Reuters is an international news organization. It has nearly 200 locations around the world; until 2008, the Reuters news agency formed part of an independent company, Reuters Group plc, a provider of financial market data. Since the acquisition of Reuters Group by the Thomson Corporation in 2008, the Reuters news agency has been a part of Thomson Reuters, making up the media division. Reuters transmits news in English, German, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Japanese and Chinese, it was established in 1851. The Reuter agency was established in 1851 by Paul Julius Reuter in Britain at the London Royal Exchange. Paul Reuter worked at a book-publishing firm in Berlin and was involved in distributing radical pamphlets at the beginning of the Revolutions in 1848; these publications brought much attention to Reuter, who in 1850 developed a prototype news service in Aachen using homing pigeons and electric telegraphy from 1851 on in order to transmit messages between Brussels and Aachen, in what today is Aachen's Reuters House.
Upon moving to England, he founded Reuter's Telegram Company in 1851. Headquartered in London, the company covered commercial news, serving banks, brokerage houses, business firms; the first newspaper client to subscribe was the London Morning Advertiser in 1858. Afterwards more newspapers signed up, with Britannica Encyclopedia writing that "the value of Reuters to newspapers lay not only in the financial news it provided but in its ability to be the first to report on stories of international importance." Reuter's agency built a reputation in Europe and the rest of the world as the first to report news scoops from abroad. Reuters was the first to report Abraham Lincoln's assassination in Europe, for instance, in 1865. In 1872, Reuters expanded into the far east, followed by South America in 1874. Both expansions were made possible by advances in overland telegraphs and undersea cables. In 1883, Reuters began transmitting messages electrically to London newspapers. In 1923, Reuters began using radio to transmit a pioneering act.
In 1925, The Press Association of Great Britain acquired a majority interest in Reuters, full ownership some years later. During the world wars, The Guardian reported that Reuters "came under pressure from the British government to serve national interests. In 1941 Reuters deflected the pressure by restructuring itself as a private company." The new owners formed the Reuters Trust. In 1941, the PA sold half of Reuters to the Newspaper Proprietors' Association, co-ownership was expanded in 1947 to associations that represented daily newspapers in New Zealand and Australia; the Reuters Trust Principles were put in place to maintain the company's independence. At that point, Reuters had become "one of the world's major news agencies, supplying both text and images to newspapers, other news agencies, radio and television broadcasters." At that point, it directly or through national news agencies provided service "to most countries, reaching all the world's leading newspapers and many thousands of smaller ones," according to Britannica.
In 1961, Reuters scooped news of the erection of the Berlin Wall. Reuters was one of the first news agencies to transmit financial data over oceans via computers in the 1960s. In 1973, Reuters "began making computer-terminal displays of foreign-exchange rates available to clients." In 1981, Reuters began making electronic transactions on its computer network and afterwards developed a number of electronic brokerage and trading services. Reuters was floated as a public company in 1984, when Reuters Trust was listed on the stock exchanges such as the London Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. Reuters published the first story of the Berlin Wall being breached in 1989; the share price grew during the dotcom boom fell after the banking troubles in 2001. In 2002, Brittanica wrote that most news throughout the world came from three major agencies: the Associated Press and Agence France-Presse. Reuters merged with Thomson Corporation in Canada in 2008. In 2009, Thomson Reuters withdrew from the LSE and the NASDAQ, instead listing its shares on the Toronto Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange.
The last surviving member of the Reuters family founders, Baroness de Reuter, died at age 96 on 25 January 2009. The parent company Thomson Reuters is headquartered in Toronto, provides financial information to clients while maintaining its traditional news-agency business. In 2012, Thomson Reuters appointed Jim Smith as CEO; every major news outlet in the world subscribed to Reuters as of 2014. Reuters operated in more than 200 cities in 94 countries in about 20 languages as of 2014. In July 2016, Thomson Reuters agreed to sell its intellectual property and science operation for $3.55 billion to private equity firms. In October 2016, Thomson Reuters announced relocations to Toronto; as part of cuts and restructuring, in November 2016, Thomson Reuters Corp. eliminated 2,000 worldwide jobs out of its around 50,000 employees. Reuters employs 600 photojournalists in about 200 locations worldwide. Reuters journalists use the Reuters Handbook of Journalism as a guide for fair presentation and disclosure of relevant interests, to maintain the values of integrity and freedom upon which their reputation for reliability, accuracy and exclusivity relies.
