Eyebrook Reservoir is a 201.3-hectare reservoir and biological Site of Special Scientific Interest which straddles the border between Leicestershire and Rutland, is between Corby and Uppingham. The reservoir was formed by the damming of the Eye Brook, it was built between 1937 and 1940 by Stewarts & Lloyds to supply water to their Corby steel works, now part of Tata Steel Corus. During the Second World War it was used in May 1943 as a practice site for the Dambuster raids, standing in for the Möhne Reservoir; the reservoir is an important site for wintering wildfowl, such as wigeon, teal and pochard. Other habitats are marsh, grassland, broad-leaved woodland and plantations. There is no public access to the reservoir, reserved for a trout fishery, but it can be viewed from a public footpath which runs along part of the eastern side. Eyebrook Reservoir and Rutland Ornithological Society
BBC Radio Northampton
BBC Radio Northampton is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Northamptonshire. It broadcasts from its studios in Broadcasting House, Abington Street, Northampton on 104.2FM and 103.6FM The station's managing editor is Helen Grimes, with Laura Cook as news editor. According to RAJAR, the station has a weekly audience of 90,000 listeners and a 8.9% share as of December 2018. The station was launched at 6:45am on 16 June 1982 on 1107 AM and 96.6 FM, with Jon Beynon's programme Start the Day, the first piece of music being John Williams's Superman theme, followed by Work that Body by Diana Ross. The first outside broadcast followed on 17 June 1982, the official opening was performed by the Duke of Gloucester; the station was renamed BBC Northampton in 1990, but changed to BBC Radio Northampton on 3 April 2000. The station has two FM transmitters, with 104.2 FM broadcast from the Boughton Green Road area of Northampton, 103.6 FM broadcast from a mast near the village of Geddington.
Listeners can tune into 104.2 in the south and west of the county, whereas 103.6 serves the north and east. Along the M1, the station can be heard on 104.2 FM from Milton Keynes to Copt Oak. There is no longer a MW frequency, but the station went digital on DAB in March 2013. Radio Northampton was available on 1107 kHz MW across the County from a transmitter at Kings Heath. For the north-east of the county near Oundle, the Peterborough transmitter has Radio Cambridgeshire on DAB from a NOW Digital multiplex; the Northampton transmitter has the Global Radio-owned regional commercial station Heart FM on 96.6FM, has national radio frequencies. The transmitter at Daventry on Borough Hill has BBC National DAB, Digital One 11D and an MXR West Midlands 12A multiplex; this transmitter was the BBC's first Long wave transmitter, beginning 27 July 1925. It had not been used by the BBC since 1978, it is available through television on Freeview Channel 734. On 11 October 2007, the DAB licence was awarded to NOW Digital.
MuxCo had bid for the licence. NOW Digital expected to start broadcasting from the three transmitters at Northampton and Daventry in September 2008, however transmissions began on 28 March 2013 on DAB channel 10C; the line-up was identical to that of the neighbouring Herts and Bucks multiplex, consisting of local Northamptonshire stations and national stations, along with stations aimed at the Herts and Bucks area. From February 2015, OFCOM approved the separation of the Northamptonshire multiplex from the Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire multiplex, resulting in the removal of BBC Three Counties Radio, BOB fm and MKFM from the Northamptonshire multiplex, the removal of BBC Radio Northampton from the Herts and Bucks multiplex. BBC Radio Northampton airs extensive sports coverage, led by editor Graham McKechnie. Football commentators include Tim Oglethorpe, Alex Winter, Ian Benjamin and Terry Angus for Northampton Town, Peter Short for Kettering Town, Chris Barrett at Brackley/Rushden and Chuck Middleton at Corby.
McKechnie commentates on Northampton Saints rugby with Ian Hunter. Northants Steelbacks cricket commentators include Alex Winter and Lee Daggett; when not broadcast on FM, every match is covered on-line. The sports team is supplemented by News Editor Laura Cook who has a particular interest in motor sport and horse racing; the station broadcasts 3 weekly sports shows from 6 - 7PM, The Saints Show on Wednesday presented by McKechnie and Hunter, focusing on a guest from Northampton Saints, The Cobblers Show on Thursday and Friday Night Sport. BBC Radio Northampton now use the generic BBC Local Radio jingles by Mcasso Music Production; the majority of BBC Radio Northampton's programming is produced and broadcast from its Northampton studios. During off-peak hours, BBC Radio Northampton carries regional programming for the East, produced from sister stations BBC Radio Norfolk, BBC Essex, BBC Radio Cambridgeshire and BBC Radio Suffolk. During the station's downtime, BBC Radio Northampton simulcasts BBC Radio 5 Live overnight.
