Henry Grattan (junior)
Henry Grattan was an Irish politician, Member of Parliament for Dublin City on behalf of the Whigs from 1826 to 1830 in the British House of Commons. From 1831 to 1852, he represented Meath for the Repeal Association. Grattan was called to the Irish Bar in 1810, his father named Henry Grattan, was a famous Irish orator and statesman. Grattan senior was MP for Dublin City, on his father's death in 1820, Grattan junior was the Whig candidate to succeed him; however at a by-election on 30 June of that year, he was defeated by the Tory candidate, Thomas Ellis. In the 1826 general election, Grattan was returned unopposed for the Dublin City seat, he was defeated in the 1830 general election, when he finished third in the election for the two-member Dublin City seat. In 1831, Grattan was elected an MP for Meath at a by-election on 11 August 1831 after having been defeated there in the general election earlier that year, he retained his seat as a Repealer candidate in the 1832 general election and as a Liberal Repealer in 1835 and 1841.
In the general election of 1847 Grattan was again elected as a Repealer candidate. However, in the 1852 general election, standing as a Liberal, pledged to support the Irish Independent Opposition Party, was defeated. Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922, edited by B. M. Walker The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith, 2nd edition edited by F. W. S. Craig Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Henry Grattan
Grattan Kerans is an American politician from Oregon. He was a member of the Oregon Legislative Assembly in the House of Representatives from 1974 through 1984, in the Oregon State Senate from 1986 to 1993, he held the position of Speaker of the House during the 1983 legislative session. Grattan Kerans was born January 2, 1941 in Washington, DC, the son of Edwin Grattan Kerans and the former Anne Kelley, his father was his mother a lawyer. Grattan Kerans' unusual first name was in honor of a grandfather, a prominent official in the Democratic Party and who had worked in the presidential administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Kerans attended public schools in Maryland and following graduation attended Montgomery College in Rockville, Maryland. In 1965 Kerans married the former Janet Raye Holsclaw; the couple would have a son. He worked as a shoe salesman, a warehouse employee, a taxi driver during his younger years. In 1969 Kerans moved to the American West, relocating to attend the University of Oregon to study political science.
Kerans became the editor of the campus daily newspaper of the University of Oregon, the Oregon Daily Emerald, serving in that position from 1970 to 1971. Following graduation he would take his editorial capability to the world of politics, becoming editor of the Oregon Democrat Magazine, a publication of the Democratic Party of Oregon. In November 1974, Kerans won election to the Oregon House of Representatives from Lane County, a position he would continue to hold through five terms of office. During his 10-year career in the Oregon House, Kerans would serve as Chair of the Elections Committee and Rules Committee, as the floor whip for the majority Democrats. In 1983, Kerans was elected by his peers as the Speaker of the House for the biennial legislative session held in that year. Kerans gave up his seat in the House in 1984 to run for Oregon State Treasurer. Chosen as the Democratic nominee in the May primary election, Kerans went on to lose to Republican Bill Rutherford in the November 1984 general election, falling to defeat by a margin of 18 percentage points.
Finding himself outside of government for the first time in a decade, Kerans took a position as a lobbyist for the City of Eugene, holding the post for one year. He established a publication design company. During the fall of 1987 Kerans joined the Oregon for Dukakis State Steering Committee and was one of 25 members of the steering committee introduced by Kitty Dukakis at an airport press conference. At the Oregon Democratic State Convention in 1988 Kerans was one of ten Oregon Democrats elected as Dukakis delegates to the 1988 Democratic National Convention in Atlanta, Georgia. Kerans returned to the Oregon Legislative Assembly after election to the Oregon State Senate from Lane County in 1986. In 1987, he was the lone dissenter in a 24–1 vote appointing Richard G. Reiten as the new director of the state Economic Development Department. Kerans was concerned about Reiten's membership in the all-male all-men's Arlington Club though Reiten himself was open to the club allowing women to join. Kerans doubted the Arlington Club would change its policies stating, "This is, after all, a 124-year-old club and they haven't changed their minds yet."
