Goulburn, New South Wales

Goulburn is a regional city in the Southern Tablelands of the Australian state of New South Wales 195 kilometres south-west of Sydney, 90 kilometres north-east of Canberra. It was proclaimed as Australia's first inland city through letters patent by Queen Victoria in 1863. Goulburn had a population of 23,835 at June 2018. Goulburn is the seat of Goulburn Mulwaree Council. Goulburn is a railhead on the Main Southern line, a service centre for the surrounding pastoral industry, stopover for those travelling on the Hume Highway, it has many historic buildings. It is home to the monument the Big Merino, a sculpture, the world's largest concrete-constructed sheep. Goulburn was named by surveyor James Meehan after Henry Goulburn, Under-Secretary for War and the Colonies, the name was ratified by Governor Lachlan Macquarie; the Mulwaree People are the original people of the land they belonged to the Ngunawal and Gandangara language groups, a Murring/Wiradjuri word indicating a special Indigenous cultural area.

The colonial government made land grants to free settlers such as Hamilton Hume in the Goulburn area from the opening of the area to settlement in about 1820. Land was sold to settlers within the Nineteen Counties, including Argyle County; the process displaced the local indigenous Mulwaree population and the introduction of exotic livestock drove out a large part of the Aboriginal peoples' food supply. The Mulwaree People lived throughout the area covering Goulburn and Yass and belong to the Ngunawal language group. To the north of Goulburn Gundungurra was spoken within the lands of the Dharawal People; this was due to Gundungurra people of the Blue Mountains being driven south from their traditional land due to Governor Macquarie's parties sent to massacre the Dharawal and Gundungurra People. Their neighbours were the Dharawal to their north and Dharug surrounding Sydney, Wiradjuri Ngunawal and Thurrawal, peoples; the reduction of the food supply and the introduction of exotic diseases reduced the local indigenous population.

Some local Aborigines survived at the Tawonga Billabong Aboriginal Settlement established under the supervision of the Tarago police. In the 1930s the local billabong dried up and the Aboriginal people moved away although some have, over time, made their way back to their traditional lands; the first recorded settler in Goulburn established'Strathallan' in 1825 and a town was surveyed in 1828, although moved to the present site of the city in 1833 when the surveyor Robert Hoddle laid it out. George Johnson purchased the first land in the area between 1839 and 1842 and became a central figure in the town's development, he established a branch store with a liquor licence in 1848. The 1841 census records Goulburn had a population of 444 males and 211 females; this number had jumped to 1,171 inhabitants by 686 males and 485 females. It had a courthouse, police barracks, churches and post office and was the centre of a great sheep and farming area. A telegraph station opened in 1862, by which time there were about 1,500 residents, a blacksmith's shop, two hotels, two stores, the telegraph office and a few cottages.

The town was a change station for Cobb & Co by 1855. A police station opened the following year and a school in 1858. Goulburn was proclaimed a municipal government in 1859 and was made a city in 1863. Goulburn holds the unique distinction of being proclaimed a City on two occasions; the first, proclamation was claimed by virtue of Royal Letters Patent issued by Queen Victoria on 14 March 1863 to establish the Diocese of Goulburn. It was a claim made for ecclesiastical purposes, as it was required by the traditions of the Church of England; the Letters Patent established St Saviour's Church as the Cathedral Church of the diocese. This was the last instance in which Letters Patent were used in this manner in the British Empire, as they had been discredited for use in the colonies, were soon to be declared formally invalid and unenforceable in this context. Several legal cases over the preceding decade in particular had established that the monarch had no ecclesiastical jurisdiction in colonies possessing responsible government.