The station's local presenters include Annabel Amos, Bernie Keith, Helen Blaby, Connor Phillips and Chaz Harrison. Liz Kershaw – former breakfast show presenter. Howard Stableford – went on to present the BBC television series Tomorrow's World ViLoR is the name of a BBC project that uses computer virtualisation and audio-over-IP to reduce the amount of equipment at a radio station. In 2014 Radio Northampton became the first station to operate in this way. ViLoR is to be implemented at all BBC Local Radio stations. Like other BBC local radio stations Radio Northampton no longer uses a car with a pump-up mast to get reports from locations around its area and instead uses a van with a satellite dish. BBC Northampton operates the Twitter account "@BBCNorthampton". A tweet was sent from the Twitter account on the day after the President's Inauguration, claiming that Donald Trump had been shot, but the BBC confirmed that the account had been hacked. BBC Radio Northampton at BBC Online History of local radio in Northa
The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It consists of Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire and Rutland; the region has an area of 15,627 km2, with a population over 4.5 million in 2011. There are five main urban centres, Leicester, Lincoln and Nottingham. Others include Boston, Chesterfield, Grantham, Kettering, Mansfield, Newark-on-Trent and Wellingborough. Relative proximity to London and its position on the national motorway and trunk road networks help the East Midlands to thrive as an economic hub. Nottingham and Leicester are each classified as a sufficiency-level world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network; the region is served by East Midlands Airport, which lies between Derby and Nottingham. The high point at 636 m is Kinder Scout, in the Peak District of the southern Pennines in northwest Derbyshire near Glossop. Other upland, hilly areas of 95 to 280 m in altitude, together with lakes and reservoirs, rise in and around the Charnwood Forest north of Leicester, in the Lincolnshire Wolds.
The region's major rivers, the Nene, the Soar, the Trent and the Welland, flow in a northeasterly direction towards the Humber and the Wash. The Derwent, rises in the High Peak before flowing south to join the Trent some 2 miles before its conflux with the Soar; the centre of the East Midlands area lies between Bingham and Bottesford, Leicestershire. The geographical centre of England lies in Higham on the Hill in west Leicestershire, close to the boundary between the Leicestershire and Warwickshire; some 88 per cent of the land is rural in character, although agriculture accounts for less than three per cent of the region's jobs. Lincolnshire is the only maritime county of the six, with a true North Sea coastline of about 30 miles due to the protection afforded by Spurn Head and the North Norfolk foreshore. Church Flatts Farm in Coton in the Elms, South Derbyshire, is the furthest place from the sea in the UK. In April 1936 the first Ordnance Survey trig point was sited at Cold Ashby in Northamptonshire.
The Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts and The Wildlife Trusts are based next to the River Trent and Newark Castle railway station. The National Centre for Earth Observation is at the University of Leicester; the region is home to large quantities of limestone, the East Midlands Oil Province. Charnwood Forest is noted for its abundant levels of volcanic rock, estimated to be 600 million years old. A quarter of the UK's cement is manufactured in the region, at three sites in Hope and Tunstead in Derbyshire, Ketton Cement Works in Rutland. Of the aggregates produced in the region, 25 per cent are from Derbyshire and four per cent from Leicestershire. Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire each produce around 30 per cent of the region's sand and gravel output. Barwell in Leicestershire was the site of Britain's largest meteorite on 24 December 1965; the 2008 Lincolnshire earthquake was 5.2 in magnitude. Areas of the East Midlands designated by the East Midlands Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Conservation Areas include: Charnwood Forest Coversand Heaths Derbyshire Peak Fringe and Lower Derwent Humberhead Levels Leighland Forest The Lincolnshire Limewoods and Heaths The Lincolnshire coast The Peak District Rockingham Forest Sherwood Forest Rutland, SW Lincolnshire and N Northamptonshire The Wash Areas of the East Midlands designated by the East Midlands Biodiversity Partnership as Biodiversity Enhancement Areas include: The Coalfields The Daventry Grasslands The Fens The Lincolnshire Coastal Grazing Marshes The Lincolnshire Wolds The National Forest The Yardley-Whittlewood RidgeTwo of the nationally designated Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty are: The Peak District The Lincolnshire Wolds Several towns in the southern part of the region, including Market Harborough, Rothwell, Kettering, Thrapston and Stamford, lie within the boundaries of what was once Rockingham Forest – designated a royal forest by William the Conqueror and was long hunted by English kings and queens.
