John Russell (rower)
John Michael Russell was a British rower who competed in the 1960 Summer Olympics and the 1964 Summer Olympics. Russell was born on 3rd August 1935 in London. In 1959, he won the Scullers Head of the River Race. In 1960, he was a crew member of the British coxed four, eliminated in the repechage of the coxed four event at the 1960 Summer Olympics. In the same year, he won both the Grand Challenge Cup and the Stewards Challenge Cup at Henley Royal Regatta, he competed at Commonwealth Games, winning two bronze medals. Two years he won a silver medal in the coxless four at the 1964 Summer Olympics with Hugh Wardell-Yerburgh, William Barry and John James
Great Britain at the Olympics
Athletes from the United Kingdom, all but three of its overseas territories, the three Crown dependencies, compete in the Olympic Games as part of the team Great Britain or Team GB. It has sent athletes to every Summer and Winter Games, along with France and Switzerland, since the start of the Olympics' modern era in 1896, including the 1980 and 1984 Summer Olympics, which were boycotted by a number of other nations on each occasion. From 1896 to 2018 inclusive, Great Britain has won 851 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, another 32 at the Winter Olympic Games, it is the only national team to have won at least one Gold Medal at every Summer Games, lying third globally in the winning of total medals, surpassed only by the United States and the former Soviet Union, fourth behind Germany when considering gold medal totals. It is organised by the British Olympic Association as the National Olympic Committee for the UK. While the International Olympic Committee and BOA both refer to the team as'Great Britain' and the team uses the brand name Team GB, the BOA explains that it is a contraction of the full title, the Great Britain and Northern Ireland Olympic Team.
Great Britain was one of 14 teams to compete in the first Games, the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens, is one of only three nations to have competed at every Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The most successful British Olympians by gold medals won are Sir Chris Hoy and Jason Kenny, who have won six gold medals each in track cycling. Sailor Sir Ben Ainslie jointly holds the Great Britain record for most individual Olympic gold medals with Chris Hoy and Sir Mo Farah with four, the most gold medals in a single event with three gold medals - again shared with Jason Kenny, Steve Redgrave and Ed Clancy. Sir Chris Hoy holds the record for gold medals in different events, having reached the top step in four different disciplines – men's kilo, men's team sprint, men's match sprint and men's kierin. Cyclist Sir Bradley Wiggins has the most overall medals by a British Olympian with eight. Sir Steve Redgrave is the only British Olympian to win a gold medal in five consecutive Olympic Games, winning his first in 1984 Los Angeles and last in 2000 Sydney.
With five golds and a bronze, Redgrave is the most successful Olympic male rower of all time. The most successful female Olympian for GB is cyclist Laura Trott, who has four gold medals, while the most decorated female Olympians are Katherine Grainger and Kathleen McKane Godfree, with five medals each - one gold and four silver for Grainger, a gold, two silver and two bronze for McKane Godfree. Alongside five time gold medalist Redgrave, Ainslie and Jack Beresford are the only British Olympians to win medals of any colour in five successive Games. In 1908, the country finished in the Olympic table in first place for the first and only time in its history. Chris Hoy and Jason Kenny are jointly the most successful cyclists in Olympic history and Ben Ainslie, with four golds at consecutive Games and a silver medal, is the most successful sailor in Olympic history. Great Britain has hosted the Summer Games on three occasions – 1908, 1948 and 2012, all in London – second only to the United States.
At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio, Great Britain became the first country to win more medals at a Summer Olympics after hosting a Summer Olympics. This success came 20 years after finishing 36th in the medal table, after winning just one gold and fourteen other medals at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, which led to significant changes into the management and funding of British sports and facilities. At the Winter Olympics as a non-alpine nation Great Britain has been unable to replicate the amount of success they have achieved in the Summer Olympics although in recent years with the expansion of the Winter Olympics to include sports such as Curling, Snowboarding and Freestyle skiing has brought some increased success. Great Britain is the most successful nation in women's skeleton, having won a medal six times, at least one for each time the event has been held, including a gold medal for Amy Williams in 2010, the same for Lizzy Yarnold in 2014 and 2018. Great Britain enjoyed a period of significant success between 1976 and 1984 in figure skating, winning golds in three successive games on the rink.
