Blenheim, New Zealand
Blenheim is the most populous town in the region of Marlborough, in the north east of the South Island of New Zealand. It has an urban population of 31,600; the surrounding area is well known as the centre of New Zealand's wine industry. It enjoys one of New Zealand's sunniest climates, with warm dry summers and cool, crisp winters. Blenheim is named after the Battle of Blenheim, where troops led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough defeated a combined French and Bavarian force; the sheltered coastal bays of Marlborough supported a small Māori population as early as the 12th century. Archaeological evidence dates Polynesian human remains uncovered at Wairau Bar to the 13th century; the rich sea and bird life of the area would have supported such small communities. As the Māori population of the area increased, they developed the land to sustain the growing population. In the early 1700s canals and waterways were dug among the natural river courses, allowing for the first forms of farming in the area including that of fish and native water fowl.
A total of 18 km of channels are known to have been excavated before the arrival of European settlers. Māori in the Marlborough Region cultivated crops, including kumara; the area is home to the first serious clash of arms between Māori and the British settlers after the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. The Wairau Affray which occurred in what is now the village of Tuamarina; the settlement was known to Europeans as The Beaver or Beaverton due to its frequent flooding. Although the early history of Marlborough was associated with the Nelson settlement, the people of Marlborough desired independence from Nelson. In 1859, nineteen years after the original Nelson settlement, the request of Marlborough settlers was granted, Marlborough became a separate province. Although gold was discovered in the province in the early 1860s the resulting boom did not last, while the gold rush helped to expand the region, it was the development of pastoralism which provided the greatest long-term benefits. Marlborough squatters developed huge sheep runs that dominated the countryside, rivalling Canterbury's sheep stations in size and wealth.
Situated on the Wairau Plain, the town is flat with only its southern most fringe rising to the base of the Wither Hills. As the plain is surrounded by mountains on all but the eastern flank, open to Cook Strait, it is well protected from the frequent southerly weather fronts occurring during winters; the area does however experience some high wind events during the course of the year from the west where the wind is funneled down the Wairau Valley directly at the town. Open and exposed areas in and around Blenheim are hit quite hard by winds blowing inland from Cook Strait. Blenheim sits at the confluence of the Ōpaoa rivers, it is in experiences several earthquakes each year. The boundary between the Pacific plate and the Indo-Australian plate passes just north of Blenheim; the climate is very settled due to the rainshadow effect of the mountain ranges to the west which shelter Blenheim from the heaviest of rains that hit the western part of the South Island. Summers are warm and dry while winters are cool and frosty with clear sunny days that follow.
Snowfall is rare. Thunderstorms are an uncommon occurrence due to the sheltered climate. There is a higher likelihood in summer, when afternoon heating can generate a buildup of clouds above the ranges; the highest recorded temperature is 37.8C, Recorded on 7 February 1973. The lowest is −8.8C. At the 2006 census, Blenheim had a population of a change of 7.0 % since the 2001 census. The June 2018 estimate puts Blenheim's population at 31,600. Following the 2013 census, Blenheim became the country's 17th main urban area, after Statistics New Zealand promoted the town from a secondary urban area. 21.3 % of people were compared with 22.7 % for New Zealand. 16.7% of people were 65 and over, compared with 12.1% for New Zealand. 28.7% of people 15 and over had a post-secondary-school qualification, compared with 32% for New Zealand. Most residents are of European origin, predominantly of British, Irish and Dutch descent. Small Māori, Pacific Island and Asian communities exist. Ethnic diversity has increased in recent years with the arrival of large numbers of South Americans and Asians, who work in the expanding viticulture sector.
The 2006 New Zealand census found that of people in the Blenheim Urban Area who completed the census forms: 78.4% belonged to the European or Pākehā ethnic group 1.6% belonged to the Asian ethnic group 10.5% belonged to the Māori ethnic group 1.6% belonged to the Pacific Island ethnic group 0.5% belonged to the Middle Eastern/Latin American/African ethnic groups 16.1% belonged to Other ethnic group The region's economy is rurally based with pastoral and horticultural farming providing a major source of income. The modern inhabitants, as their forebearers, continue to utilise the marine resources available. Lake Grassmere is the country's only salt works, producing 50% of the countries total salt requirement. Fishing and mussel farming are extremely important in the region. Viticulture has a large impact on the local economy both directly, by way of employment and servicing required, by way of'wine tourism'; the local cellars attracted hundreds of thousands of international tourists every year.
