click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Pseudocalanus minutus

Pseudocalanus minutus is a small copepod found in the Arctic Ocean and surrounding waters. A small copepod, the female is between 1 and 2.15 millimetres, the male between.85 and 1.6 millimetres in length. P. minutus is found in the Arctic, but it is found in the northwest Atlantic, the northern Pacific, more temperate waters where Atlantic and Arctic waters are mixed. In Toyama Bay, P. minutus reproduces from February to April. This is during the temperature phytoplankton maximum. All stages are found at shallower depths during the night in Toyama Bay during this time. During the annual temperature maximum in September, stage V copepodites migrate to deeper, colder waters to diapause, they moult to adults before January. In Kongsfjorden, P. minutus reproduces during June, producing one generation. It descends in winter to depths below 100 metres as a stage III to stage V copepodite. Females and stage I copepodites are found throughout the water column during November. From June and July till May, younger stages tend to be found towards the surface, older stages tend to migrate to overwinter earlier.

It develops during the winter and reproduces with energy gained from the spring phytoplankton bloom, indicating a one year life cycle. P. minutus is opportunistic, being herbivorous except during the winter, when it is either carnivorous or omnivorous

Kopano (software)

Kopano is an open-source groupware application suite based on Zarafa. The initial version of Kopano Core was forked from the then-current release of the Zarafa Collaboration Platform, superseded ZCP in terms of lineage as ZCP switched to maintenance mode with patches flowing from KC. Kopano WebApp descended from Zarafa WebApp. Since October 2017, Kopano Core is known more as Kopano Groupware Core, since Kopano B. V. developed more products. The original goal of ZCP was to be a replacement for Microsoft Exchange, so that users could retain Outlook as a client application. While Kopano's business strategy has shifted towards providing a comprehensive office collaboration suite in its own right, Kopano Core still supports connections from Outlook clients either via Z-push/ActiveSync, or the Zarafa Windows MAPI plugin; the Kopano Outlook Extension add-in for Outlook provides the Outlook functionality that ActiveSync alone doesn't support. This includes support for Out of Public Folders. ActiveSync and Kopano Outlook Extension together are therefore able to integrate the Kopano backend within Outlook in a corporate environment.

WebApp plugins exist to perform advanced group tasks such as accessing cloud based storage solutions, for integrated video conference or for handling S/MIME email within WebApp. A desktop application, DeskApp, is available; this is the same look and feel as WebApp but integrates directly with the user's desktop and it is available for Windows, Linux or Mac. All server-side components and WebApp are published under the Affero General Public License. Microsoft Outlook, as well as Kopano/Zarafa clients, uses MAPI at the source code level. So-called MAPI providers take care of the underlying transport mechanism. Kopano-server exposes its functionality over stream sockets and uses the HTTP protocol, with data being serialized using SOAP/XML; the commands sent in the XML data are specific to Kopano/Zarafa. Conversely, the Kopano MAPI provider implements this protocol on the client side; these HTTP connections can be proxied if desired. Because Exchange instead uses MAPI/RPC on the wire, the stock Outlook connector for Exchange could not be used and traditionally required the Windows version of the Zarafa MAPI provider.

Outlook versions 2013 and 2016 support ActiveSync, a protocol used by many mobile clients, by using the Z-push software on the server side, ActiveSync requests can be translated and such clients can talk to a Kopano server as well. Kopano Core stores its data in a MySQL-compatible database. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem, Amazon S3, or the database may be used to place chunked blobs; the server can get its user information from LDAP/Active Directory, Unix user accounts or the MySQL database. Additional gateways for the IMAP, POP3 and iCalendar/CalDAV protocols are provided. Kopano WebApp are full-featured applications which include support for mail, group calendars, public folders and many more functionalities. WebApp can be integrated with many plugins. Kopano provides several plugins such as Files, WebMeetings and S/MIME. Any developer can, write additional plugins using the WebApp plugin API. Kopano is available as a downloadable community edition; the community edition gives the users access to the main branch builds which includes the latest code as overnight builds.