Prior to the 2014 Games all Britain's Winter Olympic medals had been won in sports performed on ice. Snowboarder Jenny Jones became the first British athlete to win a medal on snow in the 90 years of the winter games when she won a bronze medal in the women's slopestyle event. At the 2018 Games, Izzy Atkin won Britain's first skiing medal, winning a bronze in the women's ski slopestyle; the most successful Winter Olympian from Great Britain is Lizzy Yarnold, with two gold medals in the women’s skeleton. As the National Olympic Committee for the United Kingdom, the British Olympic Association membership encompasses the four Home Nations of the United Kingdom, plus the three Crown dependencies, all but three of
Vincent Paul Nihill is a retired British race walker. He competed in the 50 km event at the 1964, 1968 and 1972 Olympics and won a silver medal in 1964. In 1968 he suffered from the high altitude conditions of Mexico and collapsed at the 44th kilometre, his only defeat in 86 races between 1967 and 1970. After that he focused on the 20 km distance, won a European title in this event in 1969, followed by a bronze medal in 1971. In July 1972 he finished only sixth at the 1972 Olympics, he competed in the 20 km walk in the 1976 Olympics, before retiring the following year. Paul Vincent Nihill at the International Olympic Committee
Liberal Democrats (UK)
The Liberal Democrats are a liberal political party in the United Kingdom. They have 11 Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, 96 members of the House of Lords, one member of the European Parliament, five Members of the Scottish Parliament and one member in the Welsh Assembly and London Assembly. At the height of its influence, the party formed a coalition government with the Conservative Party from 2010 to 2015 with its leader Nick Clegg serving as Deputy Prime Minister, it is led by Sir Vince Cable. In 1981, an electoral alliance was established between the Liberal Party, a group, the direct descendent of the 18th-century Whigs, the Social Democratic Party, a splinter group from the Labour Party. In 1988 this alliance was formalised as the Liberal Democrats. Under the leadership of Paddy Ashdown and Charles Kennedy, the party grew during the 1990s and 2000s, focusing its campaigning on specific seats and becoming the third largest party in the House of Commons. Under its leader Nick Clegg, the Liberal Democrats were junior partners in a coalition government headed by Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron, with Clegg serving as Deputy Prime Minister.
The coalition damaged the Liberal Democrats' electoral prospects: the party was reduced from 57 to 8 seats at the 2015 election. Positioned in the centre ground of British politics, the Liberal Democrats are ideologically liberal. Emphasising stronger protections for civil liberties, the party promotes liberal approaches to issues like LGBT rights, education policy, criminal justice. Different factions take different approaches to economic issues; the party is pro-Europeanist, supporting continued UK membership of the European Union and greater European integration. It calls for electoral reform with a transition from the first-past-the-post voting system to one of proportional representation. Other policies have included further environmental protections and drug liberalisation laws, while it has opposed certain UK military engagements like the Iraq War; the party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe and Liberal International. The Liberal Democrats are strongest in northern Scotland, southwest London, southwest England, mid-Wales.
The Liberal Democrats were formed on 3 March 1988 by a merger between the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party, which had formed a pact nearly seven years earlier as the SDP–Liberal Alliance. The Liberal Party, founded in 1859, were descended from the Whigs and Peelites, while the SDP were a party created in 1981 by former Labour Party members, MPs and cabinet ministers, but gained defections from the Conservative Party. Having declined to third party status after the rise of the Labour Party from 1918 and during the 1920s, the Liberals were challenged for this position in the 1980s when a group of Labour MPs broke away and established the Social Democratic Party; the SDP and the Liberals realised that there was no space for two political parties of the centre and entered into the SDP–Liberal Alliance so that they would not stand against each other in elections. The Alliance was led by Roy Jenkins; the two parties had their own policies and emphases, but produced a joint manifesto for the 1983 and 1987 general elections.
