The Great Falls of the Passaic River is a prominent waterfall, 77 feet high, on the Passaic River in the city of Paterson in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. The falls and surrounding area are protected as part of the Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park, administered by the National Park Service; the Congress authorized its establishment in 2009. One of the United States' largest waterfalls, it played a significant role in the early industrial development of New Jersey starting in the earliest days of the nation, it is part of the Great Falls of Paterson–Garret Mountain National Natural Landmark. It has been designated as a National Historic Landmark District since 1976; the Great Falls' raceway and power systems were designated an Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1977. Geologically, the falls were formed at the end of the last ice age 13,000 years ago; the Passaic had followed a shorter course through the Watchung Mountains near present-day Summit. As the glacier receded, the river's previous course was blocked by a newly formed moraine.
A large lake, called Glacial Lake Passaic, formed behind the Watchungs. As the ice receded, the river found a new circuitous route around the north end of the Watchungs, carving the spectacular falls through the underlying basalt, formed 200 million years ago; the falls became the site of a habitation for Lenape Native Americans, for Dutch settlers in the 1690s. In 1778, Alexander Hamilton visited the was impressed by its potential for industry; when Hamilton was the nation's Secretary of Treasury, he selected the site of the nation's first planned industrial city, which he called a "national manufactory." In 1791, Hamilton helped found the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures, state-chartered private corporation to fulfill this vision. The town of Paterson was founded by the society and named after New Jersey Governor William Paterson in appreciation of his efforts to promote the society. Hamilton commissioned civil engineer Pierre Charles L'Enfant, responsible for the layout of the new capital at Washington, D.
C. to design the system of canals known as raceways supplying the power for the watermills in the new town. As a result, Paterson became the nucleus for a burgeoning mill industry. In 1792, David Godwin was commissioned to build the first water-powered cotton spinning mill in New Jersey, he subsequently built the first dam on the falls. In 1812, it was the site of the state's first continuous roll paper mill. Other products whose construction used the falls as a power source include the Rogers Locomotive Works, the Colt revolver, the USS Holland; the oldest extant structure in the historic district is the Phoenix Mill, built in 1813. The industrial area became the site of labor unrest, as it was a center for the 1913 Paterson silk strike. Immigrant workers, facing harsh conditions in factories staged numerous strikes, giving the United States its first organized labor movement; the society continued operation until 1945 when its charter and property were sold to the city of Paterson. The area fell into disuse with the steep decline of industry in the region during the 20th century.
In 1971, the Great Falls Preservation and Development Corporation was established to restore and redevelop the historic mill buildings and raceways. The State of New Jersey announced plans for a new urban state park in Paterson surrounding the Great Falls, called Great Falls State Park, in 2007; the master plan for the park called for utilizing surrounding industrial areas for parklands that include a trail network and recreation areas, creating new areas to view the falls. These plans were superseded by the establishment of Great Falls National Historical Park; the Falls are viewable from Haines Overlook Park on the south and Mary Ellen Kramer Park on the north. Drive-by viewing is available from McBride Avenue. A footbridge over the Falls gorge serves as an outlook point. A visitor's center at the corner of Spruce and McBride Avenues, in the Great Falls Historic District, provides a historical overview of the falls and the industrial and cultural history of Paterson. A record 177,000 visitors went to see the Great Falls in 2016.
The Great Falls of Paterson – Garret Mountain is a National Natural Landmark designated in January 1967 and were expanded in April 1967 to include nearby Garret Mountain. Together they help demonstrate how jointed basaltic lava flow shaped the geology of the area during the Early Mesozoic period through both extrusion and intrusion; the designation protects the site from federal development, but not from local and state development. Redevelopment of the decayed adjacent industrial areas has been an ongoing controversial topic. An attempt in the 1990s to redevelop the adjacent Allied Textile Printing Co. facility, destroyed by fire in the 1980s, into prefabricated townhouses was approved by the city but repelled by a coalition of local citizens seeking to preserve the historic character of the district. Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park was authorized to be added to the National Park System of the United States under the Omnibus Public Land Management Act. On March 30, 2009, President Obama signed legislation authorizing the falls as a national historical park, which would provide additional federal protections for the 77-foot waterfall.
