Barasat (/ˈbɑːrəˌsʌt/, is a suburb in the outskirts of Kolkata, West Bengal India and is the district headquarters of the district North 24 Parganas. It is a part of the covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. The town is an important railway and roadway junction, Barasat is the name of a sub-division centring the city. As an urban setup in the vicinity of the Kolkata, the town is within the area of Greater Kolkata, several significant roads like National Highway 34, Jessore Road, road leading to Basirhat etc. cross through the town. During the period of Moghuls, Ram Sundar Mitra had got the Laminar at Barasat town, sankar Chakrabrorty, a commander of Pratapaditya, The king of Jessore, came to Barasat in 1600, and established himself in Barasat town. In 1700 AD Hazarat Ekdil Shah, the Muslim saint, started residing at Kazipara and he was known as a social reformer. His tomb, located in Kazipara, is a place of Muslim community. Pratapaditya had made his way to Kolkata from Jessore and Sirajudoulla had made his way to Kolkata from Murshidabad via Barasat, during the British Raj, Company officials from Calcutta made Barasat a weekend retreat location.
They had made many garden house at various places within Barasat town, warren Hastings had made his Villa in the heart of Barasat town. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, the renowned Author, was the first Indian Deputy Magistrate of this town, indigo cultivation was a major business in and around the town. The indigo merchants were known for their treatment of the farmers. Titumir, a farmer, had declared revolution against indigo merchants in Barasat, in the early nineteenth century, there was a college in Barasat called Barasat Cadet College, for the training of new recruits and cadets who arrived from Europe for the first time to India. The college was shut down in 1811, from 1834 to 1861, Barasat was the seat of a joint-magistrate, known as Barasat District. In 1861, the joint magistracy was abolished, and the Barasat District became a sub-division of the Twenty-four Parganas district, at present it is the district headquarters of North 24 Parganas district. Barasat is located in the Ganges Brahmaputra delta region in the district of North 24 parganas, the Bangladesh border - at Petrapole is situated about 70/80 km from the city.
The average altitude is 11 metres, no notable river flows by the city. The nearest one is Ganges itself — about 15 km to the west, the city is in the Gangetic plain lacking any hills. Barasat is 22 km from Sealdah Station on the Sealdah–Bangaon branch line and it is at one end of the Barasat-Basirhat-Hasnabad branch line of Eastern Railway
Asansol is in Bardhaman District in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the second largest city in West Bengal after Kolkata, according to a 2010 report released by the International Institute for Environment and Development, a UK-based policy research non-governmental body, Asansol was ranked 11th among Indian cities. And 42nd in the world in its list of 100 fastest-growing cities, Asansol is classed as a Y-category city for calculation of HRA for public servants, making it a Tier-II city. Asansol is a city located in Bardhaman district of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located on the lower Chota Nagpur Plateau, which occupies most of Jharkhand, another river, the Barakar, joins the Damodar near Dishergarh. A small rivulet, flows past Asansol, while Dhanbad district in Jharkhand lies on the western side, Durgapur subdivision of Bardhaman district lies on the eastern side. To the south, across the Damodar river are the Purulia, to the north are Dumka and Birbhum districts. Dhanbad district is a coal mining area and has close links with Asansol.
Asansol North police station has jurisdiction over Raniganj CD Block and parts of Asansol Municipal Corporation, the area covered is 49 km2 and the population covered is 410,000. Asansol South police station has jurisdiction over parts of Asansol municipal corporation, the area covered is 69 km2 and the population covered is 475,439. Asansol Women PS covers both Asansol and Durgapur subdivisions, Jamuria and Kulti police stations serve parts of Asansol municipal corporation area. According to the Kolkata Gazette notification of 3 June 2015, the areas of Kulti, Raniganj. Asansol is administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation, in 1850, a union committee was formed to look after the civic needs of Asansol. The municipality was approved in 1885 but started functioning effectively in 1896 and it was upgraded to the status of a corporation in 1994. Since 2011 it has had its own Police Commissionerate, in 2015, Kulti and Raniganj Municipalities were dissolved and now these areas are administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation.
