University of Novi Sad
The University of Novi Sad is a public university in Serbia. It is one of the most important educational and research centers in South Eastern Europe with around 50,000 students and 3,700 staff members, it is composed of 14 faculties and three institutes located in four university cities - Novi Sad, Sombor and Zrenjanin. It belongs to the group of comprehensive universities, which are characterized by providing nearly all fields of science and higher education; the University of Novi Sad was being caste in a special milieu built by generations of foremost intellectuals, as well as institutions of particular national significance, in the towns of Vojvodina. Their duration is measured in centuries; the foundation of higher education in today's Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia as a whole, were laid around 1740, with the establishment of the seminary named Collegium Vissariono-Pawlovicsianum Petrovaradinense in Novi Sad. Among the most prominent forerunners of the University of Novi Sad were Norma - school for the education of Serbian teachers, founded in Sombor in 1778, Preparandija, a teachers' college founded in 1812 in Szentendre, whose seat moved to Sombor in 1816.
The most significant role in the development of scientific thought from the 19th century onwards is held by Matica Srpska, the oldest cultural and scientific institution of the Serbian people, founded in 1826 in Pest, whose seat was relocated to Novi Sad in 1864. The development of legal sciences and education on the territory of today's Vojvodina was influenced by the Faculty of Law in Subotica, established in 1920; the great synthesis of aspirations, visions and achievements in the field of science and education took place in 1960, when the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Law on establishment of the University of Novi Sad, which brought together founded faculties into a unique academic community of Novi Sad. The University of Novi Sad connects people and time, its Faculties and Institutes are situated in four historic cities of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, in the north of the Republic of Serbia. The seat of the University is in Novi Sad, with the central campus situated on the bank of the river Danube, in the vicinity of the famous Petrovaradin Fortress, built in the 18th century, the old city center.
The following units are situated at the same location: Faculty of Philosophy, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Sciences, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Scientific Institute of Food Technology, BioSense Institute, the Department of the Faculty of Economics, whose headquarters is in Subotica. The Faculty of Medicine, Academy of Arts and the Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment are located in other parts of the city for practical purposes; the Faculty of Economics, the Faculty of Civil Engineering and the Teachers' Training Faculty in the Hungarian Language are situated in Subotica. Sombor is the seat of the Faculty of Education, Zrenjanin is the seat of the Technical Faculty "Mihajlo Pupin". All these institutions are accredited. Since 2016, the University of Novi Sad has been the headquarters of the Alliance of State Universities of the Republic of Serbia, which comprises all universities founded by the State, as well as the seat of the Doctoral School of Mathematics, which connects, on the national level, leading mathematicians from several universities in the Republic of Serbia.
An important role in the creation of future of the University of Novi Sad is held by the Center for Strategic and Advanced Studies, established in 2016. The University of Novi Sad offers around 400 accredited study programs at the level of Bachelor, Master and Doctoral studies, carried out at its faculties and within its Centers for Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies; the study programs are up-to-date with the latest developments in science and research. Along with the Faculties and Centers, three Scientific Institutes have a significant role in creating a solid scientific base for the process of continuous modernization of the educational offer. About 58% of students at the undergraduate studies are women, with 1,200 at postgraduate master’s and specialist studies and 2,374 attained doctoral degrees of which 32% women; the University of Novi Sad has a well-developed research infrastructure and great potential for innovation. The Central Library and the Faculty and Institute libraries offer a rich array of publications that cover all relevant scientific areas and enable access to large electronic databases.
Resulting from a special agreement on cooperation, researchers and students have access to the Matica Srpska Library, the oldest Serbian scientific and cultural institution, founded in 1826, which offers more than three million publications. The University encompasses around 250 laboratories. Of special significance to the strengthening of innovativeness is the Technology Park of the University of Novi Sad. With the support of the Faculty of Technical Sciences, around 140 start-up and spin-off companies have been founded in the IT sector, employing young engineers who graduated from the University of Novi Sad; some of these companies implement projects for large international corporations and have contributed to Novi Sad becoming recognized internationally as a "Software Valley". Project teams and prominent researchers from the University of Novi Sad have been the recipients of numerous international and national awards for the best technical innovations. There are several accredited center of excellence at the University of Novi Sad.
