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Gray's Anatomy

Gray's Anatomy is an English written textbook of human anatomy written by Henry Gray and illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter. Earlier editions were called Anatomy: Descriptive and Surgical, Anatomy of the Human Body and Gray's Anatomy: Descriptive and Applied, but the book's name is shortened to, editions are titled, Gray's Anatomy; the book is regarded as an influential work on the subject, has continued to be revised and republished from its initial publication in 1858 to the present day. The latest edition of the book, the 41st, was published in September 2015; the English anatomist Henry Gray was born in 1827. He studied the development of the endocrine glands and spleen and in 1853 was appointed Lecturer on Anatomy at St George's Hospital Medical School in London. In 1855, he approached his colleague Henry Vandyke Carter with his idea to produce an inexpensive and accessible anatomy textbook for medical students. Dissecting unclaimed bodies from workhouse and hospital mortuaries through the Anatomy Act of 1832, the two worked for 18 months on what would form the basis of the book.

Their work was first published in 1858 by John William Parker in London. It was dedicated by Gray to 1st Baronet. An imprint of this English first edition was published in the United States in 1859, with slight alterations. Gray prepared a second, revised edition, published in the United Kingdom in 1860 by J. W. Parker. However, Gray died the following year, at the age of 34, having contracted smallpox while treating his nephew, his death had come just three years after the initial publication of his Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical. So, the work on his much-praised book was continued by others. Longman's publication began in 1863, after their acquisition of the J. W. Parker publishing business; this coincided with the publication date of the third British edition of Gray's Anatomy. Successive British editions of Gray's Anatomy continued to be published under the Longman, more Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier imprints, reflecting further changes in ownership of the publishing companies over the years.

The full American rights were purchased by Blanchard and Lea, who published the first of twenty-five distinct American editions of Gray's Anatomy in 1862, whose company became Lea & Febiger in 1908. Lea & Febiger continued publishing the American editions until the company was sold in 1990; the first American publication was edited by Richard James Dunglison, whose father Robley Dunglison was physician to Thomas Jefferson. Dunglison edited the next four editions; these were: the Second American Edition. W. W. Keen edited the next two editions, namely: the New American from the Eleventh English Edition. In September 1896, reference to the English edition was dropped and it was published as the Fourteenth Edition, edited by Bern B. Gallaudet, F. J. Brockway, J. P. McMurrich, who edited the Fifteenth Edition. There is an edition dated 1896 which does still reference the English edition stating it is "A New Edition, Thoroughly Revised by American Authorities, from the thirteenth English Edition" and edited by T. Pickering Pick, F.

R. C. S. and published by Lea Brothers & Co. Philadelphia and New York; the Sixteenth Edition was edited by J. C. DaCosta, the Seventeenth by DaCosta and E. A. Spitzka. Spitzka edited the Eighteenth and Nineteenth editions, in October 1913, R. Howden edited the New American from the Eighteenth English Edition; the "American" editions continued with consecutive numbering from the Twentieth onwards, with W. H. Lewis editing the 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th. Charles Mayo Goss edited the 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th. Carmine D. Clemente extensively revised the 30th edition. With the sale of Lea & Febiger in 1990, the 30th edition was the last American Edition. Sometimes separate editing efforts with mismatches between British and American edition numbering led to the existence, for many years, of two main "flavours" or "branches" of Gray's Anatomy: the U. S. and the British one. This can cause misunderstandings and confusion when quoting from or trying to purchase a certain edition. For example, a comparison of publishing histories shows that the American numbering kept apace with the British up until the 16th editions in 1905, with the American editions either acknowledging the English edition, or matching the numbering in the 14th, 15th and 16th editions.

The American numbering crept ahead, with the 17th American edition published in 1908, while the 17th British edition was published in 1909. This increased to a three-year gap for the 18th and 19th editions, leading to the 1913 publication of the New American from the Eighteenth English, which brought the numbering back into line. Both 20th editions were published in the same year. Thereafter, it was the British numbering that pushed ahead, with the 21st British edition in 1920, the 21st American edition in 1924; this discrepancy continued to increase, so that the 30th British edition was published in 1949, while the 30th and last American edition was published in 1984. The newest, 41st edition of Gray's Anatomy was published on 25 September 2015 by Elsevier in both print and online versions

