Midtown Sacramento is a historical district and neighborhood just east of Downtown Sacramento. Midtown's borders are R Street on the South, J Street on the North, 16th Street on the West and 30th Street on the East. However, the streets in Sacramento's original "grid" that are east of 16th Street cover the area called "Midtown"; this more general definition covers an area bounded by Broadway on the South, C street and the Southern Pacific rail lines on the North, 16th Street on the West and Alhambra Boulevard on the East. It is a residential community with tree-lined streets and old Victorians, it is the center of Sacramento's art and cultural scene. Boutiques, clubs and casual dining abound. Midtown has the only winery located in the greater Sacramento urban area. Midtown hosts an art walk on the second Saturday of each month which attracts thousands of metropolitan residents. A large historic Asian community resides from S Street south to Broadway with a higher concentration between 3rd Street and 5th Streets, J Street and I Streets.
The Midtown community is diverse in terms of income brackets. Many legislators choose to live in various spots in Midtown when the California legislature is in session. Increasing in-fill developments consisting of upscale lofts have priced out some residents. Historic sites such as Sutter's Fort, the first European settlement in Sacramento, are located in Midtown. Midtown is known for being pedestrian-friendly and bike-friendly with continuous marked bike-lanes throughout the neighborhood and a bike path connecting to the American River Parkway which extends to Folsom. Public transit consists of Sacramento Regional Transit District light-rail lines running down R Street connecting the neighborhood to the metropolitan area and bus lines serving the central city area. Lavender Heights, Sacramento's gay and lesbian district, is centrally located on K Street and 20th Street; the area owes its name to the high number of gay-owned businesses residing there. Lavender Heights is a marketing name given to the hub of Sacramento's gay and lesbian community with many gay bars and restaurants.
It is considered Sacramento's equivalent to The Castro and Dupont Circle as the city's LGBT district. Community resources for the LGBT community in the area include the Sacramento LGBT Community Center and the Lavender Library. Most of the gay bars in Sacramento are located in the Lavender Heights area. Hate crimes and gay bashing have been an issue since the early 1990s in the area. A wave of "religious refugees" including "Slavic evangelicals" has added to the tensions, many were drawn to immigrate by Sacramento evangelical churches who sponsored them including the Assemblies of God Capital Christian Center. In September 2009 a security guard hired by several gay nightclubs in Lavender Heights was killed by an accidental hit and run in an accident; the area is home to many of the city's music and arts festivals, including the Second Saturday Block Party from May to September. Downtown Sacramento East Sacramento MARRS - Midtown Art Retail Restaurant Scene sacramento365.com midtowngrid.com Explore Midtown Sacramento Midtown WiFi
Sports in Sacramento, California
The City of Sacramento and the Sacramento metropolitan area is home to one major league professional team — the Sacramento Kings of the NBA — and numerous minor league and amateur sports teams. Sacramento has recreational facilities. Sacramento is home to the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association; the Kings came to Sacramento from Kansas City in 1985. On January 21, 2013, a 65% controlling interest of the Sacramento Kings was sold to Seattle-based investor, Chris Hansen. Hansen intended to move the franchise to Seattle for the 2013–2014 NBA season. On February 6, 2013, NBA Commissioner David Stern stated the Seattle ownership group had filed with the NBA for franchise relocation. Sacramento Mayor Kevin Johnson fought the move, forming an ownership group led by Vivek Ranadive which wanted to keep the Kings in Sacramento. On May 16, 2013, the NBA Board of Governors met to vote on the move; the final vote was 22-8 in favor of the Kings staying in Sacramento. In 2000, AAA minor league baseball returned to Sacramento with the Sacramento River Cats, an affiliate of the San Francisco Giants.
The River Cats play in the constructed Raley Field, located in West Sacramento. The now defunct Sacramento Monarchs of the Women's National Basketball Association were one of the eight founding members of the WNBA, which started in 1997; the Monarchs won the WNBA Championship in 2005 to become the first major, professional sports team in Sacramento to do so. However, the Monarchs team folded in November 2009; the Sacramento Solons, a minor league baseball team of the Pacific Coast League, played in Sacramento during several periods at Edmonds Field. The Sacramento Express played at Bonney Field and began play in the only PRO Rugby season before the league folded. Teams in several smaller leagues continue to be in Sacramento; the Sacramento Heatwave of the American Basketball Association plays at Folsom High School. In the past, the city hosted three professional football teams, the Sacramento Surge of the World League of American Football, the Sacramento Gold Miners of the Canadian Football League, the Sacramento Attack of the Arena Football League.
