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Grant (money)

Most grants are made to fund a specific project and require some level of compliance and reporting. The grant writing process involves an applicant submitting a proposal to a potential funder, either on the applicant's own initiative or in response to a Request for Proposal from the funder. Other grants can be given to individuals, such as victims of natural disasters or individuals who seek to open a small business. Sometimes grant makers require grant seekers to have some form of tax-exempt status, be a registered nonprofit organization or a local government. For example, tiered funding for a freeway are large grants negotiated at government policy level; however smaller grants may be provided by a government agency. Project-related funding involving business, communities, In the United States, grants most come from a wide range of government departments or an wider range of public and private trusts and foundations. According to the Foundation Center these trusts and foundations number in excess of 88,000 and disperse in excess of $40 billion every year.

Trusts and Foundations are a little more complex to research and can be found through subscription-based directories. Most education grants are issued by the government to students attending post-secondary education institutions. In certain cases, a part of a government loan is issued as a grant pertaining to promising students seeking financial support for continuing their educations. Grant compliance and reporting requirements vary depending upon the type of grant and funding agency. In the case of research grants involving human or animal subjects, additional involvement with the Institutional Review Boards and/or Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee is required. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: NASA receives and evaluates both solicited and unsolicited grant proposals; the NASA Shared Services Center awards all new grants for NASA HQ, GSFC, NMO, Stennis and Dyrden. Awards are made in accordance with the NASA Grants and Cooperative Agreement Handbook National Institutes of Health The Center for Scientific Review is the focal point at NIH for the conduct of initial peer review of grant and fellowship applications.

It implements ways to conduct review. The Office of Extramural Research provides guidance to institutes in research and training programs conducted through extramural programs. National Science Foundation Most NSF grants go to individuals or small groups of investigators who carry out research at their home campuses. Other grants provide funding for mid-scale research centers and facilities that serve researchers from many institutions. Still others fund national-scale facilities; the NSF receives about 40,000 proposals each year, funds about 10,000 of them. Those funded are the projects that are ranked highest in a merit review process; these reviews are carried out by panels of independent scientists and educators who are experts in the relevant fields of study, who are selected by the NSF with particular attention to avoiding conflicts of interest. All proposal evaluations are confidential; the European Commission provides financing through numerous specific calls for project proposals. These may be within Framework Programmes.

Although there are many 7 year programmes that are renewed that provide money for various purposes. These may be Youth programmes and Education programmes. There are occasional one-off grants to deal with unforeseen aspects or special projects and themes. Most of these are administered through what are called National Agencies, but some are administered directly through the Commission in Brussels. Due to the complexity of the funding mechanisms involved and the high competitiveness of the grant application processes professional Grant Consulting firms are gaining importance in the grant writing process. Another funding body in Europe is the European Council. There are calls and various projects that are funded by this Council. Grant-giving organizations in Ireland include the Irish Research Council for Science and Technology and Science Foundation Ireland for research grants. Denmark has an educational universal grant system, SU, it is available to all students from 18 years of age, with no upper limit, who are taking courses.

There are two systems of SU. Youth Education, available to all students in pre-university education. Higher Education, available to all students in post-secondary, is a coupon grant valid for 5 years and 10 months from beginning higher education. In addition to the government grant scheme, more than 35,000 grants in Denmark exists, the second largest number of foundations in Europe by country; the foundations are estimated to possess 400 billion Danish kroner in accessible funds. In Poland there exist two major grant organisations, both founded by the government: National Science Centre The National Centre for Research and DevelopmentFoundation for Polish Science offers different kinds of scientific grants for distinguished scholars, both Polish citizens and foreigners. Grants are made available in the United Kingdom for a variety of business and research purposes; the biggest grant distributors are go

You, My Star

"You, My Star" is a song by South Korean musician Jung Yong-hwa of CNBLUE. Written in dedication to his fans, the song was released in December 23, 2013, under FNC Entertainment. Two days prior, Jung performed the song on the year-end music program SBS Gayo Daejeon. "You, My Star" peaked at number 22 no South Korea's national Gaon Digital Chart. "You, My Star" is an acoustic folk track written to showcase Jung's appreciation of his fans. The song was composed by Jung, it is composed in the key of C major using common time with a tempo of 105 beats per minute. Jung first performed "You, My Star" at the SBS Gayo Daejeon on December 21, 2014, it was digitally released two days with full proceeds going towards FNC Entertainment's charity Love FNC. It was included as a hidden track on his debut solo album One Fine Day. Jung performed the song with Min-ah of Girl's Day on the January 25, 2015 broadcast of Seoul Broadcasting System's music program Inkigayo for its 800th episode. A music video for the song was uploaded on February 26.

He went on to perform the song at 15th annual Top Chinese Music Awards. Writing for Idology as'Mimyo', musician Moon Yong-min noted that the song "progresses neatly with a refreshing rhythm", pointing out that the "organization of drums and the guitar varies over the progression of each section". Citing the difference between CNBLUE's music, he expressed that "showing a sense of maturity with this kind of relaxed and refreshingly moderate song is not a bad idea". On the chart dated December 21 – 27, 2014, "You, My Star" debuted at number 22 on South Korea's national Gaon Digital Chart, selling 45,234 downloads and accumulating 730,091 streams in its first week of release. By the end of the month, the song sold 54,883 downloads in the country, 73,332 downloads by the end of January of the following year. "You, My Star" on YouTube

Matthys Gerhardus Smith

Matthys Gerhardus Smith was a South African Fictional writer known for youth literature. He has written under the nom de plume “Topsy Smith” and “Bettie Naude” He was born in Parys, Free State, South Africa on 12 July 1914, he was the son of Elizabeth Catharina Naude. He married Josie Stuart-Bertram, they had 2 children. He died on 5 March 1985. Smith obtained a BA degree at University of Stellenbosch and a Higher Diploma in Education at the University of Pretoria, he retired as principal of Sandringham Primary in Johannesburg. Smith is best known for writing youth series. Trompie and Saartjie books are his bestsellers; the first series is called the second the Saartjie. In the Trompie series 33 books were published; this was done between 1950-1970. A movie was made from the Trompie books. André Laubscher played the main character in the film. Anton Goosen sang the theme song; the Saartjie series 24 books were published. He wrote this under his mother’s name Bettie Naude; this was written between 1953-1958.

A television series was made with Annie Malan playing Saartjie. Apart from the above series he wrote the following series in Afrikaans:-Bosapies van Bergville – Twelve books -Hendrik Hoffman– Six books -Louws van Linton –Eight books -Gampietjie –Five books -Jantjie – Six books He wrote in English, two series of books-Nicky – four books -Leon –four books Adult fiction – This he wrote under the name M. G. Smith in Afrikaans-Juffrou Jackie se man -Die ontluiking van tant Matilda -Blonde godin Non-fiction-Ons Springbok-rugbyspelers en Tokkelossie -Atlete van Springbokland (translated: Athletes from South Africa