The Gran Paradiso or Grand Paradis is a mountain in the Graian Alps in Italy, located between the Aosta Valley and Piedmont regions. The peak, the 7th highest mountain in the Graian Alps, with an elevation of 4,061 m, is close to Mont Blanc on the nearby border with France. In the SOIUSA the mountain belongs to an alpine subsection called "North-Eastern Graian Alps" and gives its name to the gruppo del Gran Paradiso. While the Mont Blanc massif straddles the border between France and Italy, the Gran Paradiso is the only mountain whose summit reaches over 4,000 metres, within Italian territory. Climbs start from either the Refuge Frédéric Chabod or the Refuge Victor-Emmanuel II; the latter is named after Victor Emmanuel II of Italy who created the Gran Paradiso royal reserve in 1856, presently the site of the Gran Paradiso National Park. It is accepted that Gran Paradiso is one of the easiest four-thousanders to get; this is not true, because while the entire route to the ridge is valued at F+, the last several dozen meters to the Virgin Mary summit is rock climbing in large exposure with difficulties I UIAA, while access to the main summit requires 15 minutes of climbing about the difficulties of II UIAA.
99% of those who climb to this peak are, amateurs without the right skills, even without equipment, who end up climbing the Madonna summit or do not reach any summit. Gran Paradiso is located in the Gran Paradiso National Park, an Italian national park named after the mountain. On the French side of the border, the park is continued by the Vanoise National Park. List of 4000 metre peaks of the Alps Italian official cartography. G. C. - Carta dei sentieri e dei rifugi 1:50.000 scale n.3 Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso and 1:25.000 n.101 Gran Paradiso, La Grivola, Cogne Ebyte.it, Gran Paradiso massif, a panorama with the names of all peaks
The great arts of Quebec emerged over the last few hundred years, resulting predominantly from the shared history of the French-speaking North American majority in Quebec. It is noteworthy in the Western World. For historical and linguistic reasons, Francophone Quebec has cultural links with other North American and Caribbean French-speaking communities with the Acadians of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Franco-Ontarian communities in Eastern Ontario and Haiti. There is a large Celtic influence with immigrants from Ireland and Scotland; as of 2006, 79% of all Quebecers list French as their mother tongue. History made Quebec a meeting place for cultures, where people from around the world experience America, but in the main from the point of view of a linguistic minority surrounded by the larger English-speaking culture; the culture of Quebec is connected to the strong cultural currents of the rest of Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. As such, it is described as a crossroads between Europe and America.
The Encyclopædia Britannica describes contemporary Quebec culture as a post-1960s phenomenon resulting from the Quiet Revolution, an homogeneous liberal counter-culture phenomenon supported and financed by both of Quebec's major political parties, who differ not in a right-vs-left continuum but a federalist-vs-sovereignty/separatist continuum. In terms of folklore, Quebec's French-speaking populace has the second largest body of folktales in Canada. Other forms of folklore include superstitions associated with objects and dreams; the Association Quebecoise des Loisirs Folkloriques is an organization committed to preserving and disseminating Quebec's folklore heritage. It produces a number of recordings, as well as sponsoring other activities; when the early settlers arrived from France in the 17th and 18th century, they brought with them popular tales from their homeland. Adapted to fit the traditions of rural Quebec by transforming the European hero into Ti-Jean, a generic rural habitant, they spawned many other tales.
Many were passed on through generations by what French speaking Québécois refer to as Les Raconteurs, or storytellers. All of the stories native to Quebec were influenced by Christian dogma and superstitions; the Devil, for instance, appears as either a person, an animal or monster, or indirectly through Demonic acts. The first public movie projection in North America occurred in Montreal on June 27, 1896. Frenchman Louis Minier presented a film on a Cinematograph in a Café-Theatre on Saint Lawrence Boulevard. However, it was not be until the 1960s when the National Film Board of Canada was established that a genuine Quebec cinema industry would emerge; the 1970s were a "watershed" moment for Quebec films, when sophisticated themes and techniques were used by filmmakers such as Claude Jutra. Jutra's Mon Oncle Antoine has been assessed by some film critics as "one of Canada's greatest films". Denys Arcand found success in the 1980s with The Decline of the American Empire and Jesus of Montreal. In 2004, an Arcand film, The Barbarian Invasions, won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Jean-Claude Lauzon's films, such as Night Zoo and Léolo, gained traction with audiences and critics alike. C. R. A. Z. Y. By Jean-Marc Vallée was successful at home and abroad. Xavier Dolan attracted audience and critical attention with I subsequent films. Quebec films have gained recognition through multiple nominations for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in recent years. Important contributions to world cinema include artistic animation. Quebec has carved a niche for itself in the field of Circus arts, where it emphasizes the European tradition of circus; the Cirque du Soleil circus troupe is known for its artistic productions with rich musical scores. Its productions include Varekai, Alegría, Corteo, KOOZA, Quidam, Kà, Love, Mystère and O, performed on a water platform, it is one of the world's few circuses without animal performers. Other internationally successful troupes include Cirque Éloize and Cirque ÉOS. Cavalia, a Shawinigan-based horse show, since 2003, gained massive popularity in Montreal and Los Angeles.
