The War of the Roses (film)
The War of the Roses is a 1989 American dark comedy film based upon the 1981 novel of the same name by Warren Adler. The film follows a wealthy couple with a perfect marriage; when their marriage begins to fall apart, material possessions become the center of an outrageous and bitter divorce battle. The film co-stars Michael Douglas, Kathleen Turner, Danny DeVito; the three actors had worked together in Romancing the Stone and its sequel The Jewel of the Nile. DeVito directed the film, which had producer James L. Brooks and actor Dan Castellaneta working on a project outside of The Simpsons; the opening title sequence was created by Saul Bass. In both the novel and the film, the married couple's family name is Rose, the title is an allusion to the battles between the Houses of York and Lancaster during the Late Middle Ages. Lawyer Gavin d'Amato is in his office discussing a divorce case with a taciturn client. Noticing the man's determination to divorce his wife, Gavin decides to tell him the story of one of his clients, a personal friend of his.
Eighteen years earlier, Oliver Rose, a student at Harvard Law School, meets Barbara at an auction on Nantucket, where they bid on the same antique. Oliver chats Barbara up and they become friends; when Barbara misses her ferry home, the two end up spending the night together. The two marry and have two children and settle in Washington D. C. Over the years, the Roses grow richer, Barbara finds an old mansion whose owner has died, purchases it. However, cracks seem to be forming in the family, such as the children being overweight due to Barbara spoiling them with treats; as Oliver becomes a successful partner in his law firm, a doting and loving wife early in the marriage, appears to grow restless in her life with Oliver, begins to dislike him immensely. Oliver, for his part, cannot understand what he has done to earn Barbara's contempt, oblivious to his controlling, self-centered and dismissive behavior toward her; when Oliver believes he is suffering a heart attack the day after an argument, Barbara does not show any remorse or concern for his well-being, admits that she no longer loves him and wants a divorce.
Oliver accepts, but tension arises between the two during a meeting with Barbara's lawyer when Barbara makes it clear that she wants the house and everything in it using Oliver's final love note to her as leverage against him in their legal battle. Oliver hires Gavin on a retainer as his legal counsel. Barbara throws Oliver out of the house, but he moves back in after discovering a legal loophole that allows him to stay while the outcome of the divorce is pending; as a result, Barbara begins plotting to remove Oliver herself going as far as trying to seduce Gavin into siding with her instead. In an effort to compromise, Oliver offers his wife a considerable sum of cash in exchange for the house, but Barbara still refuses to settle. Realizing that his client is in a no-win situation, Gavin advises Oliver to end the conflict by leaving Barbara with the house and starting a new life for himself. Oliver decides to take matters into his own hands. At this point and Barbara begin spiting and humiliating each other in every way possible in front of friends and potential business clients.
Both begin destroying the house furnishings. In addition, Oliver accidentally runs over Barbara's cat in the driveway; when Barbara finds out, she retaliates by trapping Oliver inside his private sauna, where he nearly succumbs to heatstroke and dehydration. While the children are away at college, Oliver calms down and attempts to make peace with Barbara over an elegant dinner, but reaches his breaking point when Barbara serves him a paté which she implies was made from his dog. Oliver physically attacks Barbara. Oliver boards up the house to prevent Barbara from escaping, while Barbara loosens the chandelier to drop on Oliver; when their German housekeeper Susan pays them an unexpected visit during the night, she senses something is wrong and discreetly contacts Gavin for help. By the time Gavin arrives and Barbara's quarrel has culminated in the two hanging dangerously from the insecure chandelier. During this time, Oliver admits to Barbara that despite their hardships, he always loved her, but Barbara does not respond.