Asansol Municipal Corporation has 106 wards, asansol-Durgapur Development Authority was established in April 1980 by the merger of the Asansol Planning Organisation and the Durgapur Development Authority. The Grand Trunk Road runs across the subdivision and NH14 connects Asansol with Odisha, NH19 has been broadened as part of the Golden Quadrilateral project and now allows two-lane traffic in both directions. A highway bypass avoids the areas of Ushagram, Asansol Bazar, Chelidanga, BNR, Neamatpur, the North Bengal State Transport Corporation runs services to and from the city
Baranagar is a place in Kolkata. It is a municipality in Kolkata in the state of West Bengal, a railway station of the same name is on the Dankuni line off the Sealdah north section. It is home to the Indian Statistical Institute, an institution devoted to the research and application of statistics, natural sciences. Baranagar is an industrial center for the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery, castor oil. The Dutch had homes here in the seventeenth century, streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export. Later it became the centre for the jute trade, manufacturing gunny bags. A major road parallel to the river Hooghly connects Baranagar Bazaar with Dakshineswar, in between temples such as Kaancher Mandir, Joy Mitra Kali Bari, and Pathbari are located. In Kutighat, still there is an old house/lodge of Dutch merchants, Baranagar is located at 22. 64°N88. 37°E /22.64,88.37. It has an elevation of 12 metres.
It is situated east of the Hooghly River. Baranagar Municipal Area lies between Sinthee More and Dunlop, as of 2001 India census, Baranagar had a population of 250,615. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%, Baranagar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59. 5%, with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age, baranagarhouses the headquarters of the Indian Statistical Institute. Baranagar has a Kali temple at Dakshineswar, the Rashmoni Mandir named after its founder Rani Rashmoni, the Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a heritage building. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was the priest and Swami Vivekananda visited this place in his youth, Cossipore Udyan Baati, called Cossipore Math, is another significant destination for the followers of Sri Ramakrishna, where he became the Kalpataru on 1 January 1886. Other places worth visiting are Jay Mitra Kalibari, Pramanick Kalibari, Pathbari Mandir is a place where Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the great religious leader, set his foot on his way to Puri nearly five hundred years ago here.
In Baranagar a math has been set up recently, called Alambazar Math in the heritage building where Swami Vivekananda first put up after coming back from abroad. Tha Annapurna Temple and the newly built Omkarnath Temple are other two attractions of the Mahamilan Math, Baranagar has a gurdwara near Dunlop Bridge, a church near Sinthee More along with many mosques. Majority of the population of Baranagar practises Hinduism, https, //baranagar. wordpress. com/category/history-news-information-of-baranagar/ Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage
Howrah or Haora is an industrial city, a municipal corporation in the Howrah district, West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of the district, and of the Howrah Sadar subdivision of the district, located on the west bank of the Hoogli River, it is a twin city to Kolkata. Howrah is the second smallest district after Kolkata, currently the state secretariat and the Chief Ministers Office in located in Nabanna in Howrah. Howrah Station serves as a terminal for two railway zones of India, the Eastern Railway and the South Eastern Railway. There are six railway stations with the city, including the railway junction at Santragachhi. Dinabandhu Institution, an Institute of National Importance and a research institution, is situated in Shibpur. Two national highways—NH2 and NH 6—are connected to Vidyasagar Setu via Kona Expressway, one endpoint of the Grand Trunk Road is at the Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden here, where the Great Banyan tree stands. Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, over 150 years old, the name came from the word Haor—Bengali word for a fluvial swampy lake, which is sedimentologically a depression where water and organic debris accumulate.
The word itself was used in eastern part of Bengal. Venetian explorer Cesare Federici, who travelled in India during 1565–79, as per his description, this was the a location into which large ships could travel and perhaps a commercial port. This place is identifiable with the modern day neighbourhood of Bator, Bator was mentioned in the Bengali poetry Manasamangal written by Bipradas Pipilai in 1495. The list of villages appeared in the Consultation Book of the Council dated 4 May 1714, the five villages on the west bank on Hooghly river were, Harirah, Cassundeah and Battar, all identifiable with localities of modern-day Howrah city. The deputation was successful except for five villages. By 1728, most of the present-day Howrah district was part of either of the two zamindaris, Burdwan or Muhammand Aminpur. After Battle of Plassey, as per the treaty signed with the Nawab of Bengal, Mir Qasim, on 11 October 1760, in 1787, the Hooghly district was formed, and till 1819, the whole of the present day Howrah district was added to it.