In 1990, Arlington Club opened its doors to women. Kerans won re-election to a second term in the Oregon Senate in November 1990, but resigned in 1993, prior to completion of his four-year term, to take a job as a lobbyist, he had failed to win election as Senate President during the 1993 session. Following his years in the legislature, Kerans worked as a lobbyist for the Oregon University System beginning in 1993 until 2004. Kerans and his wife retired to Tucson, Arizona in 2008. Oregon Center for Public Policy Oregon Blue Book: Earliest Authorities in Oregon - listing of Speakers of the House Oregon State Archives: Oregon Legislators and Staff Guide
Grattan Institute is an Australian public policy think tank, established in 2008. The Melbourne-based institute is non-aligned, however it defines itself as contributing "to public policy in Australia as a liberal democracy in a globalised economy." It is funded by a $34 million endowment, with major contributions from the Australian Federal Government, the State Government of Victoria, the University of Melbourne and BHP Billiton. Grattan Institute focuses on seven key policy areas: Budget Policy, Energy, Schools Education, Higher Education and Productivity; these programs were chosen with the belief that research into these areas, in line with principles of evidence-based policy could make a demonstrable difference to Australia’s public policy. Grattan Institute makes provision for experts in other fields to work under its umbrella. Grattan Institute began with pressure from senior figures in the Victorian Public Service, academic institutions, broader business and non-government leaders, who believed that Australian political life lacked a heavyweight independent think tank.
Through the course of 2005 this idea was fleshed out by several people in the Victorian Department of Premier and Cabinet, including discussions with a number of Australia’s corporate leaders. At the end of 2005 the Victorian Premier, Steve Bracks, met with the Federal Treasurer Peter Costello to define the theme for the think tank: Australia as a liberal democracy in a globalised economy; the phrase has since been enshrined in the Constitution of Grattan Institute. Links between Melbourne University, Victorian Government and corporate Australia, along with a supportive report from McKinsey and Company, were the basis for Victorian Premier Bracks and Treasurer Brumby in early 2007 to promise significant Victorian Government funding for the idea. Melbourne University was asked to assist. In April 2008, Commonwealth and Victorian Governments announced matching funding, along with support in kind from the University of Melbourne. Commitments followed soon after from National Australia Bank. Grattan receives money from its endowment supporters and affiliates, which include The Myer Foundation, National Australia Bank, Susan McKinnon Foundation, Medibank Private, Susan McKinnon Foundation, Maddocks, PwC, McKinsey & Company, The Scanlon Foundation, Ashurst, Deloitte, GE ANZ, Urbis and Woodside.
The Higher Education Program was established with funding from the Myer Foundation. Grattan Institute was incorporated in November 2008, its founding Chief Executive, John Daley, commenced in January 2009. A list of Grattan's reports to date can be found here CEO - John Daley Program Heads Health - Stephen Duckett School Education - Peter Goss Energy - Tony Wood Higher Education - Andrew Norton Transport - Marion Terrill Budget Policy and Institutional Reform - Danielle Wood The Hon. Alex Chernov AC QC Carol Austin Professor Glyn Davis AC Geraldine Doogue Professor John Funder AO Dr. David Kemp Geoff Healy Peter Scanlon AO Chris Eccles Jillian Segal AM Dr Ian Watt AO Grattan Institute website
Grattan is a British catalogue clothing retailer based in Bradford, UK with 18 stores and 2 main catalogues and a number of specialty catalogues. Grattan has 2,600 employees. Grattan catalogues was founded in 1912 by John Enrico Fattorini, in Bradford, West Yorkshire after he fell out with his cousin while working at Empire Stores; the company was purchased by Next plc for 300 million pounds in 1986, a deal which saw Next outbid future Grattan owners Otto Versand. By the 1990s Grattan was the UK's fourth largest catalogue company with 13% of the mail order market. In 1991 Grattan was purchased by Otto Versand for 165 million pounds. In 2000 its administrative department was merged with Freemans, under the banner of Otto UK. Grattan's celebrity campaigns have included model, Penny Lancaster-Stewart, TV presenter Nicky Hambleton-Jones. In May 2009 the company announced plans to cut over 1000 jobs at their bases in Bradford, Sheffield and London in an effort to streamline the company and return the Freemans Grattan Holdings company back to profitability.
