2017 Bulgarian parliamentary election
Parliamentary elections were held in Bulgaria on 26 March 2017. They had been scheduled for 2018 at the end of the four-year term of the National Assembly. However, following the resignation of Prime Minister Boyko Borisov and the failure of Bulgarian parties to form a government, early elections were called. Borisov resigned following the defeat of Tsetska Tsacheva, the candidate of his GERB party, in the November 2016 presidential elections; the official election campaign began on 24 February. GERB won a plurality, with 95 of the 240 seats. Borisov was elected Prime Minister again after negotiating a governing coalition. During the 2016 presidential election campaign, Borisov promised to resign if his party's candidate, Chairperson of the National Assembly Tsetska Tsacheva, lost the election. On 6 November 2016 Tsacheva finished second in the first round to BSP-backed Major General Rumen Radev, receiving only 22% of the popular vote compared to Radev's 25.4%. Following the result, Borisov reiterated his promise to resign if his party's candidate lost the runoff election a week later.
On November 13, 2016, she finished a distant second with only 36.2% of the popular vote compared to Radev's 59.4%. Borisov, staying true to his campaign promise, subsequently resigned on 14 November. Two days the National Assembly voted 218–0 to accept it; the 240 members of the National Assembly are elected by closed list proportional representation from 31 multi-member constituencies ranging in size from 4 to 16 seats. The electoral threshold is 4%. Bulgarians abroad were able to vote in 371 voting sections in territories; some territories were excluded from this provision due to either security concerns or that few resident Bulgarian nationals resident in the country had submitted requests to be enabled to vote. The deadline for political parties to register for the election was 8 February 2017. Despite holding 15 seats in the Assembly, Reload Bulgaria chose not to compete in the election after being refused a name change, among other reasons; the list of registered parties is below. Percentages do not account for undecided voters.'Date' column signifies the last date of the survey in question, not the date of publication.
^ Combined result of the Patriotic Front and Attack. Five parties met the 4% threshold required to gain seats. GERB maintained their position as the largest party. Boyko Borisov appeared set to resume his tenure as Prime Minister with a coalition with the United Patriots, formed the Third Borisov Government with the United Patriots
Vice President of Bulgaria
The Vice President of the Republic of Bulgaria is a position, established by the Constitution of Bulgaria, the only vice presidential office in the European Union. The vice president is elected in a popular vote, along with the president. Candidates for president and vice president run on their party ticket and are prohibited from serving in any other post upon election. According to the constitution the vice president shall be principal assistant to the president in his/her official duties. In the 1971–1990 period, the Chairmen of the State Council — Todor Zhivkov and Petar Mladenov — were the heads of state of Bulgaria; the First Deputy Chairmen of the State Council were deputy heads of state. The State Council was abolished on April 3, 1990. Below is a list of First Deputy Chairmen of the State Council and Vice-Presidents of the Republic of Bulgaria: Deputy Chairmen of State Council of People's Republic of Bulgaria The following vice presidents were elected by the parliament; the following vice-presidents were elected by the people.
History of Bulgaria Politics of Bulgaria List of First Deputy Chairmen of the State Council of Bulgaria List of heads of state of Bulgaria List of current Vice Presidents List of vice heads of state of Bulgaria by longevity
Krasimir Donchev Karakachanov is a Bulgarian politician, PhD in international law and international relations and historian. He is the leader of the IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement and Minister of Defence. Krasimir Karakachanov claims that he does not have any roots from the Macedonian region, but as a historian he became a specialist on the issue. Karakachanov was a candidate in the 2016 and 2011 presidential election, winning 15% and 1% of all votes cast and placed 3rd and 10th respectively. Karakachanov took part in the 2014 European elections as part of a coalition bloc with the Bulgaria without Censorship political party. In late July 2014, Karakachanov's IMRO left the coalition to form a Patriotic Front electoral alliance together with Valeri Simeonov's National Front for the Salvation of Bulgaria. With Simeonov, he is the co-spokesman for the electoral bloc. Before 1989, during the communist era, being a historian, was an informer of the Committee for State Security on Macedonian nationalism.
