Pittsburgh City-County Building
The Pittsburgh City-County Building is the seat of government for the City of Pittsburgh, houses both Pittsburgh and Allegheny County offices. It is located in Downtown Pittsburgh at 414 Grant Street, Pennsylvania. Built from 1915-17 it is the third seat of government of Pittsburgh. Today the building is occupied by Pittsburgh offices with Allegheny County located in adjacent county facilities. At the start of the 20th century, City of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County officials began to realize that the current structure which housed the city and county government offices was insufficient for the city's rapid growth; the offices at that time were located in the Smithfield Street City Hall building, built in 1868-1872. The demand for new offices grew exponentially with the incorporation of Allegheny City into the City of Pittsburgh in 1907, which added 130,000 new residents to the city. In 1909 plans for a new City Hall began. Mayor William A. McGee proposed selling the current offices in the Smithfield Street City Hall and the Public Safety building, using these funds to buy the Allegheny County Courthouse and use it as the space for construction of a new City Hall.
By 1912 the plans moved forward with both the City of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County approving a joint venture to purchase the land and both occupy the new building. The architect for the new building was to be chosen through a competition, only accepting architects residing and doing business within Allegheny County. Regional favoritism was used in the building's construction as well, as in 1914 Mayor Joseph Armstrong claimed that all material for the building should come from manufactures who produce and are located in Pittsburgh, that all labor employed should be obtained or taken from Allegheny County; the plans for the development of the new building extended to some of the prominent organization within Pittsburgh such as the Carnegie Library, the Civic Club of Allegheny County who both had plans for space in the new building. Construction was postponed for more than a year though as the general contracting firm of W. F. Trimble & Sons filed an injunction claiming that the selection of James L. Stuart as consulting and supervising engineer was done through an improper bidding process.
The case was decided by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court and resolved by a legislative act, development on the building was allowed to continue. The groundbreaking on the building occurred with a ceremony on July 6, 1915 with County Commissioner I. K. Campbell striking the first blow with a pick and Joseph G. Armstrong Jr. lifting the first shovel of dirt. Both the pick and the shovel were silver plated and preserved as mementos in the office of the Mayor. Following significant progress in construction a cornerstone laying ceremony was planned to coincide with the celebration of Pittsburgh's Centennial. On March 26, 1916 the celebration of the 100th anniversary of incorporation was held in Pittsburgh and a parade wound through downtown Pittsburgh ending at a steel-framework of what would become the new City-Council Building. Three cornerstones were laid during the celebration, including one for the City, one for the County, one for the workers, each of which contained time capsules; the construction on the new building finished in 1917, was completed under budget.
In April 1917, the City Law Department was the first to switch into the new building, with the rest of the remaining offices allocated by June. The building was nominated in January 2016 to become a City Historic Site by Preservation Pittsburgh. In 1914, a competition was held for a new Pittsburgh City Hall; the 16-entry competition led to the commissioning of Edward B. Lee, a respected Pittsburgh architect, with Palmer, Hornbostel, & Jones as associated architects; the completed design was done by Henry Hornbostel. The building was designed with elements of the City Beautiful Movement; the City-County building is a representation of a distinctly American extrapolation of the Beaux Arts mode. Hornbostel was known for this architectural style, architectural historian James Van Trump has stated that Hornbostel kept the principles of the Beaux Arts central with his designs, but frequently departed from the precepts, integrated elements of other styles akin to industrially-inspired brutalism; the design of the building was influenced by the City Beautiful Movement.
This movement featured urban planning with soaring Neoclassical buildings and orderly designs, included the concept of the “White City”. The City-County Building was one of Pittsburgh's first attempts at incorporating the City Beautiful Movement into its urban design; some of the most significant design elements of the building include the Grand Lobby, a lit atrium with a 47-foot high barrel-vaulted ceiling. The ceiling is held up by bronze columns crafted by Louis Tiffany Studios, they feature at their bases, the Seals of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County, frontiersman Guyasuta, Pittsburgh's oldest surviving building, the Fort Pitt Blockhouse. The rooms ornate elevator doors feature a series of reliefs detailing the previous homes of municipal government; the reliefs age with the building's they clutch, reaching adulthood with the present City-County Building and Allegheny County Courthouse. The building is unique in that most of the furniture was designed by the building's architect, Hornbostel.