In May 2000, Kurt Schork, an American reporter, was killed in an ambush while on assignment in Sierra Leone. In April and August 2003, news cameramen Taras Protsyuk and Mazen Dana were killed in separate incidents by U. S. troops in Iraq. In July 2007, Namir Noor-Eldeen and Saeed Chmagh were killed when they w
Lake Forest, Illinois
Lake Forest is a city located in Lake County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 19,375; the city is along the shore of Lake Michigan, is a part of the Chicago metropolitan area and the North Shore. Lake Forest was founded together with Lake Forest College; the Lake Forest City Hall, designed by Charles Sumner Frost, was completed in 1898. It housed the fire department, the Lake Forest Library, city offices; the city used restrictive covenants to bar "African-Americans and Jews from purchasing property in Lake Forest", a practice associated with sundown towns that "continued at least until the 1960s", but which seems to have been "greatly diminished" by the 1990s, though still active. Lake Forest is located in the North Shore area of Chicago, at 42°14′5″N 87°51′3″W. According to the 2010 census, Lake Forest has a total area of 17.246 square miles, of which 17.18 square miles is land and 0.066 square miles is water. The Potawatomi inhabited Lake County before the United States Federal Government forced them out in 1836 as part of Indian Removal of tribes to areas west of the Mississippi River.
As Lake Forest was first developed in 1857, the planners laid roads that would provide limited access to the city in an effort to prevent outside traffic and isolate the tranquil settlement from neighboring areas. Though the town is more accessible today, due in part to the extensive new construction taking place further west, the much smaller neighborhood of eastern Lake Forest, near the coast of Lake Michigan, remains secluded, it is one of the most scenic and architecturally significant suburbs of Chicago. These neighborhoods include estates and homes designed by distinguished architects such as Howard Van Doren Shaw, David Adler, Frank Lloyd Wright, Arthur Heun, Jerome Cerny, Henry Ives Cobb, modernist George Fred Keck, among others. Landscape architects Frederick Law Olmsted and Jens Jensen designed projects in Lake Forest. Market Square, designed by Howard Van Doren Shaw, was completed in 1916 as a commercial center for Lake Forest; the secluded style of Lake Forest was intended as a form of protection.
According to the president of the Lake Forest-Lake Bluff Historical Society, the captains of industry and upper-class elite who first settled in Lake Forest sought a refuge from late 19th and early 20th-century Chicago. In their view, the city was overrun with immigrants from southern and eastern Europe who had dangerous socialist ideas and indulged in excessive alcoholic consumption. Country clubs became important centers of social activity in Lake Forest's early decades; the Onwentsia Club was, in the words of one writer, "the premiere social and sporting club in the Midwest". In 1898, members held a plantation-themed party, dining on fried chicken, corn on the cob, watermelon served by—in keeping with the party's theme—"little colored girls". After-dinner entertainment included a minstrel show; this was a period in United States history in which there was considerable interest in Southern culture and the mythical plantation society. Both the North and South were active in memorializing their contributions to the Civil War, as well as achieving a kind of reconciliation that, according to historian David W. Blight, pushed issues of race to the side.
One of Lake Forest's most notable features is its virgin prairies and other nature preserves. In 1967, a group of 12 long-time residents of Lake Forest formed a land conservation organization, Lake Forest Open Lands Association, its express purpose was to purchase or otherwise set aside the disappearing open spaces in the city, in the interests of preserving animal habitat, restoring ecosystems, providing environmental education for the city's children. In the next 38 years, the group managed to acquire more than 700 acres within the city limits, which now form six nature preserves with 12 miles of walking trails open to the public. Preserved in perpetuity are wetlands, original pre-1830 prairie and savanna, all within the community; the restoration of these lands is celebrated by an annual "Bagpipes and Bonfire" event in September, which started as a community event in which controlled fires were burned to clear underbrush and preserve the savannah. From an early time, the playing of bagpipes has accompanied the community gathering, as the town had numerous Scots-Irish residents in its early years.
