A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The trophy depicts a gilded gramophone; the annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually, was held May 1 in 2019, it is considered one of the four major annual American entertainment awards along with the Academy Awards, the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards were held on January 2020, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s; as the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard.
The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of, they settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The first award ceremony was held in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, 28 Grammys were awarded; the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971; the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.
In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, trademarked; the trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded; the "General Field" are four awards. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer. Song of the Year is awarded to the songwriter of a single song. Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist. Of the three artists who won all four awards, two of them won all four at once: Christopher Cross in 1980, Billie Eilish in 2020 making her the youngest artist to do so at the age of 18.
Adele won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017. Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry; because of the large number of award categories, the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields.
Several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances. In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, they now feature in general Best R&B Album category. In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category; the most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zyd
Matches played by the American basketball team Miami Heat have been broadcast since its founding in 1988. Radio commentaries have been broadcast in English and Spanish: the English commentaries have been broadcast on the WAXY channel since 2011, those in Spanish on WQBA since 2004. Matches have been televised on its predecessors; the teams of commentators include a play-by-play commentator, a color commentator, a courtside reporter, a studio host. List of current National Basketball Association broadcasters The Sunshine Network became Sun Sports during the 2004–05 NBA season; when Mike Fratello called games for the NBA on TNT, Ed Pinckney and Tony Fiorentino were used as a fill-ins. Tony Fiorentino replaced Mike Fratello during the 2004–05 NBA season after Fratello became the Memphis Grizzlies head coach
Carbonite, Inc. is an American company that offers an online backup service, available to Windows and macOS users, that backs up documents, e-mails, music and settings. It is named after carbonite, the fictional substance used to freeze Han Solo in Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back, it was the first such service to offer unlimited backup space for a fixed price. All online backup services were priced by the gigabyte. Carbonite offers two separate lines of products: Carbonite Home and Home Office for individuals and one- or two-person businesses. Carbonite was named "Best Windows Backup Tool" by Lifehacker, "Labs Winner" by PC Pro, "Editor's Choice" by NextAdvisor, Hottest Boston Company by Lead411, but received only "two mice" in a MacWorld review putting it second to last. Carbonite Online Backup installs a client software program on the user’s computer that operates continuously in the background; this client software automatically seeks out new and changed files on the user’s computer and backs them up using incremental backup.
Each file is compressed and encrypted using a 128-bit Blowfish encryption before it is sent to remote servers at the company's data centers via the Internet. Data is transmitted to the servers using a secure SSL link; the encrypted files are stored on 15-drive RAID 6 storage arrays. The client software provides de-duplication at the bit level only, thus files moved to a new drive will be backed up twice. The program is designed to automatically back up user-generated content including text documents, financial documents, music, etc; the 2017 PC Magazine review found that a few audio files and photos were omitted from the backup without obvious reason. Videos and files larger than 4 gb require manual backup in the base-priced version; the Terms allow Carbonite to release information to law enforcement upon demand or if Carbonite suspects illegal use. This would help law enforcement if Carbonite can give them the encryption key, which they can for all Mac and most Windows users. Windows users can manage their own key by selecting "Advanced" during installation.
Users cannot make the key private if they let Carbonite manage it. If Carbonite manages the key, users can download files to any computer. If the user manages the key, user can only access files from the backed up computer, if that computer is inaccessible, the user must upload and let Carbonite manage the key before accessing the backed up files from another computer; the Terms let Carbonite delete files with or without notice, but they keep the three most recent versions, one version per day for the past week, one per week for 3 weeks before that, 1 per month for 2 and 3 months ago. They delete files which were deleted by the user more than 30 days before, or when payment ends. Carbonite offers telephone support to recover from ransomware viruses. Terms disclaim any warranties and damages, require arbitration in Boston, disallow class action suits. Terms require users to pay Carbonite's losses. On a Windows PC, Carbonite backs up everything in the Documents and Settings folder, including the desktop and all other files except for temporary and video files.
Any file or folder can be added to the default backup if it is on a local drive formatted with the FAT32 or NTFS file systems. The backup software integrates with Windows Explorer, adding green dots to the file icons of any backed up file. Adding or removing files from the backup is done using the right mouse button and the Windows context menus; the Windows version of Carbonite will keep multiple versions of backed up files. Carbonite can recover from some forms of Ransomware but this requires contacting Carbonite customer service. For Intel-based Macs running Mac OS X 10.4 or 10.5, Carbonite is controlled through System Preferences and using the contextual menu. File systems supported'by default' on Mac OS X are supported by the Mac client with the exception of FAT. Note that Carbonite is not compatible with Lion, consuming around 100% CPU during backup; the program includes a remote access application that allows individual files to be downloaded to any computer using a web browser. CEO David Friend and CTO Jeff Flowers founded Carbonite in 2005, the fifth joint venture for the pair who together founded Computer Pictures, Pilot Software, FaxNet and Sonexis.