This had been granted to NSW in 1856, seven years earlier. The Letters Patent held authority only over those who submitted to it voluntarily, only within the context of the Church—it had no legal civil authority or implications. An absolute and retrospective declaration to this effect was made in 1865 in the Colenso Case, by the Judiciary Committee of the Privy Council. However, under the authority of the Crown Lands Act 1884, Goulburn was proclaimed a City on 20 March 1885 removing any lingering doubts as to its status; this unrecognised controversy has in no way hindered the development of Goulburn as a regional centre, with an impressive court house and other public buildings, as a centre for wool selling, as an industrial town. The arrival of the railway in 1869, opened on 27 May by the Governor Lord Belmore, along with the completion of the line from Sydney to Albury in 1883, was a boon to the city. Branchlines were constructed to Cooma and extended further to Nimmitabel and to Bombala, to Crookwell and Taralga.

Goulburn became a major railway centre with a roundhouse and engine servicing facilities and a factory which made pre-fabricated concrete components for signal boxes and station buildings. The roundhouse is now the Goulburn Rail Heritag

Somewhere Down the Crazy River

"Somewhere Down the Crazy River" is a 1987 song by Robbie Robertson released on Robertson's debut solo album Robbie Robertson, with Sam Llanas on backing vocals. When one of the producers, Daniel Lanois, was asked about the inspiration for "Somewhere Down the Crazy River", he said that the song was "kind of like a guy with a deep voice telling you about steaming nights in Arkansas", he went on to say that Robertson was describing his experiences of hanging out in his old neighbourhood of Arkansas with Levon Helm during hot nights in which they were "fishing with dynamite" and had asked a local for directions to "somewhere down the crazy river". In terms of composition, the song features a "sweet and wonderful" chord sequence on the Suzuki Omnichord, introduced to Lanois by Brian Eno; as Robertson developed the chord sequence, Lanois surreptitiously recorded him and superimposed his storytelling on top. Martin Scorsese directed a music video for the song, his second after directing the Michael Jackson Video for Bad featuring Maria McKee and Sam Llanas.

Steve Spears of Tampa Bay Times notes in his review for it that "things get pretty steamy near the end of the video for Robertson and McKee as the two seem to take method acting seriously". The song was subject to mixed reviews by critics. Steve Spears of Tampa Bay Times called the song "sexy", whereas Mark Deming of AllMusic wrote that Robertson was "exploring the same iconography of the Band's best work, but without the same grace or subtle wit", it reached No. 15 on the UK Singles Chart, No. 24 on Billboard's Mainstream Rock Tracks and won Robertson and Daniel Lanois the Canadian Producer of the Year Award for 1989. In Robertson's home country Canada, it debuted at No. 95 on the week ending 2 April 1988 and peaked at No. 91 for two weeks until the week ending 16 April 1988. Robbie Robertson – vocals, backing vocals, keyboards Manu Katchédrums Bill Dillon – guitars Tony Levin – bassAdditional personnel Sammy BoDean – backing vocal Bono – vocals The song appeared in the 1988 compilation album The Hits Album 9

Will Traynor

Will Traynor is an American soccer player. Traynor attended Francis Howell North High School, played in the Region II Olympic Development Program and Missouri state teams, played club soccer for the Scott Gallagher club, before going on to play four years of college soccer at the University of South Carolina, he earned Second Team ESPN The Magazine Academic All-District III accolades as a sophomore in 2008, won the team's Bill Lauritzen Memorial Award and the Coaches' Award, was named to the Conference USA All-Academic Team as a junior in 2009, was named to the All-Conference USA First-Team, the ESPN Academic All-District III First Team, the ESPN Academic All-American Third-Team, the C-USA All-Academic Team, the Conference USA All-Tournament Team and the NSCAA All-South Third Team following his senior year in 2010. He finished his collegiate career with two assists in 76 games for the Gamecocks. Undrafted out of college, Traynor signed his first professional contract on February 22, 2011 when he signed with USL Professional Division club Rochester Rhinos.

He made his professional debut on May 2011 in a 1-1 tie with the Wilmington Hammerheads. Will's brother, Jack Traynor, is a professional soccer player. Rochester Rhinos profile South Carolina Gamecocks bio