Following disappointing results in the 1987 election, Steel proposed to merge the two parties. Although opposed by Owen, it was supported by a majority of members of both parties, they formally merged in March 1988, with Steel and Robert Maclennan as joint interim leaders; the new party was named Social and Liberal Democrats with the unofficial short form The Democrats being used from September 1988. The name was subsequently changed to Liberal Democrats in October 1989, shortened to Lib Dems; the new party logo, the Bird of Liberty, was adopted in 1989. The minority of the SDP who rejected the merger remained under Owen's leadership in a rump SDP. Michael Meadowcroft joined the Liberal Democrats in 2007 but some of his former followers continue still as the Liberal Party, most notably in a couple of electoral wards of the cities of Liverpool and Peterborough; the then-serving Liberal MP Paddy Ashdown was elected leader in July 1988. At the 1989 European Elections, the party received only 6% of the vote, putting them in fourth place after the Green Party.
They failed to gain a single Member of the European Parliament at this election. Over the next three years, the party recovered under Ashdown's leadership, they performed better at the 1990 local elections and in by-elections—including at Eastbourne in 1990 which saw the first success by a Liberal Democrat standing for parliament. They had further successes in Ribble Valley and Kincardine & Deeside in 1991; the Lib Dems did not reach the share of national votes in the 1990s that the Alliance had achieved in the 1980s. At their first election in 1992, they won 17.8 % of twenty seats. In the 1994 European Elections, the party gained its first two Members of European Parliament. Following the election of Tony Blair as Labour leader in July 1994 after the death of his predecessor John Smith, Ashdown pursued co-operation between the two parties becaus
Great Britain at the 1948 Summer Olympics
Great Britain, represented by the British Olympic Association, competed as the host nation for the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. It was the second time that the United Kingdom had hosted the Summer Olympic Games, equalling the record of France and the United States to that point. British athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games. 404 competitors, 335 men and 68 women, took part in 139 events in 21 sports. Dickie Burnell and Bert Bushnell — Rowing, Men's Double Sculls Ran Laurie and Jack Wilson — Rowing, Men's Coxless Pairs David Bond and Stewart Morris — Sailing, Men's Swallow Class Tom Richards — Athletics, Men's Marathon Alastair McCorquodale, Jack Archer, John Gregory, Ken Jones — Athletics, Men's 4 × 100 m Relay Dorothy Manley — Athletics, Women's 100 metres Audrey Williamson — Athletics, Women's 200 metres Maureen Gardner — Athletics, Women's 80m Hurdles Dorothy Tyler-Odam — Athletics, Women's High Jump John Wright — Boxing, Men's Middleweight Don Scott — Boxing, Men's Light Heavyweight Reg Harris — Cycling, Men's 1.000m Sprint Robert John Maitland, Ian Scott, Gordon Thomas, Ernie Clements — Cycling, Men's Team Road Race Alan Bannister and Reg Harris — Cycling, Men's 2.000m Tandem George Sime, Michael Walford, William White, William Lindsay, John Peake, Frank Reynolds, Ronald Davies, William Griffiths, Robin Lindsay, Robert Adlard, Norman Borrett, David Brodie — Field Hockey, Men's Team Competition Guy Richardson, Paul Massey, Alfred Mellows, John Meyrick, Jack Dearlove, Michael Lapage, Brian Lloyd, Christopher Barton, Paul Bircher — Rowing, Men's Eights Julian Creus — Weightlifting, Men's Bantamweight Tebbs Lloyd Johnson — Athletics, Men's 50 km Walk Thomas Godwin — Cycling, Men's 1.000m Time Trial David Ricketts, Wilfred Waters, Robert Geldard, Thomas Godwin — Cycling, Men's 4.000m Team Pursuit Arthur Carr, Harry Llewellyn, Henry Nicoll — Equestrian, Jumping Team Catherine Gibson — Swimming, Women's 400m Freestyle James Halliday — Weightlifting, Men's Lightweight Rosamund Fletcher — Art competition, Reliefs Men's Hammer ThrowDuncan ClarkQualifying Round — 49.76m Final Round — 48.35m Women's Discus ThrowMargaret Birtwistle Preliminary Round Lost to Uruguay Lost to Canada Lost to Brazil Lost to Italy Lost to Hungary Classification Matches17th/23rd place: Defeated Ireland 17th/20th place: Lost to China 19th/20th place: Lost to Egypt → 20th placeTeam Roster Ten cyclists, all men, represented Great Britain in 1948.