Friend had been an executive at ARP Instruments, Inc. a pioneering electronic music synthesizer manufacturer, in the 1970s. Since its launch in 2006, Carbonite has backed up more than 100 billion files and has restored more than 7 billion lost files for its customers. Carbonite introduced their Macintosh version for Intel-based Macs with OS 10.4 or 10.5 in March 2009. In 2017, Carbonite acquired Mozy, a cloud based backup solution from Dell Technologies for $145.8 million. In 2019, Carbonite acquired Webroot, which delivers multi-vector Cybersecurity protection for endpoints and networks, as well as threat intelligence services to protect businesses and individuals for $618.5 million. On November 11, 2019, Open Text Corporation announced it had signed a definitive agreement to acquire Carbonite Inc. for $23.00 per share USD in cash. Open Text said that it pla
Sidney Walter Smith JP was a New Zealand politician of the National Party. He was a Parliamentary Under-Secretary and a Minister. Smith was born in Ashburton in 1893, he received his education at Ashburton High Schools. He served in the NZEF in France and Egypt in World War I, he farmed at Opuawhanga and Pakaraka and went into business. He was on several local boards, acting as a member of the Bay of Islands County Council and the Bay of Islands Hospital Board, as Chairman of the Bay of Islands Dairy Company, he married Dorothy Alice Blundell in 1924. He represented the Bay of Islands electorate from 1943 to 1946, the renamed Hobson electorate from 1946 to 1960 when he retired. Under Sidney Holland, he was Parliamentary Under-Secretary for the Minister of Agriculture and of Marketing. In the second Holland Ministry, he was Minister of Internal Affairs and Minister of Forests. Under Keith Holyoake in 1957, he continued with the Internal Affairs and Forestry portfolios, was appointed Minister of Agriculture.
After his retirement from Parliament in 1960, he was deputy chairman of the Auckland Division of the National Party from 1963 to 1965. He served on the board of the ASB Bank and was President when he retired in 1975, he died in Auckland in 1981 aged 23 days before the death of his wife. Gustafson, Barry; the First 50 Years: A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. Wilson, James Oakley. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984. Wellington: V. R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103
Amityville Dollhouse is a 1996 American supernatural horror film directed by Steve White and starring Robin Thomas, Allen Cutler, Lenore Kasdorf, Lisa Robin Kelly. The film follows a family who find themselves haunted after discovering a dollhouse replica of 112 Ocean Avenue—the site of the Amityville hauntings—on their property, it was released directly to video. Newlyweds Bill and Claire Martin move their new family into a new house constructed by Bill himself. Shortly after moving in Bill finds a doll house in the shed, he puts it in the garage. That night, Bill notices the fireplace in the house turns on by itself, heating the entire home, he has a hallucination of his daughter Jessica burning to death in the fireplace. The following morning, Claire finds the dollhouse in the garage and suggests giving it to Jessica for her birthday. At her birthday party, Jessica's aunt Marla and uncle Tobias arrive. Jessica is elated over the dollhouse and finds a chest of miniature dolls inside it: her aunt and uncle, seem inexplicably nervous regarding the toys.
In the ensuing days, numerous strange incidents occur: Jimmy, Claire's eldest son, loses his pet mouse, which finds its way into the dollhouse. Claire begins to have unexpected sexual urges toward Todd, Bill's eldest son, fantasizes about him while having sex with Bill. Bill is plagued by nightmares about voodoo dolls and his family being murdered. In conversation with Marla, Bill reveals he suffered from similar dreams as a child, including a premonitory dream of his parents dying in a fire, which came true. Jimmy experiences supernatural visitations from his deceased father, who appears to him as a decaying zombie, urging him to murder Bill. One afternoon, Todd brings his girlfriend Dana to the home. While in an exterior shed on the property, the two find newspaper clippings about the foundation on which Bill built their new home: they surmise that the new house was built around the fireplace from the original home; the two begin to have sex, but are attacked by a giant fly. The following evening and Claire go out for dinner, leaving Todd to babysit his younger siblings and Jessica.
Todd sends the children to bed. While Todd makes cocktails in the kitchen, Dana's hair inexplicably catches fire, leaving her with disfiguring burns. Todd blames his father for the accident, believing it was caused by a faulty coil in the fireplace's gas line. Meanwhile and Tobias, both of whom practice magic, have taken one of the dolls from Jessica's dollhouse, they watch it come to life. Objects begin to fly around their home and Tobias stabs the doll with a knife, after which a large fly escapes. Claire finds an unexplained bruise on Jimmy's face and believes Bill hit him, she shuts him out of the house, only to be confronted by the zombie of her deceased husband, who ties both her and Jimmy up and forces them to sit in front of the fireplace. Bill attempts to enter the house through the garage, but is knocked unconscious by carbon monoxide fumes from his car, which begins running by itself. Tobias is able to save Bill; the two enter the home: with him, Tobias has the voodoo doll he had taken from the dollhouse.