The Howrah district was separated from the Hooghly district in 1843, by 1914 almost every major city in India was served by the Railways and the increased demand for its rolling stocks and repair works resulted in the establishment of railway workshop in Howrah. The light engineering industry grew up after 1914, Howrah is located at 22. 59°N88. 31°E /22.59,88.31. It has an elevation of 12 metres As of 2011 India census
Bankura is a city and a municipality in Bankura Sadar subdivision of Bankura district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of Bankura district, in the Mahabharata, Bankura was described as Suhmobhumi. The word Larh or Rarh was introduced after 6th century A. D and it comes from the old Austric word ráŕhá or ráŕho which means “land of red soil”. In ancient times China called Ráŕh by the name of Láti, in Santali, lar means thread, rarh means tune and larh means snake. Perhaps the Jain and Greek scholars used this original Austric word Larh to indicate this dry forest region which was very difficult, the popularity of Manasa Puja, the worship of Snake-Goddess Manasa, shows this opinion might have some relevance. According to Nilkantha, a commentator of the Mahabharata, the words suhmo. Scholars differs in their opinion about the etymology of the name Bankura, in the words of the Kol-Mundas, orah or rah means habitation. Many places of Rarh have an added rah at the end of their names, one of the most influential gods of the district Dharmathakur is called Bankura Roy.
The name of the district may come from his name, linguist Suniti Kumar Chatterjee thinks that the name came from the word banka, and its word-corruption banku, which means extremely beautiful, and he who must be worshiped. In 1979, the word “Bancoorah” was found in the map of Renal, in 1863, Gastrel referred this region as Bancoonda. Bankura district is located in the part of the state of West Bengal. It is a part of Bardhaman Division of the State and is included in the known as Rarh in Bengal. Bankura district is situated at 23. 25°N87. 07°E /23.25,87.07, the Damodar River flows along the Northern boundary of the district. Bankura district is bounded by Bardhaman district in the north, Purulia district in the west, the seasons in Bankura are generally distributed as hot summer and Cold season. The humidity is usually medium to high throughout the year and the rainfall, the average annual rainfall received by the district is around 1,300 mm. The rainy months are generally July and August,21. 5% of the total geographical area of the district is made up of forest land, covering a total of 148,177 hectares.
Net cultivable area of the district is 4.30 lakh hectares. In the 2011 census, Bankura municipality had a population of 3,596,292 out of which 1,840,504 were males and 1,755,788 were females, there was change of 12. 64% in the population compared to population as per 2001
Chandannagar, formerly spelled as Chandernagore, is a Corporation city and former French colony located about 35 kilometers north of Kolkata, in West Bengal, India. It is headquarter of a subdivision of same name in Hooghly District and it is one of the 7 municipal corporations in West Bengal. It is a part of the covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Located on the Hooghly River, the city has been able to maintain an identity different from all other cities. The total area is 19 square kilometers, and had a population of 166,867 at the 2011 Census, Chandannagar is connected to Kolkata by railway and Hooghly river and it takes about an hour to reach there by car. The name Chandannagar is possibly derived from the shape of the bank of the river Ganges which is bent like a half moon, some local people say that once, the place was the major hub of the trade of Sandal. In some old documents the spelling of Chandannagar was Chandernagore which probably came from Chandra Nagar, to mention, Chandra is the Bengali of Moon.
One more reason behind the name is, in Chandernagore there is a temple of Goddess Chandi, so it might come from there. But earlier people knew the place by the name Farasdangaor Francedonmgi as it was a French colony. Chandannagar was established as a French colony in 1673, when the French obtained permission from Ibrahim Khan, Bengal was a province of the Mughal Empire. For a time, Chandannagar was the center for European commerce in Bengal. The towns fortifications and many houses were demolished thereafter, and Chandannagars importance as a center was eclipsed by that of Calcutta situated down river. Chandernagore was restored to the French in 1763, but retaken by the British in 1794 in the Napoleonic Wars, the city was returned to France in 1816, along with a 3 sq mi enclave of surrounding territory. It was governed as part of French India until 1950, under the control of the governor-general in Pondicherry. By 1900 the towns commercial importance was gone, and it was little more than a quiet suburb of Calcutta.