This has been an annual fundraising event for Lake Forest Open Lands Association. The Ragdale Foundation, an artists' community and residence, is located in Lake Forest. Howard Van Doren Shaw's summer retreat and built in 1897, the estate has accommodated notable artist Sylvia Shaw Judson. In 1992, Lake Forest gained national attention when it attempted to ban the sale of offensive music to anyone under the age of 18. City council members used existing ordinances against obscenity—defined in the codes as "morbid interest in nudity, sex or excretion"—to buttress their campaign. Mayor Charles Clarke stated, "If they sell an obscene tape to somebody underage, we will prosecute." The person who came up most in discussions of obscene content was Ice-T, a rapper who has since performed as an actor. Lake Forest has been named a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation in recognition of its commitment to community forest; as of 2006, Lake Forest had received this national honor for 26 years.
The actor Mr. T notably angered the town by cutting down more than 100 oak trees on his estate, in what is now referred to as the "Lake Forest Chain Saw Massacre." Commercial development in Lake Forest is focused i
Aluminium foil referred to with the misnomer tin foil, is aluminium prepared in thin metal leaves with a thickness less than 0.2 mm. In the United States, foils are gauged in thousandths of an inch or mils. Standard household foil is 0.016 mm thick, heavy duty household foil is 0.024 mm. The foil is pliable, can be bent or wrapped around objects. Thin foils are fragile and are sometimes laminated to other materials such as plastics or paper to make them more useful. Aluminium foil supplanted tin foil in the mid 20th century. Annual production of aluminium foil was 800,000 tonnes in Europe and 600,000 tonnes in the U. S. in 2003. 75% of aluminium foil is used for packaging of foods and chemical products, 25% used for industrial applications. It can be recycled. In North America, aluminium foil is known as aluminum foil, it was popularised by the leading manufacturer in North America. In the United Kingdom and United States it is, informally called tin foil, for historical reasons. Metallised films are sometimes mistaken for aluminium foil, but are polymer films coated with a thin layer of aluminium.
In Australia, aluminium foil is called alfoil. Foil made from a thin leaf of tin was commercially available before its aluminium counterpart. Tin foil was marketed commercially from the late nineteenth into the early twentieth century; the term "tin foil" survives in the English language as a term for the newer aluminium foil. Tin foil is less malleable than aluminium foil and tends to give a slight tin taste to food wrapped in it. Tin foil has been supplanted by aluminium and other materials for wrapping food; the first audio recordings on phonograph cylinders were made on tin foil. Tin was first replaced by aluminium in 1910, when the first aluminium foil rolling plant, "Dr. Lauber, Neher & Cie." was opened in Emmishofen, Switzerland. The plant, owned by J. G. Neher & Sons, the aluminium manufacturers, started in 1886 in Schaffhausen, Switzerland, at the foot of the Rhine Falls, capturing the falls' energy to process aluminium. Neher's sons, together with Dr. Lauber, discovered the endless rolling process and the use of aluminium foil as a protective barrier in December 1907.
In 1911, Bern-based Tobler began wrapping its chocolate bars in aluminium foil, including the unique triangular chocolate bar, Toblerone. By 1912, aluminium foil was being used by Maggi to pack soups and stock cubes; the first use of foil in the United States was in 1913 for wrapping Life Savers, candy bars, gum. Processes evolved over time to include the use of print, lacquer and the embossing of the aluminium. Aluminium foil is produced by rolling sheet ingots cast from molten billet aluminium re-rolling on sheet and foil rolling mills to the desired thickness, or by continuously casting and cold rolling. To maintain a constant thickness in aluminium foil production, beta radiation is passed through the foil to a sensor on the other side. If the intensity becomes too high the rollers adjust, increasing the thickness. If the intensities become too low and the foil has become too thick, the rollers apply more pressure, causing the foil to be made thinner; the continuous casting method has become the preferred process.
