Cannondale Bicycle Corporation
The Cannondale Bicycle Corporation is an American division of Canadian conglomerate Dorel Industries that supplies bicycles. It is headquartered in Connecticut with manufacturing and assembly facilities in China; the company was founded in 1971 by Joe Montgomery and Murdock MacGregor to manufacture precast concrete housing. Ron Davis came to Cannondale from CBS Laboratories where he was VP in charge of the development of microfilm reproduction. Ron, a polymath and a gifted mechanical designer/inventor, had ideas for an internal combustion engine that would use ammonia as fuel; such a concept, if proved, could have far-reaching effects in warfare logistics and middle-eastern politics. Davis, with MacGregor as assistant, had some surprising success, they managed to duplicate and exceed results obtained by Allison Engine a division of General Motors. Faced with a commitment to invest a large amount of capital to take the project to a workable model installed in an automobile, Joe decided that the company should raise capital by developing and marketing other products that they had conceived.
By now MacGregor and Davis had recruited two more CBS Laboratory alumni: John Wistrand, an award-winning Industrial Designer, Jim Catrambone, a rising management star. A advanced air conditioner with no moving parts was a first effort. Joe Montgomery, after a camping bike trip with his son, conceived the Bugger bicycle trailer. Ron Davis devised a torsion spring made of Lexan. Wistrand designed the cloth cargo carrier on the two models of trailers. Joe, in an effort repeated in numerous products, sourced the cloth components, ensured perfection in their manufacture. A trip to the Bicycle Show in New York was an eye opener; the team was besieged by bike dealers wanting to buy the bags. They bought trailers too, but wanted the bags. In less than six months Cannondale became the world's largest manufacturer of lightweight bicycle bags. Using a marketing plan devised by Montgomery, Cannondale swept across the US, securing orders from more than 2500 dealers in less than 20 months, they used the infrastructure developed to produce the bags to enter the camping goods market with backpacks and tents.
When Todd Patterson, another exceptional designer/inventor, came aboard and developed the process for jigging and welding aluminum bike frames Cannondale became a serious manufacturer of bicycles. One of the most successful products was the Bugger, a child trailer, although Cannondale's marketing department claimed to be unaware of the connotations of the name in British English. Today, Cannondale produces many different types of high-end bicycles, which are no longer hand-made in the US, they specialize in a technology in which they were pioneers. The name of the company was taken from the Cannondale Metro North train station in Wilton, Connecticut. In the late 1990s Cannondale attempted to move into the motorsports business, producing a line of off-road motorcycles and all-terrain vehicles. According to an interview with Cannondale Communications Director, Tom Armstrong, the company was unable to reduce the cost of their vehicles fast enough. Sales increased; this gap drove the company into bankruptcy in 2003, they sold off the motorsport division.
Cannondale's bicycle division was purchased in 2003 by Pegasus Capital Advisors, which supported the company's renewed focus on bicycle production. In February 2008, Cannondale was purchased from Pegasus Capital Advisors by Dorel Industries. In April 2009 it was announced. A held company, Cannondale became publicly held after a $22 million IPO in 1995; the business continued as a publicly traded company until filing for bankruptcy protection on January 29, 2003. Cannondale's full assets were purchased at auction by Pegasus Partners II, L. P; the motor-sports IP, manufacturing equipment and inventory were sold off as the company returned its focus to bicycle manufacture. In February 2008, Dorel Industries, a Canada-based diversified consumer products company, announced the purchase of Cannondale from Pegasus for $200 million. Dorel owns Pacific Cycle, a distributor of bicycles made in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China for sale under many historic U. S. cycle brands, including Schwinn, Roadmaster, GT.
Cannondale began manufacturing aluminum racing and touring frames in 1983, with mountain bike frames added later. The earlier models sported oversized aluminum tubes for increased stiffness, resulting in frames that were super-stiff and super-efficient. Carbon fiber composite frames were developed. Cannondale's bicycle frame components were made in its factory in Bedford, but are now made in multiple factories in Asia. In 2009, Dorel Industries announced its intention to move all of Cannondale's bicycle manufacturing to factories in Asia by the end of 2010. On January 23, 2014, Dorel Industries announced a restructuring of operations in its recreational/leisure segment; this resulted in the closure of its assembly and testing facility in Pennsylvania. The Bedford plant, which at one point produced Cannondale’s midrange to high-end aluminum and aluminum/carbon fiber bikes, still handled some assembly, quality control, customer and technical services. Around 100 people were laid off; the Bedford facility was shuttered in 2015.