But it was noted for its clean wide thoroughfares, with many elegant residences along the riverbank, like the other three French occupied colonies of India, Chandernagore was under Pondicherry. There was only one Governor for the entire French India and he lived in the principal city of Pondicherry, from time to time he would visit the colonies. There was one Administrator under the Governor in each colony, though there were courts and magistrates here, a separate judge used to come from Pondicherry for session trials
Basirhat is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. It is located on the bank of Ichamati River, Basirhat subdivision was formed on 1 January 1861 as per a Government order and it consisted of Balia Parganas Basurhāt, Kalingā, Hāruā and Husenābād Police Stations. Previously, Basirhat was under the jurisdiction of Barasat sub-division and was named as Basurhāt till 1896, Basirhat municipality was established on 1 April 1869 and it is divided into 23 wards covering an area of 22.5 km². As per the 2011 census, Basirhat Urban Agglomeration had a population of 144,891, the 0–6 years population was 12,578. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 86.88 per cent, bengali is the principal language spoken in the area. Agriculture is the source of income though other industries like brick making, Nolen Sandesh. Some of the schools of Basirhat are, Barajirakpur Tarun Sangha High School Basirhat Baroda Prosad Vidyapith Girls High School Basirhat Town High School Basirhat H. M.
D, Girls High School Basirhat High School Basirhat P. C. M. Girls High School Bhabla Lady Mukharjee Girls High School Bhabla Tantra Sir Rajendra High School Dandirhat N. K. U. S. Niketan HS Gokna Sri Gobindapur F. P School Itinda Union High School Madhyampur Gulaichandi High School Panchanan Dalal Institution Panitor High School Shibati High School Sashina F. P, School Basirhat has a long history of farmers movements like the Tebhaga movement. Freedom fighter Dinesh Chandra Majumder was born here in 1907, noted industrialist, Sir Rajen Mukherjee was born at Bhabla near Basirhat. Basirhat is one of the areas where water is affected by arsenic contamination. Basirhat was connected with Barasat by the narrow gauge Barasat Basirhat Railway operated by Martins Light Railways and it was closed down in 1955 and subsequently converted to broad gauge. The railway tracks in the region have been electrified and there are EMUs services to Sealdah, bus services to Kolkata and other places are available
Darjeeling is a town and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located in the Lesser Himalayas at an elevation of 6,700 ft and it is noted for its tea industry, the spectacular views of Kangchenjunga, the worlds third-highest mountain, and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Darjeeling is the headquarters of Darjeeling district which has an autonomous status within the state of West Bengal. It is a popular tourist destination in India, the recorded history of the town starts from the early 19th century when the colonial administration under the British Raj set up a sanatorium and a military depot in the region. Subsequently, extensive tea plantations were established in the region and tea growers developed hybrids of black tea, the resultant distinctive Darjeeling tea is internationally recognised and ranks among the most popular black teas in the world. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway connects the town with the plains and has some of the few steam locomotives still in service in India, Darjeeling has several British-style public schools, which attract pupils from India and neighbouring countries.
The varied culture of the town reflects its diverse demographic milieu consisting of Nepali, Sherpas, Darjeeling, alongside its neighbouring town of Kalimpong, was the centre of the Gorkhaland movement in the 1980s. The towns fragile ecology has been threatened by a demand for environmental resources, stemming from growing tourist traffic. The name Darjeeling comes from the Tibetan word dorje, meaning the thunderbolt sceptre of the Hindu deity Indra, and ling, the history of Darjeeling is intertwined with that of Sikkim, British India and Bhutan. Until the early 19th century, the area around Darjeeling was controlled by the kingdom of Sikkim with settlement consisting of a few villages of Lepcha. The Chogyal of Sikkim had been engaged in warfare against the Gorkhas of Nepal. From 1780, the Gorkhas made several attempts to capture the region of Darjeeling. By the beginning of 19th century, they had overrun Sikkim as far eastward as the Teesta River and had conquered and annexed the Terai, in the meantime, the British were engaged in preventing the Gorkhas from over-running the whole of the northern frontier.
