Grease is a 1971 musical by Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey. Named after the 1950s United States working-class youth subculture known as greasers, the musical is set in 1959 at fictional Rydell High School and follows ten working-class teenagers as they navigate the complexities of peer pressure, personal core values, love; the score borrows from the sounds of early rock and roll. In its original production in Chicago, Grease was a raunchy, aggressive, vulgar show. Subsequent productions toned it down; the show mentions social issues such as peer pressure and gang violence. Jacobs described the show's basic plot as a subversion of common tropes of 1950s cinema, since the female lead, who in many 1950s films transformed the alpha male into a more sensitive and sympathetic character, is instead drawn into the man's influence and transforms into his fantasy. Grease was first performed in 1971 in the original Kingston Mines nightclub in Chicago. From there, it has been successful on both stage and screen, but the content has been diluted and its teenage characters have become less Chicago habitués and more generic.
At the time that it closed in 1980, Grease's 3,388-performance run was the longest yet in Broadway history, although it was surpassed by A Chorus Line on September 29, 1983. It went on to become a West End hit, a successful feature film, two popular Broadway revivals in 1994 and 2007, a staple of regional theatre, summer stock, community theatre, high school and middle school drama groups, it remains Broadway's 16th longest-running show. Grease was adapted in 1978 as a feature film named Grease, which removed some plot elements and songs while adding new songs and elaborating on some plot elements only alluded to in the musical; some of these revisions have been incorporated into revivals of the musical. A 2016 live TV musical used elements from both the film. A 1982 film sequel, Grease 2, included only a few supporting characters from musical, it had no involvement from Jacobs or Casey, Jacobs is on record disapproving of Grease 2. The show's original production was directed by Guy Barile, choreographed by Ronna Kaye and produced by the Kingston Mines Theater Company founded by June Pyskacek on Chicago's Lincoln Avenue.
The script was based on Jim Jacobs' experience at Chicago. Warren Casey collaborated with Jim and together they wrote the music and lyrics, it ran for eight months. The cast: Doug Stevenson, Leslie Goto, Sue Williams, Polly Pen, Gary Houston, Marilu Henner, James Canning, Hedda Lubin, Bruce Hickey, Sheila Ray Ceaser, Bill Cervetti, Jerry Bolnick, Judy Brubaker, Mike O'Connor, Steve Munro, Barbara Munro, Mac Hamilton and George Lopez. In addition to the "R-rated" profanity and deliberate use of shock value, the Chicago version of Grease included an entirely different songbook, shorter and included multiple references to real Chicago landmarks. Producers Ken Waissman and Maxine Fox made a deal to produce it Off-Broadway; the team headed to New York City to collaborate on the New York production of Grease. The new production, directed by Tom Moore and choreographed by Patricia Birch, opened Off-Broadway at the Eden Theatre in downtown Manhattan on February 14, 1972. Though Grease opened geographically off-Broadway, it did so under first class Broadway contracts.
The show was deemed receiving seven Tony Award nominations. On June 7, 1972, the production moved to the Broadhurst Theatre on Broadway, on November 21, it moved to the Royale Theatre there, where it ran until January 27, 1980. For the five final weeks of the run, the show moved to the larger Majestic Theatre. By the time it closed on April 13, 1980, it had run 3,388 performances; the original Broadway cast included Barry Bostwick as Danny and Carole Demas as Sandy, with Adrienne Barbeau as Rizzo, Timothy Meyers as Kenickie, Alan Paul, Walter Bobbie and Marya Small in supporting roles. Replacements in the run included Jeff Conaway, Gail Edwards, Marilu Henner, Peter Gallagher, Ilene Graff, Judy Kaye, Patrick Swayze, John Travolta, Jerry Zaks, Rex Smith and Treat Williams. Richard Gere was an understudy for many roles in this production, including Danny Zuko, Teen Angel, Vince Fontaine; the first exposure any Grease-related material had received in the United Kingdom was when The Wild Angels released a single containing three of the songs from the musical in 1972.
