai Kuzminykh – keyboards, backing vocals Andru Jonesovich - Triangle, backing vocals Nikolai Jonesovich - Tambourine, sideways vocals Christoff Lathropski - Lead Insult Generator "-" – Album did not chart or was not released in country Official Website
Vorobyovy Gory (Moscow Metro)
Vorobyovy Gory is a Moscow Metro station. It is between Universitet and Sportivnaya stations, its name originates from a nearby elevated area translated as Sparrow Hills. The bridge, known as the Luzhniki Metro Bridge, or "Metromost", spans the Moskva River, was built in 1958; the architects for the project were M. P. Bubnov, A. S. Markelov, M. F. Markovsky, A. K. Ryzhkov, B. I. Tkhor; the bridge, hastily built, fell into disrepair. It was deemed structurally unsound by 1984, so the station was "temporarily" closed for repairs and trains were rerouted to temporary bridges alongside. Eighteen years on December 14, 2002, the newly renovated and renamed station was opened to the public once again. Built into the lower level of a bridge, it is unique in the city. At 282 metres in length, the platform is the longest in the system as the station needed to be accessible from both sides of the river, it is the highest station above ground level at 15 metres, though this is less remarkable since all but a handful of Metro stations are underground.
Apart from its dimensions, Vorobyovy Gory is notable in being the only Moscow Metro station with windows. Media related to Vorobyovy Gory at Wikimedia Commons
Ploshchad Gagarina (Moscow Central Circle)
Ploshchad Gagarina is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro. The station offers a free direct transfer to Leninsky Prospekt of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line. Ploshchad Gagarina is the only underground station on the Moscow Central Circle line. After its first month of service, the station was the most used on the line with daily ridership of 25,800 passengers; the second most used station was Vladykino with 18,300 passengers. As of January 2017, the station remains the most trafficked on the line. Mkzd.ru
Wind of Change (Scorpions song)
"Wind of Change" is a power ballad by the German rock band Scorpions, recorded for their eleventh studio album, Crazy World. The song was composed and written by the band's lead singer Klaus Meine and produced by Keith Olsen and the band, it was released as the album's third single in January 1991 and became a worldwide hit, just after the failed coup that would lead to the collapse of the Soviet Union. The song topped the charts in Germany and across Europe and peaked at number four in the United States on August 31, 1991 and number two in the United Kingdom, it appeared on the band's 1995 live album Live Bites, their 2000 album with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Moment of Glory, on their 2001 unplugged album Acoustica. With estimated sales of 14 million copies sold worldwide, "Wind of Change" is one of the best-selling singles of all time, it holds the record for the best-selling single by a German artist. The band presented a gold record and $70,000 of royalties from the single to Mikhail Gorbachev in 1991.
As of March 2019, the video for "Wind of Change" has been viewed more than 660 million times on YouTube. The lyrics celebrate glasnost in the Soviet Union, the end of the Cold War, speaks of hope at a time when tense conditions had arisen due to the fall of Communist-run governments among Eastern Bloc nations beginning in 1989; the Scorpions were inspired to write the song after performing at the Moscow Music Peace Festival in August 1989, the opening lines refer to the city's landmarks: The Moskva is the name of the river that runs through Moscow, Gorky Park is an urban park in Moscow named after the writer Maxim Gorky. The song contains a reference to the balalaika, a Russian stringed instrument somewhat like a guitar; the balalaika is mentioned in the following lines: "Wind of Change" opens with a clean guitar intro played by Matthias Jabs, played alongside Klaus Meine's flat whistle. The song's guitar solo is played by Rudolf Schenker; the band recorded a Russian-language version of the song, under the title "Ветер перемен" and a Spanish version called "Vientos de Cambio".
In 2005, viewers of the German television network ZDF chose this song as the song of the century. Glasnost Perestroika Demokratizatsiya Lyrics and guitar chords "Wind of Change" music video on YouTube
Moscow Central Circle
The Moscow Central Circle or MCC, designated Line 14 or just Encircle Line and marked in a strawberry red/white color is a 54-kilometre-long orbital urban/metropolitan rail line that encircles historical Moscow. The line is rebuilt from the Little Ring of the Moscow Railway and opened to passengers on 10 September 2016. and is operated by the Moscow Government owned company MKZD through the Moscow Metro, with the state-run Russian Railways selected as the operation subcontractor. The infrastructure and platforms are owned and managed by Russian Railways, while most station buildings are owned by MKZD; the railroad was commissioned in 1897 under the auspices of Czar Nicholas II, thus earning a "Royal Railroad" nickname. The planning took five years. Thirteen design alternatives were reviewed in the process; the winning bid was for a four-track rail line, with two tracks allocated for freight, the other two used by passenger trains. The project came with an estimated 40 million ruble price tag.
