Buck Creek, Indiana
Buck Creek is an unincorporated census-designated place in Washington Township, Tippecanoe County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. It is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, Buck Creek was originally called Transitville. A post office was established under the name Transitville in 1858 and it still currently remains in operation. Buck Creek sits at the intersection of Tippecanoe County Road 750 East, Indiana State Road 25, which connects the cities, passes the town two miles to the northwest. While small, the town does contain several different places of commerce, the grain elevator, which towers over the rest of town, is the main source of trade in town. The elevator is a complex of four buildings built along the railroad track that runs through the center of the town. Located on the edge of town is the Buck Creek Community Center. The center is rentable and is home to a playground, across the street from the community center in the middle of cattle farm sits the old, abandoned high school which closed down in the 1950s, when the school integrated with East Tipp High School.
In 1967, East Tipp became a school as William Henry Harrison High School opened. Buck Creek is home to two churches, the Buck Creek United Methodist Church and the Buck Creek Baptist Church. Children attend Hershey Elementary School, East Tipp Middle School and William Henry Harrison High School, Fire protection and emergency services are provided by the Buck Creek Volunteer Fire Department, which hosts its annual fundraiser, the Buck Creek Fish Fry during the 4th Saturday of August
A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries often coincide and may completely geographically subdivide a county, the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. Currently, there are 20 states with civil townships, Township functions are generally overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers frequently include justice of the peace, road commissioner, constable, in the 20th century many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases townships run local libraries, senior services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance. Depending on the state, the government has varying degrees of authority.
In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are often, the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases even within a state. Most townships in Illinois provide such as snow removal, senior transportation. The townships in Illinois each have a board, whose board members were formerly called township trustees. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee. Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, and nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as towns rather than townships, in Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form Name Township. In both documents and conversation and township are used interchangeably, Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the townships name.
In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township, where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality. Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap, in Kansas some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are fully functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services, while counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few areas of New Hampshire and Maine
Colburn is a small unincorporated census-designated place in northeastern Washington Township, Tippecanoe County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. It is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, a post office was established at Colburn in 1860, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1988. Colburn is located at 40°3107 North, 86°4251 West in Washington Township, nearby communities include Lafayette, Buck Creek and Americus
Dayton is a town in Sheffield Township, Tippecanoe County, United States. The population was 1,420 at the 2010 census and it is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. Dayton was known as Fairfield until 1830, the Dayton post office has been in operation since 1831. Dayton Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003, Dayton is located at 40°22′28″N 86°46′10″W in Sheffield Township, at an elevation of 676 feet. According to the 2010 census, Dayton has an area of 1.06 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,420 people,536 households, the population density was 1,339.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 565 housing units at a density of 533.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95. 4% White,0. 9% African American,0. 6% Native American,0. 2% Asian,1. 1% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 3. 6% of the population. 20. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the town was 32 years. 29. 2% of residents were under the age of 18, 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24,32. 3% were from 25 to 44,22. 5% were from 45 to 64, and 8. 1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49. 7% male and 50. 3% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 1,120 people,401 households, and 313 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,079.2 people per square mile, there were 430 housing units at an average density of 414.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 79. 23% White,18. 18% African American,0. 27% Native American,0. 98% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. 05% of the population. 18. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7. 0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.15. In the town, the population was out with 33. 4% under the age of 18,7. 9% from 18 to 24,33. 8% from 25 to 44,16. 3% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 30 years, for every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males, the median income for a household in the town was $44,792, and the median income for a family was $48,021
Otterbein is a town in Bolivar Township, Benton County and Shelby Township, Tippecanoe County, named for William Otterbein Brown who donated land for the town. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,262 and it is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. Originally a site known as Pond Grove, Otterbeins first 60 lots were laid out by John Levering and his wife on October 25,1872, with an addition by Mary A. Clancey on April 24,1883. The first home was built by Dr. John K. Thompson and the first business, William Otterbein Brown, the farmer and stock-dealer for whom the town was named, held the office of postmaster until his death on February 18,1879. Otterbein High School ran from 1910-1966 when the rest of the schools in the county were consolidated for Benton Central. The gym and most of the building burned in a fire in 1975, a Centennial celebration was held over the July 4 holiday in 1972. During the festivities the town elevator, located at the west end of town, as of 2009, there are two churches in Otterbein and United Methodist.