For thicknesses below 0.025 mm, two layers are put together for the final pass and afterwards separated which produces foil with one bright side and one matte side. The two sides in contact with each other are matte and the exterior sides become bright; some lubrication is needed during the rolling stages. These lubricants are sprayed on the foil surface before passing through the mill rolls. Kerosene based lubricants are used, although oils approved for food contact must be used for foil intended for food packaging. Aluminium is annealed for most purposes; the rolls of foil are heated until the degree of softness is reached, which may be up to 340 °C for 12 hours. During this heating, the lubricating oils are burned off. Lubricant oils may not be burnt off for hard temper rolls, which can make subsequent coating or printing more difficult; the rolls of aluminium foil are slit on slitter rewinding machines into smaller rolls. Roll slitting and rewinding is an essential part of the finishing process.
Aluminium foils thicker than 25 μm are impermeable to water. Foils thinner than this become permeable due to minute pinholes caused by the production process. Aluminium foil has a matte side; the shiny side is produced. It is difficult to produce rollers with a gap fine enough to cope with the foil gauge, for the final pass, two sheets are rolled at the same time, doubling the thickness of the gauge at entry to the rollers; when the sheets are separated, the inside surface is dull, the outside surface is shiny. This difference in the finish has led to the perception that favouring a side has an effect when cooking. While many believe that the different properties keep heat out when wrapped with the shiny finish facing out, keep heat in with the shiny finish facin
James Burns (shipowner)
Sir James Burns KCMG was a noted businessman and philanthropist in Australia. In particular, he is known as the co-founder of Burns Philp and Company, a shipping and trading company, for establishing the Burnside Presbyterian Homes for Children in North Parramatta, a children and family welfare organisation. Burns was born at Polmont, Scotland, the son of a merchant, David Burns, educated at Newington Academy and the Royal High School in Edinburgh, he worked for three years in Western Queensland as a jackaroo. In 1865 he formed a Brisbane store, Burns & Scott, in partnership with his brother, established the first stores in Gympie and nearby One Mile Creek and Kilkivan in 1867, when gold was found there, he returned to Scotland in 1870 after the death of his father. He visited France as an observer and assistant in relief efforts after the Paris Commune of 1871 before returning to Queensland. In 1871, Burns returned to North Queensland to establish a new trading company in Townsville, he loaned Robert Philp enough money to become a partner in the enterprise.
The company thrived through ownership of sail and steam powered trading ships leased to ensure a steady supply of goods between Queensland and Sydney. This formed the basis of the Queensland Steam Shipping Company Limited amalgamated into Burns Philp and Company, which remains as a major trading company today; the shipping expanded into various ports in the East Indies and the Pacific Islands, the company branched into various trading endeavours throughout the following decades. In addition to establishing Burns Philp and Company, his business interests include serving as chairman of the Queensland Insurance Co. Ltd in 1886–1923, the New South Wales Mortgage and Agency Co. and the Solomon Islands Development Co. Ltd, he was a director of the Australian Mutual Provident Society, the Sydney Exchange Co. the Bank of North Queensland, various collieries, as well as owning extensive Queensland pastoral properties. Burns served on a royal commission of inquiry into railway administration in 1906 and was appointed to the Legislative Council of New South Wales in 1908.