In May 1902, construction began. Following a defeat in the 1905 Russo-Japanese War, construction was scaled back; as the costs overran the estimate by a third, the number of tracks being built was reduced to two. Bridges, of which there are 35, were costly, their low clearance hindered electrification efforts for over a century to come. The vast railroad infrastructure included housing facilities, water towers and miscellaneous shops. Station houses — architectural masterpieces built in the typical early-20th-century Russian industrial style — had electricity. Heat was provided by masonry heaters, some of which were Russian-made, some imported from Holland. Station clocks were purchased from Swiss manufacturer Paul Buhré. Known for their accuracy, these clocks, for a while, became the city's de facto time standard. Only one such clock has survived, it is located in Presnya station supervisor's office. The first train ran in 1907. On 19 July 1908, the railroad opened; the opening ceremony was attended by the Czar, Royal Dynasty members, government and city officials.
In the first few months, the railroad was used for passenger traffic. Due to a high train fare — at 3.40 rubles — ridership was non-existent, the line brought in the total of 132 rubles in revenue since the operation started. Thus, on 10 October 1908, passenger trains were discontinued in favor of freight service. Between World War I and the October Revolution of 1917, the passenger service was restored, although freight remained the only viable revenue source. By the late 1920s, other forms of public transportation had emerged and in 1934 passenger service was ended, only to resume again 82 years later. Around 2010, many millions of people used the city's subway system daily; some 35-40 % used private transportation. Upgrade plans for the railway line were signed by Russian Railways and the Moscow Government between 2008 and 2011 with consent of Vladimir Putin. Construction work planned for 2013–2016 would convert the Little Ring line of the Moscow Railway for joint passenger and freight use but in 2012, at a meeting with new Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in Odintsovo, Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin acknowledged that trains on the circle railway would not be ready until 2020.
The required work included: Electrification of the whole line with 3 kV DC overhead wires and the construction of substations Complete track replacement with additional third track on the northern half of the circle Construction of new passenger stations and rehabilitation of old yards Construction of Podmoskovnaya depot for EMU trains Construction of an additional second track and station upgrades on the northern section of the Greater Ring of the Moscow Railway, for the re-routing freight traffic away from central Moscow Replacement for most bridges and overpasses New rolling stock designed for urban service Construction of transfers with existing and under construction Moscow Metro stationsConstruction commenced in 2012, passenger services began in the third quarter of 2016. During the reconstruction of the railway, many of the original passenger stations were re-purposed for passenger use and complemented with new stations; the line opened on 10 September 2016 in the presence of President Vladimir Putin and Moscow Mayor Sergey Sobyanin.
The line was free to ride for the first month of operation. By the end of 2016, the daily ridership on the Central Circle Line was expected to reach 400,000 and by 2025, the ring railway is expected to carry up to 300 million passengers annually; the operation of the Central Circle is similar to the S-Train systems in Germany and other countries. Ticketing on the Moscow Central Circle is integrated with the Moscow Metro; the line serves the purpose of a connector between the different radial lines of outer Moscow, much as the Koltsevaya Line does in inner Moscow. 130 trains per day circulate around the line, with an interval of 5–6 minutes during the rush hours, 10–15 minutes at other times. The line's hours of operation are the same as the rest of the Metro, from 06:00 until 01:00. Despite its name, the Moscow Central Circle is not circle-shaped; the line stretches 12 kilometres outward in the northwest and draws as close as 5 kilometres to the Kremlin in the south. The Metro's Bolshaya Koltsevaya line, which
Alexei Konstantinovich Yagudin is a Russian former competitive figure skater. He is the 2002 Olympic champion, a four-time World champion, a three-time European champion, a two-time Grand Prix Final champion, the 1996 World Junior champion, a two-time World Professional champion. To this day, Alexei Yagudin remains the only skater in history to have achieved a Golden Slam, a victory in all major championships in the same season. Alexei Yagudin was introduced to skating at age four by his mother, who saw the activity as a way to improve his health, he learned all his double jumps before age ten, the five triple jumps before age twelve, the triple Axel jump before he turned thirteen. His first coach was Alexander Mayorov, he was introduced to the famous Russian coach Alexei Mishin when Mayorov moved to Sweden in 1992. Yagudin trained in Mishin's group from 1992 to 1998, he began competing at the international level in 1994, won the 1996 World Junior Championships. The famous rivalry with fellow Russian skater Evgeni Plushenko began when they trained in Mishin's group, intensified after Yagudin left.