The area hosts the annual Marlborough Wine &
The Wind in the Willows
The Wind in the Willows is a children's novel by Kenneth Grahame, first published in 1908. Alternately slow-moving and fast-paced, it focuses on four anthropomorphised animals in a pastoral version of Edwardian England; the novel is notable for its mixture of mysticism, adventure and camaraderie and celebrated for its evocation of the nature of the Thames Valley. In 1908, Grahame retired from his position as secretary of the Bank of England, he moved back to Berkshire, where he had lived as a child, spent his time by the River Thames doing much as the animal characters in his book do – as the book says, "simply messing about in boats" – and expanding the bedtime stories he had earlier told his son Alastair into a manuscript for the book. The novel was in its 31st printing when playwright A. A. Milne adapted part of it for the stage as Toad of Toad Hall in 1929. In 1946, the first film adaptation was released. In 2003, The Wind in the Willows was listed at number 16 in the BBC's survey The Big Read.
More than a century after its original publication, it was adapted again for the stage in 2016 musical by Julian Fellowes. Kenneth Grahame was born on 8 March 1859 in Edinburgh; when he was 5, his mother died from puerperal fever, his father, who had a drinking problem, gave the care of his four children over to their grandmother, who lived in Cookham Dean in Berkshire. There they lived in a spacious but dilapidated home, The Mount, in extensive grounds by the River Thames, were introduced to the riverside and boating by their uncle, David Ingles, curate at Cookham Dean church. At Christmas 1865 the chimney of the house collapsed and the children moved to Fern Hill Cottage in Cranbourne, Berkshire. In 1866, their father tried to overcome his drinking problem and took the children back to live with him in Argyll, but after a year they returned to their grandmother's house in Cranbourne, where Kenneth lived until he entered St Edward's School, Oxford in 1868. During his early years at St. Edwards the boys were free to explore the old city with its quaint shops, historic buildings, cobbled streets, St Giles' Fair, the idyllic upper reaches of the River Thames, the nearby countryside.
Grahame married Elspeth Thomson in 1899, when he was 40. When Alastair was about four years old, Grahame would tell him bedtime stories, some of which were about a toad, on his frequent boating holidays without his family he would write further tales of Toad, Mole and Badger in letters to Alastair. In 1908 Grahame took early retirement from his job at the Bank of England and moved with his wife and son to an old farmhouse in Blewbury, where he used the bedtime stories he had told Alastair as a basis for the manuscript of The Wind in the Willows. With the arrival of spring and fine weather outside, the good-natured Mole loses patience with spring cleaning, he flees his underground home, emerging to take in the air and ends up at the river, which he has never seen before. Here he meets Rat, who at this time of year spends all his days on and close by the river. Rat takes Mole for a ride in his rowing boat, they get along well and spend many more days boating, with “Ratty” teaching Mole the ways of the river, with the two friends living together in Ratty’s riverside home.
One summer day and Mole disembark near the grand Toad Hall and pay a visit to Toad. Toad is rich, jovial and kind-hearted, but aimless and conceited. Having given up boating, Toad's current craze is his horse-drawn caravan, he persuades the reluctant willing Mole to join him on a trip. Toad soon tires of the realities of camp life, sleeps in the following day to avoid chores; that day, a passing motorcar scares the horse, causing the caravan to overturn into a ditch. Rat threatens to have the law on the car driver, while Mole calms the horse, but Toad's craze for caravan travel is replaced by an obsession with motorcars. Mole wants to meet the respected but elusive Badger, who lives deep in the Wild Wood, but Rat – knowing that Badger does not appreciate visits – tells Mole to be patient and wait for Badger to pay them a visit himself. On a snowy winter's day, while the seasonally somnolent Rat dozes, Mole impulsively goes to the Wild Wood to explore, hoping to meet Badger, he gets lost in the woods, sees many "evil faces" among the wood's less-welcoming denizens, succumbs to fright and panic and hides, trying to stay warm, among the sheltering roots of a tree.