The BioSense Institute, formed within the Faculty of Technical Sciences, was proclaimed by the Eur
Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia, the capital of the autonomous province of Vojvodina and the administrative centre of the South Bačka District. It is located in the southern portion of the Pannonian Plain on the border of the Bačka and Srem geographical regions. Lying on the banks of the Danube river, the city faces the northern slopes of Fruška Gora. According to the 2011 census, Novi Sad proper has a population of 250,439, while the entire urban area of Novi Sad comprises 277,522 inhabitants; the population of the administrative area of the city, which includes its suburbs, totals 341,625 people. Novi Sad was founded in 1694 when Serb merchants formed a colony across the Danube from the Petrovaradin fortress, a strategic Habsburg military post. In the following centuries, it transformed into an important trading and manufacturing centre as well as a centre of Serbian culture, earning it the nickname Serbian Athens; the city was devastated in the 1848 Revolution, but was subsequently rebuilt and restored.
Today, along with the Serbian capital city of Belgrade, Novi Sad is an industrial and financial centre important to the Serbian economy. Novi Sad was selected to be a European Capital of Culture for the year 2021; the name Novi Sad means'new orchard' in Serbian. Its Latin name, stemming from the establishment of city rights, is'Neoplanta'; the official names of Novi Sad used by the local administration are: In both Croatian and Romanian, which are used in the provincial administration, the city is called'Novi Sad'. It was called'Neusatz' in German. In its wider meaning, the name Grad Novi Sad refers to the'City of Novi Sad', one of the city-level administrative units of Serbia. Novi Sad could refer to the urban areas of the City of Novi Sad, as well as only to the historical core located on the left Danube bank, i.e.'Novi Sad proper'. Human habitation in the territory of present-day Novi Sad has been traced as far back as the Stone Age. Several settlements and necropolises dating to 5000 BC were unearthed during the construction of a new boulevard in Avijatičarsko Naselje.
A settlement was identified on the right bank of the river Danube in present-day Petrovaradin. In antiquity, the region was inhabited by Celtic tribes, most notably the Scordisci. Celts were present in the area since the 4th century BC and founded the first fortress on the right bank of the Danube. In the 1st century BC, the region was conquered by the Romans. During Roman rule, a larger fortress was built in the 1st century, with the name Cusum, was included in the Roman province of Pannonia. In the 5th century, Cusum was devastated by Hunnic invasions. By the end of the same century, the Byzantines had reconstructed the town and called it by the names Petrikon or Petrikov after Saint Peter. Slavic tribes such as the Severians, the Obotrites and the Serbs settled today's region around Novi Sad in the 6th and 7th centuries; the Serbs absorbed the aforementioned Slavic groups as well as the Paleo-Balkanic peoples of the region. In the Middle Ages, the area was subsequently controlled by the Ostrogoths, Avars, West Slavic groups, again by the Byzantines, by the Hungarians.
It became a part of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary between the 12th centuries. Hungarians began to settle in the area, which before that time was populated by Slavs, the place was first mentioned under the Hungarian variant Peturwarad or Pétervárad, which derived from the Byzantine variant, found in documents from 1237; that same year, several other settlements were mentioned as existing in the territory of modern-day urban Novi Sad. From the 13th century to the 16th century, the following settlements existed within the territory of the urban areas of modern-day Novi Sad: on the right bank of the Danube: Pétervárad and Kamanc. on the left bank of the Danube: Baksa or Baksafalva, Kűszentmárton, Bivalyos or Bivalo, Vásárosvárad or Várad, Zajol I, Zajol II, Bistritz. Some other settlements existed in the suburbs of Novi Sad: Mortályos, Keménd, Rév. An etymology of settlement names reveals that some designations are of Slavic origin, which indicates that the areas were inhabited by Slavs the West Slavs.