In 2012 Grattan announced plans to open a new head office in Bradford. The Bradford-based catalogue company sponsored Bradford City A. F. C. from 1989 to 1991. From 2006 to 2010, Odsal Stadium in Odsal, West Yorkshire, was named Grattan Stadium for sponsorship reasons; the venue is the home ground of Bradford Bulls. Grattan.co.uk
The Grattan Massacre known as the Grattan Fight, was the opening engagement of the First Sioux War, fought between United States Army and Lakota Sioux warriors on August 19, 1854. It occurred east of Nebraska Territory, in present-day Goshen County, Wyoming. A small detachment of soldiers entered a large Sioux encampment to arrest a man accused of taking a migrant's cow, although such matters by treaty were to be handled by the US Indian Agent. After one of the soldiers fatally shot Chief Matȟó Wayúhi, the Brulé Lakotas returned fire and killed a total of 29 soldiers, Lieutenant John Grattan, a civilian interpreter; the massacre, as it was called by the American press, is considered an early and significant event in the Plains Indian Wars. In the late summer of 1854, about 4,000 Brulé and Oglala were camped near Fort Laramie, in accordance with the terms of the Treaty of 1851. On August 17, a cow belonging to a Mormon traveling on the nearby Oregon Trail strayed and was killed by a visiting Miniconjou named High Forehead.
Lt. Hugh Fleming, the senior officer of the small garrison, consulted with the chief, Matȟó Wayúhi or Conquering Bear, to discuss the loss of livestock. Lt. Fleming was evidently unaware, or chose to ignore, that such matters were, by the terms of the Treaty of 1851, to be handled by the local Indian Agent, in this case John Whitfield, he was due to arrive within days with annuities. Aware that the matter was not under the purview of the military, Conquering Bear still attempted to negotiate, offering a horse from his personal herd or a cow from the tribe's herd; the cow's owner persisted in demanding $25 instead. Lt. Fleming asked the Sioux to arrest High Forehead and deliver him to the fort, which Conquering Bear refused; the day's talk ended in stalemate. On August 19, 1854, Second Lieutenant John Lawrence Grattan, of the U. S. 6th Infantry Regiment, a recent graduate of West Point and supernumerary waiting for a vacancy in the regiment, led an armed detachment into the Indian encampment to take custody of High Forehead and bring him back to the fort.
Grattan described as contemptuous of the Lakotas' ability as warriors. This was his first encounter with the Sioux. A commander at Laramie recalled, "There is no doubt that Lt. Grattan left this post with a desire to have a fight with the Indians, that he had determined to take the man at all hazards." In Grattan's party were a sergeant, a corporal, 27 privates and a French-Native American interpreter named Lucienne Auguste. By the time the detachment reached the encampment, Auguste was intoxicated from drinking along the way, as he feared the encounter. Grattan scolded him. Auguste was not well liked by the Sioux; as they entered the encampment, he began to taunt the Sioux, calling their warriors women, saying the soldiers were not there to talk, but to kill them all. James Bordeau, who owned the nearby trading post and observed the encounter recounted Auguste's comments. Historians estimate. According to Bordeau, Lt. Grattan began to realize the risk, he stopped to discuss the situation with the trader.