A fire destroyed Dennys Pharmacy at the corner of First and Main and damaged the building to the north. Students attend Otterbein Elementary School and move to Benton Central Jr-Sr School which has an Oxford, the town had two sets of Nickel Plate railroad tracks and a depot until the nationalization of the railroads by the Nixon administration in the 1970s. One set of tracks has since been removed and the private KBS railroad uses the track primarily for grain transport. Since the end of 2008 the railroad right-of-way has been used for the placement of poles that carry power from the wind turbines in western Benton County to the substation at Montmorenci. Haan Crafts, the Frontier Machine Company and the Kerkhoff Truss Plant were the occupants in the Industrial Park at the east edge of town which is actually in Tippecanoe County. The Otterbein post office has been operation since 1872, Otterbein is located at 40°29′20″N 87°5′43″W. It occupies mostly flat, open land on the eastern border of Benton County in Bolivar Township. U. S.
Route 52 passes along its north side, according to the 2010 census, Otterbein has a total area of 0.61 square miles, all land. Oxford Street, old US52, is the central E-W street, Otterbein is known for its extremely wide, block long Main Street that accommodates two rows of parallel parking in the middle of the street. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,262 people,502 households, the population density was 2,068.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 550 housing units at a density of 901.6 per square mile
A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remains. Some ghost towns, especially those that preserve period-specific architecture, have become tourist attractions, writing about, and photographing ghost towns is a minor industry. The town of Plymouth on the Caribbean island of Montserrat is a ghost town that is the de jure capital of Montserrat and it was rendered uninhabitable by volcanic ash from an eruption. The definition of a ghost town varies between individuals, and between cultures, lindsey Baker, author of Ghost Towns of Texas, defines a ghost town as a town for which the reason for being no longer exists. Some believe that any settlement with visible tangible remains should not be called a ghost town, others say, whether or not the settlement must be completely deserted, or may contain a small population, is a matter for debate. Generally, the term is used in a sense, encompassing any. The American author Lambert Florins preferred definition of a ghost town was simply a shadowy semblance of a former self, a town can be abandoned when it is part of an exclusion zone due to natural or man-made causes.
Ghost towns may result when the activity or resource that created a boomtown is depleted or the resource economy undergoes a bust. Boomtowns can often decrease in size as fast as they initially grew, all or nearly the entire population can desert the town, resulting in a ghost town. The dismantling of a boomtown can often occur on a planned basis, modular buildings can be used to facilitate the process. A gold rush would often bring intensive but short-lived economic activity to a remote village, in other cases, the reason for abandonment can arise from a towns intended economic function shifting to another, nearby place. This happened to Collingwood, Queensland in Outback Australia when nearby Winton outperformed Collingwood as a centre for the livestock-raising industry. The railway reached Winton in 1899, linking it with the rest of Queensland, the Middle East has many ghost towns that were created when the shifting of politics or the fall of empires caused capital cities to be socially or economically unviable, such as Ctesiphon.
The rise of condominium investment caused for real estate bubbles leads to a ghost town, as real estate prices rise, such examples include China and Canada, where housing is often used as an investment rather than for habitation. Railroads and roads bypassing or no longer reaching a town can create a ghost town. This was the case in many of the ghost towns along Ontarios historic Opeongo Line, some ghost towns were founded along railways where steam trains would stop at periodic intervals to take on water. Amboy, California was part of one series of villages along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad across the Mojave Desert. River re-routing is another factor, one example being the towns along the Aral Sea, Ghost towns may be created when land is expropriated by a government and residents are required to relocate