A normal route or normal way is the most used route for ascending and descending a mountain peak. It is the simplest route. In the Alps, routes are classed in the following ways, based on their waymarking and upkeep: Footpaths Hiking trails Mountain trails Alpine routes Climbing routes and High Alpine routes in combined rock and ice terrain, graded by difficultySometimes the normal route is not the easiest ascent to the summit, but just the one, most used. There may be technically easier variations; this is the case on the Watzmannfrau, the Hochkalter and Mount Everest. There may be many reasons these easier options are less well-used: the simplest route is less well known than the normal route; the technically easiest route is more arduous than another and is therefore used on the descent. The technically easiest route carries a much higher risk of e.g. rockfalls or avalanche and is therefore avoided in favour of a more difficult route. The technically easier route requires a complicated or long approach march, or all access may be banned via one country.
The term tourist route may sometimes be applied by those wishing to suggest that other routes up a mountain are somehow more "worthy". This belittling of the "normal route" therefore maintains a distinction between those perceiving themselves as serious mountaineers who disparage the incursion of tourist climbers into their domain
Armstrong Mountain (Keene Valley, New York)
Armstrong Mountain is a mountain located in Essex County, New York, named after Thomas Armstrong, a local pioneer. The mountain is part of the Great Range of the Adirondack Mountains. Armstrong Mtn. is flanked to the southwest by Gothics, to the northeast by Upper Wolfjaw Mountain. Armstrong Mountain stands within the watershed of the East Branch of the Ausable River, which drains into Lake Champlain, thence into Canada's Richelieu River, the Saint Lawrence River, into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; the east side of Armstrong Mtn. drains into the East Branch of the Ausable River. The west side of Armstrong Mtn. drains into Ore Bed Brook, thence into Johns Brook and the East Branch. Armstrong Mountain is within the High Peaks Wilderness Area of Adirondack State Park. List of mountains in New York Northeast 111 4,000-footers Adirondack High Peaks Adirondack Forty-Sixers "Armstrong Mountain". SummitPost.org
Cascade Mountain (New York)
Cascade Mountain is in Essex County of New York. It is located in the Adirondack Park, its name comes from a series of waterfalls on a brook near the mountain's base. The lake it flows into and the pass between Cascade and Pitchoff mountains are named Cascade. Cascade Mountain towers over the Van Hoevenberg ski center, the venue for bobsledding at the 1980 Winter Olympics. Of the 46 Adirondack High Peaks, Cascade is the most accessible and the most climbed; the main trailhead is on Route 73, 6 miles east of Lake Placid, at Cascade Pass, overlooking Cascade Lake. The summit is visible from a rare occurrence in the High Peaks; the well-used trail follows red plastic markers and takes the hiker up 2.2 miles and 2,000 vertical feet to the mountain's bare-rock summit, while it resembles the alpine summits found on many higher peaks, is instead the result of a 1903 fire. Views are possible in all directions, on a clear day with good weather one finds many hikers on the summit. Porter Mountain, another of the High Peaks, is an easy side-trip.
The summit of Porter Mountains is 0.7 miles from Cascade Mountain Trail. The two summits can be reached together on a 6.2-mile hike. "Cascade Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. "Cascade Mountain, New York". Peakbagger.com. "Cascade Mountain". SummitPost.org. 360 degree interactive panorama Cascades Mountain - letsgoplayoutside.com
Giant Mountain is the twelfth-highest peak in the High Peaks Region of the Adirondack Park, in New York, USA. The peak is known as "Giant of the Valley," due to its stature looking over Keene Valley and St. Huberts to the west; the prominent rock slides on the mountain's steep western face and its location away from most other large peaks make it quite an imposing figure, leading to its name. On 2 June 1797, Charles Broadhead and his survey party made the first recorded ascent of Giant Mountain, recorded as Giant-of-the-Valley, they were surveying the boundaries of the Old Military Tract. Broadhead's was the first recorded ascent of any of the 46 Adirondack High Peaks. There are three main trails up Giant, one from the east, two from the west; the two most popular routes begin on trailheads along New York State Route 73, one near St. Huberts and the other near Chapel Pond; the two trails climb the southern ridge of the mountain, meeting up about a mile south of the summit. The Zander Scott Trail is steeper.
The third trail begins from the east, near the town of New Russia, is not as climbed due to the longer hike. The route climbs Bald Peak, a smaller mountain with unusual krummholz, predominately Northern White Cedar begins the ascent of Rocky Peak Ridge. After summiting Rocky Peak Ridge, hikers descend a small coll before ascending to the Giant summit; this route is more used by those attempting to become Adirondack Forty-Sixers, since Rocky Peak is a required peak. "Giant Mountain, New York". Peakbagger.com. "Giant Mountain". SummitPost.org. Towns and Trails: Giant Mountain Day Hike Giant Mountain - LetsGoPlayOutside.com
Dix Mountain is the sixth highest peak in the High Peaks Region of the Adirondack Park, is located on the boundary between the towns of North Hudson and Keene in Essex County, New York. The peak was named in 1837 after John Dix, the Secretary of State of New York at the time, became the state's governor. While it stands somewhat south of the main High Peaks region and is more difficult to reach and steep and challenging to climb, the mountain enjoys great popularity with serious hikers not only due to its status as a required peak for Adirondack Forty-Sixers but for open views of the region from its summit as good as those to be found at nearby Mount Marcy with far less crowds. Dix is the gateway to four other High Peaks in the Dix Range, all of them, unlike Dix itself trailless: Hough, South Dix and Grace Peak. One of the most difficult Adirondack peakbagging challenges is to do all five in the same day; the mountain was first climbed by a man named Rykert in the course of surveying the town line.