Guichen Bay Conservation Park

Guichen Bay Conservation Park is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia overlooking Guichen Bay located in the gazetted locality of Mount Benson about 8 kilometres north of the town centre of Robe. The conservation park consists of land in sections 360, 361, 555, 575 and 576 in the cadastral unit of the Hundred of Waterhouse. Sections 360 and 361 were proclaimed on 27 July 1976 as the Guichen Bay National Park under the National Parks Act 1966. On 27 April 1972, it was reconstituted as the Guichen Bay Conservation Park under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972. Section 555 was added to the conservation park on 9 September 1976 followed by Sections 575 and 576 on 21 March 1991; as of 2018, it covered an area of 1.27 square kilometres. The following statements sourced from the conservation park’s management plan and the now-discontinued Register of the National Estate summarises its conservation significance:The Park contains some of the Guichen Bay beach ridge plain.

Because of its inaccessibility this Park is visited by people. The dense coastal heath provides a home for the secretive Dasyornis broadbenti, while along the seashore dotterels and oystercatchers are common; the conservation park is classified as an IUCN Category III protected area. In 1980, it was listed on the now-defunct Register of the National Estate. Protected areas of South Australia Guichen Bay Conservation Park webpage on protected planet Guichen Bay Conservation Park webpage on the BirdsSA website

Spring Fire Department

The Spring Fire Department is a combination fire department located 25 miles north of downtown Houston, Texas in unincorporated Harris County in the community of Spring, Texas. SFD is contracted by Harris County Emergency Services District #7 to provide Fire and Rescue services to 150,000+ citizens that reside within the 62-square-mile boundaries of HCESD#7; as a part of the fire departments dispatched by Cypress Creek EMS, our department's designation for all units start with the number 7. The fire suppression district in which Spring Fire Department serves, has emergency medical services that are provided by Cypress Creek EMS, as the Spring Fire Department has no ambulances; the department does however provide BLS first responder services on priority medical calls such as cardiac and respiratory problems. The Spring Volunteer Fire Association received its initial charter on April 29, 1953 and started out with seven volunteer members and was called the Spring Volunteer Fire Department; the SVFA/SVFD was funded by private donations, including equipment donations from other departments.

In 1983, the members of the department formed Harris County Rural Fire Prevention District #1. This allowed the collection of ad valorem tax up to 3 cents per $100 valuation. In 1997, the members of the department and RFPD #1 had an election to form Harris County Emergency Services District #7. An Emergency Services District can assess an ad valorem tax up to 10 cents per $100 valuation; this means that the owner of a house, valued at $100,000 pays $100 per year for fire protection for all of its occupants. In the mid 2010s it was decided to rebrand the "Spring Volunteer Fire Department" to the "Spring Fire Department" since the organization evolved from a volunteer fire department to a combination fire department

The Night Before Christmas (1913 film)

The Night Before Christmas is a 1913 silent film made in the Russian Empire by Ladislas Starevich, based on the tale of the same name by Nikolai Gogol. Unlike most of Starevich's films, it is live-action; the plot is, on the whole, close to Gogol's classic tale. The action is set in a Ukrainian village. On Christmas Eve, a minor demon arrives to a local witch called Solokha, they both ride on the witch's broom. In the ensuing darkness, some inebriated Cossacks can't find their way to a shinok and decide to go home. One by one, they each come to visit Soloha, who hides each one in bags so that none of them see each other. At the same time, Solokha's son Vakula the Metalsmith, tries to woo the beauty Oksana, but she laughs at him and demands that he find her the shoes which the Tsarina wears. Vakula goes to Soloha in sadness, but upon coming there sees the bags and decides to take them to the forge. Getting tired along the way, he leaves the heaviest bags on the street, which are picked up by a caroling company.

Vakula, left only with the bag containing the demon, goes to Patsyuk, a sorcerer, to ask him how to find a demon - only with the help of a demon can he hope to get Tsarina's shoes. The Patsyuk answers. Vakula takes it as some kind of a murky wise say, but indeed finds the demon in the bag and forces him to take him to St. Petersburg. There, Prince Potemkin takes him for an ambassador of the Zaporozhian Cossacks and gives him Tsarina's shoes; the demon takes Vakula home and Vakula lets him go. Oksana agrees to marry Vakula; the first time that an adaptation of The Night Before Christmas was filmed, true to the letter and spirit of the original. In this film Ladislas Starevich combined in one scene live stop motion animation; this occurs in the scene with the hopping galushkis at Patsyuk's place, in the scene where the demon shrinks and hides in Vakula's pocket. From the journal "Kino-theatre and life": "The Night Before Christmas" is a well written and acted cinema piece. Of all artists, who by-and-large performed well, it is impossible not to distinguish the makeup and acting of Mr. Mozzhukhin in the role of the demon.