Rat wakes to find Mole gone. Guessing his mission from the direction of Mole's tracks and equipping himself with two pistols and a stout cudgel, Rat goes in search, finding him as snow begins to fall in earnest. Attempting to find their way home and Mole quite stumble across Badger's home – Mole barks his shin on the boot scraper on Badger's doorstep. Badger – en route to bed in his dressing-gown and slippers – nonetheless warmly welcomes Rat and Mole to his large and cosy underground home, providing them with hot food, dry clothes, reassuring conversation: "It takes all sorts to make a world." Badger learns from his visitors that Toad has crashed seven cars, has been in hospital three times, has spent a fortune on fines. Though nothing can be done at the moment, they resolve that when the time is right they will make a plan to protect Toad from himself. With the arrival of spring, Badger visits Mole and Rat to take action over Toad's self-destructive obsession; the three of them go to Toad Hall, a
University of Auckland
The University of Auckland is the largest university in New Zealand, located in the country's largest city, Auckland. It is the highest-ranked university in the country, being ranked 85th worldwide in the 2018/19 QS World University Rankings. Established in 1883 as a constituent college of the University of New Zealand, the university is made up of eight faculties, it has more than 40,000 students, more than 30,000 "equivalent full-time" students. The University of Auckland began as a constituent college of the University of New Zealand, founded on 23 May 1883 as Auckland University College. Stewardship of the University during its establishment period was the responsibility of John Chapman Andrew. Housed in a disused courthouse and jail, it started out with 95 students and 4 teaching staff: Frederick Douglas Brown, professor of chemistry. By 1901, student numbers had risen to 156. From 1905 onwards, an increasing number of students enrolled in commerce studies; the University conducted little research until the 1930s, when there was a spike in interest in academic research during the Depression.
At this point, the college's executive council issued several resolutions in favour of academic freedom after the controversial dismissal of John Beaglehole, which helped encourage the college's growth. In 1934, four new professors joined the college: Arthur Sewell, H. G. Forder, C. G. Cooper and James Rutherford; the combination of new talent, academic freedom saw Auckland University College flourish through to the 1950s. In 1950, the Elam School of Fine Arts was brought into the University of Auckland. Archie Fisher, appointed principal of the Elam School of Fine Arts was instrumental in having it brought in the University of Auckland; the University of New Zealand was dissolved in 1961 and the University of Auckland was empowered by the University of Auckland Act 1961. In 1966, lecturers Keith Sinclair and Bob Chapman established The University of Auckland Art Collection, beginning with the purchase of several paintings and drawings by Colin McCahon; the Collection is now managed by the Centre based at the Gus Fisher Gallery.
The Stage A of the Science building was opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother on 3 May. In 1975-81 Marie Clay and Patricia Bergquist, the first two female professors, were appointed. Queen Elizabeth II opened the new School of Medicine Building at Grafton on 24 March 1970; the Queen opened the Liggins Institute in 2002. The North Shore Campus, established in 2001, was located in the suburb of Takapuna, it offered the Bachelor of Information Management degree. At the end of 2006, the campus was closed, the degree relocated to the City campus. On 1 September 2004, the Auckland College of Education merged with the University's School of Education to form the Faculty of Education and Social Work; the faculty is based at the Epsom Campus of the former college, with an additional campus in Whangarei. Professor Stuart McCutcheon became Vice-Chancellor on 1 January 2005, he was the Vice-Chancellor of Victoria University of Wellington. He succeeded Dr John Hood, appointed Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford.
The University opened a new business school building in 2007, following the completion of the Information Commons. It has gained international accreditations for all its programmes and now completes the "Triple Crown". In May 2013 the University purchased a site for new 5.2-hectare campus on a former Lion Breweries site adjacent to the major business area in Newmarket. It will provide the University with a site for expansion over the next 50 years, with Engineering occupying the first of the new faculties in 2015. In April 2016, Vice-Chancellor Stuart McCutcheon announced that University of Auckland would be selling off its Epsom and Tamaki campuses in order to consolidate education and services at the City and Newmarket campuses; the Epsom Campus is the site of the University of Auckland's education faculty while the Tamaki campus hosts elements of the medical and science faculties as well as the School of Population Health. In mid–June 2018, McCutcheon announced that the University would be closing down and merging its specialist fine arts and music and dance libraries into the City Campus' General Library.