The National Forest is an environmental project in central England run by The National Forest Company. Areas of north Leicestershire, south Derbyshire and south-east Staffordshire covering around 200 square miles are being planted in an attempt to blend ancient woodland with new plantings, it stretches from the western outskirts of Leicester in the east to Burton upon Trent in the west, is planned to link the ancient forests of Needwood and Charnwood. Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire attracts many visitors, is best known for its ties with the legend of Robin Hood. Regional financial funding decisions for the East Midlands are taken by East Midlands Councils, based in Melton Mowbray. East Midlands Councils is an unelected body made up of representatives of local government in the region; the defunct East Midlands Development Agency was headquartered next to the BBC's East Midlands office in Nottingham and made financial decisions regarding economic development in the region. Since the Conservative-Lib Dem coalition government launched its austerity programme after the 2010 general election, regional bodies such as those have been devolved to smaller groups now on a county level.
As a region today, there is no overriding body with significant financial or planning powers for the East Midlands. The East Midlands' largest settlements are Leicester, Derby, Chesterfield, Mansfield and Kettering. Leicester is the largest
Rockingham Castle is a former royal castle and hunting lodge in Rockingham Forest two miles north from the town centre of Corby, Northamptonshire. The site on which the castle stands has been used in the Iron Age, Roman period and by the invading Saxons used by the Normans and used in the Medieval Period; this is because its position on elevated ground provides clear views of the Welland Valley from a strong defensible location. William the Conqueror ordered the construction of a wooden Motte and Bailey at Rockingham in the 11th century shortly after the Norman Invasion of Britain. Within three decades, William II replaced it with a stone castle. A stone keep was added to the large motte and the outer bailey was enclosed by a curtain wall; the castle was used as a Royal retreat throughout the Norman and Plantagenet periods. Nearby Rockingham Forest was good for hunting wild boar and deer. In 1270 Henry III strengthened the castle with the addition of a twin D-tower gatehouse, but less than a century Edward III became the last monarch to visit the castle while it was possessed by The Crown.
By the late 15th century Rockingham Castle had fallen into disrepair. Sir Edward Watson acquired the lease of the castle from Henry VIII. Parts of the castle were subsequently replaced with a Tudor house with gardens; the former royal castle became a hunting lodge for the nobility. Watson's grandson Lewis Watson acquired the freehold of lands from the crown. Watson was successively a knight and baron. In the 1640s Rockingham was garrisoned by troops loyal to Charles I during the English Civil War. Several small skirmishes were fought with Parliamentary forces. In 1643 Rockingham was captured by Parliamentarian general Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford and Lewis Watson temporarily forced to leave, its remaining walls were slighted in 1646. In the latter 17th and 18th centuries, Rockingham returned to being a civil residence. Lewis' grandson Lewis, was created Earl of Rockingham in 1714, a barony, extinguished with the death of the 3rd baron in 1746; the estate passed to his cousin Thomas Watson-Wentworth, created the 1st Marquess Rockingham that year.
When Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham died in 1782, the estate among others passed to the son of his sister, William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam. The castle underwent further restoration in the late 19th century. Today the castle remains the private home of the Saunders-Watson family and is owned by James Saunders Watson who has turned the castle into a £4M per annum business, he has been High Sheriff of Northamptonshire since 28 March 2018. Rockingham Castle is stated as being in the county of Leicestershire; this mistake arises due to Rockingham having a Market Harborough postal address though it borders directly onto the town of Corby in Northamptonshire. Rockingham village is part of, is administered by Corby Borough Council; the Castle overlooks the villages of Rockingham and Caldecott and enjoys good views over the Welland Valley. Now owned, it is open to the public on certain days. Rockingham Castle was a popular haunt of writer Charles Dickens, a great friend of Richard and Lavinia Watson, ancestors of the current family.