It features both equestrian arts. All of the horses are male. Comic books in Quebec traditionally follow the European tradition of comics, combining both graphic design and literature. Though most are aimed at children, they are considered more dignified entertainment and there are many notable exceptions of graphic novels and comic books aimed at an older reading audience, such as the ones published by the Montreal-based Drawn and Quarterly, Les 400 coups and La Pastèque. Classical dance in Quebec took root after World War II. Les Ballets Quebec was a short-lived ballet corps founded by Gérald Crevier. Les Grands Ballets Canadiens was founded in 1959, gained an international reputation. Le Groupe de la Place Royale was the
Data I/O Corporation is a manufacturer of programming and automated device handling systems for programmable integrated circuits. The company is headquartered in Redmond, Washington with sales and engineering offices in multiple countries. Data I/O was incorporated in 1969. Before the IBM PC was introduced, the company developed equipment that allowed electronic designers to program the non-volatile semiconductor devices with data stored on punched cards or ASCII-encoded punched paper tape. Over the next three decades the company rode the non-volatile technology wave as Bipolar, EPROM, EEPROM, NOR FLASH, Antifuse, FRAM and most NAND FLASH devices were introduced by semiconductor vendors. While not manufacturing semiconductors itself, Data I/O's business is the design and manufacture of equipment that transfers data into various non-volatile semiconductor devices; these devices are Flash Memory, Microcontroller devices and Programmable Logic Devices. Introduced in 2000, Data I/O FlashCORE technology is optimized for programming of NAND and NOR based flash devices and Flash microcontrollers and is sold in FlashPAK, PS-System, FLX500, ProLINE-RoadRunner programmer models spanning engineering to high-volume offline and inline "just-in-time" manufacturing.
Data I/O provides Tasklink for Windows software to set up FlashCORE programmers and specify data sources. In addition, they develop software that manages automated and remote programming, secures data and manages device serialization. Many of these work with TaskLink. Data I/O manufactures two device programmers that can accommodate DIP devices, the Plus-48 and the Optima. Both are aimed at the low-cost, desktop programmer market. One of their first attempts at a'Universal' programmer was the Model 1, Model 5, Model 9,and the System 19, it utilized interchangeable device sockets and configuration plug-in printed-circuit cards, consisting of resistors and jumpers, to allow reading and programming of a variety of memory devices. In the early 1980s the System 29 series emerged; the first model, the 29A, added user RAM, eliminated the need for configuration cards by offering keypad-programmable'Family' and'Pinout' codes to configure the programmer. Introduced along with the 29A was the'Unipak,' a large plug-in adapter that featured multiple sizes of ZIF sockets to reduce the need for changing socket modules.
Since the Unipak was limited to dealing with memory devices, an additional accessory series, called the'LogicPak,' was introduced to handle programmable logic devices Later models featured a series of fixed sockets and an interchangeable socket module in one housing. Memory devices up to 40 pins in size could be read or programmed with the simple installation of the appropriate socket module; the 29B chassis could accommodate up to 1MB of user RAM. Around 1987, Data I/O introduced the first of the'Unifamily' programmers in the form of the'Unisite.' This was their first engineering programmer to feature software-programmable pin drivers, a technology that allows any pin of the device socket to be configured, through software, for power, ground or nearly any type of programming waveform. The first model in this line, the Unisite-40, featured a removable module with a single 40-pin DIP ZIF socket, called the SITE-40 and space to install optional programming adapters to the right of this DIP module.
Such modules included the'SetSite,' a module containing eight 40-pin ZIF sockets to allow gang programming of up to eight identical memory devices, the'ChipSite,' an early multi-socket module accommodating several sizes of PLCC and SOIC DIP packages with'clamshell' ZIF sockets. The final successor to the ChipSite unit was the PinSite; this featured a universal programming base which could accept a variety of socket adapters, including those for chips packaged in PGA, QFP, TSOP, many others. There was a special connection module made available which could, through the Pinsite's base, allow the Unisite to serve as the programming source in automated device handlers in factory floor environments; the Unifamily was the first series of Data I/O's programmers to feature a built-in user menu. All the programmer required for basic operation was a dumb terminal, hooked up via an RS-232 serial port. Facilities were provided for computer-based remote control via a second serial port; the early Unifamily all booted and ran from software stored on 720k floppy diskettes or on 1.44MB floppies.