Individual road raceBob Maitland Gordon Thomas Ian Scott Ernie ClementsTeam road raceBob Maitland Gordon Thomas Ian Scott Ernie ClementsSprintReg HarrisTime trialTommy GodwinTandemReg Harris Alan BannisterTeam pursuitAlan Geldard Tommy Godwin David Ricketts Wilf Waters 19 fencers, 16 men and 3 women, represented Great Britain in 1948. Men's foilEmrys Lloyd René Paul Arthur SmithMen's team foilRené Paul, Arthur Smith, Harold Cooke, Emrys Lloyd, Pierre Turquet, Luke WendonMen's épéeRonald Parfitt Charles de Beaumont Bert PellingMen's team épéeCharles de Beaumont, Terry Beddard, Ronald Parfitt, Archibald Craig, Michael McCready, Bert PellingMen's sabreRoger Tredgold Robin Brook Arthur PilbrowMen's team sabreArthur Pilbrow, George Moore, Emrys Lloyd, Roger Tredgold, Robin BrookWomen's foilMary Glen-Haig Gytte Minton Betty Arbuthnott The British Gymnastics team competed in nine events and was made up of 16 gymnasts, including Frank Turner and George Weedon. Three male pentathletes represented Great Britain in 1948.
Andy Martin Michael Lumsden Geoffrey Brooke Great Britain had 26 male rowers participate in all seven rowing events in 1948. Men's single sculls - UnplacedAntony RoweMen's double sculls - GoldDickie Burnell Bert BushnellMen's coxless pair - GoldRan Laurie Jack WilsonMen's coxed pair - UnplacedMark Scott Howard James David Walker Men's coxless four - unplacedPeter Kirkpatrick Hank Rushmere Tom Christie Tony ButcherMen's coxed four - unplacedAnthony Purssell Robert Collins William Woodward William Leckie John Healey Men's eight - SilverChristopher Barton Michael Lapage Guy Richardson Paul Bircher Paul Massey Brian Lloyd John Meyrick Alfred Mellows Jack Dearlove Twelve shooters represented Great Britain in 1948. 25 metre pistolCharles Willott Henry Steele Henry Swire50 metre pistolGuy Granet John Gallie Peter Marchant300 metre rifleBob Maslen-Jones John Knott Jocelyn Barlow50 metre rifleJohn Chandler George Jones Victor Gilbert 85 art competitors, 65 men and 20 women, represented Great Britain in 1948.
Mixed Architecture, Architectural DesignsPatrick Horsbrugh
Allan Louis Neville Jay MBE is a British former five-time-Olympian foil and épée fencer, world champion. Jay was born in London, is Jewish, his father died fighting in World War II in 1943. He attended Cheltenham College from 1944 to 1948, he spent much of his childhood in Australia. After 1950 he returned to Britain to study law at Oxford University, worked as a solicitor while serving as fencing official with the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime. Jay and his wife Carole have two children, he competed internationally in 1950 for Australia. He was Great Britain's epee champion in 1952, 1959, 1960, 1961, Great Britain's foil champion in 1963. One of the most successful fencers in British history, Jay competed in five Olympics in both épée and foil, winning silver medals at the 1960 Rome Olympics in individual and team épée, he was Great Britain's flag bearer in the 1964 Olympic Games. At the World Fencing Championships, Jay won a bronze medal in team foil in 1955, a bronze medal in individual foil in 1957, a gold medal in individual foil while winning a silver medal in individual epee in 1959, becoming the first British world champion in foil and the last fencer to win two individual medals in one year.
He won three gold medals while fencing both foil and epee at each of the 1953 Maccabiah Games and the 1957 Maccabiah Games. He is a member of the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, having been elected in 1985. List of athletes with the most appearances at Olympic Games List of select Jewish fencers "Olympic results". Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2013. CS1 maint: Unfit url Commonwealth Games medals Jewish Sports bio Jews in Sports bio Jewish Sports Legends bio
Great Britain at the 2008 Summer Olympics
Great Britain, represented by the British Olympic Association, competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China. The United Kingdom was represented by the British Olympic Association, the team of selected athletes was known as Team GB. Britain is one of only five NOCs to have competed in every modern Summer Olympic Games since 1896; the delegation of 547 people included 311 competitors -- 143 women -- and 236 officials. The team was made up of athletes from the whole United Kingdom including Northern Ireland. Additionally some British overseas territories compete separately from Britain in Olympic competition. Great Britain's medal performance at the 2008 Summer Olympics was its best in a century; the total medal count, 47, is the fourth highest Great Britain has achieved, with only the 1908, 2012 and 2016 Games resulting in more medals. Following retests of doping samples in 2016 in connection with the Russian doping scandal, 4 further medals, all bronze, are expected to be awarded in athletics, retrospectively bringing the total gained to 51.