The Anglo-Gorkha war broke out in 1814, which resulted in the defeat of the Gorkhas, according to the treaty, Nepal had to cede all those territories which the Gorkhas had annexed from the Chogyal of Sikkim to the British East India Company. The company negotiated a lease of the area west of the Mahananda River from the Chogyal of Sikkim in 1835, in 1849, the BEIC director Arthur Campbell and the explorer and botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker were imprisoned in the region by the Sikkim Chogyal. The BEIC sent a force to free them, continued friction between the BEIC and the Sikkim authorities resulted in the annexation of 640 square miles of territory by the British in 1850. In 1864, the Bhutanese rulers and the British signed the Treaty of Sinchula that ceded the passes leading through the hills and Kalimpong to the British. Further discord between Sikkim and the British resulted in a war, culminating in the signing of a treaty, by 1866, Darjeeling district had assumed its current shape and size, covering an area of 1,234 square miles
Bansberia is a town and a municipality in Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is under Mogra/ Chinsurah police stations in Chinsurah subdivision and it is at the western end of the Kalyani Bridge, and a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Bansberia is 4 km from Bandel on the Bandel-Katwa branch line, Bansberia was one of the main villages of ancient Saptagram, once the main port and commercial complex in the area. The temples of Ananta Vasudeva and Hangseshwari are famous here, the Vasudeva temple is constructed in the traditional ekaratna style with curved cornices and an octagonal tower. Hangseshwari temple has an architectural style. There are thirteen minars, each shaped like a lotus bud, zafar Khan Ghazi Mosque and Dargah situated at Tribeni in Hughli district, West Bengal, are considered to be among the earliest surviving Muslim monuments in Bengal. According to an inscription, the mosque is dated 698 AH, Tribeni was an ancient holy place of the Hindus.
The Muslims conquered it during the phase of their conquest of Bengal. The mosque is a structure measuring 23.38 by 10.53 metres externally. The stones used in the mosque were originally materials from temples, the original structure has suffered reconstruction a number of times. There are five arched entrances in the east wall, the arches are supported by stumpy hexagonal stone piers. The north and south walls have two doors each, there are thus ten domes roofing the mosque. The interior of the structure is broken into two aisles and five short bays by means of stone pillars, creating ten equal compartments. The brick-built domes rest on pillars and pointed arches with brick pendentives at the corners. The silhouette of the pointed arches has added to the spaciousness. Corresponding to the five entrances in the east, there are five mihrabs in the west wall contained within multifoil arches, the mihrab wall shows sparse decoration within panels. The cornice and the parapet of the structure are straight, the mosque follows the Bengali type with only the prayer chamber without court and minaret. A significant feature of the interior is that a brick wall up to the level of the arch-spring has closed the bay at each end and south
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Bhutan to the northeast, in the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire.
The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, in 2015, the Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River.
The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. C. E and it is traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety
Bardhaman is a city of West Bengal state in eastern India. It is the headquarters of Purba Bardhaman district, having become a capital during the period of British rule. Burdwan, a name for the city, has remained in use since that period. The history of Burdwan is known from about 5000 BC and this place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honour. The region has an elevation of 40 metres. The city is situated 1100 km from New Delhi and a less than 100 km north-west of Kolkata on the Grand Trunk Road. The chief rivers are the Damodar and the Banka, the first epigraphic reference to the name of this place occurs in a 6th-century AD copper plate found in Mallasarul village under Galsi Police Station. Archeological evidences suggest that this region, forming a part of Radh Bengal. Burdwan police station has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I, the area covered is 192.15 km. There are out posts at Barabazar, Keshabganj and Birhata.2 Women police station Burdwan has jurisdiction over Bardhaman municipal area and Burdwan I, the area covered is 192.15 km.
During the period of Jahangir this place was named Badh-e-dewan, the city owes its historical importance to being the headquarters of the Maharajas of Burdwan, the premier noblemen of lower Bengal, whose rent-roll was upwards of 300,000. Bardhaman Raj was founded in 1657 by Sangam Rai, of a Hindu Khatri family of Kotli in Lahore, whose descendants served in turn the Mughal Emperors, the East Indian Railway from Howrah was opened in 1855. Mahtab Chand Bahadur and Bijoy Chand Mahtab struggled their best to make this region culturally and ecologically healthier, the chief educational institution was the Burdwan Raj College, which was entirely supported out of the maharajas estate. Sadhak Kamalakanta as composer of songs and Kashiram Das as a poet. Pratap Chandra Roy was the publisher of the first translation in the world to translate Mahabharata in English, the society at large continued to gain the fruits. We find, among others, the rebel poet Kazi Nazrul Islam. Batukeshwar Dutt an Indian revolutionary and independence fighter in the early 1900s was born on 18 November 1910 in a village Oari in Burdwan district.
He is best known for having exploded a few bombs, along with Bhagat Singh, the city became an important centre of North-Indian classical music as well