The Kopano community edition includes all the advanced and premium features such as WebMeetings, Kopano Files and the S/MIME plugin. Kopano is available as a paid-for product where official Kopano QA tested releases are provided and supported directly by Kopano. Kopano is available in the official repositories of some Linux distributions such as openSUSE. List of collaborative software List of applications with iCalendar support Official website

1959 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final

The 1959 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final took place on 6 September 1959 at Croke Park, Dublin. It was contested by Waterford and Kilkenny; the match ended level. This was the last All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship Final at the end of which the teams finished level until 2012; the first game ended level with a score of 1-17 to 5-5. A replay took place at the same venue four weeks on 4 October 1959. On that occasion the Leinster champions lost to their Munster opponents on a score line of 3-12 to 1-10; this was Waterford's second All-Ireland title. They have yet to win a third; the All-Ireland senior hurling final saw Waterford lining out in only their third championship decider. They last played in the All-Ireland final two years earlier in 1957 when they were defeated by Kilkenny. Waterford last won the title in 1948. Sunday 6 September was the date of the 1959 All-Ireland senior hurling final between Waterford and Kilkenny; the attendance of 73,707 was not disappointed and was treated to some splendid hurling by both teams in one of the great All-Ireland finals.

An exciting first half of hurling saw. After the restart Tom Cheasty scored a memorable point after he stormed past five Kilkenny defenders who, according to Radio Éireann commentator Michael O'Hehir, fell around him ‘like dying wasps.’ Waterford were masters at pure hurling. This was a factor on this occasion against Kilkenny. Two quick goals by Tommy O'Connell put Kilkenny ahead by two goals with just a minute left in the game. With the score at 5-5 to 0-17 Waterford needed a goal. A stroke of luck saw. Team captain Frankie Walsh stepped up to take it when he saw Séamus Power bursting out of midfield with his hand raised looking for the sliothar. Walsh fluffed the sliothar only went a few yards. However, Larry Guinan was running forward and he collected the sliothar, he had only one thing in mind. He fired in a shot; the final whistle blew and the score line read Waterford 1-17, Kilkenny 5-5. Four weeks on 4 October 77,285 returned to Croke Park to see the second installment of the All-Ireland final between Waterford and Kilkenny.

The second game began for Waterford, in spite of playing with a strong wind, they trailed by 1-4 to 0-1 after only twelve minutes of play. Frankie Walsh had a torrid time as he failed to raise the sliothar for a close-in free. All of a sudden, Waterford clicked into gear. Mick Flannelly, a player from the Mount Sion club, goaled to get Waterford’s game back on track. Tom Cunningham added a second with a brilliant overhead strike before Tom Cheasty goaled. After a disastrous start Waterford led by 3-6 to 1-8 at the interval; the second-half saw Joe Harney and Austin Flynn excelling in defence, so much so that Kilkenny only scored two points from Eddie Keher over the course of the thirty minutes. Waterford, on the other hand, forged ahead with Cheasty excelling. After 120 minutes of hurling played out in front of an aggregate attendance of 150,000 Waterford took their second All-Ireland title by 3-12 to 1-10; the match was recorded by the BBC and highlights where shown in Sportsview on BBC television on the Wednesday following the final.

The commentary was done by Kenneth Wolstenholme, famous for the words “some people are on the pitch, they think its all over, it is now” at the end of the 1966 Association Football World Cup Final

Konstantinos Nazis

Konstantinos Anastasiadis known professionally as Konstantinos Nazis, is a Greek singer, born 9 August 1993, in Nea Vrasna. He lives in Nea Vrasna of Thessaloniki and his sign is Leo, his favorite singers are Michalis Hatzigiannis and Muse. In X-Factor, he would want to sing Muse'Undisclosed', his hobby is basketball. At the age of 15 he was a singer at the band Riot and with them, he did concerts in schools, he is self-taught in the guitar. During 2016, he rose to fame with his appearance on Knock Out's Otan Ponao Do Glentao; the same year he has released his own hits Egefailka, Se Ola Nai and Thelo Ta Dika Sou Ta Filia of which the latter has more than 8 million views on YouTube as of late December 2016. However, this is not his first time in the spotlight. Back in 2010–2011 Konstantinos appeared on the Greek X-factor as Konstantinos Anastasiadis where he made it to the live shows, he finished 7th on the popular TV-show. As Konstantinos Anastasiadis: 2011 – Puzzle 2012 – Pio Konta 2013 – Pes Mou 2013 – Kalokerinos O Keros 2014 – Ena Haos Me Sena 2014 – Magkiko Fili 2014 – Thelo Ta Dika Sou Filia 2015 – Ola Gia Sena As Konstantinos Nazis: 2015 – Thelo Ta Dika Sou Filia 2015 – Otan Ponao To Glentao ft. Knock Out 2016 – Se Ola Nai 2016 – Egkefalika 2017 – Po Po Po 2017 – Apopse Vgale Ta Kala Sou 2018 – Ta Psyhologika Mou 2018 – Depon 2018 – Ena Chaos Me Sena 2019 – Stou Kormiou Sou Ta Palatia 2019 – Makria Sou Den Zo

