A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent. There is no consensus on the precise area it covers because the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is a social and cultural construct". One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe with the main characteristics consisting of Greek, Eastern Orthodox and some Ottoman culture influences. Another definition was created during the Cold War and used more or less synonymously with the term Eastern Bloc. A similar definition names the communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. Majority of historians and social scientists view such definitions as outdated or relegated, but they are still sometimes used for statistical purposes. Several definitions of Eastern Europe exist today, but they lack precision, are too general, or are outdated.
These definitions vary both across cultures and among experts political scientists, as the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is a social and cultural construct". While the eastern geographical boundaries of Europe are well defined, the boundary between Eastern and Western Europe is not geographical but historical and cultural; the Ural Mountains, Ural River, the Caucasus Mountains are the geographical land border of the eastern edge of Europe. In the west, the historical and cultural boundaries of "Eastern Europe" are subject to some overlap and, most have undergone historical fluctuations, which makes a precise definition of the western geographic boundaries of Eastern Europe and the geographical midpoint of Europe somewhat difficult; the East–West Schism divided Christianity in Europe, the world, into Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity.
Western Europe according to this point of view is formed by countries with dominant Roman Catholic and Protestant churches. Eastern Europe is formed by countries with dominant Eastern Orthodox churches, like Belarus, Greece, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Russia and Ukraine for instance; the schism is the break of communion and theology between what are now the Eastern and Western churches. This division dominated Europe for centuries, in opposition to the rather short-lived Cold War division of 4 decades. Since the Great Schism of 1054, Europe has been divided between Roman Catholic and Protestant churches in the West, the Eastern Orthodox Christian churches in the east. Due to this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are associated with Eastern Europe. A cleavage of this sort is, however problematic; the fall of the Iron Curtain brought the end of the East-West division in Europe, but this geopolitical concept is sometimes still used for quick reference by the media or sometimes for statistical purposes.
Another definition was used during the 40 years of Cold War between 1947 and 1989, was more or less synonymous with the terms Eastern Bloc and Warsaw Pact. A similar definition names the communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. Historians and social scientists view such definitions as outdated or relegated. Eurovoc, a multilingual thesaurus maintained by the Publications Office of the European Union, has entries for "23 EU languages", plus the languages of candidate countries. Of these, those in italics are classified as "Eastern Europe" in this source. UNESCO, EuroVoc, National Geographic Society, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, STW Thesaurus for Economics place the Baltic states in Northern Europe, whereas the CIA World Factbook places the region in Eastern Europe with a strong assimilation to Northern Europe, they are members of the Nordic-Baltic Eight regional cooperation forum whereas Central European countries formed their own alliance called the Visegrád Group.
The Northern Future Forum, the Nordic Investment Bank, the Nordic Battlegroup, the Nordic-Baltic Eight and the New Hanseatic League are other examples of Northern European cooperation that includes the three countries collectively referred to as the Baltic states. Estonia Latvia Lithuania The Caucasus nations of Armenia and Georgia are included in definitions or histories of Eastern Europe, they are located in the transition zone of Western Asia. They participate in the European Union's Eastern Partnership program, the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, are members of the Council of Europe, which specifies that all three have
Darien is a city in DuPage County, Illinois, USA. The population was 22,086 at the 2010 census. A south-western suburb of Chicago, Darien was named after a town in Connecticut; the first people to settle in Darien came from New England via the Erie Great Lakes. Among the first to arrive was the Andres Neiman family, they settled along an old stagecoach line in 1835. Andres served as Justice of the Peace, Town Clerk, Dog Catcher, County Commissioner, he established the Andres Inn, near what is the intersection of Lemont Road and I-55. Andres named the area "Cass."Andres and Father Beggs built the First Cass Church, a log cabin design. The church's cemetery, located west of where the church stood, can still be seen today; the church was used as a school house. Elisha and Eliza Smart settled in Darien in 1838 with their 10 children. Elisha joined the Gold Rush and left for California, returning seven years as a rich man, he bought more land and donated it, on which a new Cass Church was built in 1870.