The Castle is arguably the inspiration for Chesney Wold in one of his greatest works, Bleak House. Rockingham Castle takes its name from the village of Rockingham. Rockingham Forest was named after Rockingham village, during the time of William the Conqueror, because of the Castle's importance as a Royal retreat. A cricket pitch is home to Old Eastonians Cricket Club. Rockingham Castle was used as the set for the BBC English Civil War period drama By the Sword Divided. In the TV series "Arnescote Castle" was the home of the Royalist Lacey family, it featured in the film Top Secret! which starred Val Kilmer. Castles in Great Britain and Ireland List of castles in England Hartshorne, Chales Henry. "Rockingham Castle". Archaeological Journal. 1: 356–378. Official website Photos of Rockingham Castle and surrounding area on geograph Map sources for Rockingham Castle
Oakham is the county town of Rutland in the East Midlands of England, 25 miles east of Leicester, 28 miles south-east of Nottingham and 23 miles west of Peterborough. Oakham has a population of 10,922, as of the 2011 census. Oakham lies to the west of one of the largest man-made lakes in Europe, it is in the Vale of Catmose and is built on an incline, varying from 325 ft to 400 ft above sea level. It is twinned with Barmstedt and Dodgeville, United States. Local governance for Oakham is provided for by the single-tier unitary Rutland County Council, of which Oakham is the headquarters. Lying within the historic county boundaries of Rutland from a early time, from 1974 until 1997 Oakham lay within the non-metropolitan county of Leicestershire. Oakham, along with Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire, the rest of Rutland, has been represented at Westminster by the Conservative Member of Parliament Alan Duncan since 1992. Women in the Oakham South East ward had the fifth highest life expectancy at birth, 95.7 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.
Tourist attractions in Oakham include Oakham Castle. Another popular and historic feature is the open-air market held in the town's market square every Wednesday and Saturday; the impressive spire of Oakham parish church, built during the 14th century, dominates distant views of the town for several miles in all directions. Restored in 1857–58 by Sir George Gilbert Scott, the church is a Grade I listed building. Only the great hall of the Norman castle is still standing, surrounded by steep earthworks marking the inner bailey; the hall dates from c. 1180–90 and according to Nikolaus Pevsner: It is the earliest hall of any English castle surviving so and it is doubly interesting in that it belonged not to a castle speaking, but rather to a fortified manor house. The building is attractively ornamented with Romanesque architectural details, including six carvings of musicians, it is a Grade I listed building. The hall was in use as an assize court until 1970 and is still used as a coroner's court or Crown Court.
It is licensed for weddings. The outer bailey of the castle, still surrounded by low earthworks, lies to the north of the castle. Known as Cutts Close, it is now a park with a bandstand, skateboard area and children's play area; some deep hollows in the park are the remnants of the castle's dried-up stew ponds. A Castle class corvette named HMS Oakham Castle was launched in July 1944. Traditionally, members of royalty and peers of the realm who visited or passed through the town had to pay a forfeit in the form of a horseshoe; this unique custom has been enforced for over 500 years, but nowadays it only happens on special occasions, when an outsize ceremonial horseshoe, specially made and decorated, is hung in the great hall of the castle. There are now over 200 of these commemorative shoes on its walls. Not all are dated and some of the earliest may not have survived; the earliest datable one is an outsize example commemorating a visit by King Edward IV in about 1470. The horseshoes hang with the ends pointing down.
The horseshoe motif appears on the local Ruddles beer labels. Recent horseshoes commemorate visits by Prince Charles and Princess Alexandra; the museum is located in the old Riding School of the Rutland Fencible Cavalry, built in 1794–95. The museum houses a collection of objects relating to local rural and agricultural life, social history and archaeology; the Birmingham–Peterborough line runs through the town, providing links to Birmingham, Peterborough and Stansted Airport. Oakham railway station is positioned halfway between Peterborough railway station and Leicester railway station, at both of which passengers can board a train to London – either from Leicester to London St Pancras or from Peterborough to London King's Cross. There are two direct services to London St Pancras, one evening return service from London St Pancras, each weekday. There are good road links to: Leicester, Melton Mowbray, Corby, Stamford; the main route for travellers to Leicester by road is first south to Uppingham and westward along the A47.