Before Gavin can come inside with a ladder, the chandelier's support cable fails, leaving only the electrical wiring to the fuse box supporting the couple and the chandelier. Despite Oliver's conviction that each wire can hold'at least two hundred pounds', the wire fails as well, sending Oliver and the chandelier crashing violently to the floor. In his final breaths, Oliver reaches out to touch Barbara's shoulder, but Barbara uses her last ounce of strength to knock his hand away asserting her feelings for him in death. Finishing his story, Gavin presents his client with two options: either proceed with the divorce and face a horrific bloodbath in court, or go home to his wife to settle their differences properly; the client chooses the latter, Gavin, packs up his office to go home to his own family. The War of the Roses was released on DVD on December 18, 2001 and to Blu-ray on September 18, 2012; the film is presented in its original 1.85:1 widescreen format.
Big is a 1988 American fantasy comedy film directed by Penny Marshall, stars Tom Hanks as Adult Josh Baskin, a young boy who makes a wish "to be big" and is aged to adulthood overnight. The film stars Elizabeth Perkins, David Moscow as young Josh, John Heard and Robert Loggia, was written by Gary Ross and Anne Spielberg. Twelve-year-old Josh Baskin, who lives with his parents and infant sister in Cliffside Park, New Jersey, is told he is too short for a carnival ride called the Super Loops, while attempting to impress Cynthia Benson, an older girl, he puts a coin into an unusual antique arcade fortune teller machine called Zoltar, makes a wish to be "big". It dispenses a card stating "Your wish is granted", but Josh is spooked to see it was unplugged the entire time; the next morning, Josh has been transformed into a 30-year-old man. He tries to find the Zoltar machine, only to see the carnival having moved on. Returning home, he tries to explain his predicament to his mother, who refuses to listen and threatens him, thinking he is a stranger who kidnapped her son.
Fleeing from her, he finds his best friend and convinces him of his identity by singing a rap that only they know. With Billy's help, he learns that it will take a long time to find the machine, so Josh rents a flophouse room in New York City and gets a job as a data entry clerk at MacMillan Toy Company. Billy and Josh find out. Josh runs into the company's owner, Mr. MacMillan, at FAO Schwarz, impresses him with his insight into current toys and his childlike enthusiasm, they play a duet on a foot-operated electronic keyboard, performing "Heart and Soul" and "Chopsticks". This earns Josh a promotion to a dream job: getting paid to test toys as Vice President in charge of Product Development. With his promotion, his larger salary enables him to move into a spacious luxury apartment, which he and Billy fill with toys, a rigged Pepsi vending machine dispensing free drinks, a pinball machine, he soon attracts the attention of a fellow MacMillan executive. A romance begins to develop, to the annoyance of her ruthless former boyfriend and coworker, Paul Davenport.
Josh becomes entwined in his "adult" life by spending time with her, mingling with her friends, being in a steady relationship. His ideas become valuable assets to MacMillan Toys. MacMillan asks Josh to come up with proposals for a new line of toys, he is intimidated by the need to formulate the business aspects of the proposal, but Susan says she will handle the business end while he comes up with ideas. Nonetheless, he feels pressured, longs for his old life; when he expresses doubts to her and attempts to explain that he is a child, she interprets this as fear of commitment on his part, dismisses his explanation. Josh learns from Billy, he leaves in the middle of presenting their proposal to other executives. Susan leaves, encounters Billy, who tells her where Josh went. At the park, Josh finds the machine, unplugs it and makes a wish to become "a kid again", he is confronted by Susan, seeing the machine and the fortune it gave him, realizes he was telling the truth. She becomes despondent at realizing.
He tells her she was the one thing about his adult life he wishes would not end and suggests she use the machine to turn herself into a little girl. She declines, saying that being a child once was enough, takes him home. After sharing an emotional goodbye with Susan, he becomes a child again, he waves goodbye to Susan one last time before reuniting with his family. The film ends with Josh and Billy hanging out together, with the song "Heart and Soul" playing over the credits. On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, 97% of 74 critics gave it a positive review, with an average rating of 7.9/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Refreshingly sweet and undeniably funny, Big is a showcase for Tom Hanks, who dives into his role and infuses it with charm and surprising poignancy." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 73 out of 100, based on 20 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.