John and Hannah Oldfield came to Cass in 1850. Mr. Oldfield increased his land holdings to 2,000 acres. In 1881, a man named; the factory was moved or closed. Martin Madden was an Irish immigrant, he became a member of the Chicago City Council and was elected to the House of Representatives and served in the United States Congress. In 1903, Mr. Madden built a home to look like the White House in Washington D. C. he called it Castle Eden. Today Castle Eden is part of the Aylesford Retreat Center of the Carmelite Fathers. A group of German Lutherans from Europe came to the area near 67th and Clarendon Hills Road in 1859, they laid out the cemetery behind the church. Today the cemetery is still located at Clarendon Hills Road. In 1899, a new church was built on the northeast corner of 75th Street; the Church was located where the Taco Buona Beef Restaurant now stand. In 1969, the second church was torn down and the present St. John's Lutheran Church was built west of Cass and north of 75th Street. A school was built on the northwest corner of Cass and 75th street in 1860.
It was the first Lace School. It burned down in 1924, was replaced with the present building, it is now a museum, open on the first Sunday of each month from 2:00pm to 4:00pm. By 1890, the Village of Lace was established; the important location at that time was the triangle bordered by Cass Avenue, Plainfield Road and 75th Street. It was called "The Point"; the Point included General Store, Blacksmith Shop and the office of Dr. Roe. A Post Office had been established at The Point in 1884; the future city of Darien was part of the Lace and Cass communities. Residents of the Marion Hills, Brookhaven and Hinsbrook subdivisions wanted to incorporate as a single city; when the incorporation committee reached an impasse on an acceptable name for the new city, acting mayor Sam Kelly suggested the name "Darien". He had visited Darien and found it to be a pleasant and attractive community. Today, Darien is known as "A Nice Place to Live". Darien in Illinois is pronounced with the accent on the first syllable.
According to the 2010 census, Darien has a total area of 6.303 square miles, of which 6.18 square miles is land and 0.123 square miles is water. Darien's City Hall used to be underground until 1994, when it was lifted up. Now only 75% is underground. Darien's City Hall is surrounded on three sides by the village of Downers Grove. Darien is bordered by the cities of Downers Grove, Woodridge and Willowbrook, it has easy access to the three major thoroughfares crossing Chicago's southwest suburbs: Interstate 55, Interstate 355, Interstate 294; as of the census of 2000, there were 22,860 people, 8,735 households, 6,455 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,782.7 people per square mile. There were 8,929 housing units at an average density of 1,477.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.10% White, 0.97% African American, 0.11% Native American, 9.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.
There were 8,735 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.1% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $78,122, the median income for a family was $95,332. Males had a median income of $70,580 versus $46,352 for females; the per capita income for the city was $39,795. About 1.6% of families and 2.2% of the po
Carol Stream, Illinois
Carol Stream is a village in DuPage County, United States. Incorporated on January 5, 1959, named after the developer's daughter, Carol Stream had a population of 39,711 as of the 2010 United States Census. In 2011 CNN's Money Magazine ranked Carol Stream 49th on its list of 100 best places to live in the United States. In 1853, St. John Wahlund Catholic Church was built in Gretna; the church was closed in 1867. When St. Michael Church was opened in Wheaton in 1872, the St. Stephen parishioners were transferred to that parish; the church building was dismantled sometime in the late 19th century. St. Stephen Cemetery was located adjacent to the church building, it was last used for burial in 1910. The St. Stephen Cemetery was rededicated 100 years on September 12, 2010. In 1952, a farm from the area was featured on NBC. A common misconception is that the municipality of Carol Stream was named for a local minor waterway. In fact, Carol Stream is one of the few communities in America that took its name from the first and last names of a living person: Carol Stream, the daughter of its founder Jay Stream.