He joined the Parramatta troop of the 1st Light Horse Regiment as a trooper in June 1891 and was promoted Captain, became Major in January 1896. From September 1897 to June 1903 he commanded the regiment as its Lieutenant-Colonel, he was promoted to Colonel in July 1903 and commanded the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade until January 1907, when he retired. Burns was president of the Caledonian Society for twenty years. During World War I Burns helped establish a scheme for insuring enlisted men with dependants contributing £2000 a year during the duration of the war. From the 1880s, Burns was based at a property known as North of Parramatta, he retired from government and business activities due to ill health in 1908, lived at Gowan Brae from that time on. Shortly afterwards, he approached the Presbyterian Church of Australia, suggesting that they establish a Presbyterian home for children. In 1910 he endowed some of the Gowan Brae property, to establish the Presbyterian Homes for Children and was chairman of its board for ten years.
It became his passion in his "retired" years, as he made numerous contributions towards new homes and the children. His business and government connections ensured that donations from other sources were forthcoming, with houses named after sponsors and opened by dignitaries. Burns was buried there in a family cemetery, he left the property to his son, but suggested that, should James not need the property, it should be given to the Burnside Presbyterian Orphans Homes. James honoured this request, the property was donated. Much of the land has since been sold or leased to other organisations, or as residential developments; the property around Gowan Brae is now owned by The Kings School, while sections of the property are now owned by the Redeemer Baptist School and Tara Anglican School for Girls, with some still owned by the Synod of New South Wales and the ACT of the Uniting Church in Australia for Burnside's own operations and the synod's activities such as the archives, Camden Library and the Uniting Theological College.
Media related to James Burns at Wikimedia Commons
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich. It is located in north-central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich; the municipality has 409,000 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zürich is a hub for railways and air traffic. Both Zürich Airport and railway station are the busiest in the country. Permanently settled for over 2,000 years, Zürich was founded by the Romans, who, in 15 BC, called it Turicum. However, early settlements have been found dating back more than 6,400 years ago. During the Middle Ages, Zürich gained the independent and privileged status of imperial immediacy and, in 1519, became a primary centre of the Protestant Reformation in Europe under the leadership of Huldrych Zwingli; the official language of Zürich is German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Zürich German. Many museums and art galleries can be found in the city, including the Swiss National Museum and the Kunsthaus.
Schauspielhaus Zürich is one of the most important theatres in the German-speaking world. Zürich is a leading global city and among the world's largest financial centres despite having a small population; the city is home to a large number of financial institutions and banking companies. Most of Switzerland's research and development centres are concentrated in Zürich and the low tax rates attract overseas companies to set up their headquarters there. Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Zürich first on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within". According to several surveys from 2006 to 2008, Zürich was named the city with the best quality of life in the world as well as the wealthiest city in Europe in terms of GDP per capita; the Economist Intelligence Unit's Global Liveability Ranking sees Zürich rank among the top ten most liveable cities in the world. In German, the city name is written Zürich, pronounced in Swiss Standard German. In Zürich German, the local dialect of Swiss German, the name is pronounced without the final consonant, as Züri, although the adjective remains Zürcher.
The city is called Zurich in French, Zurigo in Italian, Turitg in Romansh. In English, the name used to be written without the umlaut. So, standard English practice for German calques is to either preserve the umlaut or replace it with the base letter followed by e, it is pronounced ZEWR-ik, more sometimes with /ts/, as in German. The earliest known form of the city's name is Turicum, attested on a tombstone of the late 2nd century AD in the form STA TURICEN; the name is interpreted as a derivation from a given name Gaulish personal name Tūros, for a reconstructed native form of the toponym of *Turīcon. The Latin stress on the long vowel of the Gaulish name, was lost in German but is preserved in Italian and in Romansh; the first development towards its Germanic form is attested as early as the 6th century with the form Ziurichi. From the 9th century onward, the name is established in an Old High German form Zurih. In the early modern period, the name became associated with the name of the Tigurini, the name Tigurum rather than the historical Turicum is sometimes encountered in Modern Latin contexts.