Sacramento was home to an indoor soccer team, the Sacramento Knights of the Continental Indoor Soccer League. The Sacramento XSV of the National Professional Paintball League represents the City but is based in Modesto, California; the newest sports team to come to Sacramento is the Sacramento Mountain Lions, part of the United Football League. They play at Raley Field, where the Sacramento River Cats play. Sacramento hosted 2004 USA Olympic Track & Field Trials; the California International Marathon finishes in front of the Capitol, attracts a field of international elite runners who vie for a share of the $50,000 prize purse. The fast point-to-point course begins in Folsom and is popular for runners seeking to achieve a Boston Marathon qualifying time and fitness runners; the Sacramento Mile is a national flat-track motorcycle racing event. From 1961 to 1980, Sacramento hosted the Camellia Bowl, which selected or helped select ten national champions in college football's lower divisions; the Sacramento area is home to two NCAA Division 1 sports programs — Sacramento State, which fields 21 varsity sports, most in the Big Sky Conference.
Sacramento has hosted the NCAA Men's Outdoor Track and Field Championship as well as the 1st and 2nd rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. Sacramento is a hotbed for high school rugby. Jesuit High has won national championships, their arch-rival school Christian Brothers has come in second nationwide. Granite Bay, Del Campo, Sierra Foothills, Vacaville have placed well in the national competition over the years; the Sacramento Valley High School Rugby Conference hosts the largest and arguably deepest preseason youth and high school rugby tournament in America. Sacramento hosts some recreational events; the Jedediah Smith Memorial Trail that runs between Old Sacramento and Folsom Lake grants access to the American River Parkway, a natural area that includes more than 5,000 acres of undeveloped land. It attracts equestrians from across the state; the California State Fair is held in Sacramento each year at the end of the summer, ending on Labor Day. In 2010, the State Fair moved to July.
More than one million people attended this fair in 2001. Among other recreational options in Sacramento is Discovery Park, a 275-acre park studded with stands of mature trees and grasslands; this park is situated. In amateur sports, Sacramento claims many prominent Olympians such as Mark Spitz, Debbie Meyer, Mike Burton, Summer Sanders, Jeff Float, Billy Mills. Coach Sherm Chavoor founded his world famous Arden Hills Swim Club just east of the city and trained Burton, Myer and others
Sacramento is the capital city of the U. S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2018 population of 501,334 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth largest capital in the United States. Sacramento is the seat of the California Assembly, the Governor of California, Supreme Court of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which had 2010 population of 2,414,783, making it the fifth largest in California. Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of Sacramento State University and University of California, Davis. Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, the UC Davis School of Medicine, notable tourist destination in California, as the site of The California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, California Hall of Fame, the California State Capitol Museum, the Old Sacramento State Historic Park.
Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most "hipster city" in California. In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City". Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan people indigenous peoples of California. Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Rio del Santísimo Sacramento in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born, Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento; as a result of the California Gold Rush, Sacramento became a major commercial center and distribution point for Northern California, serving as the terminus for the Pony Express and the First Transcontinental Railroad.
Nisenan and Plains Miwok Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would make Sacramento their home, these Native Americans left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, by fruits, bulbs and roots gathered throughout the year. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. A Spanish writer with the Moraga expedition wrote: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths; the air was like champagne, drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them. "¡Es como el sagrado sacramento!" The valley and the river were christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. John Sutter Sr. first arrived in the area on August 13, 1839, at the divergence of the American and Sacramento Rivers with a Mexican land grant of 50,000 acres.
The next year, he and his party established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls eighteen feet high and three feet thick. Representing Mexico, Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss inspired name, was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. Soon, the colony began to grow as more pioneers headed west. Within just a few short years, Sutter Sr. had become a grand success, owning a ten-acre orchard and a herd of thirteen thousand cattle. Fort Sutter became a regular stop for the increasing number of immigrants coming through the valley. In 1847 Sutter Sr. received 2,000 fruit trees, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. That same year, Sutter Sr. hired James Marshall to build a sawmill so that he could continue to expand his empire, unbeknownst to many, Sutter Sr.'s "empire" had been built on some thin margins of credit. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population.