In addition, the University would cut 100 support jobs. The Vice-Chancellor claimed that these cutbacks would save between NZ$3 million and $4 million dollars a year; this announcement triggered criticism and several protests from students. Students objected to the closure of the Elam Fine Arts Library on the grounds that it would make it harder to access study materials; some dissenters circulated a petition protesting the Vice-Chancellor's restructuring policies. Protests were held in April and June 2018. Unlike other New Zealand universities such as the University of Otago and Victoria University of Wellington, the University of Auckland has not yet divested from fossil fuels. In April 2017, more than 100 students from the Auckland University Medical Students Association marched demanding the removal of coal, o
Southland Museum and Art Gallery
The Southland Museum and Art Gallery is located in Gala Street, New Zealand. It is Southland's largest cultural and heritage institution, contains a wide variety of the region's art and natural history collections. On April 13th, 2018, the Museum was closed indefinitely due of earthquake risks. From April to August, the museum observatory operates every Wednesday night, when Daylight Saving Time is not in effect, operated by members of the Southland Astronomical Society, with school groups visiting; this is the only public observatory in Southland. The tuatarium is a popular destination for both locals; the facility houses over 50 live, individual tuatara ranging from new babies to the famous Henry, thought to be over 110 years old. Henry and his girlfriend Mildred produced 11 eggs in the 2009 season. All hatched. Tuatara Curator Lindsay Hazley suggested that the new acrylic roof that allowed ultra violet light through to the tuatara has contributed to 100% egg hatching success and 100% survival success since installation.
The museum has a Māori Gallery that emphasizes the everyday aspects of pre-contact life in Murihiku/. This includes the processes of adze making, fishing using bone and stone lures, pastimes and musical instruments.. The natural history gallery presents many aspects of nature in the province, including an emphasis on rare and endangered species such as the kakapo and kiwi, as well as sub-fossil bones of extinct birds such as moa; this gallery covers subjects such as geology and sea life. "Beyond the Roaring 40's Gallery", interprets the unique and vulnerable Subantarctic themes and was developed utilising both museum and Department of Conservation expertise. The art galleries feature regular contemporary and historical art exhibitions, both travelling shows and works from permanent collections with a regional emphasis which includes Stewart Island and the Subantarctic Islands; the museum has a significant collection of art, photography and craft all of which are shown regularly. Of special note is the work by William Hodges " A Maori before a waterfall in Dusky Bay ", Te Mauri, the large pounamu boulder that travelled to America as part of the Te Maori Exhibition in 1984.
A fossil forest of petrified wood exists at Curio Bay on the southeast coast of Southland. A reconstruction of this, where visitors can walk among the stumps and tree sections of petrified wood 130 million years old, is to be found in front of the museum and where there is a two-metre bronze tuatara sculpture. Southland Museum and Art Gallery, Niho o te Taniwha, has grown from a small collection first exhibited in 1869 by Andrew McKenzie in his Invercargill "Scotch Pie House and Museum"; the collection was purchased by the Invercargill Athenaeum in 1876 and transferred to the Southland Technical College by 1912. Although a museum board was formed in 1915, the museum remained under the control of the Southland Education Board until it was constituted under the Southland Museum Board in 1939; the original building at the entrance to Queen's Park was built as Southland's New Zealand Centennial memorial and opened in 1942, but without an art gallery, due to insufficient funds. There have been many extensions to the original structure with the art gallery opening in 1960, the additional of the Southland Astronomical Society Observatory in 1972, extensions to the building in 1977 and 1984, a total redevelopment in 1990, a proposed extension for 2010-2015.
The period of redevelopment from the 1970s to the 1990s was credited to the leadership of Museum Director, Russell Beck, Chairman of the Southland Museum & Art Gallery Trust Board, Dr Alfred Philip Poole. This 1990 redevelopment enclosed the previous building in a 27 m tall pyramid, the largest in the Southern Hemisphere, added dedicated art gallery spaces, a Tuatarium Gallery for the captive tuatara breeding programme, retailing spaces for the Artworks Cafe, Museum Shop'Memento' and iSite Invercargill Visitor Information Centre; the current proposed extension to the museum is planned to take place in over the next few years. The new design will double the interior space available for exhibitions and storage; the Southland Museum and Art Gallery is open every day, excluding Christmas Day. Museum hours are weekdays 9.00 a.m. - 5.00 p.m. and weekends and public holidays 10.00 a.m. - 5.00 p.m. There is no admission fee to the Southland Museum and Art Gallery but a donation is welcomed; the building is the largest pyramid in the Southern Hemisphere.
It has a floor space of 5000 m2. It is 45 by 27 metres high. On the 9th of April 2018, the Invercargill City Council announced that the Southland Museum and Art Gallery building will close indefinitely to the public by the end of the week due to the building not meeting structural integrity requirements. Southland Astronomical Society John Herman Sorensen, Obituary David Teviotdale Olga Sansom Official website
Hastings, New Zealand
Hastings is a New Zealand city and is one of the two major urban areas in Hawke's Bay, on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. The population of Hastings is 70,600, with 45,000 living in the contiguous city and Flaxmere, 13,950 in Havelock North, 2,210 in Clive, the remainder in the peri-urban area around the city. Hastings is about 18 kilometres inland of the coastal city of Napier; these two neighbouring cities are called "The Bay Cities" or "The Twin Cities". The combined population of the Napier-Hastings Urban Area is 134,500 people, which makes it the sixth-largest urban area in New Zealand following Tauranga; the city is the administrative centre of the Hastings District. The city of Hastings and its outlying suburbs of Flaxmere and Havelock North are the principal settlements in the Hastings District; these main centres are surrounded by thirty-eight rural settlements, including Clive and Haumoana. Hastings District covers an area of 5,229 square kilometres and has 1.6 % of the population of New Zealand, ranking it fourteenth in size out of the seventy-four territorial authorities.