Settlements of the Neolithic and Bronze Age were found around Lake Zürich. Traces of pre-Roman Celtic, La Tène settlements were discovered near the Lindenhof, a morainic hill dominating the SE - NW waterway constituted by Lake Zurich and the river Limmat. In Roman times, during the conquest of the alpine region in 15 BC, the Romans built a castellum on the Lindenhof. Here was erected Turicum, a tax-collecting point for goods trafficked on the Limmat, which constituted part of the border between Gallia Belgica and Raetia: this customs point developed into a vicus. After Emperor Constantine's reforms in AD 318, the border between Gaul and Italy was located east of Turicum, crossing the river Linth between Lake Walen and Lake Zürich, where a castle and garrison looked over Turicum's safety; the earliest written record of the town dates from the 2nd century, with a tombstone referring to it as to the Statio Turicensis Quadragesima Galliarum, discovered at the Lindenhof. In the 5th century, the Germanic Alemanni tribe settled in the Swiss Plateau.
The Roman castle remained standing until the 7th century. A Carolingian castle, built on the site of the Roman castle by the grandson of Charlemagne, Louis the German, is mentioned in 835. Louis founded the Fraumünster abbey in 853 for his daughter Hildegard, he endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zürich and the Albis forest, granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority. In 1045, King Henry III granted the convent the right to hold markets, collect tolls, mint coins, thus made the abbess the ruler of the city. Zürich gained Imperial immediacy in 1218 with the extinction of the main line of the Zähringer family and attained a status comparable to statehood. During the 1230s, a city wall was built, enclosing 38 hectares, when the earliest stone houses on the Rennweg were built as well; the Carolingian castle was used as a quarry, as it had st
Prime Minister of New Zealand
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017; the Prime Minister ranks as the most senior government minister. She or he is responsible for chairing meetings of Cabinet, she or he has ministerial responsibility for the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. The office exists by a long-established convention, which originated in New Zealand's former colonial power, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; the convention stipulates that the governor-general must select as prime minister the person most to command the support, or confidence, of the House of Representatives. This individual is the parliamentary leader of the political party that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber; the prime minister and Cabinet are collectively accountable for their actions to the governor-general, to the House of Representatives, to their political party, to the national electorate.
The head of government was titled "colonial secretary" or "first minister". This was changed in 1869 to "premier"; that title remained in use for more than 30 years, until Richard Seddon informally changed it to "prime minister" in 1901 during his tenure in the office. Following the declaration of New Zealand as a Dominion in 1907, the title of Prime Minister has been used in English. In Māori, the title pirimia, meaning "premier", continues to be used. New Zealand prime ministers are styled as "The Right Honourable", a privilege; the post of prime minister is, like other ministerial positions, an appointment by the governor-general on behalf of the monarch. By the conventions of responsible government, the governor-general will call to form a government the individual most to receive the support, or confidence, of a majority of the elected members of parliament. In making this appointment, convention requires the governor-general to act on the outcome of the electoral process and subsequent discussions between political parties.
In practice, the position falls to the parliamentary leader of the largest political party among those forming the government. The prime minister may lead a coalition government and/or a minority government dependent on support from smaller parties during confidence and supply votes. Once appointed and sworn in by the governor-general, the prime minister remains in the post until dismissal, resignation, or death in office; the prime minister, like other ministers, holds office "during the pleasure of the Governor-General", so theoretically, the governor-general can dismiss the prime minister at any time. The governor-general might exercise reserve power to dismiss the prime minister in circumstances pertaining to a non-confidence motion against the government in parliament; the office is not defined by codified laws, but by unwritten customs known as constitutional conventions which developed in Britain and were replicated in New Zealand. These conventions are for the most part founded on the underlying principle that the prime minister and fellow ministers must not lose the confidence of the democratically elected component of parliament, the House of Representatives.
The prime minister is leader of the Cabinet, takes a coordinating role. The Cabinet Manual 2008 provides an outline of the prime minister's responsibilities. By constitutional convention, the prime minister holds formal power to advise the sovereign; this means that as long as the prime minister has the confidence of parliament, they alone may advise the monarch on: Appointment or recall of the governor-general. Amendments to the letters patent constituting the office of governor-general, which most occurred in 2006; the conferment of New Zealand honours. As head of government, the prime minister alone has the right to advise the governor-general to: Appoint, dismiss, or accept the resignation of ministers. Call general elections by advising the governor-general to dissolve parliament; the governor-general may reject the advice to dissolve parliament if the prime minister has lost a vote of confidence, but so far none have done so. The prime minister is regarded by convention as "first among equals".