By 2011, Great Falls State Park and other land along the Passaic River were transferred to the federal government for the creation of the park. Formal establishment as a unit of the National Park System required action by the Secretary o
David A. Hafler is an American neurologist, he is the Edgerly Professor and chairman of the department of Neurology at the Yale School of Medicine. He is known for his work in immunity and multiple sclerosis. In 2018 he was elected to the National Academy of Medicine. Hafler was born in 1952 in New York, he became interested in immunology at a young age and began doing research in the field as a high school student. In 1974 he graduated from Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia with a combined Bachelor of Science in chemistry and Master of Science in biochemistry, his master's thesis was on fragments of myelin basic protein. In 1978, he received his MD degree from the University of Miami School of Medicine in Miami, Florida, he was a medical intern from 1978-1979 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Maryland. From 1979 to 1982 he was a resident in neurology at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Institute in New York City. In 1982, he was a guest investigator in the laboratory of the immunologist Henry G. Kunkel at Rockefeller University.
From 1982 to 1984, he was a fellow in neurology and immunology at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts. He was one of the first post-doctoral fellows of Howard L. Weiner, began to work in his lab on multiple sclerosis. In 1984, he joined the faculty of Harvard Medical School in the department of Neurology, he stayed on in Weiner's laboratory. In 1998, Hafler and Weiner co-founded a private biotech company called Autoimmune Inc. a biopharmaceutical company developing orally administered pharmaceutical products for the treatment of autoimmune and other cell-mediated inflammatory diseases and conditions. The Company's products, which induce tissue-specific immunosuppression without toxicity, are based upon the principles of oral tolerance; the company went public in 1993 with others on the Board of Directors. In 2000, he was appointed to an endowed professorship and became the Breakstone Professor of Neurology at Harvard. In 2009, Hafler and his laboratory moved to Yale Medical School in New Haven, where he became the Glaser Professor and chairman of the department of Neurology.
He was awarded the John Dystel Prize for Multiple Sclerosis Research in 2010 by the American Academy of Neurology and National Multiple Sclerosis Society. It was awarded "for fundamental discoveries related to MS in fields such as immunology and genetics, for bringing clinical importance to basic science findings."In 2015, Hafler was appointed to the newly created Edgerly Professorship in Neurology at Yale. This endowed professorship was provided by William S. and Lois Stiles Edgerly who had long supported research in multiple sclerosis. In 2018 he was elected to membership in the National Academy of Medicine with the citation "For seminal discoveries defining the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, including identification of autoreactive T cells and mechanisms that underlie their dysregulation, the discovery of susceptibility genes that lead to MS." 1978 Elected into AOA Society 1993 Elected to The American Society for Clinical Investigation 2004 Javits Neuroscience Investigator Award, National Institutes of Health 2010 John Dystel Prize for Multiple Sclerosis Research, American Academy of Neurology 2015 Raymond D. Adams Lectureship, American Neurological Association 2018 Elected to the National Academy of Medicine Hafler, David A..
Fox. "In Vivo Activated T Lymphocytes in the Peripheral Blood and Cerebrospinal Fluid of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis". The New England Journal of Medicine. 312: 1405–1411. Doi:10.1056/NEJM198505303122201. PMID 2985995. Ota K, Matsui M, Milford E, Weiner H, Hafler DA. T cell recognition of an immunodominant MBP epitope in MS. Nature 346, 183. 2001 Baecher-Allan C, Brown JA, Freeman GJ, Hafler, DA. CD4+CD25high regulatory cells in human peripheral blood. J Immunol 167: 1245-53 2004 Viglietta V, Baecher-Allan C, Hafler DA, Loss of suppression by CD+CD25+ regulatory T cells in MS patients. J Exp Med 199:971. Viglietta, V. "Loss of functional suppression by CD+CD25+ regulatory T cells in patients with multiple sclerosis". The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 199: 971–979. Doi:10.1084/jem.20031579. PMC 2211881. PMID 15067033. International Multiple Sclerosis Genetic Consortium. A. Compston, A. Sawcer, S. Lander, S. Daly, M. J. DeJager, P. L. de Bakker, P. I. W. Gabriel, S. B. Mirel, D. B. Ivinson, A. J. Pericak-Vance, M.