Jay W. Stream, a military veteran who had sold insurance and ready-mix concrete, was in the mid-1950s heading Durable Construction Company, he became frustrated with red tape while negotiating a planned 350–400 home subdivision in nearby Naperville, Illinois. A Naperville clerk advised Stream to "build your own town", in 1957, Stream began buying unincorporated farmland outside Wheaton, he hoped to allow people to work in the town, rather than have to commute to Chicago. On August 26, 1957, Carol and three friends were returning from Racine, Wisconsin in a 1949 Studebaker. While attempting to cross U. S. Route 45 in central Kenosha County, the car was struck in the right rear corner, killing 15-year-old Richard Christie of Chicago, the passenger seated there. Carol was ejected into a utility pole. Neurosurgeons at Kenosha Memorial Hospital said the comatose girl might never awaken or, if she did, would be handicapped. On advice of the doctors that her recovery might improve with good news, Jay decided to name the new community in her honor.
After four months in a coma, Carol regained consciousness. Learning the new village bore her full name, Carol said she thought it "silly" at first. Carol Stream was to be named Jacqueline Stream, but her parents changed her name to Carol when her due date fell near Christmas, she never lived in her namesake community, but moved from Wheaton, Illinois, to Arizona in 1957 following the end of her parents' marriage. She still participates in municipal celebrations and rides in parades during anniversary celebrations of the municipality's 1959 incorporation, is asked for autographs when she is in town. One of the town's two middle schools, Jay Stream Middle School is named after the founder, Jay Stream, who died on January 22, 2006. 1959: The village of Carol Stream is founded by Jay Stream, who envisions strong corporate growth in the area. First village board meeting on February 12. 1962: The Carol Stream Public Library opens at 397 Blackhawk Drive. 1965: The first Citizen of the Year Awards were given to Carl Bornholt and Elsie Johnson.
1966: The Carol Stream News is founded. 1966: Nina Jo Schmale of Carol Stream is one of the eight student nurses killed by Richard Speck. 1972: The Carol Stream Fire Protection District is formed 1975: Janice Gerzevske is first woman elected Village President. 1976: As part of the United States Bicentennial celebrations, Carol Stream opens Gretna Station Museum with a July 4 dedication. 1984: The Carol Stream Association of Business and Industry is formed. 1987: Ross Ferraro is elected Mayor of Carol Stream. 1991: Village is re-certified as an Illinois certified city. Mark Bodane Appointed Fire Chief of the Carol Stream Fire District. 1992: The Carol Stream Post Office opens a regional processing center at Schmale and Fullerton. Most of the unincorporated areas around Carol Stream assume the ZIP Code of the new post office, causing some consternation among those who are used to having an address associated with Wheaton. 1992: The Carol Stream Chamber of Commerce is incorporated. 1998: The Town Center is dedicated to be known as the Ross Ferraro Town Center.