The New York Times praised the performances of Moscow and Rushton, saying the film "features believable young teen-age mannerisms from the two real boys in its cast and this only makes Mr. Hanks's funny, flawless impression that much more adorable."The film was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actor and Best Original Screenplay. The film is number 23 on Bravo's 100 Funniest Movies. In 2000, it was ranked 42nd on the American Film Institute's "100 Years…100 Laughs" list. In June 2008, AFI named it as the tenth-best film in the fantasy genre. In 2008, it was selected by Empire Magazine as one of "The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time."Big was part of a trend of age-changing comedies produced in the late 1980s, including Like Father Like Son, 18 Again!, Vice Versa, the Italian film Da grande. The latter Italian film has been said to be the inspiration for Big; the film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2000: AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs – #42 2008: AFI's 10 Top 10: #10 Fantasy Film The film opened #2 with $8.2 million its first weekend.
It would end up grossing over $151 million. It was the first feature film directed by a woman to gross over $100 million. In 1996, the film was made into a musical for the Broadway stage, it f
Homer Jay Simpson is a fictional character and one of the main protagonists of the American animated sitcom The Simpsons. He is voiced by Dan Castellaneta and first appeared on television, along with the rest of his family, in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" on April 19, 1987. Homer was created and designed by cartoonist Matt Groening while he was waiting in the lobby of James L. Brooks' office. Groening had been called to pitch a series of shorts based on his comic strip Life in Hell but instead decided to create a new set of characters, he named the character after Homer Groening. After appearing for three seasons on The Tracey Ullman Show, the Simpson family got their own series on Fox that debuted December 17, 1989; as the patriarch of the eponymous family and his wife Marge have three children: Bart and Maggie. As the family's provider, he works at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant as safety inspector. Homer embodies many American working class stereotypes: he is crude, incompetent, clumsy, dim-witted, hot-tempered and addicted to beer, junk food and watching television.
However, he tries his hardest to be a decent man and is fiercely devoted to his family when his wife and children need him the most. Despite the suburban blue-collar routine of his life, he has had a number of remarkable experiences, including going to space, climbing the tallest mountain in Springfield by himself, fighting former President George H. W. Bush and winning a Grammy Award as a member of a barbershop quartet, named the b sharps. In the shorts and earlier episodes, Castellaneta voiced Homer with a loose impression of Walter Matthau, he has appeared in other media relating to The Simpsons—including video games, The Simpsons Movie, The Simpsons Ride and comic books—and inspired an entire line of merchandise. His signature catchphrase, the annoyed grunt "D'oh!", has been included in The New Oxford Dictionary of English since 1998 and the Oxford English Dictionary since 2001. Homer is one of the most influential characters in the history of television, is considered to be an American cultural icon.
The British newspaper The Sunday Times described him as "The greatest comic creation of time". He was named the greatest character "of the last 20 years" in 2010 by Entertainment Weekly, was ranked the second-greatest cartoon character by TV Guide, behind Bugs Bunny, was voted the greatest television character of all time by Channel 4 viewers. For voicing Homer, Castellaneta has won four Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance and a special-achievement Annie Award. In 2000, Homer and his family were awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Homer Jay Simpson is the bumbling husband of Marge and father of Bart and Maggie Simpson, he is the son of Abraham "Grampa" Simpson. Homer held over 188 different jobs in the first 400 episodes of The Simpsons. In most episodes, he works as the Nuclear safety Inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position he has held since "Homer's Odyssey", the third episode of the series. At the plant, Homer is ignored and forgotten by his boss Mr. Burns, falls asleep and neglects his duties.
Matt Groening has stated that he decided to have Homer work at the power plant because of the potential for Homer to wreak havoc. Each of his other jobs has lasted only one episode. In the first half of the series, the writers developed an explanation about how he got fired from the plant and was rehired in every episode. In episodes, he began a new job on impulse, without any mention of his regular employment; the Simpsons uses a floating timeline in which the characters never physically age, and, as such, the show is assumed to be set in the current year. In several episodes, events in Homer's life have been linked to specific time periods. "Mother Simpson" depicts Homer's mother, Mona, as a radical who went into hiding in 1969 following a run-in with the law. However, the episode "That'90s Show" contradicted much of this backstory, portraying Homer and Marge as a twentysomething childless couple in the early 1990s. Homer's age has changed as the series developed. During Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein's period as showrunners, they found that as they aged, Homer seemed to become older too, so they increased his age to 38.