As of the 26th July 2018, the award of the bronze medals to the Men's and Women's 4 x 400 metres relay teams and the upgrade of Goldie Sayers to bronze in the Women's Javelin, confirmed by the Court of Arbitration for Sport, brought the official medal total to 50, after which the confirmation of Kelly Sotherton receiving her reallocated bronze medal in the Women's Heptathlon took the total number of medals won to 51. Great Britain finished 4th overall in the medal tables, a target set by UK Sport, the public body responsible for distributing funding to elite sport, for the 2012 Games. UK Sport considered whether to target 3rd place in the 2012 Games, hosted by the United Kingdom in London. Cyclist Chris Hoy became the first British athlete in 100 years to win three gold medals at a single Olympic Games; because London was to be host city of the 2012 Summer Olympics, a British segment was performed during the closing ceremony. The following British competitors won medals at the Games, all dates are August 2008.
In the'by discipline' sections below, medallists' names are in bold. The following Team GB competitors won multiple medals at the 2008 Olympic Games. In June 2008, UK Sport, which distributes National Lottery funding to elite sport, published its expectations for the Games, it identified 41 potential medals to target and expected to win 35 of them, including 10 to 12 gold medals and to finish 8th in the overall medal table. Team GB exceeded the gold medal expectations on 19 August when Paul Goodison earned Britain's 13th gold medal in the men's Laser class; the minimum medal target, of 35 medals, was passed on 20 August when they claimed their 36th medal – a bronze in the women's RS:X, won by Bryony Shaw. The total medal target was equalled when canoeist Tim Brabants took gold in the men's 1000 m K-1 claiming Britain's 41st physical medal, they exceeded the total number of targeted medals when Heather Fell secured the silver in women's modern pentathlon. It should be noted that the medals claimed were not all ones, targeted, with Team GB falling short of targets in some disciplines whilst exceeding them in others.
Nine out of seventeen disciplines met their targets. The British cyclists, for example doubled their medal target on 19 August when Victoria Pendleton won Britain's 12th cycling medal, a gold in the women's sprint. A further two medals were guaranteed at this stage in the men's individual sprint, where gold and silver were soon won by Chris Hoy and Jason Kenny respectively. In all Team GB won seven of the ten gold medals up for grabs at the velodrome; the swimmers managed to double the targeted number of medals in their sport when David Davies won the team's sixth swimming medal – a silver medal in the men's 10 km open water marathon on 21 August. Despite the men's and women's archery teams having come second and third at the 2007 world championships, British archers were unable to win either of their targeted medals; this led to criticism of the tactics used by head coach Peter Suk from members of the team. At the 2007 World Outdoor Target Championships, Great Britain's men's team placed second and its women's team placed third.
This qualified the nation to send full teams of three women to the Olympics. MenWomen The initial squad was selected for the British team on 14 July. Under the rules of the BOA, Chambers had been banned from future Games after testing positive for the steroid THG in 2003, his appeal to overturn that ban, on the grounds that it was an unfair restraint of trade, failed and he was omitted from the squad. The team included former Olympic medal winners Marlon Devonish and Kelly Sotherton, as well as former Olympic individual finalists Joanne Pavey, Paula Radcliffe, Helen Clitheroe and Tasha Danvers. Women's marathon world record holder Paula Radcliffe faced a battle to be fit for the Games due to a stress fracture in her left thigh, she proved fit enough to start the race but struggled to finish in 23rd position. A total of four medals were one gold, two silver and one bronze. UK Athletics performance director Dave Collins stood down after the Games; this was due in part to the team's failure to meet the UK Sport target of winning five medals.
A series of retests ordered in the wake of the Russian doping scandal in 2015 and 2016 f