Bordeau advised him to let him handle the situation. Grattan continued on into the encampment. Going first to the lodge of High Forehead, he ordered him to surrender to the US forces. High Forehead said. Grattan went to Conquering Bear, saying the Sioux should turn him over. Conquering Bear tried to negotiate, offering a horse as compensation for the cow. Bordeau said the interpreter Auguste taunted the Sioux, failed to or translate Conquering Bear and Grattan's comments, as there seemed to be confusion between them. Conquering Bear asked for the trader Bordeau to act as interpreter, as the Sioux trusted him and his language ability. Called by the Sioux, Bordeau rode to the meeting place; as Grattan pressed Conquering Bear, numerous Sioux warriors moved into flanking positions around the soldiers. Bordeau returned to the trading post. Ending the discussion, Grattan began walking back to his column. A nervous soldier fired his gun; the warriors started shooting arrows. Conquering Bear was mortally wounded and died nine days near the Niobrara River.
The Sioux warriors killed Grattan, 11 of his men, the interpreter. A group of some 18 soldiers retreated on foot trying to reach some rocks for defense, but they were cut off and killed by warriors led by Red Cloud, a rising war chief within the Sioux. One soldier survived the massacre but died of his wounds. Conquering Bear was the only Lakota, killed; the Sioux spared Bordeau, both because he was married to a Brulé Sioux woman, he had a friendly relationship with the tribes. The enraged warriors "rampaged throughout the night, swearing to attack other whites." They withdrew. On the third day after the US attack, the Brûlé and Oglala abandoned the camp on the North Platte River and returned to their respective hunting grounds. On the fourth day, the military asked Bourdeau to arrange a burial party, his team went to the scene and found that the slain soldiers had b
Odsal Stadium, is a sports stadium in Odsal, West Yorkshire. The stadium is home of the Bradford Bulls Rugby League team as well as home to the speedway team Bradford Dukes, as well the football team Bradford City following the Valley Parade fire. Odsal has been a venue for baseball, kabbadi, show jumping, live music and international Rugby League, it is the largest rugby league stadium in England. The stadium holds the British attendance records for a Rugby match, 102,569 in 1954 at the rugby league Warrington-Halifax Challenge Cup Final replay, for a domestic, non-final Rugby League match, 69,429 at the third round Challenge Cup tie between Bradford Northern and Huddersfield in 1953; the highest recorded attendance of the Super League era being 24,020 against neighbouring rivals Leeds Rhinos on 3 September 1999. While its capacity has reduced it remains the largest stadium in the Super League The stadium is owned by the Bradford City Council, but due to financial problems the Rugby Football League purchased the lease on it in 2012.
Formed in 1907, the Bradford Northern club had played at a number of venues including the Greenfield Athletic Ground in Dudley Hill and Bowling Old Lane Cricket Club's ground in Birch Lane. By the early 1920s, Birch Lane's limitations were clear and Northern began to seek another home. Precarious finances prevented the club being able to take up an offer to develop land off Rooley Lane or to upgrade and move back to Greenfield, but in 1933, Bradford City Council gave them the opportunity to transform land at Odsal Top into their home ground. On 20 June 1933 the club therefore signed a ten-year deal on the site, to become the biggest stadium in England outside Wembley; the site was a former quarry, being used as a landfill tip. Ernest Call M. B. E; the Director of Cleansing for Bradford City Council devised a system of controlled tipping that saw 140,000 cart loads of household waste deposited to form the characteristic banking at Odsal. The club were to be responsible for boundary dressing rooms and seated accommodation.
To be able to turf the pitch, other areas, a turf fund was put into place which raised a total of £900 to cover the work. A stand was erected at the cost of £2,000, paid for by the Rugby Football League, it held 1,500 on a mixture of tip-up seats. The ground was opened by Sir Joseph Taylor, President of Huddersfield on 1 September 1934, his club went on to beat the hosts 31–16, Australian winger Ray Markham scoring four tries in front of an estimated 20,000. The clubhouse and dressing rooms were opened before a match against Hull F. C. on 2 February 1935. Contemporary pictures show that as late as August 1935 the banking on the Rooley Avenue side was still being created. In 1945, speedway began in Bradford with the Odsal Boomerangs. In the post-Second World War years, speedway proved popular with crowds of over 20,000 attending meetings at Odsal, with the 1946 average for the first year of the National League after the war; the highest speedway attendance during this period came on 5 July 1947 when 47,050 fans saw England defeat Australia 65-43 in a Test match.