Since the merger of the surrounding and satellite settlements, Hastings has grown to become one of the largest urban areas in Hawke's Bay. Hastings District is a food production region; the fertile Heretaunga Plains surrounding the city produce stone fruits, pome fruit and vegetables, the area is one of New Zealand's major red wine producers. Associated business include food processing, agricultural services, rural finance and freight. Hastings is the major service centre for the surrounding inland pastoral communities and tourism. Near the fourteenth century CE, Māori arrived in Heretaunga or Hawke's Bay, settling in the river valleys and along the coast where food was plentiful, it is believed that Māori arrived at Heretaunga by canoe, travelling down the coast from the north, landing at Wairoa, Portland Island, the Ahuriri Lagoon at Westshore, at Waimarama. Their culture flourished, along with gradual deforestation of the land, making this one of the few regions of New Zealand where sheep could be brought in without felling the bush first.
In the sixteenth century, great-grandson of the great and prolific chief Kahungunu, established the large tribe of Ngāti Kahungunu, which colonised the eastern side of the North Island from Poverty Bay to Wairarapa. They were one of the first Māori tribes to come in contact with European settlers; the Māori owners leased seventy square kilometres on the Heretaunga Plains to Thomas Tanner in 1867. In 1870, twelve people, known as the "12 apostles", formed a syndicate to purchase the land for around £1 10s an acre. Many local people believe that Hastings was named Hicksville, after Francis Hicks, who bought a 100-acre block of land, which now contains the centre of Hastings, from Thomas Tanner. However, this story is apocryphal; the original name of the location, to become the town centre was Karamu. In 1871, the New Zealand Government decided to route the new railway south of Napier through a notional Karamu junction in the centre of the Heretaunga Plains; this location was on Francis Hicks's land.
The decision on the railway route was based on two reports by Charles Weber, the provincial engineer and surveyor in charge of the railway. Karamu junction was renamed Hastings in 1873. Who chose the name has been disputed, although Thomas Tanner claimed that it was him and that the choice was inspired by his reading the trial of Warren Hastings. In any event, the name fitted well with other place names in the district, which were named after prominent figures in the history of British India. In 1874, the first train took the twelve-mile trip from Napier to Hastings, opening up Hastings as an export centre, through Port Ahuriri. A big jump in the local economy occurred when Edward Newbigin opened a brewery in 1881. By the next year, there were 195 freeholders of land in the town and with around six hundred people, the town was incorporated as a borough on 20 October 1886. Hastings first received power in 1912, followed by Napier in 1915. In 1918, nearly 300 people died of a flu epidemic that swept Hawke's Bay.
On 3 February 1931, at 10:47 am, most of Hastings was levelled by an earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter Scale. In Hastings, the ground subsided 1 metre; the collapse of buildings and the ensuing fires killed 258 people, of which 93 were in Hastings. The centre of Hastings was destroyed in the earthquake, was subsequently rebuilt in the Art Deco and Spanish Mission styles, which were both popular at that time. Due to quick thinking by residents and the Local Fire Department, Hastings did not suffer the extent of fire damage that Napier did. Most deaths were attributed to collapsing buildings, namely Roaches' Department Store in Heretaunga Street where 17 people died. During World War II, Allied troops were billeted at the Army and Air Force Club, in private homes. One hundred and fifty members belonging to sixteen different local clubs packed supplies to be sent to Allied soldiers. In 1954, Hastings was the first city in New Zealand to introduce fluoridation of its water supply; the intention was to compare the effect on tooth decay with that in the unfluoridated city of Napier over a ten-year period.