The Office of the Mayor, Council Chamber, Supreme Court Room all feature 1917 furniture still in use today. On the seventh floor of the building is a massive mural completed in 1940 entitled "Justice" by award-winning artist Harry Scheuch. 1922's In the Name of the Law starred Pittsburgh Pirates great and future Hall of Famer Honus Wagner as the hero, as a Pit
The Duquesne Club is a private social club in Pittsburgh, founded in 1873. The Duquesne Club was founded in 1873, its first president was John H. Ricketson; the club's present home, a Romanesque structure designed by Longfellow, Alden & Harlow on Sixth Avenue in downtown Pittsburgh, was opened in 1890. The building achieved landmark status from the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation in 1976, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995; the Club voted to admit women for the first time in its history in 1980. A health-and-fitness center was added in 1994, the Club was ranked as #1 City Club in America in 1997, an honor that would be repeated in 2001, 2003, 2006. In 2009, the Duquesne Club was ranked as the second best city club in the nation, behind the Union League Club of Philadelphia. Among notable guest to the club are U. S. Presidents Ulysses S. Grant, Herbert Hoover, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton as well as Colin Powell, Polish leader Edward Gierek, Jungle James, Tars Cornish, Prince of Wales and Former Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
As of 2007, membership at the Duquesne Club consisted of women. Though the Club does not discriminate in its selection of members, membership is by invitation from an existing member only. List of American gentlemen's clubs Economic Club of Pittsburgh Allegheny HYP Club Greater Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce The Duquesne Club WTAE-TV feature on the Club kitchen on YouTube 1981 news feature
The Pittsburgh Police the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police, is the largest law enforcement agency in Western Pennsylvania and the third largest in Pennsylvania. The modern force of salaried and professional officers was founded in 1857 but dates back to the night watchmen beginning in 1794, the subsequent day patrols in the early 19th century, in the borough of Pittsburgh. By 1952 the Bureau had a strength of 1,400 sworn officers in July 1985, 1,200 and by November 1989, 1,040; the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police is part of the Pittsburgh Department of Public Safety and is headed by Chief Scott Schubert appointed by Mayor Bill Peduto and approved by City Council. The Chief of Police is the top law enforcement agent of the city of Pittsburgh. In the Chiefs council are the positions of Deputy Chief of Police Bureau Chief of Staff of the Police Bureau Public Affairs Manager of the Police Bureau Legal Advisor to the Police BureauReporting directly through the Deputy Chief of Police to the Chief are the three active units of the Police Bureau: Operations and Administration.
Each one is headed by an Assistant Chief. The original headquarters were at William Penn Way in downtown. In 1918 it moved into the Pittsburgh City-County Building, 1925 to Water Street, 1960s Grant Street Public Safety Building, is now quartered at Western Avenue on the Northside. Headed by the Assistant Chief of Operations, this unit is the most visible arm of the Pittsburgh Police Bureau, it consists six zones with each zone being supervised by the zone commander, as well as all zone patrol and response operations, SWAT team, Traffic Patrol, Impound. This is the unit that does community policing. Zone One: North Side Zone Two: Downtown, Hill District, Strip District, Polish Hill, Uptown Zone Three: South Side, Carrick, St. Clair Village, Arlington Heights Zone Four: Oakland, Squirrel Hill, Point Breeze Zone Five: East Liberty, Highland Park, Homewood Zone Six: West End, Brookline, BeechviewIn 2010 the average Pittsburgh police zone had 12.8 officers, 2.8 detectives, 1.2 sergeants and.5 lieutenants on duty during any 8 hour shift.