His height is 5'9". Naming the characters after members of his own family, Groening named Homer after his father Homer Groening, who himself had been named after ancient Greek poet Homer. Little else of Homer's character was based on him, to prove that the meaning behind Homer's name was not significant, Groening named his own son Homer. According to Groening, "Homer originated with my goal to both amuse my real father, just annoy him a little bit. My father was an athletic, intelligent filmmaker and writer, the only thing he had in common with Homer was a love of donuts." Although Groening has stated in several interviews that Homer was named after his father, he claimed in several 1990 interviews that a character in the 1939 Nathanael West novel The Day of the Locust was the inspiration for naming Homer. Homer
Say Anything... is a 1989 American romantic comedy-drama film written and directed by Cameron Crowe in his directorial debut. The film follows the romance between Lloyd Dobler, an average student, Diane Court, the valedictorian after their graduation from high school. In 2002, Entertainment Weekly ranked Say Anything... as the greatest modern movie romance, it was ranked number 11 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the 50 best high-school movies. Noble underachiever Lloyd Dobler falls for valedictorian Diane Court at their high school graduation ceremony. Lloyd lives with his sister Constance, a single mother, has no plans for his future. Diane has had a sheltered academic upbringing and lives with her doting divorced father Jim, who owns the retirement home where she works, she is due to take up a fellowship in England at the end of the summer. Diane accompanies Lloyd to a party. During a dinner at the Court household, where Lloyd fails to impress Diane's family, Jim is informed that he is under investigation by the Internal Revenue Service.
Diane takes Lloyd to meet the residents of the retirement home and he teaches her to drive her stickshift car. Their relationship grows intimate and they have sex, to her father's concern. Lloyd's musician friend Corey, who has never gotten over her cheating ex-boyfriend, warns him to take care of Diane. Jim urges Diane to break up with Lloyd, feeling he is not an appropriate match, suggests she give Lloyd a pen as a parting gift. Diane tells Lloyd she wants to stop seeing him and concentrate on her studies, tells him to take her pen. Devastated, Lloyd seeks advice from Corey, who tells him to "be a man". Jim's credit cards are declined. At dawn, Lloyd plays "In Your Eyes" by Peter Gabriel, the song, playing the first time they slept together, on a boombox under her open bedroom window; the next day, Diane meets with the IRS investigator, who explains that they have evidence suggesting Jim has been embezzling funds from his retirement home residents. He advises her to accept the fellowship. After Diane discovers cash concealed at home, Jim tells her he stole the money to give her financial independence, justifying it by saying he provided better care to the victims of his embezzlement than their families did.
Distraught, she reconciles with Lloyd at the gym. Some time Jim is incarcerated. Lloyd tells him that he will go with Diane to England. Lloyd gives him a letter from Diane saying she cannot forgive him, but she arrives to say goodbye and they embrace, she gives him a pen, asking him to write to her in England. Lloyd escorts Diane, afraid of flying, on her flight. John Cusack as Lloyd Dobler, an eternal optimist Ione Skye as Diane Court, a high-achieving student John Mahoney as Jim Court, Diane's divorced father Lili Taylor as Corey Flood, Lloyd's friend Polly Platt as Mrs. Flood, Corey's mother Bebe Neuwirth as Mrs. Evans, a guidance counselor at Diane and Lloyd's school Amy Brooks as D. C. Lloyd's friend Loren Dean as Joe Pamela Adlon as Rebecca Chynna Phillips as Mimi Jeremy Piven as Mark Eric Stoltz as Vahlere Jason Gould as Mike Cameron Philip Baker Hall as IRS Boss Joanna Frank as Mrs. Kerwin Lois Chiles as Diane's mother Joan Cusack as Constance Dobler, Lloyd's sister Dan Castellaneta as Diane's teacher Allmusic said the soundtrack, like the film, is "much smarter than the standard teen fare of the era."