A. Gregory, S. G. Rioux, J. D. McCauley, J. L. Haines, J. L. Barcellos, L. F. Cree, B. Oksenberg, J. R. Hauser, S. L.. "Risk alleles for multiple sclerosis identified by a genomewide study". New England Journal of Medicine. 357: 851–62. Doi:10.1056/NEJMoa073493. PMID 17660530. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Kleinewietfeld M, Manzel A, Titze J, Kvakan H, Yosef N, Linker RA, Muller DN, Hafler DA. Sodium chloride drives autoimmune disease by the induction of pathogenic Th17 cells. Nature. Genetic and epigenetic fine mapping of causal variants in autoimmune disease. Nature. Low frequency and rare coding variation contributes to multiple sclerosis risk. Cell, 2018 Bernstein, Sara. "Dystel Prize winner Dr. David Hailer on the genetic roadmap to ending MS". Momentum. 3: 61–64. ISSN 1940-3410. Curriculum vitae Immunobiology / Yale School of
Yu Kanda is a character from D. Gray-man, a manga series created by writer Katsura Hoshino. Kanda is a young adult, an exorcist from an organization known as the Black Order. Like the other exorcists in the order, he is in charge of destroying demonic enemies known as Akuma, created by a man known as the Millennium Earl. For this, he uses. Kanda sides with the Black Order in their fight against the Earl's group, the Noah Family. Kanda is cold and antisocial toward his allies disliking it when people refer to him by his given name, Yu, he engages in fights with his frequent ally, the series' protagonist Allen Walker. As the series proceeds, it is revealed he is the result of an experiment from the Black Order that created his artificial body and merged it with the brain of a deceased exorcist. Outside the main series and the two anime adaptations, Kanda has appeared in the D. Gray-man light novels, the two video games of the series, the crossover game Jump Ultimate Stars; the character was created to bring a change to the series' predominant Western setting, with his design being based on the samurai of feudal Japan.
Hoshino found Kanda's physical attractiveness difficult to illustrate. Due to the draft for his original backstory having multiple plot holes, Hoshino rewrote it. In the official one, Hoshino created Kanda's first friend, Alma Karma, who plays a major impact in his backstory and growth across the manga. Various voice actors have been employed for the character, in both the original Japanese and the English dubbed version. Kanda has been popular with the series' readers appearing in top-ten lists of character polls and taking first place twice, much to Hoshino's surprise, he has appeared in other polls focused on anime characters in general. Merchandise based on him has been released, his appearances in the manga and anime series have been met with mixed reactions as result of Kanda's antisocial qualities, comparable with those seen in other series that have similar characters. On the other hand, his character development his relationship with Alma, his dynamic with Allen, his backstory have earned Kanda praise.
Response to Kanda's voice actors has been both positive and negative. The character of Yu Kanda was carried over from an unpublished work created by Katsura Hoshino, who designed Kanda to introduce a change into D. Gray-man's Western setting. Kanda's design "came out naturally" according to her, because in her early manga, before she became a full-time writer, she drew boys with Japanese swords, she liked young samurais, such as Okita Sōji of the Shinsengumi special police forces. He wears a long coat, though series' protagonist Allen Walker wore a similar coat, Hoshino felt that the design better suited Kanda's defensive personality. Multiple hairstyles and character designs' were considered by Hoshino before she chose the final version. Hoshino has said. Since his introduction, Kanda made small appearances until the tenth. In the release of this volume, Hoshino joked about. In response, within the manga Kanda impaled Hoshino's own character avatar, claiming that Hoshino did not know how to illustrate him well, so that Kanda made few appearances in the series' beginning.
Hoshino derived Kanda's surname from mitoshiro, or kanda, a rice paddy from which rice is offered to the gods. This is further addressed in volume twenty of the manga, which shows how Kanda was created in the "Mitoshiro World" during the Black Order's experiments to have more "Apostles of God". In the backstory, the designs for Kanda and his best friend, Alma Karma, contrasted with each other, Kanda retaining his feminine looks while Alma was presented as more masculine; the original basis for Kanda's feminine looks is that he was the reincarnation of a woman he was seeking. When this idea was changed, Kanda retained; when drawing Kanda, Hoshino pays more attention to the way she draws his hair and eyes, believing that the latter indicate the character's mood, that he "speaks with his eyes". Hoshino said that she took more care in drawing the highlights in Kanda's hair than she did with Lenalee Lee, another character with long hair, she noted that Kanda's early design featured large eyes because she had difficulty drawing finer eyes.