A full staging of Grease made its London debut at the New London Theatre in June 1973 with a cast that included Richard Gere as Danny, Stacey Gregg as Sandy, Stephen Bent as Roger, Jacqui-Ann Carr as Rizzo, Derek James as Doody. Paul Nicholas and Elaine Paige, in the London production of Hair, took over the leads. Kim Braden would play Sandy, it was revived in London at the Ast
The George Stumpf House is a historic residence in Indianapolis, United States. Located along Meridian Street on the southern side of the city, it was started in 1870 and completed in 1872; the house was built as the home of George Stumpf, a native of Bavaria who moved to Indiana with his family in 1838. A craftsman, Stumpf was both a manufacturer of wagons for much of his working life; as he grew older, his eyes became damaged by the strain of smithing, so he and his wife Elizabeth purchased property on South Meridian Street in northern Perry Township, known as Three Notch Road. Here they began farming. Stumpf and his wife were active in local society: they were members of Zion Evangelical Protestant Church in Indianapolis, they participated in the establishment of the General German Protestant Orphans Home, they were the parents of eight children. He departed from his father's career; the Stumpf House is a symmetrical two-story brick structure with a foundation of fieldstone. Inside, the two floors have similar plans: a center hallway with a stairway is surrounded by four rooms of equal sizes.
An attic sits above the upper story. In its early years, the house was one of two buildings on the property: a small summer house was erected behind the main residence for the use of the farm's employees. George Stumpf chose an elaborate form of the Italianate style of architecture for his home. Aside from the increased height needed by its unusually high attic, the house is a textbook example of the style: it features wide eaves with large wooden brackets, a hip roof, corbelling below the attic, rounded arch windows. Measuring five bays wide, the facade includes shorter attic windows, a recessed entrance with a heavy wooden front door, two large chimneys. None of the house has seen significant modifications, except for the small addition on the rear: this has seen the replacement of its original gable window, the addition of casement and aluminum storm windows to the kitchen, the enclosure of the porch. Although the house's interior deteriorated over the twentieth century, it remained one of the area's best Italianate structures.
It includes many design features common to large Italianate houses in Indiana, such as the symmetrical floor plan with a five-bay facade. In 1979, the Stumpf House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, qualifying because of its significant architecture, it is one of five National Register-listed locations in Perry Township, along with the main administration building of the University of Indianapolis, the Hanna-Ochler-Elder House, the Homecroft Historic District, the Old Southport High School
Carlos Andrés Diogo Enseñat is a Uruguayan former footballer. A player of great physical strength, he operated as a defender or midfielder on the right side of the pitch, he amassed La Liga totals of 120 games and six goals over five seasons, representing in the competition Real Madrid and Zaragoza. He played professionally, other than in his own country, in Argentina and Belgium. Diogo appeared for Uruguay in two Copa América tournaments. Diogo was born in Montevideo, he started his career with River Plate Montevideo and Peñarol, moving to Argentina's Club Atlético River Plate in the 2004–05 season. In July 2005, Diogo signed with Spanish giants Real Madrid as compatriot Pablo García, but found first team opportunities scarce. On 23 August 2006, the club decided to send him to fellow La Liga side Real Zaragoza on a season-long loan. On 6 January 2007, Diogo was involved in a fight with Sevilla FC's Luís Fabiano after stepping on the Brazilian's hand and insulting him, which led to the latter putting the former in a strangle-hold in the closing stages of the game.
This incident was punished with a five-match ban to both players. Due to a serious knee injury, Diogo missed the entire 2008–09 campaign, with the Aragonese now in the second division, he underwent a second operation in April 2009. On 12 December 2009, with Zaragoza back in the top level, Diogo returned to action with a goal, but in a 1–2 league home loss against Athletic Bilbao; the player still contributed with a further 14 appearances. Diogo returned to full fitness in 2010–11, starting in all the league games he took part in as Zaragoza again narrowly escaped relegation, he left the club in July, after failing to negotiate a new deal. Diogo signed a contract with PFC CSKA Sofia in mid-January 2012, but requested to leave the Bulgarian side after only 15 days, conceded. In late September he returned to active football. In June 2013, Diogo agreed to a one-year deal at Belgian Pro League's K. A. A. Gent, He was released in January of the following year. An Uruguay international since 28 March 2003, playing nine minutes in a 2–2 friendly match with Japan in Tokyo, Diogo represented the nation at the 2004 and 2007 Copa América tournaments.
Diogo was the son of footballer Víctor Diogo, who played for Peñarol and with some Brazilian clubs. Argentine League statistics Carlos Diogo at BDFutbol "National team data". Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2017. Carlos Diogo at National-Football-Teams.com Carlos Diogo – FIFA competition record Carlos Diogo at Soccerway