Tobias and Bill fight with the zombie, Jimmy throws the voodoo doll into the fireplace, causing the zombie to disappear. Todd is visited by an apparition of Dana, in the hospital: she attempts to kill him, but Claire intercedes; the family can not find Jessica. Scrawled on a piece of paper, they find a list of observations Jessica has made about the dollhouse, one of which reads: "My hand disappears in the fireplace." Bill realizes. Bill and Tobias realize they have in fact entered the dollhouse, they find Jessica on the floor, surrounded by bloodied remnants of the voodoo dolls. Tobias casts a protective spell, allowing Bill and Jessica to flee: Tobias, however, is dragged away by the demons that have escaped from the dolls. Bill destroys the dollhouse by tossing it into the fireplace; as they flee in their car, the house explodes behind them. Robin Thomas as Bill Martin Starr Andreeff as Claire Martin Allen Cutler as Todd Martin Rachel Duncan as Jessica Martin Jarrett Lennon as Jimmy Martin Clayton Murray as Jimmy's Father Franc Ross as Tobias Lenore Kasdorf as Marla Martin Lisa Robin Kelly as Dana The film features an official score by composer Ray Colcord, released on compact disc in 1999.
The film was released on VHS by Republic Pictures in 1996 and on DVD by Lionsgate Home Entertainment on September 28, 2004. The film was featured in the 2010 book 150 Movies You Should Die Before You See, in which reviewer Steve Miller wrote: "Don't bother asking why someone built a dollhouse replica of a place on Long Island, and don't ask how it ended up in a shack in the desert, or how it became filled with evil—the writer and director gave any thought to the subject. The film is rendered less scary by the fact that no one seems distressed by the weird developments." In 2015, TV Guide rated it two out of five stars, writing: "The awkwardly titled eighth film in the Amityville series has its moments but adds little to the franchise or the horror genre in general." Killer toys Amityville Dollhouse on IMDb Amityville Dollhouse at AllMovie
William "Bill" Dawson is an American software engineer and co-founder of early Web giant Xoom, which at one time ranked as the 7th largest Internet site in the world. Dawson is credited for creating over 30 products for a dozen companies ranging from scientific research tools to video games. Early in his career, Dawson was the Chief Science Officer at Apple Inc. and a member of the Macintosh Development Team. He helped launch the optical media industry by producing the world's first CD-ROMs and DVDs, authoring both the media and development systems that mastered them. Born in Los Angeles, Dawson attended six different colleges before selecting San Jose State University to obtain a BFA in Journalism. One semester prior to graduating, Dawson dropped out of college to work for Apple with the encouragement of Guy Kawasaki, who told him he would learn more in six months' time than from the six schools he had attended. After joining Apple as a senior engineer in 1984, Dawson authored Apple's Interactive Music Toolkit for mastering Blue Book CD-ROMs, as well as the QuickTime Album Container file format.
Dawson left Apple, in 1996 co-founded Xoom with Chris Kitze, leading its engineering, Internet and product development teams. His nearly four-year association with Xoom spanned the company's inception to its IPO, with a valuation in excess of $6 billion. Xoom was purchased by NBC and is now nbc.com. After the sale of Xoom to NBC, Dawson was recruited by SoftNet Systems CEO Dr. Larry Brilliant, he became the company's technical director. Dawson created a community portal content management system for SoftNet's 2.4 million subscribers, now known as LocalToolbox. SoftNet Systems Inc. was an early independent broadband company that brought high speed Internet access to small cities and rural towns. By September 2000, it had a market value of $280 million. In 2000, Dawson became the president of Manex Interactive, the multimedia division of Manex Visual Effects, which had pioneered the Academy Award-winning visual effects for The Matrix and What Dreams May Come, among other films. Dawson directed the division's creation of cutting-edge websites, CD-ROM products, video games, interactive kiosks and digital video production.
Dawson recruited Kawika Maszak from Softnet and of Gannett, as the division's executive producer. Manex Interactive received a New York International Independent Film & Video Festival award for its experimental short film Seriality. In 2009, Dawson reteamed with Xoom's Chris Kitze to become the co-founder and chief technical officer of Before It's News, an Internet platform that enables the hosting and distribution of news. Concurrently, he co-founded and is the chief technology officer of EV Global, LLC. Dawson runs Bill Dawson & Associates, a company that creates and brands websites and mobile applications. Dawson married wife Susette in 1992 in a wedding ceremony held in a hot air balloon above Wilsonville, Oregon, they have three children: Justin and Lucille. Bill has played guitar for over 30 years and is a member of the Santa Cruz Ukulele Club, the largest ukulele club in the world