2003: Richard Willing becomes new police chief. 2006: Founder of Carol Stream, Jay Stream, dies January 22 2007: Frank Saverino replaces Ross Ferraro as Mayor, ending Ferraro's 20-year tenure. Mark Bodane retires as Fire Chief of Carol Stream Fire District. 2009: Carol Stream celebrates its 50th anniversary. 2011: Carol Stream ranked #49 on CNN Money Magazine's top places to live in the US and #1 in the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, Carol Stream has a total area of 9.416 square miles, of which 9.09 square miles is land and 0.326 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 40,438 people, 13,872 households, 10,140 families residing in the village; the population density was 4,545.8 people per square mile. There were 14,200 housing units at an average density of 1,596.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 60.51% White, 11.20% Asian, 25.0% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.79% from other races, 2.06% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.03% of the population. Of the 13,872 households, 45.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples li
Hinsdale is a village in Cook and DuPage counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. Hinsdale is a western suburb of Chicago; the population was 16,816 at the 2010 census. The town's ZIP code is 60521, it is listed in the top 1% of wealthiest towns in Illinois, it is known locally for its beautiful residences and teardown culture, of which new rebuilds have taken 30% of homes in the village. The town has a rolling, wooded topography, with a quaint downtown, is a 22-minute express train ride to downtown Chicago on the Burlington Northern line. Hinsdale is located 20 miles west of Chicago and is bordered by Western Springs to the east, Clarendon Hills and Westmont to the west, Oak Brook to the north, Burr Ridge and Willowbrook to the south, it can be reached by highway from Interstate 294 or Interstate 55. The eastern boundary of Hinsdale is I-294, the western boundary is Route 83. According to the 2010 census, Hinsdale has a total area of 4.633 square miles, of which 4.6 square miles is land and 0.033 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2010, 16,816 people lived in Hinsdale. The racial makeup of the village was 90.0% White, 1.3% African American, 0.0% Native American, 6.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% some other race, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population. The census recorded 5,488 households in the village, out of which 48.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.2% were headed by married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.0% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.5% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03, the average family size was 3.43. According to the 2010 census, Hinsdale's age distribution amounted to 33.5% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 17.4% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $165,598, the median income for a family was $170,433. Males had a median income of $161,579 versus $77,292 for females; the per capita income for the city was $78,902. About 2.2% of the population was below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 0.4% of those age 65 or over. Hinsdale's downtown area is a National Register Historic District; the downtown area is located in the center of town and is remarkably little changed considering the many teardowns that have occurred in town. The village has restaurants, different types of shops, various services, as well as the train station; the Robbins Park district just east of downtown between Garfield Street and County Line Road, as well as between Hinsdale Avenue and 9th Street, is a National Register Historic District as well. The district includes two of Hinsdale's seven buildings individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as well as seven of seventeen Hinsdale Historic Landmarks.
The six individual Hinsdale buildings on the National Register of Historic Places are the Orland P. Bassett House at 329 E. Sixth St. the Robert A. and Mary Childs House at 318 S. Garfield Ave. Immanuel Evangelical Church at 302 S. Grant St. the Francis Stuyvesant Peabody House at 8 E. Third St. and the William Whitney House at 142 E. First St. Another significant architectural landmark is the R. Harold Zook Home and Studio, located at 327 S. Oak Street and was saved from demolition in 2005 by relocation to the Katherine Legge Memorial Park, 5941 S. County Line Road. To address Hinsdale's legacy of important architectural landmarks, the Hinsdale Historical Society runs the Roger & Ruth Anderson Architecture Center, which advocates for the preservation of Hinsdale's historical architecture and serves as an archive and resource; the village was incorporated on April 1, 1873. Law enforcement is provided by the Hinsdale Police Department; the Hinsdale Fire Department was established in 1893. The community is served by the United States Postal Service Hinsdale Post Office.
As of December 2014, the village president is Jr.. The village trustees are J. Kimberley Angelo, Christopher J. Elder, William N. Haarlow, Gerald J. Hughes, Laura LaPlaca and Bob Saigh. Hinsdale is served by Metra's BNSF Railway Line at three stations: West Hinsdale and Highlands. Additionally, Pace operates connecting bus services. Pace bus lines 663 and 668 serve Hinsdale. Community Consolidated School District 181 and the Hinsdale Township High School District 86 serve Hinsdale's youth; the high school district has its headquarters in Hinsdale. The School District 181 elementary schools within Hinsdale include The Lane School, Madison School, Monroe School, Oak School. Elementary schools in District 181 that are not in Hinsdale include Prospect School, Elm School, Walker School. Hinsdale Middle School, operated by the elementary school district, is in Hinsdale. Clarendon Hills Middle School, in District 181, is in Clarendon Hills. St Isaac Jogues is a K-8 Catholic Grade School School located in Hinsdale.