Citywide for any 8-hour 2010 shift this translates to 76.8 officers, 16.8 detectives, 7.2 sergeants and 3 lieutenants. In 1918 the city debuted a mounted squad, having had some mounted officers as early as 1906. Police motorcycles were first used by the bureau starting in 1910. Headed by the Assistant Chief of Investigations, Lavonnie Bickerstaff, this unit overlays the operations staff with the detective and inspector corps of the Police Bureau, its detective divisions are broken down into the following: Auto Task Force Arson Squad Burglary Squad Crime Stoppers Crime Scene Investigaton Dignitary & Witness Security Financial Crimes Task Force Forfeiture Gang Task Force Homicide Squad Missing Persons Narcotics Night Felony Squad Nuisance Bar Task Force Pawn Robbery Squad Sex Assault/Domestic Violence Squad Pittsburgh Police officers are members of the local Lodge of the Fraternal Order of Police. Headed by the Assistant Chief of Administration, this is the least visible unit of the bureau but one, the most essential.
It consists of eight major divisions. Intel Office of Municipal Investigations Police Academy/Training Personnel & Finance Property Room Records School Patrol Special Events Logistics Warrant Office Scott Schubert: Chief of Police Eric Holmes: Chief of Staff, Commander Thomas Stangrecki: Deputy Chief Anna Kudrav: Assistant Chief Lavonnie Bickerstaff: Assistant Chief Linda Rosato-Barone: Assistant Chief & Deputy Director of Public Safety Christopher Ragland: Zone 1 Commander Cristyn Zett: Zone 2 Commander Karen Dixon: Zone 3 Commander Daniel Herrmann: Zone 4 Commander Jason Lando: Zone 5 Commander Stephen M. Vinansky: Zone 6 Commander From 1901 to the early 1990s Pittsburgh Police were unique in having a "trial board" system of discipline. In 1996, after the deaths of two African-American men in Police custody, the ACLU and the NAACP filed a class action lawsuit against the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police, alleging a pattern of civil rights abuses. After an investigation, the U. S. Department of Justice joined the suit in January 1997, stating "that there is a pattern or practice of conduct by law enforcement officers of the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police that deprives persons of rights and immunities secured and protected by the Constitution and laws of the United States".
After a brief court challenge, the City entered into a consent decree with the federal government in April 1997 that outlined the steps that it would take to improve its conduct. The decree was lifted from the Police Bureau in 2001, from the Office of Municipal Investigation in 2002. Community activists in Pittsburgh used a referendum to create an independent review board in 1997. A study commissioned by the U. S. Department of Justice in 2001 found that 70% of Pittsburgh's African-American residents believe it either "very common" or "somewhat common" for "police officers in Pittsburgh to use excessive force" and that only 48% feel that the Police are doing a "very good" or "somewhat good" "job of fighting crime", while 77% of white residents responded so. In February 2013, the FBI and IRS seized boxes of documents from police headquarters and the independent police credit union concerning thousands of deposits and withdrawals of taxpayer money from unauthorized accounts. Allegations have been made against former Chief Nate Harper, forced to resign on February 20, 2013 due to the FBI and IRS investigations.
On March 22, a Federal G
Allegheny County Police Department
The Allegheny County Police Department is a law enforcement agency in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The department provides law enforcement services to County property, including the Pittsburgh International Airport, the Allegheny County Airport, various parks, as well as contract services to the borough of Wilmerding, it provides assistance to all municipal law enforcement agencies, investigates all serious crimes, such as homicide, except in the City of Pittsburgh. The Allegheny County Police Department was established in 1932 by an act of the Allegheny County Board of Commissioners and the Pennsylvania Legislature; the executive of the Allegheny County Police Department is the Superintendent, appointed by the County Executive, assisted by two Assistant Superintendents. The current Superintendent is Coleman McDonough, since June 2016; the department is in turn divided into two Divisions, each commanded by an Assistant Superintendent. The Uniformed Division is responsible for patrol of the Pittsburgh International Airport, Allegheny County County Airport, nine county parks and several other county facilities and buildings.