They do hold the most senior post in government, but are required to adhere to any decisions taken by Cabinet, as per the convention of collective ministerial responsibility. The actual ability of a prime minister to give direct orders is limited; the ability to appoint and dismiss ministers, allocate portfolios. The influence a prime minister is to have as leader of the dominant party; these powers may give more direct control over subordinates than is attached to the prime minister's role. The power gained from being central to most significant decision-making, from being able to comment on and criticise any decisions taken by other ministers. Since the introduction of the MMP electoral system, there has been an increased need for the prime minist
Ulsteinvik is the commercial and administrative centre of the municipality of Ulstein in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The 4.26-square-kilometre village has a population of 6,201. As such, Ulsteinvik contains 74% of the population of Ulstein Municipality; the town of Ulsteinvik is located on the west side of the island of Hareidlandet, about 23 kilometres southwest of the city of Ålesund. Ulstein Church is located in the town. Ulsteinvik received town status on 1 July 2000; the town is built on a natural harbour, has an industry driven by shipbuilding, with two major shipyards: Ulstein Verft and Kleven Verft. The Ulstein Group includes the Ulstein Verft shipyard and a growing number of other marine-related companies, the largest of which are Ulstein Power & Control AS and Ulstein Design & Solutions AS; the town has dozens of other maritime-related firms of all sizes, including the global head office of Rolls-Royce plc's marine division. The strength of this industry through the middle of the first decade of the 21st century has led to significant expansion and new construction, both residential and commercial.
In 2012, Ulsteinvik was the winner of the most attractive town in Norway. The Sjøborg theatre, on Ulsteinvik's waterfront, has live theatre venues, it shows a mixture of "global" and Norwegian feature films. In addition, it welcomes a mixture of local and touring live acts, including big band, operatic revues, English- and Norwegian-language dramatic productions and stand-up comedy. Ulsteinvik is the home of IL Hødd, a multi-sport club that includes a Norwegian First Division football team; the team has a large local following, generates strong attendance at their stadium, Høddvoll. Hødd offers several other sports, including handball and rhythmic gymnastics. In 2012, Hødd became national cup champions of Norway, beating Tromsø IL in the final of the 2012 Norwegian Football Cup in the Ullevaal Stadion in Oslo. In addition, Ulsteinvik is the home of smaller clubs in each of basketball and rugby union, it is the home town of Norway's first-choice football goalkeeper in the Beijing Olympics, Erika Skarbø whose father Dag is a director at Rolls Royce Marine.
Ulsteinvik is the birthplace of the underground cartoonist Øystein Runde. Ulsteinvik is the headquarters of the local subscription-based newspaper Vikebladet Vestposten, formed by a 1989 merger of two previously-existing newspapers; the community is served by the free regional weekly RegionAvisa and the Ålesund-based daily Sunnmørsposten. Norwegian County Road 61 runs along the south edge of the town centre, is the major route connecting Ulsteinvik to points northeast and south; the Eiksund Tunnel, the world's deepest undersea tunnel, completed in 2008, connects Ulsteinvik by road to the mainland via Norwegian County Road 653. Ulsteinvik is served by one bus company: Nettbuss Midt-Norge. However, the express route that connects Ulsteinvik directly to Oslo is operated under the Nettbuss express brand. Ulsteinvik is 30 kilometres from the Ørsta-Volda Airport, which has several-daily flights to Oslo Airport and Sogndal Airport, Haukåsen, it is served by the Ålesund airport, 60 kilometres away, but with a broader selection of national and international flights.
Ulstein Group Sjøborg Theatre IL Hødd - Major local multi-sport club. Fjord1 - operators of local and regional bus services Listing of bus routes that operate from or through Ulsteinvik