Kanda is well known in the series for his antisocial personality, which resulted in readers asking the author about him. In one fan letter, it was asked if Kanda was well meaning on the inside, the main characters found it unrealistic. In another question, a fan wonders if Hoshino gave him the first name "Yu" due to its similarities with Japanese words that resemble "The one who cannot read the atmosphere". Though Hoshino denied this, she admitted. While the characters deny that, the manga author confirmed. Hoshino referred to Kanda as the least intelligent protagonist in the series. Once Alma Karma's story arc finished in the series, Hoshino was able to finish Kanda's backstory, which she had promised to the manga's readers, it was very different and had too many inconsistencies. When the series was moved to a monthly serialization rather than weekly, Hoshino had rewritten Kanda's backstory. Once new prominent cha
"Ex-Old Man" is a song recorded by American country music artist Kristen Kelly. It was released in April 2012 as Kelly's first single. Kelly wrote the song with Paul Overstreet. Billy Dukes of Taste of Country gave the song two and a half stars out of five, writing that "the plucky, mid-tempo cut showcases her big country voice, but seems written too long after the fact." Matt Bjorke of Roughstock gave the song a favorable review, saying that "the melody recalls classic hits of the distant past but it has a sunny disposition to it as well." Ben Foster of Country Universe gave the song a B+ grade, writing that "it’s a refreshing change of pace to hear a new artist taking a back-to-basics approach – revisiting a classic yet ignored country music theme, with a simple drum and acoustic guitar-driven arrangement that makes the song feel like country music." The music video was directed by Anna Mastro and premiered in August 2012. "Ex-Old Man" debuted at number 60 on the U. S. Billboard Hot Country Songs chart for the week of March 24, 2012
Gary Tatintsian an art dealer, owner of the Gary Tatintsian Gallery. After leaving the Soviet Union to Germany in 1989, Gary Tatintsian opened Tatunz art gallery in Berlin; the gallery presented works of Western contemporary artists. In 1998, Gary Tatintsian moved to New York City, where he continued the gallery business and opened Gary Tatintsian Gallery in Manhattan's Chelsea neighborhood. In 2005, Gary Tatintsian opened a new gallery space in the center of Moscow; the Gallery worked with Western art, Russian avant-garde early 20th century and design. Moscow gallery presented works of such artists as Damien Hirst, Joel-Peter Witkin, Tal R, Peter Halley, Yasumasa Morimura, Christopher Wool, Peter Doig, Daniel Richter, Jonathan Meese, Cecily Brown, Georg Baselitz, Chris Ofili, Tony Matelli and George Condo. In September 2013, new gallery space was opened in Moscow on Moscow. Since the gallery hosts exhibitions of contemporary artists, including solo exhibition by German artist Anselm Reyle, a group exhibition by John Miller, Tony Matelli and Olaf Breuning.
By the tenth anniversary of Gallery in Moscow, Gary Tatintsian collected exhibition of world-known contemporary artists, including Francis Bacon, Wim Delvoye, KAWS, Chuck Close, Carroll Dunham, George Condo, Mike Kelley, Tony Matelli, Malcolm Morley and Peter Saul. The show reflected the different stages of formation of figurative art for the past 30 years. In 2016-2017 Gary Tatintsian shown personal exhibitions by American artist Peter Saul with "You better call Saul" show, by London designer and architect Ron Arad, by British artist Damien Hirst, by American artist Peter Halley and by Japanese artist Keiichi Tanaami with "Land of Mirrors" show. In 2018, the Gallerist presented a personal shows by British artist Mat Collishaw, by world-renowned artist and photographer Vik Muniz, by Belgian neo-conceptual artist Wim Delvoye. In 2019 Gary Tatintsian collected a group exhibition "Naturally Naked" featuring the works by George Condo, John Currin, Carroll Dunham, Tony Matelli, Bjarne Melgaard, Yasumasa Morimura and Peter Saul.