Oakham is on the A606 between Melton Stamford. On 10 January 2007, the A606 bypass opened diverting traffic from the town centre; the Oakham Canal connected the town to the Melton Mowbray Navigation, the River Soar and the national waterways system between 1802 and 1847. The town is home to Oakham School, one of the major English public schools, founded, together with Uppingham School, in 1584; the original school building survives, northeast of the church. Oakham School is the current owner of Oakham's former workhouse. Built in 1836–37 by Oakham Poor Law Union, it served as a workhouse for 167 inmates, until it became Catmose Vale Hospital, it now accommodates two school houses for girls. Catmose College, founded in 1920, is a state-funded secondary school in the town. Harington School is a sixt
Leicester is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, the county town of Leicestershire. The city close to the eastern end of the National Forest; the 2016 mid year estimate of the population of the City of Leicester unitary authority was 348,300, an increase of 18,500 from the 2011 census figure of 329,839, making it the most populous municipality in the East Midlands region. The associated urban area is the 11th most populous in England and the 13th most populous in the United Kingdom. Leicester is at the intersection of two major railway lines—the north/south Midland Main Line and the east/west Birmingham to London Stansted CrossCountry line. Leicester is the home to football club Leicester City and rugby club Leicester Tigers; the name of Leicester is recorded in the 9th-century History of the Britons as Cair Lerion, in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as Ligora-ceastre. In the Domesday Book of 1086, it is recorded as Ledecestre; the first element of the name, Ligora or Legora, is explained as a Brittonic river name, in a suggestion going back to William Somner an earlier name of the River Soar, cognate with the name of the Loire.
The second element of the name comes from the Latin castrum, reflected in both Welsh cair and Anglo-Saxon ceastre. Based on the Welsh name, Geoffrey of Monmouth proposes a king Leir of Britain as an eponymous founder in his Historia Regum Britanniae. Leicester is one of the oldest cities in England, with a history going back at least two millennia; the native Iron Age settlement encountered by the Romans at the site seems to have developed in the 2nd or 1st centuries BC. Little is known about this settlement or the condition of the River Soar at this time, although roundhouses from this era have been excavated and seem to have clustered along 8 hectares of the east bank of the Soar above its confluence with the Trent; this area of the Soar was split into two channels: a main stream to the east and a narrower channel on the west, with a marshy island between. The settlement seems to have controlled a ford across the larger channel; the Roman name was a latinate form of the Brittonic word for "ramparts", suggesting the site was an oppidum.
The plural form of the name suggests it was composed of several villages. The Celtic tribe holding the area was recorded as the "Coritanians" but an inscription recovered in 1983 showed this to have been a corruption of the original "Corieltauvians"; the Corieltauvians are believed to have ruled over the area of the East Midlands. It is believed that the Romans arrived in the Leicester area around AD 47, during their conquest of southern Britain; the Corieltauvian settlement lay near a bridge on the Fosse Way, a Roman road between the legionary camps at Isca and Lindum. It remains unclear whether the Romans fortified and garrisoned the location, but it developed from around the year 50 onwards as the tribal capital of the Corieltauvians under the name Ratae Corieltauvorum. In the 2nd century, it received a bathhouse. In 2013, the discovery of a Roman cemetery found just outside the old city walls and dating back to AD 300 was announced; the remains of the baths of Roman Leicester can be seen at the Jewry Wall.
Knowledge of the town following the Roman withdrawal from Britain is limited. There is some continuation of occupation of the town, though on a much reduced scale in the 5th and 6th centuries, its memory was preserved as the Cair Lerion of the History of the Britons. Following the Saxon invasion of Britain, Leicester was occupied by the Middle Angles and subsequently administered by the kingdom of Mercia, it was elevated to a bishopric in either 679 or 680. Their settlement became one of the Five Burghs of the Danelaw, although this position was short-lived; the Saxon bishop, fled to Dorchester-on-Thames and Leicester did not become a bishopric again until the Church of St Martin became Leicester Cathedral in 1927. The settlement was recorded under the name Ligeraceaster in the early 10th century. Following the Norman conquest, Leicester was recorded by William's Domesday Book as Ledecestre, it was noted as a city but lost this status in the 11th century owing to power struggles between the Church and the aristocracy and did not become a legal city again until 1919.
Geoffrey of Monmouth composed his History of the Kings of Britain around the year 1136, naming a King Leir as an eponymous founder figure. According to Geoffrey's narrative, Cordelia had buried her father beneath the river in a chamber dedicated to Janus and his feast day was an annual celebration; when Simon de Montfort became Lord of Leicester in 1231, he gave the city a grant to expel the Jewish population "in my time or in the time of any of my heirs to the end of the world". He justified his action as being "for the good of my soul, for the souls of my ancestors and successors". Leicester's Jews were allowed to move to the eastern suburbs, which were controlled by de Montfort's great-aunt and rival, Countess of Winchester, after she took advice from the scholar and cleric Robert Grosseteste. There is evidence that Jews remained there until 1253, enforcement of the banishment within the city was not rigorously enforced. De Montfort however issued a second edict for the expulsion of Leicester's Jews in 1253, after Grosseteste's death.
De Montfort's m