Grand coalition (Italy)

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The Grand coalition (Italian: Grande coalizione),[1] also known as Government of broad agreements (Italian: Governo di larghe intese),[2] was a political coalition in Italy formed on 28 April 2013 in support of the government of Enrico Letta.

Letta, a member of the Democratic Party, led a supermajority government, one of the largest in the history of the Italian Republic since the era of Christian Democrats, but then lost the support of the centre-right People of Freedom (PdL), its main coalition partner. He endured at Palazzo Chigi thanks to the support of splinter group from the PdL that formed New Centre-Right (NCD). Nonetheless, this was considered the end of the Grand Coalition.

Composition[edit]

The Letta Cabinet was supported by the following parties:

Party Main ideology Leader/s
Democratic Party (PD) Social democracy Guglielmo Epifani, Enrico Letta
The People of Freedom (PdL) Liberal conservatism Silvio Berlusconi, Angelino Alfano
Civic Choice (SC) Liberalism Mario Monti
Union of the Centre (UdC) Christian democracy Pier Ferdinando Casini

Formation[edit]

On 24 April 2013, the Vice-Secretary of the Democratic Party Enrico Letta was invited to form a government by President Giorgio Napolitano, after the resignation of Pier Luigi Bersani following weeks of political deadlock following the 2013 general election.[3] On 27 April Letta formally accepted the task of leading a grand coalition, with support from the centre-left Democratic Party (of which he stays Deputy Secretary), the centre-right People of Freedom, and the centrist Civic Choice, and subsequently listed the members of his Cabinet. The government he formed became the first in the history of the Republic to include representatives of all the major candidate-coalitions that had competed the election. His close relationship with his uncle Gianni Letta, one of Silvio Berlusconi's most trusted advisors, was perceived as a way of overcoming the bitter hostility between the two opposing camps.[4] Letta appointed Angelino Alfano, secretary of the People of Freedom, as his Deputy Prime Minister. He was formally sworn-in as Prime Minister on 28 April; during the ceremony, a man fired shots outside Palazzo Chigi and wounded two Carabinieri.[5]

On November 2013 Silvio Berlusconi announced the rebirth of Forza Italia, in opposition to the government. A group of more than sixty deputies of PdL, led by the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior Angelino Alfano, founded on 17 November a political force named New Centre-Right (NCD) in support of Letta Cabinet. This considered as the grand coalition, which the PD maintain to lead the centre-left coalition with the NCD until 2018.

Composition[edit]

Cabinet Name Party Term
Prime Minister Enrico Letta Democratic Party 2013–2014
Deputy Prime Minister Angelino Alfano The People of Freedom 2013–2014
Minister of the Interior Angelino Alfano The People of Freedom 2013–2014
Minister of Foreign Affairs Emma Bonino Italian Radicals 2013–2014
Minister of Economy and Finances Fabrizio Saccomanni Independent 2013–2014
Minister of Defence Mario Mauro Civic Choice 2013–2014
Minister of Justice Anna Maria Cancellieri Independent 2013–2014
Minister of Economic Development Flavio Zanonato Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of Labour and Social Policies Enrico Giovannini Independent 2013–2014
Minister of Infrastructures and Transports Maurizio Lupi The People of Freedom 2013–2014
Minister of Agriculture Nunzia De Girolamo The People of Freedom 2013–2014
Minister of Education Maria Chiara Carrozza Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of Health Beatrice Lorenzin The People of Freedom 2013–2014
Minister of the Environment Andrea Orlando Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of Culture and Tourism Massimo Bray Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of European Affairs Enzo Moavero Milanesi Civic Choice 2013–2014
Minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies Graziano Delrio Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of Territorial Cohesion Carlo Trigilia Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of Parliamentary Relations Dario Franceschini Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of Constitutional Reforms Gaetano Quagliariello The People of Freedom 2013–2014
Minister for Integration Cécile Kyenge Democratic Party 2013–2014
Minister of Equal Opportunities and Sport Josefa Idem Democratic Party 2013
Minister of Public Administration Gianpiero D'Alia Union of the Centre 2013–2014
Secretary of the Council of Ministers Filippo Patroni Griffi Independent 2013–2014

References[edit]

See also[edit]