Hikers choose to climb Dix from the south by taking the Elk Lake Trail from the named lake toward Hunters Pass, where a spur leads up to Dix. Less a lengthy northern ascent can start from the Ausable Club in St. Huberts. "Dix Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. "Dix Mountain, New York". Peakbagger.com. "Dix Mountain". SummitPost.org
Big Slide Mountain (New York)
Big Slide is the twenty-seventh highest peak of the High Peaks Region of the Adirondack Park in New York. The peak was named for the prominent steep cliff, it is located in the High Peaks Wilderness Area. Because it is close to trail heads and because it offers a close view of the nearby Great Range, Big Slide is a popular day hiking destination; the most popular approach is via the Brothers, a set of rocky crags which offer several views on the way to the summit. It can be climbed via the Slide Mountain Brook Trail from the Phelps trail in Johns Brook Valley, or combined with Yard Mountain via the Klondike Notch trail. "Big Slide Mountain". SummitPost.org
Keene, New York
Keene is a town in central Essex County, New York, United States. It includes the hamlets of Keene, Keene Valley, St. Huberts, with a total population of 1,105 as of the 2010 census; the town is part of the Adirondack Park, includes 15 of the 46 High Peaks, including Mount Marcy, New York's highest mountain, the rest of the Great Range. It includes the Ausable Lakes, the source of the Ausable River. Trailheads for many of the High Peaks are located within the town, along with the Johns Brook Lodge of the Adirondack Mountain Club; the earliest settlement in the present village of Keene Center was in 1787. The town of Keene was created from splitting parts of the towns of Jay and Elizabethtown on March 19, 1808; this included current North Elba, but, split in 1849 from the original Keene. The area was made of a mountainous and rocky surface, with a low population due to the unstable soil in the region. A nearby highway was extended to Keene Center via the towns of Lewis and Jay, but it was deemed unusable due to the structure of the area.
The town of Keene organized the first school district in the Adirondacks, which held its first recorded trustee meeting in 1813. The area had been a stronghold with the iron industries. However, exporting items made by these industries was difficult due to lack of transportation. By around 1820 sawmills and gristmills were being built; the riverbed region of Keene sprouted the first community, Keene Flats become another by 1840. In 1882, when the Adirondack Park was created as a state protected area, a tolled and maintained road to lower Ausable Lake was constructed. In 2011, the town completed a grassroots project to bring broadband service to more than 97% of the homes in Keene, installing the service in every home with a student in the town's public school; the extension of this network into rural areas makes it unique in the Adirondack Park. The Hurricane Mountain Fire Observation Station and Walton Bridge are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 156.6 square miles, of which 155.9 square miles is land and 0.69 square miles, or 0.43%, is water.
Many of the High Peaks of the Adirondack Park are in or near the town, including Mount Marcy, elevation 5,343 feet, the highest point in New York. The Garden, one of the most popular trailheads in the Adirondacks, is located in the hamlet of Keene Valley and is the eastern end of the Johns Brook Trail, leading to Johns Brook Lodge, Mount Marcy, the heart of the High Peaks Region; the Lower Ausable Lake and the northern half of the Upper Ausable Lake are in the town of Keene. The East Branch of the Ausable River flows north out of the Lower Ausable Lake and passes through the hamlets of St. Huberts, Keene Valley and Keene before entering the Town of Jay; the Hull's Falls cascade near Keene is a local scenic site. New York State Route 9N changes from north-south to east-west south of Keene hamlet, at the foot of Spruce Hill. New York State Route 73 changes from east-west to north-south just north of the hamlet of Keene; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,063 people, 443 households, 279 families residing in the town.
The population density was 6.8 people per square mile. There were 984 housing units at an average density of 6.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.68% White, 0.09% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.09% from other races, 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.38% of the population. There were 443 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90. In the town, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $34,226, the median income for a family was $44,250. Males had a median income of $35,417 versus $22,083 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,037. About 1.4% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. Adirondack Mountain Reserve - ~7,000 acres of public-access private-wilderness, protected prior to the creation of the Adirondack Park Ausable Club - late Victorian Queen Anne stick-style hotel, added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. Cascade — A former community in the western part of Keene. Glenmore — A former hamlet east of Keene hamlet, located on County Road 13. Keene — A hamlet in the north-central part of the town on Routes NY-73 and NY-9N. Keene Valley — A hamlet south of Keene hamlet on NY-73; the Beer's Bridge, Keene Valley Library, Notman Bridge, Ranney Bridge, Slater Bridge are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
St. Huberts — A hamlet in the south part of the town on NY-73. Putnam Camp was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2012. Lower Ausable Lake — A lake in the southwest part of Keene. Upper Ausable Lake — A lake in the town at the south town line; the Great Range — A 10-mile-long mountain range that includes 7 of the 46 Adirondack High Peaks. Mount Marcy — The highest peak in the state is in