The soundtrack consists of these songs: Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert called Say Anything... "one of the best films of the year—a film, about something, that cares about the issues it contains—and yet it works wonderfully as a funny, warmhearted romantic comedy." He included it on his 2002 Great Movie list, writing, "Say Anything exists in a real world, is not a fantasy or a pious parable, has characters who we sort of recognize, is directed with care for the human feelings involved."The film had detractors. Variety called it a "half-baked love story, full of good intentions but uneven in the telling." But, the review called the film an "ppealing tale of an undirected army brat proving himself worthy of the most exceptional girl in high school elicits a few laughs, plenty of smiles and some genuine feeling." In a mixed review, Caryn James of The New York Times wrote: resembles a first-rate production of a children's story. Its sense of parents and the summer after high school is myopic, presented from the teen-agers' point of view.
Yet its melodrama—Will Dad go to prison? Will Diane go to England?—distorts that perspective, so the film doesn't have much to offer an actual adult, not a sense of what it's like to be just out of high school these days. The film is all charming performances and grace notes, it holds a "98% Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes with the consensus reading: "One of the definitive Generation X movies, Say Anything is funny and heartfelt—and it established John Cusack as an icon for left-of-center types everywhere." The film features one of the most culturally recognizable scenes in American movie history, in which John Cusack holds a boombox above his head outside Diane's bedroom window. The move serves as a sort of signal flare. Crowe and producer James L. Brooks believed; the American Film Institute states that, "after reviewing the footage
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Edwin B. "Ed." Weinberger is an American television producer. Born and raised in Philadelphia, the only son of a Jewish butcher, Ed. Weinberger began his TV career after he dropped out of Columbia University, writing for such stand-up comedians as Dick Gregory, Richard Pryor, Bill Cosby, his first job in television was writing for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. He wrote for The Bob Hope Special, The Bill Cosby Show, The Dean Martin Variety Hour. Weinberger, along with James L. Brooks, David Davis, Allan Burns, Stan Daniels, formed the core of MTM Enterprises. In 1977, they started the John Charles Walters Company. Weinberger played Mr. Walters in the logo; the series Taxi was created the following year. He wrote and co-created The Cosby Show, which ran for eight years. Weinberger went on to create and executive produce several other sitcoms, including Amen, Dear John, Baby Talk, Sparks. Weinberger has won a Peabody Award, three Golden Globe Awards, nine Emmy Awards, he has received the Writers Guild of America Lifetime Achievement Award.
He has been married to TV actress Carlene Watkins since 1984. With his son, Weinberger wrote and produced the musical play Mary and Joseph, which had a national tour in 2007-08. Weinberger explained in 2000 that he began using the abbreviation "Ed." when he was eight years old, admitting that "it's an affectation that's gotten out of hand."In 2012, he sued two former business managers, claiming they had failed to obtain revenue for him from his work on Amen. His case was dismissed in 2013 by the Los Angeles Superior Court, but that decision was overturned in 2015 by the appellate court. Michael B. Kassel. "Ed Weinberger: U. S. Writer-Producer". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2008-03-29. John O'Connor. "Life After Divorce, in the'Taxi' Spirit". The New York Times. Ed. Weinberger on IMDb
Samuel Michael Simon was an American director, writer, animal rights activist and philanthropist, who co-developed the television series The Simpsons. While at Stanford University, Simon worked as a newspaper cartoonist and after graduating became a storyboard artist at Filmation Studios. Simon submitted a spec script for the sitcom Taxi, produced, he became the series' showrunner. Over the next few years, Simon wrote and produced for Cheers, It's Garry Shandling's Show and other programs, as well as writing the 1991 film The Super. In 1989, Simon developed the animated sitcom The Simpsons with James L. Brooks. Simon assembled the show's first writing team, co-wrote eight episodes and has been credited with "developing sensibility". Simon's relationship with Groening was strained and he left the show in 1993, negotiating a pay-off which saw him receive tens of millions of dollars from the show's revenue each year; the following year Simon co-created The George Carlin Show, before working as a director on shows such as The Drew Carey Show.
