U.S. Route 52
U. S. Route 52 is a major United States highway in the central United States that extends from the northern to southeastern region of the United States. Contrary to most other even-numbered U. S. Highways, US 52 follows a northwest–southeast route, is signed north–south or east–west depending on the local orientation of the route; the highway's northwestern terminus is at Portal, North Dakota, on the Canadian border, where it continues as Saskatchewan Highway 39. Its southeastern terminus is in Charleston, South Carolina, at Number 2 Meeting Street and White Point Gardens along the Charleston Harbor. In North Dakota, US 52 continues from Highway 39 from the Canada–United States border at North Portal and Portal, North Dakota to the Red River in Fargo, a distance of 361 miles. US 52 is co-signed with US 2 near Minot, where it intersects with US 83. US 52 is co-signed with US 281 for 44 miles between Jamestown and Carrington. US 52 is concurrent with Interstate 94 between Jamestown and the Minnesota state line, co-signed between Jamestown and Fargo.
In the state of Minnesota, US 52 enters the state with Interstate 94 at Moorhead and follows Interstate 94 southeast all the way to the Twin Cities. The portion of the highway which overlaps Interstate 94 is unsigned. From downtown St. Paul, US 52 continues on its own southeast to the Iowa state line. MnDOT has a long-term goal of making US 52 a freeway with limited-access interchanges between St. Paul and Interstate 90 south of Rochester. South from Interstate 94 in St. Paul there is a freeway segment to just south of Concord Blvd in Inver Grove Heights; the portion of the highway between Inver Grove Heights and Pine Island is built to expressway standards. Another freeway segment begins from Pine Island, through Rochester, toward I-90; the highway proceeds to the Iowa state line. US 52 enters Iowa north of the unincorporated community of Burr Oak, it passes by Luther College on the west side of Decorah. At Calmar the road turns to a southwest–northeast orientation, it joins with US 18 just to the west of Postville.
The two highways overlap until a point east of the unincorporated community of Froelich. US 52 parallels the Mississippi River for the rest of its path through Iowa. At Luxemburg it turns east; the two highways run together to downtown Dubuque, where it intersects US 61 and US 151. South of Dubuque, US 52, US 61, US 151 share a freeway routing until US 52 departs in Key West to remain close to the Mississippi River. Just west of Sabula the highway turns to an east–west orientation at the junction of Iowa Highway 64 and the northern terminus of US 67. In Sabula, the highway becomes a wrong-way road. North of Dubuque, Iowa, US 52 is routed on to a narrow and winding road. While scenic, the road has been the scene of numerous accidents over the years owing to this nature. Between 1964 and 1967, this segment of the route was called Alternate US 52 and US 52 was rerouted south from Luxemburg to Dyersville along Iowa Highway 136, east from Dyersville to Dubuque along US 20. After the completion of the Southwest Arterial in 2019, a similar alignment change will take place as US 52 will no longer follow the winding Iowa Highway 3 route, instead share Iowa Highway 136 and US 20 to the intersection of the new four-lane Southwest Arterial and head southwest to US 61/US 151, where it would be linked to the existing highway US 52, continuing on to Bellevue and Sabula.
The entire length of US 52 in Iowa is located within the unglaciated Driftless Area. In Illinois, US 52 runs southeast from the Dale Gardner Veterans Memorial Bridge at the terminus of Iowa Highway 64 and Illinois Route 64 in Savanna, passing through the cities of Dixon and Mendota. US 52 turns due south and east, crossing Interstate 39 near Troy Grove, it continues east, passing through Shorewood and through the southern portion of Joliet, where it is a major thoroughfare in the city of Joliet, avoiding the city of Chicago proper. It joins with U. S. Route 45 through Kankakee, runs concurrently with U. S. Route 24, east of Watseka to the Indiana state line. In Indiana, US 52 runs in a northwest-southeast direction, it passes through Indianapolis. Northwest of Indianapolis, US 52 runs along the same general area as, is considered an alternative route to, Interstate 65. In the Indianapolis area, it is overlapped with Interstate 865 and Interstate 465. East of Indianapolis, it is considered an alternative to Interstate 74 before joining it near the Ohio border.