This remains the largest-ever speedway crowd for Odsal Stadium. During the Second World War, the lower floor of the clubhouse was used as an Air Raid Precautions centre, one of the dressing rooms was the map room. On 20 December 1947, the largest attendance for an international test at Odsal was set when 42,685 saw England defeat New Zealand 25–9; the first floodlit rugby match in the North of England was held at Odsal in 1951. In September 1951, Council Engineer Ernest Wardley drew up a plan for a 92,000 capacity'European' style stadium, at a cost of £250,000. £50,000 was spent on terracing the Rooley Avenue end in 1964, before the Wardley plan was dropped the following year. After a disastrous 1960 season, the Panthers left Odsal and in 1961 moved across town to the Greenfield Stadium, better known for greyhound racing. After the Panthers folded in 1962, Motorcycle Speedway would not return to Bradford for another 10 years. Speedway returned to Odsal when promoters Les Whaley, Mike Parker and Bill Bridgett moved the British League Division Two side Nelson Admirals across the Pennines for the final eleven league meetings of the 1970 season and went on to adopt Bradford Northern as their name and red and amber as their colours.
Northern would finish second in Division 2 in 1971, but from there results and attendances declined and the team folded after 1973. The second test of the 1978 Ashes series was played at Odsal, with Great Britain defeating Australia before a crowd of 26,761; the Lions team that day featured what was called a "Dad's Army" front row with Jim Mills, Tony Fisher and Brian Lockwood all being over the age of 30. The ground's clubhouse had to be refurbished; the social facilities were upgraded at the same time. Speedway returned to Odsal in 1985 after a ten-year absence when it was selected by the FIM to host the 1985 World Final. Following the Valley Parade fire disaster of 1985, Bradford City played a handful of games at Leeds Road and Elland Road whilst the future of Valley Parade was decided. On 23 September 1985, a Football League delegation visited Odsal to view the stadium to pass it fit to host City's home games. Segregation fences were erected on the old Main Stand side and 1,000 uncovered seats were bolted onto the terracing – it was planned to install 7,000 in the future.
Meanwhile, a further £1 million was spent to conform with new safety standards – bringing the total spent on Odsal to £3.5 million. New boundary walls, exit gates
Jenna Grattan is a Canadian former professional wrestler better known by her ring name Portia Perez. Perez teamed with Nicole Matthews as The Canadian NINJAs, they are former two-time Shimmer Tag Team Champions. Perez made her professional debut in mid-2004 for Professional Wrestling Entertainment. While still in high school, Portia took bookings with many companies in Quebec and Ontario, including the promotion she trained with: Universal Wrestling Alliance. In 2005, Perez began accepting bookings in the United States, making her United States debut for Cleveland All Pro Wrestling, she competed for several other American companies, such as Heartland Wrestling Association in Cincinnati, IWA East Coast in Charleston, West Virginia. Perez debuted for Shimmer Women Athletes in May 2006. Perez missed all of her June and July 2007 dates after suffering a broken hand in a match against MsChif at Shimmer Women Athletes's show of June 2, she returned to action at Ring of Honor's show of July 27 in Long Island.
