Shanklin is a popular seaside resort and civil parish on the Isle of Wight, located on Sandown Bay. Shanklin is the southernmost of three settlements which occupy the bay, is close to Lake and Sandown; the sandy beach, its Old Village and a wooded ravine, Shanklin Chine, are its main attractions. The esplanade along the beach is occupied by hotels and restaurants for the most part, is one of the most tourist-oriented parts of the town; the other is the Old Village, at the top of Shanklin Chine. Together with Lake and Sandown to the north, Shanklin forms a built up area of 21,374 inhabitants; the main shopping centre consists of two roads, Regent Street and High Street, which together comprise the largest retail area in the south of the Isle of Wight. Near Regent Street are the Co-op and Lidl. In Regent Street itself are many local shops, including two arts and crafts shops, several clothing and sports shops, three newsagents and three bakeries; the High Street has some local shops, but is dominated by tourist shops and restaurants.
Shanklin railway station is the terminus of the Island Line from Ryde, opened on 23 August 1864. The railway was extended south to Ventnor in 1866, but this section was closed in 1966; the line from Ryde to Shanklin is now operated by former London Underground tube trains. In October 2004 a direct link was revived in the form of a bus service named the "Rail link"; this was replaced by the Southern Vectis number 3 bus. Bus services to nearby towns and suburbs are run by Southern Vectis on routes 2, 3, 22 and 24, principally from the bus stands at the Co-op supermarket. Destinations served include Newchurch, Ryde, Sandown and Winford. In the summer, an open top bus route called "The Sandown Bay Tour" is run, serving the main tourist areas of Shanklin and running to Sandown. Shanklin has one theatre, Shanklin Theatre, just off the top end of the High Street. In July and August 1819 the poet John Keats lodged at Eglantine Cottage in the resort's High Street, where he completed the first book of Lamia and began a drama, Otho the Great, with his friend Charles Armitage Brown.
In July 1868 the American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow stayed at the Crab Inn in Shanklin's Old Village during his last visit to Europe and left a poem about it on a stone by the pub. It is not held to be amongst his best work.. The 1980s indiepop band Trixie's Big Red Motorbike were from Shanklin, recorded some of their records there. Victoria Cross recipient and Deputy Governor of the Isle of Wight, Colonel Henry Gore-Browne retired to Shanklin before his death in 1912. According to Joseph Jacobs's 1890 version of The Three Little Pigs, the version of the story on which all versions are based, the Three Pigs and the Wolf live near Shanklin. Shanklin is on the coast of Sandown Bay, therefore is part of the long beach which spans between Yaverland in the North to Luccombe in the South; the section of beach situated next to Shanklin is split into Small Hope Hope Beach. Above Hope Beach is the esplanade which boasts some traditional seaside attractions including an amusement arcade, a crazy golf course, a children's play area, with slides, ball pools, bouncy castles, swings etc. available to be hired for a child's birthday party.
There are several seafront hotels, a cliff lift from the seafront to the top of the cliff, a putting course, several cafes and restaurants and pubs, a large, clean beach. Shanklin used to have a pier, but this was destroyed in the Great Storm of 1987; the pier had a theatre at which many famous performers appeared, including Paul Robeson, Richard Tauber and Arthur Askey. The Summerland Amusement Arcade on the seafront was a seaplane hangar positioned at Bembridge where it housed Fairey Campania seaplanes of the Nizam of Hyderabad's Squadron. Large areas of the seafront were damaged or destroyed during the Bombing raids of World War II, but were rebuilt after the war, causing the current seafront to be a varied mixture of Victorian, inter-war and post-war architecture. Shanklin Sailing Club is situated at the North end of the Esplanade. Founded in 1931 as'Shanklin Amateur Sailing Club', the club has a fleet of Sprint 15 catamarans and holds races three days a week during the season. Further along the beach is the Fisherman's Cottage pub.
This is at the bottom of Shanklin Chine, from which the town takes its name "Chynklyng Chine" and in the Domesday Book of 1086 Sencliz from "Scen-hlinc". The Chine is open to the public for a small fee and continues up to Rylstone Gardens in the Old Village, it contains a small section of the pipe of the "Operation Pluto" pipeline which ran across the Isle of Wight and out from Shanklin and another branch from Sandown to supply fuel to the D-Day beaches. America Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest located between Whiteley Bank, it is owned by the Woodland Trust It takes a bit of stamina and determination to get into America Wood, on the outskirts of Shanklin, since it has little accessible parking. However, the more active Isle of Wight visitor can make use of public footpaths and bridleways that lead into the wood. There is an ‘open’ feel to the site with storm damage during the Great Storm of 1987 and the Burns' Day storm of 1990 felling trees and creating lots of open sections. There is one large glade, recovering from the storms.