Euroscepticism

Euroscepticism known as EU-scepticism, means criticism of the European Union and European integration. It ranges from those who oppose some EU institutions and policies and seek reform, to those who oppose EU membership outright and see the EU as unreformable; the opposite of Euroscepticism is known as European Unionism. Euroscepticism should not be confused with anti-Europeanism, a dislike of European culture and European ethnic groups by non-Europeans; the main sources of Euroscepticism have been beliefs that integration undermines national sovereignty and the nation state, that the EU is elitist and lacks democratic legitimacy and transparency, that it is too bureaucratic and wasteful, that it encourages high levels of migration, or perceptions that it is a neoliberal organisation serving the business elite at the expense of the working class, responsible for austerity and driving privatization. Euroscepticism is found in groups across the political spectrum, both left-wing and right-wing and is found in populist parties.

Although they criticise the EU for many of the same reasons, Eurosceptic left-wing populists focus more on economic issues while Eurosceptic right-wing populists focus more on nationalism and immigration. The rise in radical right-wing parties since the 2000s is linked to a rise in Euroscepticism. Eurobarometer surveys of EU citizens show that trust in the EU and its institutions has declined since a peak in 2007. Since it has been below 50%. A 2009 survey showed that support for EU membership was lowest in the United Kingdom and Hungary. By 2016, the countries viewing the EU most unfavourably were the UK, Greece and Spain. A referendum on continued EU membership was held in the UK in 2016 which resulted in a 51.9% vote in favour of leaving the EU. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020. Since 2015, trust in the EU has risen in most EU countries as a result of falling unemployment rates and accelerating economic growth. Post 2019 election survey "Eurobarometer" report showed that 68% citizens support the European Union, the highest level since 1983.

While having some overlaps and anti-Europeanism are different. Anti-Europeanism has always had a strong influence in American culture and American exceptionalism, which sometimes sees Europe on the decline or as a rising rival power, or both; some aspects of Euroscepticism in the United Kingdom have been mirrored by U. S. authors. There can be considered to be several different types of Eurosceptic thought, which differ in the extent to which adherents reject integration between member states of the European Union and in their reasons for doing so. Aleks Szczerbiak and Paul Taggart described two of these as soft Euroscepticism. At the same time, some have said that there is no clear line between the presumed'hard' and'soft' Euroscepticism. Kopecky and Mudde have said that if the demarcation line is the number of and which policies a party opposes the question arises of how many must a party oppose and which ones should a party oppose that makes them'hard' Eurosceptic instead of'soft'. According to Taggart and Szczerbiak, hard Euroscepticism is "a principled opposition to the EU and European integration and therefore can be seen in parties who think that their countries should withdraw from membership, or whose policies towards the EU are tantamount to being opposed to the whole project of European integration as it is conceived."The Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy group in the European Parliament, typified by such parties as the Brexit Party and UK Independence Party, displays hard Euroscepticism.

In western European EU member countries, hard Euroscepticism is a characteristic of many anti-establishment parties. Some hard Eurosceptics prefer to call themselves "Eurorealists" rather than "sceptics", regard their position as pragmatic rather than ‘in principle’. Additionally, Tony Benn, a left-wing Labour Party MP who fought against European integration in 1975 by opposing membership of the European Communities in that year's referendum on the issue, emphasised his opposition to xenophobia and his support of democracy, saying: "My view about the European Union has always been not that I am hostile to foreigners, but that I am in favour of democracy I think they're building an empire there, they want us to be a part of their empire and I don't want that."The Czech president Václav Klaus rejected the term ’Euroscepticism’ for its purported negative undertones, saying that the expressions for a Eurosceptic and their opponent should be "a Euro-realist" and someone, "Euro-naïve", respectively.

François Asselineau of the French Popular Republican Union has criticised the use of the term'sceptic' to describe hard Eurosceptics, would rather advocate the use of the term "Euro opponent". He believes the use of the term'sceptic' for soft Eurosceptics to be correct, since other Eurosceptic parties in France are "merely criticising" the EU without taking into account the fact that the Treaty of Rome can only be modified with a unanimous agreement of all the EU member states, something he considers impossible to achieve. Soft Euroscepticism is support for the existence of, membership of, a form of European Union, but with opposition to specific EU policies.