Grange railway line

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Grange railway line
Grange Railway Station
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
LocaleAdelaide, South Australia
TerminiAdelaide
Grange
Stations11
Operation
OpenedSeptember 1882
Operator(s)Adelaide Metro
Rolling stock3000/3100 class
Events
Re-sleepered
(concrete)
2010
Technical
Line length13.0 km (8.1 mi)
Number of tracks
Track gauge1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Route map

to Henley Beach (closed 1957)
Grange (original; closed 1986)
Military Road
12.0 km
Grange Aiga bus trans.svg
Charles Sturt Avenue
12.0 km
East Grange
Frederick Street
Golf Links (closed 1961)
Tapleys Hill Road
10.3 km
Seaton Park
Todville Street
Hendon (closed 1980)
9.1 km
Albert Park Aiga bus trans.svg (junction closed 1980)
Port Road, Adelaide
Holdens
7.5 km
Woodville Aiga bus trans.svg
Woodville Road
7.5 km
Woodville Park
Kilkenny Road/David Terrace
6.0 km
Kilkenny
Private road
5.1 km
West Croydon (over Rosetta street)
4.2 km
Croydon
Queen Street/Elizabeth Street
South Road, Adelaide
Coglin Street
Chief Street
East Street
2.7 km
Bowden (original; closed 2017)
Gibson Street
2.4 km
Bowden
City Ring Route, Adelaide
Torrens Bridge (closed 1888)
Adelaide Depot (closed 2011)
City West
Montefiore Road
0 km
Adelaide BSicon TRAM.svg Aiga bus trans.svg

The Grange railway line is a suburban branch line in Adelaide, South Australia.

History[edit]

In September 1882, a line was opened from Woodville to Grange, built by the Grange Railway and Investment Company. Unlike the Adelaide to Port Adelaide route, which was built and operated by the South Australian Government, the Grange line was a private venture, constructed to tap into potential development in the area between Woodville and the coast; the new line ran into a bay platform at Woodville. Although there was a connection to the main line, it was not possible for Grange line trains to conveniently continue to Adelaide.

The Grange railway company, with its rolling stock of two locomotives and four carriages, was not a financial success and was forced to operate on a shoestring budget right from the start. Following its collapse, the South Australian Railways took over operation in 1891, using a steam tram in place of the more conventional locomotive and carriages; the Grange line was fully bought out by the State Government in 1893,[1][page needed] and in 1894 it was extended as the Henley Beach railway line from Grange southwards to Henley Beach along Military Road. Following modifications to the track layout at Woodville station in 1909, it became possible for trains from the Henley Beach and Grange branch lines to travel beyond Woodville to Adelaide.[1][page needed]

In November 1940, a station at Hendon was opened; the line to the station diverged from the Grange line at Albert Park and ran 1.1 kilometres to the Hendon munitions works. After the end of World War II, the Hendon trains operated only at shift-change times. In spite of low passenger numbers, the service continued operation until 1 February 1980, after which the station was closed and the rail corridor repurposed as the eastern end of West Lakes Boulevard.[1][page needed] The Grange line also serviced the former Cheltenham Racecourse station for Saturday horse racing events up until the 1960s.

The terminus at Grange was relocated in the late 1980s on the eastern side of Military Road to eliminate a level crossing; the old station was formerly a stop on the Henley Beach line, an extension of the Grange line which closed in 1957. A station named Holdens, located between Woodville and Albert Park stations adjacent to what is now the SA Manufacturing Park, was closed in 1992 and subsequently demolished; until 1996, Grange line services previously operated as a shuttle from Woodville station at night and on weekends, connecting with Outer Harbor line services.