The first road frame from Cannondale was produced in 1983. It included the frame and fork; the fork was steel with helical reinforcement ribs inside the steel steering tube. The frame was recognizable by
Dynacraft BSC, Inc. is a United States-based distributor of bicycles, battery-operated ride-ons, electric ride-ons. Dynacraft is based in American Canyon and has its distribution center located there as well. Dynacraft bikes are sold through major chains such as Walmart, Toys"R"Us, Kohl's, Fred Meyer, Canadian Tire, Academy Sports + Outdoor, Exchange Army & Air Force Exchange and through online outlets such as Amazon. Directors are David Castrucci and Bill Talios. Dynacraft BSC, Inc. imports and distributes various brands of bicycles, electric ride ons, battery operated ride ons to major retailers in the United States. Its customers include large toy, sporting goods, mass merchandise chains; the company sells products through retailers and online. Dynacraft BSC, Inc. was known as Dynacraft Industries, Inc. and changed its name to Dynacraft BSC, Inc. in June 2004. The company was incorporated in 1984, moved to San Rafael, California in 1998, is now based in American Canyon, California. Dynacraft unveiled some of the first chainless bicycles with its Dekra line in 2006 and in 2009 launched its Sonoma Chainless Bicycle Collection.
The design of the Sonoma's Chainless D-Drive uses a drive shaft to transmit power from the bike pedals to the rear wheel, eliminating the need for a chain entirely. This advanced system requires minimal maintenance, is claimed to be cleaner and longer-lasting than the traditional bicycle chain system; the upright ergonomic design provides increased comfort for adult riders while reducing strain on the lower back. On February 2015 Dynacraft Introduced a new logo to the company. On April 21 that year Dynacraft launched their social media page on YouTube, Instagram and Twitter. In late 2016, Dynacraft redesigned their website with Magento. During Black Friday 2017 Dynacraft introduced The Home Depot dump truck ride-on; the ride-on is only available in store. It is similar to the Tonka Dump truck ride-on. Dynacraft owns or licenses different brands of bicycles, battery operated ride ons, electric ride ons which include: In the 2015 Sweet suite Dynacraft began to set up a booth at the convention; this introduced the Care Bears and Spider-Man dune buggy.
In the 2016 Sweet suite Dynacraft introduced. This has Working Doors, Working Lanterns, Luxurious Curtains, Heart Shaped Steering Wheel, Enchanting Fairy Tale Sounds, Light-Up Fairy Tale Wand, a Wear and Share Princess Tiara. In the 2017 Sweet Suite Dynacraft introduced the Disney Princess Preschool Carriage; this one is not electric. It is foot to floor; this has a Heart Shaped Steering Wheel from the 24V Disney Princess Carriage. in 2017 for Christmas and New Year's Eve, Dynacraft made Holiday hours through email and phone The hours are from Dec 23-24 7AM-3PM Eastern time Dec 30-31 7AM-3PM Eastern time On Christmas Day and New Years Day customer service was closed. In 2018 Dynacraft began a series of Family Fun Friday; the first one was the Shopkins + slime. This will be published in their blog every Friday. In 1999 Dynacraft voluntarily recalled about 3,000 Magna "Great Divide," 21- speed mountain bikes, sold in the 24-inch size for girls and boys, the 26-inch size for women and men; the bikes could have defective handle bar stems which would not tighten sufficiently to lock onto the bicycles.
This can cause the front wheel not to turn properly, resulting in serious injuries to the rider from falls. Dynacraft stated, not aware of any injuries or incidents involving these bicycles; the bikes have a model number on the left side of the seat post. The girls' bikes are purple; the boys' bikes are blue. The women's bikes have model number 8547-84 and are purple; the men's bikes are black. The words "Great Divide" are located on the cross-tubes of these bicycles and the word "KALLOY" is located on the handlebar stems. Fred Meyer Stores in Alaska, Idaho, Oregon and Washington sold these bikes from December 1998 through August 18, 1999. In 2002 132,000 Next Ultra Shock mountain bicycles with "Ballistic 105" front suspension forks were recalled in cooperation with the U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. There were 20 reports of the suspension forks breaking on the Next Ultra Shock bicycles, resulting in 19 riders suffering injuries that include abrasions and chipped teeth. US International Co. Ltd. manufactured the forks on these bicycles.