Explosive Ordnance Disposal Team Explosive Ordnance Disposal K-9 Detention Services Narcotic Detection K-9 Special Weapons and Tactics Team Airport Drug Interdiction Team Mounted Unit Motorcycle Detail The Uniformed Division is responsible for investigation of crimes which occur on county property, all serious crimes which occur within municipalities. General Investigations Homicide Narcotics Executive Protection / Cold Case Squad Evidence Processing Unit The department provides law enforcement services to the borough of Wilmerding. Since the establishment of the department, three members have died in the line of duty. Allegheny County Sheriff Allegheny County Port Authority Police Allegheny County Housing Authority Police List of law enforcement agencies in Pennsylvania County police
History of Pittsburgh
The history of Pittsburgh began with centuries of Native American civilization in the modern Pittsburgh region, known as "Dionde:gâ'" in the Seneca language.' French and British explorers encountered the strategic confluence where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers meet to form the Ohio, which leads to the Mississippi River. The area became a battleground when Britain fought for control in the 1750s; when the British were victorious, the French ceded control of territories east of the Mississippi. Following American independence in 1783, the village around Fort Pitt continued to grow; the region saw the short-lived Whiskey Rebellion, when farmers rebelled against federal taxes on whiskey. The War of 1812 cut off the supply of British goods. By 1815, Pittsburgh was producing large quantities of iron, brass and glass products. By the 1840s, Pittsburgh had grown to one of the largest cities west of the Allegheny Mountains. Production of steel began in 1875. During the 1877 railway riots it was the site of the most violence and damage in any city affected by the nationwide strikes of that summer.
Workers protested against cuts in wages, burning down buildings at the railyards, including 100 train engines and more than 1,000 cars. Forty men were killed, most of them strikers. By 1911, Pittsburgh was producing half the nation's steel. Pittsburgh was a Republican party stronghold until 1932; the soaring unemployment of the Great Depression, the New Deal relief programs and the rise of powerful labor unions in the 1930s turned the city into a liberal stronghold of the New Deal Coalition under powerful Democratic mayors. In World War II, it was the center of the "Arsenal of Democracy", producing munitions for the Allied war effort as prosperity returned. Following World War II, Pittsburgh launched a clean air and civic revitalization project known as the "Renaissance." The industrial base continued to expand through the 1960s, but after 1970 foreign competition led to the collapse of the steel industry, with massive layoffs and mill closures. Top corporate headquarters moved out in the 1980s.
In 2007 the city lost its status as a major transportation hub. The population of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area is holding steady at 2.4 million. For thousands of years, Native Americans inhabited the region where the Allegheny and the Monongahela join to form the Ohio. Paleo-Indians conducted a hunter-gatherer lifestyle in the region as early as 19,000 years ago. Meadowcroft Rockshelter, an archaeological site west of Pittsburgh, provides evidence that these first Americans lived in the region from that date. During the Adena culture that followed, Mound Builders erected a large Indian Mound at the future site of McKees Rocks, about three miles from the head of the Ohio; the Indian Mound, a burial site, was augmented in years by members of the Hopewell culture. By 1700 the Iroquois Confederacy, the Five Nations-based south of the Great Lakes in present-day New York, held dominion over the upper Ohio valley, reserving it for hunting grounds. Other tribes included the Lenape, displaced from eastern Pennsylvania by European settlement, the Shawnee, who had migrated up from the south.