The fantastic sections of Soloha's flight on a broom and Vakula's on the demon are not carried off well, but the spectacular trick of the demon's shrinking was skillfully done. This picture will have success in Russia as a live illustration to the work of literature well- known to all the Russian public. From the journal "Cinematography news": Some scenes - such as, e.g. the scene at Soloha's, meeting the Stanitsa Head fetched out of the bag by Chub, Patsyuk's dinner and many others - shine with distinctively Gogolian humour and play over the incessant laughter of the public... The film is made excellently, including the minute details which create the reality of the Ukrainian life. History of Russian animation List of stop-motion films The Night Before Christmas Media related to The Night Before Christmas at Wikimedia Commons The Night Before Christmas on IMDb The Night Before Christmas on YouTube

Ennis Municipal Airport

Ennis Municipal Airport is a city-owned public airport in Ennis, Ellis County, United States, located 2 nautical miles west of the central business district. The airport has no ICAO designation. Ennis Municipal Airport covers 30 acres at an elevation of 500 ft above mean sea level and has one runway: Runway 15/33: 3,999 x 50 ft. Surface: AsphaltFor the 12-month period ending 4 April 2016, the airport had 3,720 aircraft operations, averaging 10 per day: 97% general aviation and 3% military. 12 aircraft were based at this airport: 83% single-engine and 17% multi-engine. Initial consideration for a replacement airport began in 2005 to address maintenance problems and a lack of space. An economic feasibility assessment was done for a new 490 ac airport—with a 5,000 ft runway capable of handling business jets—adjacent to a new 300 ac business park. Moving the airport would allow the redevelopment of 1,200 acres of land for residential purposes, proceeds from the sale of the existing airport site will be applied to the new airport project.

By September 2008, a provisional site was selected near the Texas Motorplex, with grants from the State Airport Fuel Fund and the FAA to cover 90% of the cost, the city the other 10%, with only the environmental assessment awaiting completion. However, the plans were shelved by early 2010 due to economic pressure and FAA funding cuts; the proposal has been revived as of late 2017. 10 January 1998: An Aero Commander 500B, registration number N556BW, struck power lines and terrain during an attempted single-engine go-around. After departing from nearby Lancaster Municipal Airport, the right-hand engine lost power, the pilots shut it down and initiated a precautionary landing on Runway 15 at Ennis Municipal; the rated passenger remarked that the approach "seemed textbook perfect," but the pilots initiated a go-around for unknown reasons. As the flying pilot raised the flaps and began raising the landing gear, the nose pitched up, the "left wing started up in what to be a VMC roll." The craft clipped power lines and impacted the ground in a right-wing-low attitude, coming to rest inverted.

The post-crash investigation revealed a history of uncorrected problems with the right-hand engine and found that the aircraft was improperly loaded. The accident was attributed to "failure of the flight crew to maintain minimum control speed during go-around from a single-engine approach, which resulted in loss of control and collision with power lines and the ground. Related factors were: a ruptured diaphragm in the distributor valve of the right engine's fuel injector system, which resulted in loss of power in the right engine. "Ennis, Ennis Municipal". at Texas DOT Airport Directory Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for F41 AirNav airport information for KF41 FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures

Jack Green (geologist)

Jack Green was a geologist and geology professor at California State University Long Beach. His active research covered topics such as general volcanology and economic geology, as well as mineralogy, lunar protolife, lunar volcanism, water on the moon and astrobiology, his passion for volcanology and the moon involved trying to prove that lunar craters were volcanic rather than the results of asteroid impacts, therefore, there would be water on the moon which would support life. He collaborated with Urey, Shoemaker and others during the "Space Age" heyday, was active in planning several conferences on remote sensing and the moon. Jack Green became best known for his 1971 book, co-edited with Nicholas Short, Volcanic landforms and surface features, a photographic atlas and glossary. Publications included "Implications for Lunar Volcanism and Proto-Life Based on Discoveries of Lunar Water" and the paper "Academic Aspects of Lunar Water Resources and Their Relevance to Lunar Protolife"