For example, Bivalo was a large Slavic settlement dating from the 5th–6th centuries. Other names are of Hungarian origin, indicating that the settlements were inhabited by Hungarians before the Ottoman invasion in the 16th century; some settlement names are of uncertain origin. Tax records from 1522 show a mix of Hungarian and Slavic names among the inhabitants of these villages, including Slavic names like Bozso, Radonya, etc. Following the Ottoman invasion in the 16th–17th centuries, some of these settlements were destroyed. Most of the surviving Hungarian inhabitants retreated from this area; some of the settlements were populated by ethnic Serbs. Between 1526 and
Salajka known as Slavija, is an urban neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. The western and southern border of Salajka is Kisačka ulica, the eastern border is Temerinska ulica, the northern border is Danube-Tisa-Danube channel; the neighbouring city quarters are: Podbara in the east, Stari Grad in the south, Rotkvarija in the south-west, Banatić, Pervazovo Naselje and Industrijska Zona Jug in the west, Vidovdansko Naselje in the north, across the channel. Between 1980 and 1989, the seat of the Slavija municipality, one of the former seven municipalities of Novi Sad City, was located in Salajka; the play ground of the football club "Slavija" is located in Salajka. Neighborhoods of Novi Sad Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002. Zoran Rapajić, Novi Sad bez tajni, Beograd, 2002. Milorad Grujić, Vodič kroz Novi Sad i okolinu, Novi Sad, 2004. Detailed map of Novi Sad and Salajka
Adamovićevo Naselje is an urban neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. The northern border of Adamovićevo Naselje is Futoška ulica, the eastern borders are Ulica Vojvode Knićanina and Ulica Kola srpskih sestara, the southern border is Bulevar cara Lazara, the western border is Bulevar Evrope. In other words, Adamovićevo Naselje is located between Liman 4 in the south, Grbavica in the east, Telep in the west, Sajmište with Provincial hospital in the north. There are two schools in Adamovićevo Naselje: Vasa Stajić elementary school, April 7 secondary school of medicine; this part of the city is composed of private houses, but in recent time, more tier buildings have been built on major artery, Cara Dušana Street. The Institute for public health of Vojvodina and University of Novi Sad Institute for poplar research are situated within the neighborhood. Adamovićevo Naselje is home to some of the city's wealthiest families, it houses business headquarters and/or private homes of the owners of "Swisslion", "Matijević" (meat industry, "Aleksandar", "Rodić MB".
In year 2006, "Subotički bulevar" was built. It is located in the place where railway tracks used to run through, on the western border of Adamovićevo Naselje. Since completion of the new boulevard, many tier buildings were built in this area, with many more being under construction, its old name was Daranjijevo Naselje. In 1927, it was named Adamovićevo Naselje after a famous Adamović family; until 1944, name Adamovićevo Naselje was used for both, present-day Adamovićevo Naselje and present-day Telep, but since 1944, Telep is considered a separate neighborhood. Seat of the local municipality "7. Juli" is located in Adamovićevo Naselje, in Miše Dimitrijevića street. There are several religious buildings in the neighborhood: Protestant theological college Christian Baptist Church and Evangelic Church Religious building of Protestant Christian Community Jehovah's Witnesses prayer hall Masjid of Islamic Religious Community Franciscan monastery of Saint Ivan Kapistran Uniate monastery Lines 2, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56 and 70 of municipal transportation company JGSP Novi Sad are going through or pass by Adamovićevo naselje.
Neighborhoods of Novi Sad Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002. Zoran Rapajić, Novi Sad bez tajni, Beograd, 2002. 30 godina mesne zajednice "7. Juli" u Novom Sadu 1974-2004, Novi Sad, 2004
Administrative divisions of Serbia
The administrative divisions of Serbia are regulated by the Government of Serbia Enactment of 29 January 1992, by the Law on Territorial Organization adopted by the National Assembly of Serbia on 29 December 2007. Serbia is divided into 29 districts by the Enactment of 29 January 1992, while the units of the territorial organization are: municipalities and cities and autonomous provinces, by the Law on Territorial Organization. Autonomous provincesSerbia has two autonomous provinces: Vojvodina in the north and Kosovo and Metohija in the south; the province of Vojvodina has government. It enjoys autonomy on certain matters, such as infrastructure, science and culture; the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija has been transferred to the administration of UNMIK since June 1999, following the Kosovo War. In February 2008, the Government of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia, a move recognized by 113 countries but not recognized by Serbia, China, Spain, Georgia, Indonesia or the United Nations.