In October 2007, Perez formed a regular tag team with Nicole Matthews dubbed The Canadian NINJAs. She began a feud with Allison Danger at Shimmer's July 2008, show. On May 3, 2009, at the tapings of Volume 26 Perez and Matthews defeated Ashley Lane and Nevaeh to win the Shimmer Tag Team Championship, they held the title for 692 days, before losing them to Hiroyo Matsumoto and Misaki Ohata on March 26, 2011. On October 2, the Ninjas failed in their attempt to win back the championship, losing to Ayumi Kurihara and Ayako Hamada. In March 2012, at the tapings of Volume 48, The NINJAs participated in a four-way elimination tag team match, but were the final team eliminated by Courtney Rush and Sara Del Rey, who won the Shimmer Tag Team Championship. On July 7, Perez and Matthews defeated Rush and Del Rey at an NCW Femmes Fatales event to win the Shimmer Tag Team Championship for the second time, they lost the title to the Global Green Gangsters on April 14, 2013, at the tapings of Volume 57. On December 15, 2008 Perez was defeated by Angelina Love in a dark match for TNA Wrestling.
On January 10, 2009, Perez made her Jersey All Pro Wrestling debut defeating Jennifer Blake. On August 1, she unsuccessfully challenged the JAPW Women's Champion Sara Del Rey for her title; the following year, on January 9, Mia Yim lost to The Addiction. In Anarchy Championship Wrestling, Perez defeated Rachel Summerlyn to be crowned the first ACW American Joshi Champion on August 23. On January 17, 2010, at Guilty By Association, Perez lost the American Joshi Championship to Summerlyn. On June 27, Perez was crowned the 2010 ACW Queen of Queens and captured the ACW American Joshi title for the second time. On November 12, 2011, Perez won the ACW Heavyweight Championship in the first round of the 2011 Lone Star Classic, defeating former champion Darin Childs and Summerlyn in a three-way. Perez lost the title on the same night, as she was defeated in the semi-final of the tournament by JT LaMotta, due to interference by Robert Evans. In early 2009 Grattan took part in the first season tapings of Wrestlicious, which began airing in March 2010.
In the promotion she appears as "Faith" and teams with regular partner Nicole Matthews, who portrays "Hope". She debuted on the fifth episode on March 31, teaming with Hope in a losing effort against the team of Charlotte and Paige Webb. Perez defeated Kylie Pierce at the debut show of NCW Femmes Fatales in September 2009 by cheating. At the following show, on February 5, 2010, she was defeated by Mercedes Martinez. Due to being one-half of the SHIMMER Tag Team Champions she entered the tournament to determine the first NXW Femmes Fatales Champion and in the first round she defeated PJ Tyler. In January 2006, Portia took part in her first international tour, spending four weeks in Ireland's Irish Whip Wrestling and England's All Star Wrestling. Perez made her Mexican wrestling debut in June 2006 as a masked competitor named Xtasis, she spent three weeks competing for Lucha Libre Feminil as well as appearing for Lucha Libre AAA World Wide. Perez returned to Europe in November 2006. During her trip, Perez took part in the Queens of Chaos 2 tournament in Paris and debuted for Real Quality Wrestling in London's York Hall, challenging RQW Women's Champion "Jezebel" Eden Black.
She returned to Europe for a third time in April 2007, wrestling shows in England and Ireland over the course of four weeks. On September 23, 2011, Perez made her Japanese debut for the Universal Woman's Pro Wrestling Reina promotion, when she and Nicole Matthews entered the Reina World Tag Team Championship tournament, defeating Mia Yim and Sara Del Rey in their first round match; the following day and Matthews were defeated in the finals of the tournament by La Comandante and Zeuxis. Perez returned to Japan on January 2013, to work for the World Wonder Ring Stardom promotion. For the appearance, Perez teamed up with Kellie Skater and Tomoka Nakagawa as "Team Shimmer" in the Artist of Stardom Championship tournament, defeating Planet in their first round match; that same day however, the trio were defeated in the final of the tournament by Kawasaki Katsushika Saikyou Densetsu Plus One. On January 19, Perez defeated Natsumi Showzuki in a singles match at another Stardom event; the following day, Perez, in her final match of the tour, teamed with Skater in a tag team match, which they lost to Hiroyo Matsumoto and Yuzuki Aikawa.
On October 10, 2015, Perez announced she would be forced to retire from professional wrestling due to a major n