Great Southwest Building

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Great Southwest Building
Great Southwest Building, 2008.jpg
General information
Status Complete
Type Office
Location 1314 Texas Avenue
Houston, Texas, United States
Coordinates 29°45′30″N 95°22′06″W / 29.7584396°N 95.3682630°W / 29.7584396; -95.3682630Coordinates: 29°45′30″N 95°22′06″W / 29.7584396°N 95.3682630°W / 29.7584396; -95.3682630
Completed 1926; 92 years ago (1926)
Opening 1927; 91 years ago (1927)
Roof 291 ft (89 m)[1]
Technical details
Floor count 22[2]
Floor area 188,240 sq ft (17,490 m2)[2]
Design and construction
Architect Alfred C. Bossom, Maurice J. Sullivan, and Briscoe & Dixon
Developer Joseph S. Cullinan founder of The Texas Company

The Great Southwest Building, formerly the Petroleum Building, is a skyscraper located at 1314 Texas Avenue in Downtown Houston, Texas in the United States.


The structure was originally commissioned by Joseph S. Cullinan founder of The Texas Company to house the offices of his growing oil and gas business. Designed by New York Architect Alfred Bossom, the building features Art Deco styling with unusual Mayan touches including reliefs and a stepped back style on upper floors to mimic a Mayan pyramid. This Mayan influenced design would be re-imagined 50 years later with the similarly styled Heritage Plaza building finished in 1987.


After Texaco relocated to larger offices, the building continued to serve smaller oil and gas companies on upper floors and retail outlets on the ground floor. In 2015, a Dallas based developer Todd Interests purchased the structure with plans to renovate the building and create 150 luxury apartment units. The project will receive a 15,000 tax credit per unit from the Houston Downtown Living Initiative, a program designed to encourage residential development in the city center.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Great Southwest Life Building". Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Schwartz, A. David. "Historic Great Southwest Building" (PDF). Transwestern. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Takahashi, Paul. "Dallas developer to close on iconic downtown Houston tower, place it on historic register". Houston Business Journal. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 

External links[edit]