Statistical regionsThe five statistical regions of Serbia are: Vojvodina Belgrade Šumadija and Western Serbia Southern and Eastern Serbia Kosovo and Metohija Districts are the first level administrative subdivisions of the country and largest entities, constituted of municipalities and cities. Districts have no assemblies of their own. Districts are not defined by the Law on Territorial Organisation, but are organised under the Government's Enactment of 29 January 1992. Serbia is divided into 29 districts. MunicipalitiesSerbia is divided into 145 municipalities and 29 cities, which form the basic units of local government; each municipality has a municipal president, public service property and a budget. Municipalities have more than 10,000 inhabitants. Municipalities comprise local communities, which correspond to settlements in the rural areas. Urban areas are divided into local communities, their roles include communication of elected municipal representatives with citizens, organization of citizen initiatives related with public service and communal issues.
They are presided over by councils, elected in semi-formal elections, whose members are volunteers. The role of local communities is far more important in rural areas. Cities Cities are another type of local self-government. Territories with the status of "city" have more than 100,000 inhabitants, but are otherwise similar to municipalities. There are each having an assembly and budget of its own. Only cities have mayors, although the presidents of the municipalities are referred to as "mayors" in everyday usage; the city may or may not be divided into "city municipalities". Six cities, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje comprise several municipalities, divided into urban and suburban areas. Competences of cities and their municipalities are divided. Of those, only Novi Sad did not undergo the full transformation, as the newly formed municipality of Petrovaradin exists only formally. Although the Serbian laws treat Kosovo as every other part of Serbia, divide it into 5 districts, 28 municipalities and 1 city, the UNMIK administration adopted new territorial organisation of Kosovo in 2000.
This move is recognized by the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. According to the new subdivision, Kosovo is divided into 37 municipalities; the "Serb" districts function in the areas where Kosovo Serbs live, but are only recognized by Serbs, while the "UNMIK" districts, which function in all of Kosovo, are recognized only by Kosovo Albanians. Historical administrative divisions of Serbia Statistical regions of Serbia Districts of Serbia Municipalities and cities of Serbia Cities and towns in Serbia Cities and villages in Vojvodina Populated places in SerbiaISO 3166-2:RS Balinovac, Zoran M.. Miklič, Peter, ed. "The government and state administration system in the Republic of Serbia – compilation of laws and explanatory articles". Translated by Čavoški, Aleksandra. Belgrade: Dial, Grafolik. ISBN 86-902823-3-5
Veliki Rit, Novi Sad
Veliki Rit is an urban neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. Name "veliki rit" means "big marsh" in Serbian. Veliki Rit is located in the northern part of Novi Sad between Klisa and Slana Bara in the west, Mišin Salaš and Mali Beograd in the south, Deponija in the north, Radna Zona Sever 4 in the east. Veliki Rit is the largest ethnic Romani neighborhood in Novi Sad, its population numbering 2,500 inhabitants, of whom 70-90% are refugees from Kosovo and south Serbia. According to another source, population of Veliki Rit include 350 Romani families, of whom 150 are refugees from Kosovo. There are some 30 Ashkali families in the settlement as well; the Society of Roma Veliki Rit is an ethnic Roma organization located in the neighborhood, whose purpose is to cooperate with other Roma societies and to improve economical status of Roma people in the neighborhood. Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002. Zoran Rapajić, Novi Sad bez tajni, Beograd, 2002. Neighborhoods of Novi Sad List of Roma settlements Health situation of Roma people in Novi Sad and Veliki Rit About Veliki Rit
Rimski Šančevi is an urban neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. It is an industrial zone, but it is a residential area as well, its name means "the Roman trenches". It was named like this because of land shapes. Although, these land shapes are of unknown origin, they were named "rimski" because of the popular belief that old Romans created them. However, modern researchers agree that Romans were not builders of the trenches - it is most that trenches were built in the 3rd and 4th century by old Sarmatians. Neighborhood is located in northern part of Novi Sad, near neighborhoods of Klisa and Gornje Livade and Deponija industrial zone. There is a meteorological station in Rimski Šančevi. Neighborhoods of Novi Sad Industrial zones in Novi Sad Enciklopedija Novog Sada, knjiga 23, Novi Sad, 2004. Program radova na uređivanju građevinskog zemljišta za 2003. Godinu, Zavod Za Izgradnju Grada, Novi Sad. Weather for Rimski Šančevi Weather Report for Rimski Šančevi