When U. S. 52 went through Downtown Indianapolis, it went onto Brookville Road turned right onto English Avenue. It joined U. S. 421. US 52/421 joined U. S. 40 when it turned left onto Washington Street. It splits into Washington Street and Maryland Street. US 52 turned right onto West Street. U. S. 52 turned left on either Indiana 16th Street. U. S. 52 would overlap U. S. 136 on 16th Street. It turned right onto Lafayette Road, which became Indianapolis Road when reaching Zionsville; when I-65 was completed through Downtown Indianapolis, U. S. 52 got on I-65 from the Lafayette Road interchange, traveled on I-65 the rest of the way. In 1970, the route was re-routed onto the south belt of I-465 from Brookville Road to I-65, it was re-routed again on its current rou
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Pope County, Minnesota
Pope County is a county located in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,995, its county seat is Glenwood. The county was formed in 1862 and organized in 1866. Pope County was identified by the state legislature in 1862, named for John Pope, a General in the Union Army who had earlier worked as a surveyor in the area. Pope County was the location of several protests against the CU Powerline in the 1970s. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 717 square miles, of which 670 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water. Minnesota State Highway 9 Minnesota State Highway 28 Minnesota State Highway 29 Minnesota State Highway 55 Minnesota State Highway 104 Minnesota State Highway 114 Douglas County Stearns County Kandiyohi County Swift County Stevens County Grant County As of the census of 2000, there were 11,236 people, 4,513 households, 3,064 families residing in the county; the population density was 17 people per square mile. There were 5,827 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 98.85% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 0.50% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.8% were of Norwegian and 31.6% German ancestry. There were 4,513 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.10% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 21.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,633, the median income for a family was $42,818. Males had a median income of $30,452 versus $20,511 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,032. About 5.80% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.40% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over. Grove Lake Terrace New Prairie National Register of Historic Places listings in Pope County, Minnesota Pope County government’s website Pope County Historical Society Pope County GenWeb Project Helping people find their roots in Pope County. Part of the MNGenWeb and USGenWeb Projects
Otter Tail County, Minnesota
Otter Tail County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 57,303, its county seat is Fergus Falls. The county was formed in 1858 and organized in 1868. Otter Tail County comprises MN Micropolitan Statistical Area. Native Americans had permanent dwelling sites. Two Native American tribes were in constant conflict; the Dakota were being pushed from their home area by the Ojibwa during the late 18th century and early 19th century. Burial mounds and artifacts can still be found; some of the oldest Native American remains were found near Minnesota. The remains, nicknamed Minnesota Girl, were dated at about 11,000 B. C.. The first white men to enter the county were British fur traders. Efforts were made to set up trading posts on the Leaf Lakes and Otter Tail Lake. In the late 19th century, most of the towns were built along the railroad lines. Lumber and agriculture were the major industries in the county at that time; the pine and hardwood forests, transportation system, markets were instrumental in the development of Fergus Falls into a lumber center.
In 1870, the population of the county was about 2,000. At that time the principal languages spoken in the county were Norwegian, Swedish and English. Otter Tail County was established in March 1858 by a legislative act, it was organized in 1868. The original county seat was Ottertail City; the people of Fergus Falls organized a new county named Holcomb. In 1872, a legislative act abolished Holcomb County, added additional townships to the west, established Fergus Falls as the county seat of Otter Tail County. There are 62 townships in the county; the county is named for the Otter Tail River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,225 square miles, of which 1,972 square miles are land and 252 square miles are covered by water. Otter Tail is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties with more savanna soils than either forest or prairie soils. According to the official web site, Otter Tail County contains over 1000 lakes and two Minnesota state parks, Maplewood State Park and Glendalough State Park.
The highest point in Otter Tail County is Inspiration Peak in the Leaf Mountains, at 1750 feet above sea level. Becker County Wadena County Todd County Douglas County Grant County Wilkin County Clay County The following public-use airports are located in Otter Tail County: Fergus Falls Municipal Airport in Fergus Falls Henning Municipal Airport in Henning New York Mills Municipal Airport in New York Mills Pelican Rapids Municipal Airport in Pelican Rapids Perham Municipal Airport in Perham Wadena Municipal Airport in Wadena As of the 2000 census, there were 57,159 people, 22,671 households, 15,779 families residing in the county; the population density was 29 people per square mile. There were 33,862 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.11% White, 0.29% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.67% of the population.
35.5% were of German and 31.2% Norwegian ancestry. There were 22,671 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.4% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,395, the median income for a family was $42,740. Males had a median income of $30,151 versus $20,930 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,014. About 6.7% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
In U. S. presidential elections, Otter Tail has been a Republican county. It has voted Republican in every presidential election since 1936. Since Minnesota’s statehood in 1858 the only Democrats to win the county have been Franklin Roosevelt and William Jennings Bryan in 1896. During the Great Depression, there was a communist faction within the county; the areas where the movement was centered are quite desolate today, but during mid-1932, the worst possible time for farmers, over 900 people were involved in one of the state’s communist organizations. The members of the communist party were active in the New York Mills area of Newton, Leaf Lake, Deer Creek and Paddock Townships, they held meetings, recruited members, placed candidates on local and state tickets, distributed propaganda. They held dances in Heinola and Sebeka where the Soviet hammer and sickle was proudly displayed and ran a summer camp on East Leaf Lake. By the time Roosevelt implemented New Deal programs in the county, the communist movement began to lose steam.