In August 1848 Sutter Sr.'s son, John Sutter Jr. arrived in the area to assist his father in relieving his indebtedness. Now compounding the problem of his father's indebtedness, was the additional strain placed on the Sutters by the ongoing arrival of thousands of new gold miners and prospectors in the area, many quite content to squat on unwatched portions of the vast Sutter lands, or to abscond with various unattended Sutter properties or belongings if they could. In Sutter's case, rather than being a'boon' for Sutter, his employee's discovery of gold in the area turned out to be more of a personal'bane' for him. By December 1848, John Sutter Jr. in association with Sam Brannan, began laying out the City of Sacramento, 2 miles south of his father's settlement of New Helvetia. This venture was undertaken against the wishes of Sutter Sr. however the father, being in debt, was in no position to stop the venture. For
Fire protection is the study and practice of mitigating the unwanted effects of destructive fires. It involves the study of the behaviour, compartmentalisation and investigation of fire and its related emergencies, as well as the research and development, production and application of mitigating systems. In structures, be they land-based, offshore or ships, the owners and operators are responsible to maintain their facilities in accordance with a design-basis, rooted in laws, including the local building code and fire code, which are enforced by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Buildings must be constructed in accordance with the version of the building code, in effect when an application for a building permit is made. Building inspectors check on compliance of a building under construction with the building code. Once construction is complete, a building must be maintained in accordance with the current fire code, enforced by the fire prevention officers of a local fire department. In the event of fire emergencies, fire investigators, other fire prevention personnel are called to mitigate and learn from the damage of a fire.
Lessons learned from fires are applied to the authoring of both building codes and fire codes. When deciding on what fire protection is appropriate for any given situation, it is important to assess the types of fire hazard that may be faced; some jurisdictions operate systems of classifying fires using code letters. Whilst these may agree on some classifications, they vary. Below is a table showing the standard operated in Europe and Australia against the system used in the United States. 1 Technically there is no such thing as a "Class E" fire, as electricity. However it is considered a dangerous and deadly complication to a fire, therefore using the incorrect extinguishing method can result in serious injury or death. Class E, however refers to fires involving electricity, therefore a bracketed E, "" denoted on various types of extinguishers. Fires are sometimes categorized as "one alarm", "two alarm", "three alarm" fires. There is no standard definition for what this means quantifiably, though it always refers to the level response by the local authorities.
In some cities, the numeric rating refers to the number of fire stations that have been summoned to the fire. In others, the number counts the number of "dispatches" for additional personnel and equipment. Fire protection in land-based buildings, offshore construction or onboard ships is achieved via all of the following: Passive fire protection - the installation of firewalls and fire rated floor assemblies to form fire compartments intended to limit the spread of fire, high temperatures, smoke. Active fire protection - manual and automatic detection and suppression of fires, such as fire sprinkler systems and systems. Education - the provision of information regarding passive and active fire protection systems to building owners, operators and emergency personnel so that they have a working understanding of the intent of these systems and how they perform in the fire safety plan. Passive fire protection in the form of compartmentalisation was developed prior to the invention of or widespread use of active fire protection in the form of automatic fire sprinkler systems.
During this time, PFP was the dominant mode of protection provided in facility designs. With the widespread installation of fire sprinklers in the past 50 years, the reliance on PFP as the only approach was reduced. Lobby groups are divided into two camps favouring active or passive fire protection; each camp tries to garner more business for itself through its influence in establishing or changing local and national building and fire codes. The recent inclusion of performance based or objective based codes, which have a greater emphasis on life safety than property protection, tend to support AFP initiatives, can lead to the justification for a lesser degree of fire resistant rated construction. At times it works the other way around, as firewalls that protrude through the roof structure are used to "sub-divide" buildings such that the separated parts are of smaller area and contain smaller fire hazards, do not require sprinklers; the decision to favour AFP versus PFP in the design of a new building may be affected by the lifecycle costs.
Lifecycle costs can be shifted from capital to operational budgets and vice versa. Fire protection within a structure is a system; the building is designed in compliance with the local building code and fire code by the architect and other consultants. A building permit is issued after review by the Authority Having Jurisdiction. Deviations from that original plan should be made known to the AHJ to make sure that the change is still in compliance with the law to prevent any unsafe conditions that may violate the law and put people at risk. For example, if the firestop systems in a structure were inoperable, a significant part of the fire safety plan might be compromised in the event of a fire because the walls and floors that contain the firestops are intended to have a fire-resistance rating. If the sprinkler system or fire alarm system is inoperable for lack of proper maintenance, the likelihood of damage or personal injury is increased. Huang, Kai. 2009. Population and Building Factors That Impact Residential Fire Rates in Large U.