Karakachanov stood as the candidate of the United Patriots coalition in the 2016 presidential election, with the MP Yavor Notev of Attack as his vice presidential candidate. They finished in third place with 573,016 votes or 14.97%
President of Bulgaria
The President of the Republic of Bulgaria is the head of state of Bulgaria and the commander-in-chief of the Military of Bulgaria. The official residence of the President is at Sofia. After the completion of the second round of voting, candidate Rumen Radev was elected President of Bulgaria on 13 November 2016. 1. Vice President of Bulgaria 2. Chairman of the National Assembly There are three living former Bulgarian Presidents: Government of Bulgaria History of Bulgaria Politics of Bulgaria List of heads of state of Bulgaria List of Presidents of Bulgaria List of Bulgarian monarchs Prime Minister of Bulgaria List of Prime Ministers of Bulgaria Media related to Category:Presidents of Bulgaria at Wikimedia Commons President of the Republic of Bulgaria
Valeri Simeonov Simeonov is a Bulgarian politician, one of the leaders and founding members of the National Front for the Salvation of Bulgaria. Born in Dolni Chiflik, Simeonov has a degree in electrical engineering from TU-Sofia. In the 1990s he founded the SKAT cable network in the city of Burgas; as was customary for Bulgarian cable networks at the time, the SKAT company soon started its own TV channels. The cable TV network is one of the main competitors in Southwestern Bulgaria, he was associated with the Attack party through his SKAT TV, but left the party and withdrew his support from Volen Siderov in November 2009. In 2017 he was appointed head of the Bulgarian Council on Ethnic Minority Integration, which deals with the local Turkish and Romani minorities, he served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Bulgaria in charge of economy and demographic policies as part of the Borisov cabinet until his resignation on 16 November 2018
Foreign relations of Bulgaria
Foreign relations of the Republic of Bulgaria are the Bulgarian government's external relations with the outside world. Bulgaria has good foreign relations with its neighbors and has proved to be a constructive force in the region under socialist and democratic governments alike. Promoting regional stability, Bulgaria hosted a Southeast European Foreign Ministers meeting in July 1996, an OSCE conference on Black Sea cooperation in November 1995. Bulgaria participated in the 1996 South Balkan Defense Ministerial in Albania and is active in the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative. Bulgaria's main focus is the Euro-Atlantic integration since 1997 and the efforts of the governments since led to admission to NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007, its main allies are Greece and Romania, while it maintains good relations with Serbia and the rest of the Balkans. Republic of Macedonia is important state in Bulgarian foreign and internal policy due to the historical and cultural connections.
With their close historical and economic ties, Bulgaria seeks a mutually beneficial relationship with Russia, on which it is dependent for energy supplies. Sporadic negotiations are underway among Greece and Russia for construction of the Burgas-Alexandroupoli pipeline to transport Caspian Sea oil from the Black Sea port of Burgas to Alexandroupoli on the northern Aegean coast. Bulgaria's EU Association Agreement came into effect in 1994, Bulgaria formally applied for full EU membership in December 1995. During the 1999 EU summit in Helsinki, the country was invited to start membership talks with the Union. On January 1, 2007 Bulgaria became a member of the European Union. In 1996, Bulgaria acceded to the Wassenaar Arrangement controlling exports of weapons and sensitive technology to countries of concern and was admitted to the World Trade Organization. Bulgaria is a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. After a period of equivocation under a socialist government, in March 1997 a UDF-led caretaker cabinet applied for full NATO membership, which became a reality in April 2004.
Bulgaria and the United States signed a Defense Cooperation Agreement in 2006 providing for military bases and training camps of the U. S. Army in Bulgaria, as part of the Pentagon's restructuring plan; the HIV trial in Libya resulted in the release of Bulgarian nurses imprisoned by Muammar Gaddafi's government in Libya. French President Nicolas Sarkozy secured the release in exchange for several business deals. In November 2010, Bulgaria's Foreign Minister Nikolay Mladenov formally announced his team proposes to close seven embassies as part of a plan for restructuring and austerity measures. Thus, in 2011, Bulgaria will most shut down its diplomatic missions in Sudan, Zimbabwe, Thailand and Tunisia; the choice is based on a scrutinizing financial analysis and on the necessity to optimize the diplomatic corps, the Ministry says. The staff of the Bulgarian diplomatic corps will be reduced by 15 people in total. In June 2010, media reports claimed that Bulgaria considers closing a total of 30 of its diplomatic missions abroad.
Bulgaria has 83 embassies, 6 permanent representations, 20 consular offices, 2 diplomatic bureaus. The proposed closures have been backed by PM Borisov who described some of Bulgaria's embassies as useless. Bulgaria joined NATO's Partnership for Peace in 1994 and applied for NATO membership in 1997. During the November 2002 Prague Summit Bulgaria was one of seven former socialist countries invited to join the Alliance. Bulgaria became a member of NATO in March 2004; the country is working toward NATO compatibility in communications and training, has established a Peacekeeping Training Center. In 2003, Bulgaria was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, proving to be one of 3 closest U. S. allies during the Iraqi Crisis, together with the Spain. Bulgaria presided the OSCE in 2004. Major European transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine for the European market. List of diplomatic missions in Bulgaria List of diplomatic missions of Bulgaria List of joint US-Bulgarian military bases Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
2016 Bulgarian presidential election
Presidential elections were held in Bulgaria on 6 November 2016, alongside a referendum on changes to the electoral system and political party funding. The second round was held on 13 November 2016; the President of Bulgaria is elected using the two-round system. For the first time, voters were allowed to vote for none of the above; the incumbent President, Rosen Plevneliev, announced in May 2016 that he would not be running for re-election. Following the results of the second round, Prime Minister and GERB leader Boiko Borisov tendered his resignation. Two days on 16 November, the National Assembly voted 218–0 to accept it, resulting in early parliamentary elections