In addition, the Winter War in Europe between Finland and the U. S. S. R. Soured many Finnish immigrants on communism. Carl Peltoniemi, a former local com
Stevens County, Minnesota
Stevens County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,726, its county seat is Morris. The county was created by act of the Minnesota legislature on February 20, 1862, it was not organized at that time, no county seat was named. The county was named for Isaac Stevens, who had led a railroad survey party across Minnesota in 1853 and was influential in bringing national attention to the Minnesota Territory; the territorial legislature had intended to thus honor Stevens in 1855 when another county was being created, but a clerical error caused that county to be named Stearns. The error was corrected by the 1862 act. Stevens was killed that year; the county government was organized in 1872. Morris, platted in 1869, was named the county seat; the University of Minnesota Morris is in Morris. It was developed in the early 20th century from the Morris Industrial School for Indians, which opened in 1887 and was operated by the Roman Catholic Sisters of Mercy under contract to the federal government.
In 1975, a moderate earthquake occurred in the county. The Pomme de Terre River flows south through central Stevens County, on its way to discharge into the Minnesota River; the county's terrain consists of rolling hills, with the area devoted to agriculture. The terrain slopes to the south, although the northeast and southwest portions rise from the central part of the county; the county's highest point is on the eastern portion of the northern border, at 1,250' ASL. The county has a total area of 575 square miles, of which 564 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 10,053 people, 3,751 households, 2,366 families in the county. The population density was 17.8/sqmi. There were 4,074 housing units at an average density of 7.22/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 96.13% White, 0.92% Black or African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, 1.00% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
44.8% were of German, 20.8% Norwegian and 5.4% Irish ancestry. There were 3,751 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 5.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.90% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99. The county population contained 21.60% under the age of 18, 20.80% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 19.00% from 45 to 64, 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,267, the median income for a family was $47,518. Males had a median income of $32,045 versus $21,681 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,569. About 5.70% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.
Stevens County has been a swing district for the past several decades. In 56% of national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Stevens County, Minnesota Stevens County government’s website Stevens County Historical Society & Museum
Wilkin County, Minnesota
Wilkin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population of Wilkin County was 6,576, its county seat is Breckenridge. The county is named for Colonel Alexander Wilkin, a lawyer who served as Minnesota’s U. S. marshal and was killed in the Civil War. Wilkin County is part of the Wahpeton, ND–MN Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Fargo-Wahpeton, ND-MN Combined Statistical Area. On March 8, 1858, Toombs County, named after Robert Toombs of Georgia, was established, he had been a member of Congress, from 1845 until 1853, was U. S. senator from 1853 to 1861. He became a Confederate secretary of state in 1861. In 1863, the county was renamed Andy Johnson County after Andrew Johnson, serving as the military governor of Tennessee at the time, to disassociate with Confederate general Robert Toombs. Dissatisfied with the county's second namesake, the name was once again changed on March 6, 1868 to Wilkin County; the name Wilkin comes from Colonel Alexander Wilkin.
Though not a native to Minnesota, he practiced law in Minnesota. From 1851 until 1853, Colonel Wilkin was the territory's secretary. Toombs County was formed in 1858 from Pembina County, it is the parental county for Traverse County, now are parts of Clay, Otter Tail, Stevens and Pope counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 751 square miles, of which 751 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Breckenridge Lake - Breckenridge Township Interstate 94 U. S. Highway 52 U. S. Highway 75 Minnesota State Highway 9 Minnesota State Highway 55 Minnesota State Highway 108 Minnesota State Highway 210 Clay County Otter Tail County Grant County Traverse County Richland County, North Dakota Cass County, North Dakota As of the 2000 census, there were 7,138 people, 2,752 households, 1,926 families residing in the county; the population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 3,105 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.77% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races.
1.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.8% were of German and 29.2% Norwegian ancestry. There were 2,752 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.09. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,093, the median income for a family was $46,220. Males had a median income of $31,273 versus $20,925 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,873.
About 6.2% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over. The population estimate for Wilkin County in 2017 was 6,324 according to the Vintage 2017 Population Estimates.. A five year survey conducted between 2012 and 2016 found the median household income to be $52,963; the median housing value was $110, 800 and 3,084 total housing units by the end of the five year span. As of 2016, 445 veterans resided in the county; this same survey showed that 92.3% of the people in the county had obtained their high school diploma or a higher education. 8.9% of people were living in poverty as of the 2016 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. According to the 2016 Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, 4.45 of people under the age of 65 had no health insurance. As of 2012, there were 709 companies in Wilkin County. Brushvale Childs Everdell Lawndale McCauleyville Tenney National Register of Historic Places listings in Wilkin County, Minnesota Wilkin County government’s website