The study was criticised for its methodology and results, remains controversial. On 10 September 1960, the Hastings Blossom Pa
Gore, New Zealand
Gore is a town and district in the Southland region of the South Island of New Zealand. The town of Gore is 64 kilometres northeast of Invercargill and 70 km west of Balclutha – Dunedin and Invercargill are the nearest cities; the Gore District has a resident population of 12,500. The urban area estimated resident population at the June 2018 was 9,910, the second largest in Southland. Gore is a service town for the surrounding farm communities, it is divided by the Mataura River into Gore and East Gore, the majority of the town being situated on the western banks of the river. The Main South Line railway from Dunedin to Invercargill runs through the town, though passenger services ceased in 2003. Gore was once a busy railway junction; the original Kingston Flyer ran between Gore, on the main Dunedin-Invercargill line, Kingston, from where lake steamers provided a connection with Queenstown. It was withdrawn in 1937; the 1970s revival of the Flyer did not include Gore. In Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, it has an oceanic climate.
The FM Hokonui radio station broadcasts from Gore to listeners in South Otago. Locally owned radio station Cave FM broadcasts in online. Before the arrival of Europeans the current site of Gore was a part of or near the routes used by Maori travellers. Tuturau, near modern Mataura, was the nearest Maori settlement. In 1836 southern Maori repelled a raid from the north, which provided sufficient security for Europeans to purchase land and settle in the area. By the mid-1850s large tracts nearby had been converted into sheep runs; as crossing the Mataura River involved a long fording, the locality became known as "the Long Ford", or Longford. In 1862 a few town sections were surveyed on the west bank of the river and Longford was named Gore as a compliment to Sir Thomas Gore Browne, an early Governor of New Zealand. One of the first buildings was Long Ford House an accommodation house opened by local sawmill owner Daniel MortonA village named Gordon after Governor Sir Arthur Gordon became established on the opposite bank of the Mataura.
By 1864 a road from Balclutha through Gore to Invercargill had been opened for wheeled traffic which allowed the establishment of a regular coach service between Invercargill and Dunedin. By 1877 there were enough business opportunities in the area for the Bank of New Zealand to establish a branch in Gore. Within another three years both the Bank of Australasia and the Colonial Bank had opened branches. In 1899 the Bank of New South Wales followed suit. After its construction began in the early 1870s, a railway line between Invercargill and Gore was opened on 30 August 1875. By 22 January 1879 the railway had been extended to Balclutha where it linked with an existing line to Dunedin. A private Waimea Plains railway from Gore to Lumsden was opened on 31 July 1880; this was subsequently purchased by the Government in 1886. It connected Gore with the Invercargill-Kingston branch line. By 1908 another branch had been completed via McNab to Waikaka; the extension of the railways established Gore as an important hub and had a significant effect on its development.
By 1879, the "Ensign" newspaper was being published in the town, followed in 1887 by the rival "Standard". In 1885 Gore was constituted a borough and in 1890 Gordon, by now known as East Gore, amalgamated with Gore. Gore acquired a nickname of "Chicago of the South". By 1905 the population had increased to 2,354, compared with 1,618 in 1891; the establishment of the Gore Electric Light & Power Syndicate led in 1894 to Gore becoming the third town in New Zealand to install a generator and provide a public electricity supply. From the end of the Second World War until 1976 Gore enjoyed prosperity driven by record prices for agricultural produce which saw the town’s population rise from 5,000 in 1945 to 9,000 in 1976. By the late 1960s it was reputed to have the highest per-capita retail turnover of any New Zealand town; the farm sector went into decline after 1976. Related businesses closed, including the town’s iconic cereal mill, which had processed oats and other grains since 1877. Since 2000 prosperity has returned as large numbers of farms in the surrounding area were converted to dairy farms to take advantage of high prices for dairy produce.
This growth has led to low unemployment in the town. Gore and surrounding districts have intermediate & high schools; the two secondary schools in Gore are: Gore High School St Peter's College The only intermediate school in Gore is Longford Intermediate SchoolThere are four primary schools in Gore: East Gore School Gore Main School St Marys School West Gore SchoolThere are another 6 primary schools in the Gore District: Knapdale School Mataura School Otama School Pukerau School Waikaka School Willowbank School Gore is well known for its connection with Country and Western music, with the annual New Zealand country music awards having been held in the town for 36 years. It has a sister city relationship with Tamworth, New South Wales, the "Country Music Capital of Australia". Gore has gained a reputation as a centre for the visual arts in the southern South Island. A major bequest to the town's Eastern Southland Art Gallery by Dr. John Money has left the institution with one of the country's best collections of ethnological art.
This is partnered by an impressive collection of modern New Zealand work, including several notable pieces by Ralph Hotere. O Te Ika Rama Marae is located in Gore, it is a marae (mee