These forks can break apart, causing riders to lose control and suffer serious injury. The recall is being conducted in cooperation with the U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission which announced the recall of about 103,000 of these forks sold on bicycles manufactured by Brunswick Corp. There have been 20 reports of the suspension forks breaking on the Next Ultra Shock bicycles, resulting in 19 riders suffering injuries that include abrasions and chipped teeth; the recall includes only on blue Next Ultra Shock bicycles, with model numbers 8524-14 and 8526-20 manufactured between April 1999 and November 9, 1999. Wal-Mart stores nationwide sold these mountain bikes from May 1999 through December 2000. During 2003, Dynacraft voluntarily recalled about 52,900 BMX bicycles whose stems could loosen during use, causing riders to lose control and fall. Dynacraft received 35 reports of stems loosening on these bicycles, resulting in one report of an injury; the recall includes two models of 20-inch BMX bicycles.
The Next Voltage-model bicycles are metallic green, have model number 8535-99 and were manufactured between March 2002 and June 2002. The Vertical Street Blade-model bicycles ar
Ibis (bicycle company)
Ibis Bicycles is a mountain bike manufacturer located in northern California. It produces the popular Mojo mountain bike frame among other models. Ibis products are distributed in 33 countries. Ibis Bicycles was founded by one of the earliest mountain bikers in northern California, it began in Nicol's garage in 1981. Nicol sold the company to an investment group in 2000 and it went bankrupt within 20 months. Ibis returned to the industry at the 2005 Interbike tradeshow. Nicol has since partnered with Hans Heim of Specialized, Tom Morgan, Roxy Lo. Ibis frames are produced in China. Other Ibis products are produced in Taiwan. Ibis frames are now made with carbon fiber though a future return to steel, and/or titanium has not been ruled out. While many companies came up with sophisticated names for their steel bikes tubing and Ibis called their tubing "Moron"- meaning it had more on the ends for strength and less in the middle to give the bikes light weight They are remembered for their sculpture-like "hand job" cable hanger, which resembled a fist reaching up and grabbing the rear brake cable.
The Hand Job took an overlooked part of every other bike and made it a focal point for an Ibis, as such symbolized the company. The Bow-ti design was unique in being a full suspension frame that did not use pivots to separate the front and rear triangle. A complex system of flexible titanium tubes provided up to 5 inches of travel. Designed by John Castellano, 269 frames were produced until the 2002 closure. Castellano now supports the design with his own company. Ibis Cycles sponsors Brian Lopes. Lopes collaborated with Ibis Cycles in developing the "Lopes Link", a suspension upgrade for the Mojo and Mojo SL giving more handling precision. In 2011, it sponsored Anne-Caroline Chausson. In 2014 Brian Lopes amicably left Ibis cycles to pursue other efforts. In 2018 Brian Lopes returned to manage Ibis' new U. S. enduro team. 1981: Ibis founded in Mendocino, California USA 1984-1998: Sebastopol, California 1984: First Ibis road bike 1985: Ibis trials bikes 1986: Ibis tandem, utilizing the "Uptube" design borrowed from Rick Jorgensen's Tango Tandems.
1987: Ibis Avion, first complete bike, imported from Japan 1987: Trials Comp, imported trials bike 1987: Mountain Trials, hybrid trials-mountain bike with 24in rear and 26in front wheel 1988: Trials Pro, trials bike with 20in rear wheel and 20 or 24in front wheel 1989: Avion SS, Sebastopol-made steel hardtail mountain frame 1989: Cousin It mountain tandem, uptube-free design 1990: SS, last pre-suspension hardtail 1990: Titanium production begins 1990: Scot Nicol inducted into Mountain Bike Hall of Fame 1991: Mojo steel hardtail mountain bike 1992?: Uncle Fester steel 26in tandem 1993: Scorcher fixed gear road bike, 100 made, custom handlebars were made to replicate an old Torrington design. 1994: Moron tubing for the Mojo 1994 Mojo Ti, titanium version of the Mojo 1994: Ti Road, titanium road bike using a butted tubeset 1994: Touché road tandem, Cousin It mountain tandem, Cousin It Road tandem 1994: Prototype Szazbo full suspension in steel and Ti 1995: Szazbo full suspension in aluminum 1995: Forte Road Tandem, Touché road tandem in steel and titanium 1995: EZ-Street road tandem 1996: prototype BowTi 1997: Ibis Alibi aluminum hardtail 1997: Hakkalugi steel cyclocross 1998: Spanky road bike with steel Moron tubing 1998: BowTi production 1998: limited run of single speed frames 1999: move to Santa Rosa 1999: Mai Tai titanium mountain bike, lower-cost straight-gauge tubeset 1999: Sonoma titanium road bike using a straight-gauge Ancotech tubeset 1999: Heywood steel mountain single speed prototype.
"Ibis Singlemalt" Singletrack mountain bike magazine, December 5, 2000. "Lopes Link" Suspension upgrade picture. The current official Ibis webpage
Columbia Manufacturing Inc.