S. Cities. Applied Research Project. Texas State University. Http://ecommons.txstate.edu/arp/287/. National Fire Protection Association National Fire Sprinkler Association Fire Equipment Manufacturers' Association The Fire Safety Advice Centre
Transportation in the Sacramento metropolitan area
Transportation in the Sacramento metropolitan area consists of a variety of different modes of travel in El Dorado County, Placer County, Sacramento County, Yolo County, which are the four counties that comprise the Sacramento metropolitan area. Studies show that a vast majority of people in the area commute via personal automobile, with 76.9% driving alone and 9.5% carpooling, aided by carpool lanes which expedite their commute. A further 7.03% of workers in the region work from home, so the transportation modes of the remaining 6.5% are rounded out by public transit, walking, motorcycle riding, other means. Interstate 80 is the east–west Interstate Highway that runs through the Sacramento metropolitan area. To the west, I-80 provides service to Fairfield and San Francisco. To the east, it provides service to Reno, Salt Lake City, beyond, terminating on the East Coast in Teaneck, New Jersey 6 miles west of New York City. Within the Sacramento region, I-80 follows more of a northeast-southwest direction compared to a true east–west direction, owing to both the local topography and the orientation of the nearby destination cities.
It enters the region on the west from the Bay Area in Yolo County along the south side of UC Davis and after passing through the city of Davis, it crosses the Yolo Bypass on the Yolo Causeway. Soon after touching down in West Sacramento, it splits northward away from the western terminus of the concurrent Highway 50 and Business Loop 80, thus bypassing Downtown Sacramento which the 50/Business 80 concurrency serves. After the split, I-80 passes through the western side of West Sacramento continues on to cross over the American River, passes through the middle of Natomas, where it has a full interchange with Interstate 5, it moves along the northern suburbs of Sacramento, North Sacramento and Del Paso Heights, before being joined by Business 80 at its eastern terminus in the southern part of North Highlands near the Sacramento McClellan Airport. The route continues on towards Citrus Heights and Rocklin, where it has an interchange with the southern end of California State Route 65. At this point, I-80 exits the farthest suburban sprawl of Sacramento along the route, rises in elevation as it passes through smaller mountainous and rural communities of the Sierra Nevada mountain range.
Interstate 5 is the north–south interstate highway that runs through the Sacramento metropolitan area. To the south, I-5 provides service to Stockton, Los Angeles, San Diego, terminating at the Mexico–United States border. To the north, it provides service to Redding and Seattle, terminating at the Canada–United States border; the highway enters Sacramento County from the south near Thornton continues northward through the western edge of Elk Grove, uninhabited wetlands with the exception of Laguna West. As I-5 approaches the city limits of Sacramento near Freeport, it runs adjacent to the Sacramento River, on the west; the river makes an abrupt westward curve after which the highway is flanked by the south Sacramento neighborhoods of Pocket-Greenhaven on the west and Meadowview on the east. The river meets with I-5 again, closing up the Pocket area; the highway continues along the west side of Land Park, passing by William Land Park and the Sacramento Zoo. As it reaches the southwest corner of the downtown grid, the highway has a full-service junction with the 50/Business 80 freeway, merges with California State Route 99 for a concurrency.
I-5 goes along the western edge of Downtown Sacramento, passing by many prominent city landmarks such as the Crocker Art Museum, Tower Bridge, Old Sacramento. After exiting Downtown, I-5 travels through the west side of the Railyards, crosses the American River; as it goes through Natomas, it crosses I-80 at the junction between the two freeways. Three miles north, I-5 abruptly curves westward as California State Route 99 splits off and continues northward towards Yuba City and Marysville, ending the concurrency. Following the split, the highway provides service to Sacramento International Airport, as such, I-5 is the main route to access the airport for the entire Sacramento region; the highway crosses the Sacramento River and routes across the Yolo Bypass via the Elkhorn Causeway. I-5 reaches Woodland, curves to the northwest direction, has a partial-service interchange with California State Route 113 at its northern terminus. After passing through Woodland, the highway converges with Interstate 505 near Dunnigan exits Yolo County, heading towards Redding and the Pacific Northwest.