Hinsdale Central High School is located in Hinsdale. The Hinsdale Public Library is located in the west wing of the Memorial Building; the library opened in August 1893. The Memorial Building, the library's first permanent residence, was completed in 1929. D. K. Pearson, a director of the library association, donated his house and a portion of his estate to the library system. In 1988 the Memorial Building received an addition on the west side, th
Warrenville is a city in DuPage County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 13,140, estimated to have increased to 13,316 by July 2012, it is a part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor. Warrenville was founded in 1833 when Julius Warren and his family moved west from New York seeking a fresh start from a failing gristmill and distillery. Daniel Warren, Julius' father, claimed land at what is now McDowell Woods, Julius claimed land at what is now the Warrenville Grove Forest Preserve; the first major establishment, an inn and tavern, was built in 1838 by Julius Warren himself, as the family was skilled in timber and grain. The inn still stands today, was renovated in 2002; the town blossomed with two mills and a plank road connecting it with Naperville and Winfield, on which Julius operated a stagecoach line. The town failed at its bid to have the railroad come through the town. However, in 1902, the Chicago Aurora and Elgin Railroad came through town, which lasted until the late 1950s.
With a population of 4,000, Warrenville was incorporated as a city in 1967, following six unsuccessful attempts. The 1970s and 1980s brought westward expansion from the city of Chicago, causing the small farming community's population to nearly double to 7,800. Warrenville is located at 41°49′35″N 88°11′22″W. According to the 2010 census, Warrenville has a total area of 5.618 square miles, of which 5.46 square miles is land and 0.158 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,363 people, 4,931 households, 3,476 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,430.6 people per square mile. There were 5,067 housing units at an average density of 921.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.13% White, 2.39% African American, 0.29% Native American, 3.43% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.46% from other races, 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.10% of the population. There were 4,931 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families.
23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.26. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 36.1% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $62,430, the median income for a family was $72,233. Males had a median income of $50,144 versus $35,487 for females; the per capita income for the city was $28,922. About 0.9% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over. There is an "old neighborhood", with mixed housing styles near Galusha Avenue. There is a Forest Preserve neighborhood, with wooded-lot expensive multi-acre homes close to Cantigny War Museum, Cantigny Golf Course, Mckee Marsh.
In the mid-1970s two large subdivisions were developed in the west, next to Fermilab, a scientific research center where the world's largest superconducting particle accelerator ring was located. The subdivisions are called Fox Hollow. Other notable subdivisions of Warrenville include Warrenville Lakes, Saddle Ridge, Thornwilde and River Oaks. Cantera was built from a TIF district on the former grounds 650-acre limestone quarry. Located on the new district is a 30-screen AMC movie theater, several restaurants, a Super Target retail store, three hotels, three banks, a 100,000-square-foot fitness club, numerous corporate offices, two residential complexes. Major companies that have office space and research facilities at Cantera include: BP America, the corporate office for EN Engineering, the corporate headquarters for Symbria, a corporate office for Exelon Nuclear; the headquarters of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 701 of DuPage County is in Cantera. Downtown Warrenville is located at the intersection of Batavia Road.
The addition of another TIF district, a new police station was built in 1998, a new City Hall in 2001, a new Public Works Building in 2002, additions were made to the library in 2003. Durham School Services is a company based in Warrenville. Navistar left Warrenville in 2011, moved to neighboring Lisle due to tax incentives. According to the City's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten non-city employers in the city are: Warrenville is a part of Community Unit School District 200, shares 20 schools with Wheaton. Residents of Warrenville attend Bower or Johnson elementary school, Hubble Middle School, St. Irene Catholic School, Wheaton Warrenville South High School. Wheaton Warrenville South High School is located in Wheaton; until 2009, Hubble was located in Wheaton. Some children from all over DuPage County attend Four Winds Waldorf School, a private PreK-8 school in Warrenville. Warrenvil
Elmhurst is a city in DuPage County and overlapping into Cook County in the U. S. state of Illinois, a western suburb of Chicago. As of the 2017 census, the city has a population of 46,662. Members of the Potawatomi Native American people, who settled along Salt Creek just south of where the city would develop, are the earliest known settlers of the Elmhurst area. Around 1836, European-American immigrants settled on tracts of land along the same creek. At what would become Elmhurst City Centre, a native of Ohio named Gerry Bates established a community on a tract of "treeless land" in 1842; the following year, Hill Cottage Tavern opened where St. Charles Road and Cottage Hill Avenue presently intersect. In 1845, the community was named Cottage Hill when a post office was established. Four years the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad was given right-of-way through Cottage Hill giving farmers easier access to Chicago; the community changed its name to Elmhurst in 1869. In 1871, Elmhurst College was organized and has 3,500 undergraduates and about 300 graduate students.