Columbia Manufacturing Inc. is a company located in Westfield, Massachusetts that manufactures chairs and other materials. In the education industry, it is best known for making the desk chair Model 114, used all over the nation. Founded in 1877, it was once owned by Pope Manufacturing Company and was the brand that manufactured bicycles for the company. After Pope filed for bankruptcy in 1915, Columbia continued on to manufacture bicycles in Westfield; as of the 2010s, Columbia-branded bicycles are marketed by Columbia Bicycles, a subsidiary of Ballard Pacific. Company website
Novara, the private label brand of bicycles and bicycle accessories, are available through the consumer cooperative REI. The brand is headquartered in Kent, Washington. Novara bikes are designed in house; the Novara brand is used for REI's line of cycling clothing and accessories. Since 2008, REI has settled both in and out of court with an undisclosed number of individuals who were riding Novara bikes that fell apart while in use, resulting in serious injuries. In 2016, REI announced. KOMO 4 News has reported on these cases. Types with model amount in parentheses. Kids' Bikes Novara Pulse Ponderosa 24" Tractor 24" Moxie 24" Duster 6 Pixie 6 Duster Single Speed Pixie SS Stinger 16 Firefly 16" Stinger 12" Firefly 12" Afterburner SS Single-Speed Trailer Bike Road Bikes Verita Strada Carema Pro Novara Divano Novara Carema Novara Express Novara Express XX Novara Zeno Touring Bikes Randonee Safari Recreation bikes Forza Fiona Corsa Mia Jaunt Bike Jaunt XX City Bikes E. T. A. Novara Buzz Novara Buzz One Novara Fusion Novara Transfer Mountain Bikes Ponderosa 29 Tupelo 29 Tupelo 27.5 Matador 29 Bonanza Bonita Portal Pika Novara Method 1.0 Novara Method 2.0 Specific references: General references: REI Bicycles site REI Bike Your drive site
Dahon is the world's largest manufacturer of folding bicycles with a two-thirds marketshare in 2006. The company was founded in 1982 by David T. Hon, a former laser physicist, is headquartered in Los Angeles, with assembly factories in China and Bulgaria. Dahon markets bicycles under its own name as well as other brand names, including the affiliated Yeah and Biceco Brands, Novara for REI in the U. S; the company is a member of the Global Alliance for EcoMobility. Dahon holds over 200 patents. Dahon was founded in 1982. After presenting his invention to several established but uninterested companies and his brother Henry Hon decided to establish their own company from scratch; the two gathered venture funding and established their headquarters in Southern California while Hon relocated to Taiwan to build Dahon's first factory. Two years in 1984, Dahon folding bicycles were rolling off the assembly line as one of the most compact folding bicycle on the market at that time. Primary production takes place in the company's factory in China.
Another facility, near Beijing, produces Dahon bikes for China, an profitable market for the U. S.-based company. Beginning in 2012, all Dahon brand bikes destined for Europe have been made in Bulgaria. In a strategic partnership with Maxcom Ltd. the company set up a production base at one of the facilities on the continent. All of their bikes for the European market are made at the facility in Plovdiv. In 2012, Dahon launched its first global advertising campaign, incorporating a two-tiered marketing campaign designed for both b2b and b2c markets. Dahon introduced the new tagline, “freedom unfolds”; the new global campaign, themed “Express Your Personality” was launched at Eurobike 2011 in Friedrichshafen, Germany in a live-stage performance. Most Dahon bicycles use a patented, single-hinge frame design where the handlebar folds down and the frame hinge swings to the left, leaving the handlebar inside, whereas models such as the Jifo and EEZZ take advantage of new, vertical folding technology.
The biggest sellers are those with 16 or 20 inch wheels, but models are available with wheels from 12 inches to 700C. In terms of gearing, bikes can feature both or none. For 2013 Dahon offers 30 models of folding or portable bicycles in wheel sizes ranging from 16-26” with aluminum alloy or steel frames. One of the company's best selling bikes is an entry-level, steel-frame commuter bike. In 2008 to celebrate 25 years of production Dahon produced a special edition based on the Mµ series of bikes - the Mµ XXV. 250 of these machines were produced. In March 2009 they announced that they would produce 1,000 sets of a special edition bike based on its Curve D3 folding bike with the Spanish design firm Kukuxumusu. 2012 marked the company's 30th anniversary and Dahon produced 300 limited edition bikes to honor the occasion. The bicycles feature high-end carbon parts. In March 2017 Dahon revealed they would be releasing a new model called the Curl, in celebration of the company's 35th anniversary. For the anniversary bike the Dahon team decided to bring end users into the process by launching a Kickstarter campaign to fund production of the bike.