This software consists of the operator's menu system, self-test routines and device algorithms. In production, an option for installation of a miniature hard drive was provided; the Unisite is the only programmer that still requires true 720k floppies for non-MSM operation, or updating the MSM's software without the aid of external PC-based software. The Unisite was the flagship model of the Unifamily line, selling for over $35,000 in a typical configuration and staying in active production for at least 20 years. Data I/O, in an effort to make the Unifamily line more attractive to companies with tighter budgets, introduced several other programmers utilizing the same pin-driver technology as the Unisite, all selling for under $10,000; these included the model 2900, 3900, 3980, 3980XPi. These units varied in capability in terms of the number of pin drivers; the basic 2900 featured 44 drivers, while the 39xx series all had 88. Data I/O developed a proprietary multiplexing scheme which allowed Unifamily programmers, equipped with their maximum number of hardware
Agustín Fernández was a Cuban painter and multimedia artist. Although he was born in Cuba, he spent the majority of his career outside of Cuba, produced art in Havana, San Juan, New York. Fernández is considered to be a member of the surrealist school. At the age of 11, Fernández began taking art lessons with Justicia de Leon, and, at the age of 20, Fernández enrolled in the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro in Havana. In the years that followed, Fernández worked in Cuba until he moved to Spain in 1953. In Spain, he audited courses at Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando and enjoyed his first solo exhibition at Galería Buchholz in Madrid. In 1960, Fernandez moved to Paris, where he would live until he moved to San Juan, in 1968. In 1972, Fernández settled in New York, where he would work for the remainder of his life. 2013 - "Form’s Transgressions: The Drawings of Agustín Fernández," The Snite Museum of Art 2014 - "Agustín Fernández: Ultimate Surrealist," American University Museum at the Katzen Arts Center, Washington, DC 2018 - "Paradoxe de la Jouissance," Mairie du 4e arrondissement, France 2019 - "Agustín Fernández: Armaduras," Institute of Contemporary Art, Floria
2019 in philosophy Jonathan Lear and Judith Jarvis Thomson are elected to the American Philosophical Society at its spring 2019 meeting. Jordan Peterson and Slavoj Zizek debate: Happiness: communism vs capitalism. A Spirit of Trust: A Reading of Hegel’s Phenomenology, Robert Brandom. Saving People from the Harm of Death, edited by Espen Gamlund, Carl Tollef Solberg, foreword by Jeff McMahan. Dimensions of Normativity: New Essays on Metaethics and Jurisprudence, edited by David Plunkett, Scott J. Shapiro, Kevin Toh; the Fifth Corner of Four: An Essay on Buddhist Metaphysics and the Catuskoti, Graham Priest. The World Philosophy Made: From Plato to the Digital Age, Scott Soames. Measuring Social Welfare: An Introduction, Matthew Adler; the Cosmopolitan Tradition: A Noble but Flawed Ideal, Martha Nussbaum. How Change Happens, Cass Sunstein. January 12 – Takeshi Umehara, Japanese philosopher January 18 – Gary Gutting, American philosopher January 18 – Etienne Vermeersch, Belgian philosopher July 7 – James D. Wallace, philosopher at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, father of author David Foster Wallace.
July 11 – John Gardner, legal philosopher at Oxford University. July 16 – Daniel Callahan, American philosopher, co-founder of The Hastings Center. July 19 – Ágnes Heller, Hungarian philosopher, part of the Budapest School. July 26 – Bryan Magee, British popularizer of philosophy. 9 August – Barry Stroud, Canadian philosopher known for his work on philosophical skepticism, David Hume, Ludwig Wittgenstein. 18 September – Richard Watson, American philosopher known for his work on Descartes. 20 September – Myles Burnyeat, English philosopher specializing in ancient philosophy. 14 October – Karola Stotz, German philosopher specializing in philosophy of science. 17 October – Horace Romano Harré, British philosophy known for his work in philosophy of science and philosophy of psychology. 21 October – Michael Detlefsen, American philosopher who specialized in logic and philosophy of mathematics, spending most of his career at the University of Notre Dame. 21 November – James Griffin, American-born philosopher who spent much of his career at Oxford, specializing in ethics and value theory.
27 November – Jaegwon Kim, American philosopher who specialized in philosophy of mind and metaphysics. 2 December – Kenneth Allen Taylor, American philosopher who specialized in philosophy of language and philosophy of mind. 23 December – Brian McGuinness, British philosopher
The 1938 Tschammerpokal Final decided the winner of the 1938 Tschammerpokal, the 4th season of Germany's knockout football cup competition. It was played on 8 January 1939 at the Olympiastadion in Berlin. Rapid Wien won the match 3 -- 1 against FSV Frankfurt; the Tschammerpokal began the final stage with 78 teams in a single-elimination knockout cup competition. Midway through the competition, Austrian teams were merged into the competition following the Anschluss. There were a total of six rounds leading up to the final for the German teams, a total of three for the Austrian teams. Teams were drawn against each other, the winner after 90 minutes would advance. If still tied, 30 minutes of extra time was played. If the score was still level, a replay would take place at the original away team's stadium. If still level after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time was played. If the score was still level, a second replay would take place at the original home team's stadium. If still level after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time was played.
If the score was still level, a drawing of lots would decide. Note: In all results below, the score of the finalist is given first. Match report at kicker.de Match report at WorldFootball.net Match report at Fussballdaten.de