Grand Cross of Valour

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Grand Cross of Valour
Grand Cross of Valour.jpg
TypeMilitary decoration
Awarded forConspicuous Valour
First awarded1978
Last awarded1980
Total awardedTwo
Next (lower)Conspicuous Gallantry Decoration

The Grand Cross of Valour was Rhodesia's highest military decoration, awarded for conspicuous valour by members of the Security Forces in combat.


The award was instituted in 1970 by Presidential Warrant, the first being made in 1978. The second and final investiture was in June 1980.


The medal was a 9 ct gold cross with an enamelled roundel in the centre bearing a lion's head, hung from a V-shaped suspender from a scarlet ribbon woven with a central green stripe edged in white, with a gold stripe between the red and white. The medal was impressed in small capitals with the recipient's name on the reverse, and was awarded with a case of issue, miniature medal for wear, and an illuminated certificate.


Just two awards of the Grand Cross of Valour were made.[1] The first recipient was Acting Captain Chris F. Schulenberg, S.C.R. of the Selous Scouts. Following the country's recognised independence as Zimbabwe in 1980, the Grand Cross of Valour was awarded to Major Grahame Wilson, S.C.R., B.C.R., second-in-command of the Rhodesian SAS, and Rhodesia's most highly decorated soldier.[2] Recipients were entitled to the post-nominal letters G.C.V.


The Grand Cross of Valour was superseded in October 1980[3] by the Gold Cross of Zimbabwe, which is presented for conspicuous bravery in perilous conditions, but which can be awarded to civilians as well as military personnel.

See also[edit]

Orders, Medals and Decorations of Zimbabwe


  1. ^ Rhodesia Medal Roll, p 16
  2. ^ SAS Rhodesia, p 283
  3. ^ Zimbabwe Government Statutory Instrument No. 677 of 1981, 14 September 1981.
  • Pittaway, J, and Fourie, C., 2003. SAS Rhodesia, Dandy Agencies, South Africa. ISBN 0-620-29347-0
  • Saffery, D., 2006. The Rhodesia Medal Roll, Jeppestown Press, United Kingdom. ISBN 0-9553936-0-4