«A great artist can understand only a great artist» — Gary Tatintsian, 2015. «Any money, invested in an artist, brings either applause or disappointment» — Gary Tatintsian, 2015. «Chubarov in his work predicted the rebirth habitual gesture of abstraction in new intellectual form, with its characteristic alphabet, own language and drama, where the image and concept of his incarnation become one». - Gary Tatintsian about Evgeny Chubarov. «His abstract compositions - a border state, duality, a return to the origins of form and harmony, masculine and feminine. This is the theme of death and birth, interweaving image of human flesh with objects unknown inner space opening look at the new laws» - Gary Tatintsian about Evgeny Chubarov. «Collector is not obliged to own gallery, but he has to monitor the situation in the arts market no less than a gallery owner» — Gary Tatintsian, 2007. Gary Tatintsian Interview for RTVI Channel Gary Tatintsian interview for The Art Newspaper Russia Interview with Gary Tatintsian Gary Tatintsian's interview about Evgeny Chubarov Gary Tatintsian's interview for "Your Story" magazine Gary Tatintsian's interview for Trendspace Gary Tatintsian's interview about Wim Delvoye Gary Tatintsian Gallery
Jayant Himmatlal Pathak was a Gujarati poet and literary critic from Gujarat, India. He was the president of the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad from 1990 – 1991, he received several awards, including the Sahitya Akademi Award, the Kumar Suvarna Chandrak, the Narmad Suvarna Chandrak, the Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak and the Uma-Snehrashmi Prize. The Jayant Pathak Poetry Award is named after him. Pathak was born into a Gauda Brahmins family on 20 October 1920, at Goth, a village now in the Rajgadh taluka of Panchmahal district, India, to Ichchhaba and Himmatram Joitaram Pathak. "Bachudo" was his childhood nickname. Pathak was raised by his grandfather Joitaram, because his father Himmatram died when he was about ten years old, he completed his preschool education in Rajgadh. He moved to Motabahen's home in Kalol in 1930, joined the N. G. S. High School in Kalol and completed matriculation there in 1938, he completed a Bachelor of Arts from M. T. B Arts College in 1943 and a Master of Arts in Gujarati and Sanskrit subjects from Vadodara college in 1945.
He received a Ph. D. in 1960, under Vishnuprasad Trivedi, for his research thesis, 1920 Pachhini Gujarati Kavitani Sanskrutik Bhoomika: Paribalo Ane Siddhi. He married Bhanubahen. From 1943 to 1945, he served as a teacher at different schools including the New Era School in Vadodara, the Katapitiya School, a school at Karjan village. From 1948 to 1953, he lived in Mumbai and Delhi, worked in different fields, including journalism, he joined the MTB Arts College in Surat in 1953 as a professor and retired from there in 1980. He was appointed president of the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad from 1989 to 1991, he served as the president of the Narmad Sahitya Sabha in 1992 and of the Kavi Narmad Yugavarta Trust in 1992. His literary works had been published in Gujaratmitra, Kumar, Granth, Vishwa Manav and Kavilok, he died on 1 September 2003 at his home in Surat. The ambiance of his birthplace, Panchamahal, a tribal forest region of Gujarat influenced his poetry, he was acquainted with literary personalities and was influenced by them when he was young.
This included his first is his cousin Ushnas, who became a renowned Gujarati poet, his school teacher, Pranshankar Bhatt. He was influenced by the Gujarati poets Umashankar Joshi and Sundaram. Marmar, is his first collection of poems, published in 1954, followed by Sanket, Sarga, Anunaya, Shooli Upar Sej, Be Akshar Anandna, Drutvilambit, his poems are characterized by nostalgia for his lost childhood spent in his village, as he finds city life uneasy and unbearable. Anunaya, a collection of his poems was translated and published by Brajendra Tripathi in 1993, his critical works are: Aadhunik Kavita Pravah, Tunki Varta: Swaroop ane Sahitya, Jhaverchand Meghani: Jivaan ane Sahitya, Ramnarayan V. Pathak, Kavyalok and Tunki Varta ane Bija Lekho, he received the Narmad Suvarna Chandrak for his book Vananchal, the Sahitya Akademi Award for Anunaya, the Uma-Snehrashmi Prize for Mrugaya, the Dhanji Kanji Gandhi Suvarna Chandrak for Shooli Upar Sej. He is a recipient of the Kumar Suvarna Chandrak and the Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak.
The Jayant Pathak Poetry Award is named after him. He shared the Premanand Suvarna Chandrak with Raghuveer Chaudhari. Pathak, Jayant. Kshan Vismay Ke. Translated by Daksha Vyas. Gandhinagar: Hindi Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 978-93-83317-49-3. List of Gujarati-language writers Works by Jayanta Himmatalāla Pāṭhaka at Google Books