In 1997, Yagudin won a bronze medal. In 1998, Yagudin led a Russian sweep of the medals at the 1998 European Championships with Evgeni Plushenko in second and Alexander Abt in third; that year, he competed at the 1998 Nagano Winter Olympics despite a severe case of pneumonia, finished in 5th place. A month he won the 1998 World Championships, he became the first Russian single skater from the post-Soviet era to win the World title. He was the second-youngest male World Champion at the age of 18 years and 15 days, 6 days older than Donald McPherson in 1963. About two months after the event, Yagudin left Mishin and joined Tatiana Tarasova, who would coach him until his retirement in 2003. In the 1998–99 season, Yagudin won eleven out of the thirteen competitions in which he participated, which included the defeat of Kurt Browning in the World Professional Championships, winning the Grand Prix Final. At the 2000 European Championships, he finished ahead of both Plushenko and former Olympic champion Alexei Urmanov to win his second continental title.
He defended his world title against Plushenko at the 2000 World Championships in Nice, France. Yagudin struggled at the beginning of the 1999–2000 season, he withdrew from the 1999–2000 Grand Prix Final due to a knee injury, lost to Plushenko at the Russian Championships and 2000 European Championships. At the 2000 World Championships, he won his third consecutive world title. Yagudin's 2000–01 season was marred by injuries and inconsistency, he lost to Plushenko at the 2000–01 Grand Prix Final, Russian Championships, the 2001 European Championships. He sustained a foot injury shortly before the 2001 World Championships in Canada, he stood in fifth place after the qualifying round and placed second in the short program, receiving a standing ovation and compliments of'It was all about heart and guts' for his performance of The Revolutionary Etude. He went on to win the silver medal after ranking second in the free skate. Yagudin started the 2001–02 Olympic season with a bronze medal at the 2001 Goodwill Games in September.
He altered his training regimen as a result, enjoyed the best season in his career. He regained his European title. At the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Yagudin won the men's event, receiving first-place votes from every judge throughout the competition, became one of the youngest male figure skating Olympic champions, he received four 6.0 scores for his free skate. Yagudin's perfect marks are the most for an Olympic performance since Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean's free dance in 1984 and set a record for a men's skater in the Olympics. After the Olympics, Yagudin won his fourth World title, receiving six perfect 6.0s for his short program and another two for his free skating at the competition. He became the first singles skater to receive six perfect marks for the short program, including the first perfect mark for required elements; this record cannot be equaled or broken because the International Skating Union introduced the ISU Judging System after the 2002–03 season. Yagudin was diagnosed with a congenital hip disorder after the Olympic season.
He was advised by doctors to stay off the ice for several months. Yagudin competed at 2002 Skate America, he withdrew due to his injury before the next segment. He announced his retirement from competitive skating, his final performance as an eligible skater came during a farewell gala at Skate Canada with a performance of a new program and his short program from the previous season, Racing. Yagudin was awarded with the Order of Merit for the Fatherland of the Russian Federation in 2003, he never won the Russian Championships, losing to Evgeni Plushenko. Yagudin turned professional in 2003, touring with Stars on Ice and Ice Symphony in Russia. In 2004, Yagudin toured with Stars on Ice for the second year in a row, he worked with the French figure skater Brian Joubert as a consultant coach. In November he won two professional competitions with two new programs, The Feeling Begins and Moon Over Bourbon Street; the next year, he continued with the Stars on Ice tour and his Passion program was choreographed with a difficult acrobatic routine that took
The IT Crowd
The IT Crowd is a British sitcom broadcast by Channel 4, written by Graham Linehan, produced by Ash Atalla and starring Chris O'Dowd, Richard Ayoade, Katherine Parkinson, Matt Berry. Set in the offices of the fictional Reynholm Industries, the programme revolves around the three staff members of its IT department: coding genius Maurice Moss, work-shy Roy Trenneman, Jen Barber, the department head/relationship manager who knows nothing about IT; the programme focuses on the bosses of Reynholm Industries: Denholm Reynholm and his son Douglas. Goth IT technician Richmond Avenal, who resides in the dark server room features in a number of episodes; the comedy premiered on Channel 4 on 3 February 2006, ran for four series of six episodes each. Although a fifth series was commissioned, it was not produced; the programme was concluded with a special, one-off episode, that aired on 27 September 2013. The programme has become a cult television series; the IT Crowd is set in the offices of Reynholm Industries, a fictional British corporation in central London, located at 123 Carenden Road.