With the arrival of European explorers, these tribes and others had been devastated by European infectious diseases, such as smallpox, measles and malaria, to which they had no immunity. In 1748, when Conrad Weiser visited Logstown, 18 miles downriver from Pittsburgh, he counted 789 warriors gathered: the Iroquois included 163 Seneca, 74 Mohawk, 35 Onondaga, 20 Cayuga, 15 Oneida. Other tribes were 165 Lenape, 162 Shawnee, 100 Wyandot, 40 Tisagechroami, 15 Mohican. Shannopin's Town, a Seneca tribe village on the east bank of the Allegheny, was the home village of Queen Aliquippa, it was deserted after 1749. Sawcunk, on the mouth of the Beaver River, was a Lenape settlement and the principal residence of Shingas, a chief of theirs. Chartier's Town was a Shawnee town established in 1734 by Peter Chartier. Kittanning was a Shawnee village on the Allegheny, with an estimated 300 -- 400 residents; the first Europeans arrived in the 1710s as traders. Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a manuscript in 1717, that year European traders established posts and settlements in the area.
Europeans first began to settle in the region in 1748, when the first Ohio Company, an English land speculation company, won a grant of 200,000 acres in the upper Ohio Valley. From a post at present-day Cumberland, the company began to construct an 80-mile wagon road to the Monongahela River employing a Delaware Indian chief named Nemacolin and a party of settlers headed by Capt. Michael Cresap to begin widening the track into a road, it followed the same route as an ancient Amerindian trail, now known as Nemacolin's Trail. The river crossing and flats at Redstone creek, was the earliest point and shortest distance for the descent of a wagon road. In the war, the site fortified as Fort Burd was one of several possible destinations. Another alternative was the divergent route that became Braddock's Road a few years through present-day New Stanton. In the event, the colonists did not succeed in improving the Amerindian path to a wagon road much beyond the Cumberland Narrows pass before they were confronted by hostile Native Americans.
The colonists mounted a series of expeditions in order to accomplish piecemeal improvements to the track. The French had built nearby Logstown as a trade and council center for the Native Americans to increase their influence in the Ohio Valley. Between June
Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh
The Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh is the City of Pittsburgh’s economic development agency, committed to creating jobs, expanding the City’s tax base, improving the vitality of businesses and neighborhoods. The URA achieves this mission by assembling and conveying sites for major mixed-use developments; the URA is facilitating a number of large-scale real estate developments, including: Almono Bakery Square 2.0 Civic Arena Redevelopment East Liberty Transit Center Hunt Armory The Gardens at Market Square SouthSide Works Station Square As of 2015, nearly $3 billion in private investment has been leveraged by $336 million in tax increment financing administered by the URA – a leverage ratio of 9 to 1. Between 2006 and 2012, the URA: Issued 401 loans/grants totaling $580 million with $80 million of URA investment Invested $348 million in economic development projects, leveraging over a billion dollars in total project costs Leveraged $60 million in tax increment financing to create $520 million in total investment Initiated $545 million in housing development projects, creating 4,024 housing units with $138 million of URA investment Provided $9.4 million in loans and grants to rehabilitate 611 housing units and $20.3 million in mortgage loans for the purchase of 422 housing units
Pittsburgh City Council
The Pittsburgh City Council serves as the legislative body in the City of Pittsburgh. It consists of nine members. City council members are chosen by plurality elections in each of nine districts; the city operates under a strong-mayor-council system of local governance. The current members of the city council are: † Denotes Council President Darlene Harris 2010-2014 Doug Shields 2006-2010 Luke Ravenstahl 2005-2006 Gene Ricciardi 2002-2005 Bob O'Connor 1998-2002 Jim Ferlo 1994-1998 Jack Wagner 1990-1994 Ben Woods 1988-1990 Sophie Masloff 1988 Ben Woods 1985-1988 Robert Rade Stone 1985 Eugene "Jeep" DePasquale 1978-1984 Richard Caliguiri 1977-1978 Louis Mason Thomas Gallagher 1936-1959 Robert Garland c. 1934 James F. Malone c. 1928 John F. Counahan James Ross 1817 List of mayors of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Mayoral Chief of Staff Pittsburgh City Council official city website