Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant

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Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant
Kernkraftwerk Grafenrheinfeld - 2013.jpg
Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant is located in Germany
Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant
Location of Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant
Official name Kernkraftwerk Grafenrheinfeld
Country Germany
Location Grafenrheinfeld
Coordinates 49°59′2.71″N 10°11′4.81″E / 49.9840861°N 10.1846694°E / 49.9840861; 10.1846694Coordinates: 49°59′2.71″N 10°11′4.81″E / 49.9840861°N 10.1846694°E / 49.9840861; 10.1846694
Construction began January 1, 1975
Commission date December 21, 1981
Owner(s) PreussenElektra
Operator(s) PreussenElektra
Nuclear power station
Reactor type PWR
Reactor supplier Siemens
Cooling source River Main
Cooling towers 2
Power generation
Units operational 1 x 1,345 MW
Make and model Siemens
Nameplate capacity 1,345 MW
Capacity factor 80.0%
Annual net output 9,425 GW·h
Plant's site on E.ON's site

The Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant (German: Kernkraftwerk Grafenrheinfeld, KKG) is a now-offline electricity-generating facility near Grafenrheinfeld, south of Schweinfurt at the river Main. The plant operated from 1981 to June 28, 2015, when it was taken offline as part of the phase out policy for nuclear power in Germany.

Construction and history[edit]

Construction took place between 1974 and 1981 with construction costs of around 2.5 billion DM. The reactor, a German third-generation pressurized water reactor with an electrical net power output of 1,345 megawatts, achieved first criticality on December 9, 1981.

The plant is managed by PreussenElektra GmbH. The two 143-metre (469 ft) tall cooling towers are visible from far away. As with almost all other nuclear plants, temporary storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel are present on site. There is an information center at the power station.

Under the phase out policy for nuclear power in Germany, the plant was scheduled to shut down on 31 December 2015. Citing economical reasons, E.ON declared intent to shut down the plant earlier, originally at end of May 2015.[1][2]

Plant taken offline[edit]

The Grafenrheinfeld plant was taken offline on June 28, six months before scheduled to close on December 3, 2015 as part of Germany's ongoing policy to shut all nuclear power plants down in the country by 2022.[3][4] The plant owners decided it was uneconomic to continue operation as planned.[5]

In the media[edit]

In the anti-nuclear teen novel Die Wolke (1987), the power plant undergoes a meltdown.