It focuses on the shenanigans of three members of the IT support team located in a dingy and unkempt basement – a great contrast to the shining modern architecture and stunning London views enjoyed by the rest of the organisation. The obscurity surrounding what the company does is a running gag throughout the series, all, known is that the company bought and sold ITV, has a chemicals laboratory. However, it is hinted that Reynholm Industries is a communications company, as Denholm Reynholm claims that the company, through buying mobile phone carriers and television stations, had created the largest communications empire in the UK. Douglas Reynholm states his father Denholm, whom he succeeds after Denholm commits suicide, once described the IT department as being run by "a dynamic go-getter, a genius, a man from Ireland."Roy and Moss, the two technicians, are inept geeks or, in Denholm Reynholm's words, "standard nerds". Despite the company's dependence on their services, they are despised and considered losers by the rest of the staff.
Roy's exasperation causes his laziness: his support techniques include ignoring the phone, hoping it will stop ringing, using reel-to-reel tape recordings of stock IT suggestions like, "Have you tried turning it off and on again?" and "Is it plugged in?". He wears a different T-shirt in each episode. Moss's wide and intricate knowledge of all things technical is reflected in his accurate yet indecipherable suggestions, while he cannot deal with practical problems like extinguishing fires and removing spiders. Moss has trouble speaking to others in a rational manner citing bizarre facts about himself or technology, is arrogant around others when it comes to computers. Jen, the newest member of the team, is hopelessly non-technical, despite claiming on her CV that she has "a lot of experience with computers"; as Denholm, the company boss, is technologically illiterate, he is convinced by Jen's interview bluffing and appoints her head of the IT department. After meeting Roy and Moss, Jen redefines her role as "relationship manager", yet her attempts at bridging the gap between the technicians and the business have the opposite effect, landing Jen in situations just as ludicrous as those of her teammates.
Chris O'Dowd as Roy Trenneman – an IT technician from Ireland, Roy is shown to go to great lengths to distract workmates so he can do nothing. However, when an incident does arise, he is either injured or embarrassed. Richard Ayoade as Maurice Moss – a intelligent IT technician with a lack of social skills. Katherine Parkinson as Jen Barber – a new hire at Reynholm Industries who, after claiming she has had "a lot of experience with computers", is made head of the IT department. Roy and Moss resent having Jen as their boss but soon find she is useful to them in interacting with other people, she therefore describes herself as their "relationship manager". Matt Berry as Douglas Reynholm – the womanising son of Denholm, who inherits Reynholm Industries in series 2 after his father, the CEO, commits suicide. Chris Morris as Denholm Reynholm – the egocentric founder and executive of Reynholm Industries, who has little understanding of IT. Noel Fielding as Richmond Avenal – an eccentric and reclusive but kind IT technician and goth, banished to the department's server room.
Creator Graham Linehan wrote the series. The programme was filmed in front of a live studio audience, which at the time was considered by some as risky, with the format thought to have been surpassed by more fly-on-the-wall type presentations; this was a deliberate choice by Linehan, who sought to challenge the current vogue for hailing the "death of the sitcom," stating "I trust my instincts, so I'm going to do it my way and hope people come to me." The first series was recorded in front of a live audience at Teddington Studios and moved to Pinewood Studios for series 2 onward, with some additional location footage. Cinematic-style footage was recorded before live tapings; the title sequence of the programme was produced by Shynola. The programme is broadcast internationally. In Australia the programme has been broadcast on ABC1 and UKTV. In Bulgaria, GTV began airing the programme in July 2008, while Comedy Central Germany started airing the first series in September 20