U. S. Route 50 is an east–west U. S. Highway through the Sacramento area that has its western terminus in West Sacramento, provides service to South Lake Tahoe and Ocean City, the highway’s eastern terminus. US 50 begins by branching off in West Sacramento from I-80; this portion of the highway is concurrent with Interstate 80 Business, so they share the western terminus also. In the eastern part of West Sacramento, a short spur route peels away from US 50 in the form of California State Route 275, providing direct access to the Tower Bridge and Capitol Mall in Sacramento. After US 50 crosses over the Sacramento River, it meets Interstate 5 at a full junction at the southwestern corner of Downtown Sacramento. Following the I-5 junction, US 50 runs on a freeway section referred to as the WX Freeway due to it being flanked by the parallel one-way W & X Streets, along the south side of Do
History of Sacramento, California
The history of Sacramento, began with its founding by Samuel Brannan and John Augustus Sutter, Jr. in 1848 around an embarcadero that his father, John Sutter, Sr. constructed at the confluence of the American and Sacramento Rivers a few years prior. Sacramento was named after the Sacramento River; the river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santisimo Sacramento, referring to the Catholic Eucharist. Before the arrival of Europeans, the Nisenan branch of the Native American Maidu inhabited the Sacramento Valley area; the Spanish were the first Europeans to explore the area, Sacramento fell into the Alta California province of New Spain when the conquistadors claimed Central America and the American Southwest for the Spanish Empire. The area was deemed unfit for colonization by a number of explorers and as a result remained untouched by the Europeans who claimed the region, excepting early 19th Century coastal settlements north of San Francisco Bay which constituted the southernmost Russian colony in North America and were spread over an area stretching from Point Arena to Tomales Bay.
When John Sutter arrived in the provincial colonial capital of Monterey in 1839, governor Juan Bautista Alvarado provided Sutter with the land he asked for, Sutter established New Helvetia, which he controlled with a private army and relative autonomy from the newly independent Mexican government. The California Gold Rush started when gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill, one of Sutter, Sr.'s assets in the city of Coloma in 1848. In the region where Sutter had planned to establish the city of Sutterville, Sacramento City was founded. However, its location caused the city to periodically fill with water. Fires would sweep through the city. To resolve the problems, the city worked to raise the sidewalks and buildings and began to replace wooden structures with more resilient materials, like brick and stone; the city was selected as the state capital in 1854 after Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo failed to convince the state government to remain in the city of his namesake. Indigenous people such as the Miwok and Maidu Indians were the original inhabitants of the north Californian Central Valley.
Of the Maidu, the Nisenan Maidu group were the principal inhabitants of pre-Columbian Sacramento. The first European in the state of California was conquistador Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, a Portuguese explorer sailing on behalf of the Spanish Empire, in 1542. However, no explorer had yet discovered the Sacramento Valley region nor the Golden Gate strait, which would remain undiscovered until 1808 and 1623. A number of conquistadors had completed cursory examinations of the region by the mid-18th century, including Juan Bautista de Anza and Pedro Fages, but none viewed the region as a valuable region to colonize. Neither did Gabriel Moraga, the first European to enter the Sierra in 1808 and was responsible for naming the Sacramento River, although he incorrectly placed the rivers in the region. However, Padres Abella and Fortuni arrived in the region in 1811 and returned positive feedback to the Roman Catholic Church, although the church disregarded their finds as they were in conflict with all previous views of the area.
The Mexicans, who had declared independence in 1821, shared Spanish sentiments, the area remained uncolonized until the arrival of John Sutter in 1839. The area that would become the city of Sacramento was observed by many European and American mapmakers as home to Great Plains-based rivers that stretched across the Rocky Mountains and emptied into the Pacific Ocean. Speculation at the time placed the fabled St. Bonaventura River where the American-Sacramento River complex was. John Augustus Sutter arrived in the city of Yerba Buena, which would become the city of San Francisco, after encountering a massive storm en route from the city of Sitka, Russian Alaska. Alvarado noted that he needed to establish a presence in the Sacramento Valley, realized that Sutter's ambitions allowed him an opportunity to secure the valley without committing extra troops to the region; as a result, he granted Sutter's request on the condition that Sutter would become a Mexican citizen. Sutter commenced to build a fort of his namesake, Sutter's Fort, in 1840.