Renewal[edit]

The South Australian Government is considering electrifying the Outer Harbor line or converting it to light rail. A light rail conversion would also require the conversion or closure of the Grange line. A 2016 report into potential light rail projects in Adelaide considered four options for the future of the Grange line; the first option would electrify the heavy rail line but make no other changes, the second would convert the line to light rail and add a new on-street branch from Albert Park station to West Lakes, the third would retain the West Lakes route but replace the remaining section of the railway line with light rail along Grange Road and the final option would see the West Lakes line branch from the Grange Road light rail - completely replacing the railway line.[2]

During 2–23 January 2017, the line was closed with the Outer Harbor line for the building of an overpass over South Road. During this time, tracks between Woodville station and Port Road were replaced, and Albert Park station was rebuilt.[3][not in citation given] Both lines were closed again along with a portion of the Gawler line in April, June, July, and August of the same year to work on the Torrens Rail Junction Project;[4][5][6][7] The entire line closed on September 24, and reopened on January 15th 2018.[8]

Route[edit]

The line runs from the Adelaide to the seaside suburb of Grange; the route follows the same alignment as the Outer Harbor line as far as Woodville station, where it diverges south west and across Port Road. The route then travels through Albert Park and bisects the Royal Adelaide Golf Club between Seaton Park and East Grange stations; the line is single track from Woodville to Grange with no passing loops over its entire length. All stations on the line are unattended and have only very basic passenger waiting facilities; the line is 5.5 kilometres long and broad gauge (1600mm).

Line guide[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

BSicon PARKING.svg Parking /Ic local parking 48px.svg Park ‘n’ Ride / H sign font awesome.svg Hi Frequency

Station Image Opened Additional information
Grange Grange Railway Station (5511328137).jpg 1882-09 Terminus from 1882-1894 and since 1 September 1957; moved 1986
East Grange EastGrangeRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg ?
Seaton Park SeatonParkRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg ?
Albert Park BSicon PARKING.svg AlbertParkStationAdelaide.jpg 1882-09
Woodville Parking WoodvilleRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg 1856-04 Transfer: Outer Harbor line
  • Bus transfer: 100 101 300
Woodville Park Parking Woodville Park Railway.jpg 1936-12
Kilkenny Kilkenny station SA.jpg 1881 Bus transfer: 231
West Croydon West Croyden Station 2008.jpg 1915-12-21
Croydon Croydon railway station, Adelaide, City Bound Platform.JPG 1888
Bowden Bowden station 2005 (5534649270).jpg 1856-04 Tram transfer: Glenelg tram
Adelaide TransAdelaide 3000 class railcar at Adelaide station.jpg 1856-04 Transfer: Belair, Gawler, Seaford, Tonsley lines

Services[edit]

Services operate in tandem with Outer Harbor line trains. Weekday off-peak services run every 30 minutes, Weekday peak services run every 20–30 minutes with hourly services on weekends.[9] Once every two years services were temporarily cut back to Seaton Park for approximately two weeks for the running of the Jacob's Creek Open golf tournament. Rail replacement buses were used to transport passengers for the remainder of the route; the tournaments were cancelled in 2007. The vast majority of services are operated by 3000 class railcars. 2000 class railcars have not operated on the line since 2006.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thompson, M. (1988). Rails Through Swamp and Sand – A History of the Port Adelaide Railway. Port Dock Station Railway Museum. ISBN 0-9595073-6-1.
  2. ^ "AdeLINK Multi-Criteria Analysis Summary Report" (PDF). Department of Transport, Planning and Infrastructure. 2016. pp. 11–13.
  3. ^ Malinauskas, Peter (2 January 2017). "Major works kick off to remove one of Adelaide's worst level crossings". Premier of South Australia.
  4. ^ "Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler rail line closures". Adelaide Metro. Archived from the original on 12 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler train lines temporary closures June long weekend". Adelaide Metro. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler line July closure". Adelaide Metro. Archived from the original on 7 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler rail line closures August 2017". Adelaide Metro. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017.
  8. ^ Kemp, Miles (13 September 2017). "Major disruption to Outer Harbor and Gawler train lines as work starts on Park Tce underpass". news.com.au.
  9. ^ "Outer Harbor & Grange timetable" (PDF). Adelaide Metro. 23 February 2014.

External links[edit]