The Kickstarter campaign allowed for more involvement in the production process by manufacturers, dealers and riders. In June 2017 they announced the release of a special anniversary bike based on the Curl - the Curl i8; the bike was limited to a run of 500 that were available world wide with riders having to sign up to pre order the bike. Those that preordered the bike had the opportunity to have their signature etched onto the bike frame. Dahon has achieved various industry awards and honors over the years, including the Eurobike award, given at the world's largest bike show. Beginning in 2011, Dahon North America Inc. was in litigation with the son and wife of the company's founder. The lawsuit charged that Joshua Hon and Florence Hon breached their fiduciary duties as officers of Dahon and unlawfully appropriated company assets and intellectual property to start the competing companies Mobility Holdings and Tern; as of March 2013 a settlement was reached on mutually acceptable and confidential terms and the matter is closed.
The 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2012 winners of the Smithfield Nocturne folding bike race, held in the market district of Smithfield, rode Dahon folding bikes. The 2012 winner Jeroen Janssen pedaled to victory on the 30th Anniversary limited edition bike. Dahon sponsored the annual event from 2007 to 2010. Guinness World Records 2000 Millennium Edition. New York: Guinness Publishing Ltd./Bantam Books. 2000. ISBN 0-553-58268-2
Marin is a bicycle manufacturer founded in Marin County and established in 1986. It specializes in mountain bikes but offers several other variants. Many of its bike models are named after locations around Marin County. Marin County California is the birthplace of mountain bike culture, home to many of the people and places that have shaped the sport since those first informal, now-legendary, races down Mt. Tamalpais. Marin Bikes was founded in 1986 during the earlier days of mountain biking, today offers a complete line of mountain and kid's bikes. Bob Buckley took up mountain biking on the advice of his doctor, soon found himself immersed in the sport and dreaming of a better bicycle. Teaming up with local enthusiasts, Buckley founded Marin Bikes to create affordable, quality bikes inspired by the burgeoning scene and ever-expanding trail network in the surrounding hills. Sunshine Cycles in Fairfax, CA served as the hub of local bike culture, it was there that Buckley met Marin's first product manager, future National Champion and Mountain Bike Hall of Fame inductee Joe Murray.
Dave Turner of Turner Bikes, was instrumental in Marin's early product development. The success of Marin’s first model, the Madrone Trail, turned heads and laid the groundwork for three decades of performance-minded mountain offerings. Just two years after the company's founding, the well-received 1988 Marin Team Titanium broke new ground as one of the industry's first mass-produced titanium mountain bikes, it was at this time that Marin began naming models after the iconic landmarks of Marin County: Muirwoods, Bolinas Ridge, Pine Mountain, Indian Fire Trail, Eldridge Grade and Hidden Canyon. Taking early notice of a resurgence in pavement bikes, Marin introduced its first hybrid and road models in 1991, expanding the brand into new segments of riders including the now-explosive urban segment. On the mountain bike technology side, Marin has long been a pioneer in full-suspension design — the 1993 Marin Titanium FRS incorporated early Manitou suspension components and weighed just 25 lbs. Jürgen Beneke piloted the Titanium FRS to a World Championship that year, securing the Marin brand in the minds of the riding public with iconic graphics and a charcoal grey and anodized color scheme that remains a memorable part of the mountain bike palette.
Throughout the'90s and 2000s Marin built a worldwide following through innovative, competitive bikes and successful sponsored riders. Hydroformed, monocoque and an increasing number of full-suspension models and the QUAD-link design, coupled with a greater emphasis on pavement bikes, had entrenched Marin as one of the bicycle industry’s key influencers; the past decade has been fruitful. The Wolf Ridge, utilizing Naild’s groundbreaking R3ACT – 2Play suspension technology took the mountain bike market by storm in Spring 2017 netting an influential Design and Innovation Award, while the Hawk Hill garnered Marin’s second consecutive Editor’s Choice award from Bicycling Magazine, along with accolades from numerous influential media outlets. Today Marin offers a competitive lineup of mountain, fitness/transit, drop bar, pedal-assist bikes. Marin offers full suspension and hardtail mountain bikes, road bikes, street/urban commuter bikes, comfort bikes, specific designs for women and children. Price points range from several hundred dollars to several thousand.
One of the most seen Marin bike frames in the UK is the 1992 Range. Matte black and luminous green/yellow/orange in colour, with some bikes sporting other colour schemes, it was a popular frame at time of release and is therefore available. Company homepage