Simon won nine Primetime Emmy Awards for his television work. Simon turned to fields outside television in his years. Simon appeared on Howard Stern's radio shows, managed boxer Lamon Brewster and helped guide Brewster to the World Boxing Organization Heavyweight Championship in 2004 and was a regular poker player and six-time in the money finisher at the World Series of Poker. Simon founded the Sam Simon Foundation, which consists of a mobile veterinary clinic that goes into low-income neighborhoods offering free surgeries for cats and dogs several days per week, as well as a program that rescues and trains shelter dogs, he funded the self-christened Sea Shepherd Conservation Society vessel the MY Sam Simon. Simon was engaged at the time of his death, having been twice married, including to the actress Jennifer Tilly. Following a profile of Simon on 60 Minutes in 2007, CBS writer Daniel Schorn wrote in an online article that Simon was "perhaps the Renaissance man of the baffling, uncertain age we live in."Simon was diagnosed with terminal colorectal cancer in 2012 and given only three to six months to live.
Simon died on March 8, 2015. He bequeathed his $100 million estate to various charities which he supported during his lifetime. Samuel Michael Simon was born on June 6, 1955 in Los Angeles, United States, he grew up in Beverly Malibu. Simon's family lived opposite Groucho Marx. Simon's father was of Estonian-Jewish heritage. Simon had a childhood, described as "comfortable" and "privileged". Although his parents wanted Simon to become a lawyer, Simon was interested in art from a young age, appearing on televised local art programs at the age of five, he once was told by Walt Disney. Simon attended Beverly Hills High School, where he was on the football team and served as a cartoonist for the school newspaper, he was awarded "Most Humorous" and "Most Talented" in his senior yearbook. He attended Stanford University, graduating in 1977. Simon had not wished to attend college, but Stanford persuaded him to apply due to his sufficient grades and proficiency at football. Simon drew comics for The Stanford Daily, a college newspaper, but was denied admission to a drawing class for not being talented enough.
As he recalled to the Stanford alumni magazine, he was told, "You'd be taking the space of a student who has talent." Simon did not focus on his academics. While still at Stanford, Simon's first job was a newspaper sports cartoonist for The San Francisco Chronicle and The San Francisco Examiner. After graduating, he worked as a television storyboard artist, a writer, at Filmation Studios. There he worked on several animated shows, including The New Adventures of Mighty Mouse and Heckle & Jeckle and Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids. Simon recalls Filmation approving of his work because he was "self-taught and unschooled," but Simon felt the majority of what the studio produced was "awful". On the suggestion of Filmation producer Lou Scheimer, impressed by Simon's writing ability, Simon submitted a spec script for the series Taxi, produced and aired in 1981 during its third season. Simon was hired as a writer becoming showrunner for its fifth and final season in 1983. Simon next worked as a writer and producer on Cheers from seasons one to three, writing five episodes: "Endless Slumper", "Battle of the Ex's", "Fairytales Can Come True", "Cheerio Cheers" and "The Bartender's Tale".
Simon created and produced the short-lived sitcom Shaping Up in 1984, alongside Ken Estin. Simon wrote and produced for Best of the West, Barney Miller and It's Garry Shandling's Show, wrote the 1991 film The Super. Simon co-developed the animated series The Simpsons, which premiered on the Fox network in 1989 and has remained on air since; the show is regarded as one of the greatest television shows of all time, with Time magazine naming it the 20th century's best series. The premise for the series originated as a series of short cartoons airing in 1987 as part of The Tracey Ullman Show, on which Simon was a writer and executive producer alongside James L. Brooks, with whom Simon had worked on Taxi; the cartoons were developed into a full series two years later. For The Simpsons, Simon served alongside Matt Groening and Brooks as executive producer and showrunner for the show's first and second seaso