New Helvetia was 44,000 acres in size until he negotiated an 1841 deal with the Russians to purchase Ft. Ross, which lay in present-day Sonoma County, consolidated all of Ft. Ross' holdings with those at Fort Sutter. Sutter's New Helvetia existed within Mexican borders. John Sutter employed both
Oak Park, Sacramento, California
Oak Park is a neighborhood in Sacramento, California. The McGeorge School of Law, University of the Pacific Sacramento Campus, Sacramento High School, Christian Brothers High School are located in this neighborhood. Oak Park is informally bounded by U. S. Route 50 to the north, Stockton Boulevard to the east, the South Sacramento Freeway to the west and Fruitridge Road to the south, it provides easy access to Downtown Sacramento. Numbered streets intersect with numbered avenues, with Broadway and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard comprising the main thoroughfares; the early 1900s saw Oak Park as a culturally thriving and economically vibrant, destination neighborhood, due in part to its strong sense of community and its ties with and proximity to the Historic site of the California State Fair grounds. The 1960s Interstate freeway expansion program subdivided many historic Sacramento neighborhoods like Oak Park creating isolated areas of poverty or relative prosperity. Oak Park's sense of community started to decline in the early 1960s as a result of the freeway expansion, declining property values and families moving out to the suburb communities now made accessible by the freeway expansion programs.
During the 1980s / 90's further deterioration of the living standards were exacerbated by frequent occurrences of petty theft, street crime, drug activities, gang-related violence. The early 2000s saw a slew of real estate speculators and building contractors buying up low-priced homes in some parts of Oak Park that were either abandoned or sold off as unmanageable, turning them around and reselling them as reasonably priced starter homes with financial government assistance. At the same time many new high-paying jobs moved into the area in connection with the expansion of the University of California Davis Medical Center located to the north of Oak Park, the revitalization of Broadway and Stockton Boulevard, the expansion of the McGeorge Law School campus. In addition to being Sacramento's first suburb, Oak Park developed a second "downtown" retail and entertainment district, distinct from Sacramento's downtown, running along 35th Street between Sacramento Blvd to the north and 5th Ave and the park to the South.
The street was home to the Piggly-Wiggly, Park Meat Market, Arata Bros markets. The street's arts and entertainment could be found at the Victor Theater, the California Theater, the Belmonte Gallery or the outdoor theater and pavilion at the park. 35th Street area played host to the annual July 4th parade. Four of Sacramento's seven downtown streetcar lines terminated in Oak Park; the original line, the Central Street Railway, was founded in 1890 by real estate investor Edwin K. Alsip in hopes of motivating people to move to Oak Park and Highland Park; the horse-drawn streetcars were replaced by cable cars, shortly after, electric trolley cars. Originating at Second and H streets, it followed J Street to 28th St south to Sacramento Boulevard, where it turned east into the new suburbs of Oak Park; the eastern terminus was a public park known as Oak Park, on 35th Street and Fifth Avenue. Sacramento Electric, Gas & Railway Company would acquire this route and expand to include Route 6 which ran to the Oak Park terminus via Fifth Avenue.
Meanwhile, a short Route 5 would run east from the Oak Park terminus and end at the Historic site of the California State Fair grounds on Stockton Boulevard. The Central California Traction Company ran an interurban rail line from Downtown Sacramento to Stockton; the line headed through Oak Park along Sacramento Boulevard Second Avenue, turned south at Stockton Boulevard, running down the eastern edge of Oak Park towards Stockton. In 1895, Oak Park featured acres of shady oak trees, a zoo and ballpark; when Sacramento Electric, Gas & Railway Company acquired the Oak Park terminus in 1903, they added a wooden roller coaster, a roller skating rink, an outdoor theater, a scenic miniature railway. Joyland was born when the park was renovated to include an amusement park, electric lights, swimming pool. In addition to local amusement, Joyland was intended to showcase the abilities of electric power and increase ridership on the new electric streetcars. Joyland caught fire in 1920 and never reopened.
In 1927, Valentine McClatchy purchased the land and gave it to the city to become a city park, named in honor of his father James McClatchy, the founder of the Sacramento Bee. As of 2008, Oak Park faced a variety of challenges sustaining the beginnings of its comeback due in part to an increase in foreclosures and an area-wide decline in property values. Community groups like the Oak Park Neighborhood Association, the South Oak Park Community Association established in 2014, Community policing efforts, the demand for affordable housing close to the University of California Davis Medical Center and the overall impact that the real estate market will play in the future. Lotar A. Lampe Sr. Served the community 1993–2011. Involved in community service projects and programs. Oak Park resident from 1974 to 2011. Worked with the Sacramento P. D. in community service, volunteered with Probation to supervise probationers that were doing community service hours, volunteered whenever possible in events that beautified improved and led to change in Oak Park.
He was the president of the Oak Ridge /Christian Brothers Drug Free Zone, the president of the 35th Street Neighborhood Assoc