Elmhurst was incorporated as a village in 1882, with a population between 723 and 1,050, legal boundaries of St. Charles Road to North Avenue, one half mile west and one quarter mile east of York Street. Elmhurst Memorial Hospital was founded in 1926 as the first hospital in DuPage County; the Memorial Parade has run every Memorial Day since 1918. The annual Elmhurst St. Patrick's Day Parade continues to be the third largest parade of that sort in the Chicago area, following the more famous parades downtown and on the city's South Side. Since 1964, it has been home to Elmhurst CRC, one of the largest congregations of the Christian Reformed Church in North America; the Keebler Company's corporate headquarters was in Elmhurst until 2001, when the Kellogg Company purchased the company. The city is home to the headquarters of McMaster-Carr Supply Co.. Famous Amos cookies are distributed from Elmhurst. In 2014, Family Circle magazine ranked Elmhurst as one of the "Ten Best U. S. Towns for Families". According to the 2010 census, Elmhurst has a total area of 10.306 square miles, of which 10.25 square miles is land and 0.056 square miles is water.
The town has a tendency to flood, the city has tried preventing or suppressing future floods. As of the 2000 census, there were 42,762 people, 15,627 households, 11,235 families residing in the city; the population density was 4,165.9 people per square mile. There were 16,147 housing units at an average density of 1,573.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.40% White, 0.94% African American, 0.06% Native American, 3.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.02% of the population. There were 15,627 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.19. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. According to a 2016 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $104,854 Males had a median income of $57,193 versus $37,087 for females; the per capita income for the city was $44,601. About 1.9% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over. According to Elmhurst's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: The Theatre Historical Society of America is focused on the preservation of dance and movie theaters and includes a collection of objects from many theaters that are no longer in existence. Among the items on display is a scale model of the 1927 Avalon Theater. Wilder Park Conservatory A 150-foot-deep limestone quarry covering about 59 acres is located half a mile west of downtown along West Avenue and 1st Street.
A tunnel from Salt Creek diverts water into the quarry in case of a flood. The quarry is an important piece of DuPage County's stormwater management system, can hold up to 8,300 acre-feet of stormwater; each spring, the company RGL Marketing for the Arts runs Art in Wilder Park. The event takes place in centrally located Wilder Park, home to the Wilder Mansion, the Elmhurst Public Library, the Wilder Park Conservatory and the Lizzadro Museum of Lapidary Arts; the event "features of a juried show of fine arts and original creations of over 100 artists, including jewelry, ceramics, wood, sculpture and mixed media." The event hosts live music and entertainment and over 40 food vendors. Timeline for Elmhurst's leadership: 1882 - Incorporated as a village in June. 1882 - Henry Glos elected as first village president. 1887 - Peter Wolf elected as village president. 1902 - Edwin Heidemann elected as village president. 1905 - Henry C. Schumacher elected as village president. 1908 - C. J. Albert elected as village president.
1910 - Adopted city form of government. 1910 - Henry C. Schumacher elected as first city mayor. 1912 - F. W. M. Hammerschmidt elected as mayor. 1919 - Otto Balgemann elected as mayor. 1931 - Edward Blatter