The woods is situated just west of Ninham. Dunnose is a large cape, situated southwest of the town. An imposing and high ge
Thorness Bay is an 86.2 hectare Site of special scientific interest, located on the north-west coast of the Isle of Wight, England, in the western arm of the Solent. The site was notified in 1966 for both its geological features; the bay stretches about 3 km from Salt Mead Ledge in the west to Gurnard Head to the east. The sea bed is a mixture of sand. A small unnamed brook enters the sea in the middle of the bay after passing through a marsh. Little Thorness Farm, a beef farm near the bay has 18 acres of protected marshland under stewardship and is a SSSI because it is home to wildlife not found in other areas. Thorness Bay has a holiday park run by Parkdean Resorts, it has a direct footpath leading straight to the beach. Natural England citation sheet
Fishbourne, Isle of Wight
Fishbourne is a village between Wootton and Ryde, on the Isle of Wight. The name "Fishbourne" might mean "stream of fish" or "fish spring."It is positioned on the eastern bank of Wootton Creek, includes the terminal for the Wightlink car ferry from Portsmouth. Fishbourne, together with the adjoining Kite Hill area, became a civil parish in 2006 and has a parish council; the parish includes the Benedictine monastery including Quarr Abbey. The Royal Victoria Yacht Club and the'Fishbourne Inn' are located near the ferry terminal. Public transport is provided by Southern Vectis bus routes 4 and 9, which stop on the main road, operate to East Cowes and Ryde. Fishbourne is part of the electoral ward called Fishbourne; this ward covers much of the Binstead district of Ryde parish and at the 2011 Census had a total population of 3,185. Fishbourne - The Willis Fleming Historical Trust Fishbourne Parish Council
Newchurch, Isle of Wight
Newchurch is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight. It is located between Newport in the southeast of the island. Anthony Dillington, owner of the Knighton Gorges Manor in Newchurch wrote to his son Robert in 1574 that, "This is the Garden of England, we be privileged to work in it as Husbandmen......." Newchurch obtained its name from the new church built in 1087 by the Norman monks of Lyra. The Newchurch Parish for many centuries stretched from the north to south coasts of the Island; the present day parish includes Newchurch Village, Apse Heath, Whiteley Bank, Alverstone Garden Village, Queen's Bower and Mersley. Public transport is provided by operating between Newport and Shanklin; the Sustrans route 23 cycle route runs through the village at the bottom of the Shute, allowing easy access to Cowes and Sandown. Between 1875 and 1956 Newchurch had the advantage of a railway station. There is a sub-post office. All Saints' Church, Newchurch Newchurch Community web site
Freshwater, Isle of Wight
Freshwater is a large village and civil parish at the western end of the Isle of Wight, England. Freshwater Bay is a small cove on the south coast of the Island which gives its name to the nearby part of Freshwater. Freshwater sits at the western end of the region known as the Back of the Wight or the West Wight, a popular tourist area. Freshwater is close to steep chalk cliffs, it was the birthplace of physicist Robert Hooke and was the home of Poet Laureate Alfred Lord Tennyson. Freshwater is famous for its geology and coastal rock formations that have resulted from centuries worth of coastal erosion; the "Arch Rock" was a well-known local landmark that collapsed on 25 October 1992. The neighbouring "Stag Rock" is so named because a stag leaped to the rock from the cliff to escape during a hunt. Another huge slab fell off the cliff face in 1968, is now known as the "Mermaid Rock". Behind Mermaid Rock lies a small Sea cave that cuts several metres into the new cliff. Freshwater's beach is popular.
It is sandy but it is covered in chalk from the nearby cliffs, gathered by tourists as souvenirs. Freshwater features an excellent example of The Albion; the Albion was built around the time Freshwater became popularised as a coastal resort, is still popular today. However, heavy storms which lift rocks and other debris from the beach means that the building's exterior walls have to be repainted, with cracks and dents in the walls being repaired too; the hills above Freshwater are named after Tennyson. On the nearby Tennyson Down is a Cornish granite cross erected in 1897 in tribute to Tennyson, "by the people of Freshwater, other friends in England and America." There is a hill in the area called'Hooke Hill', named for Robert Hooke. All Saints' Church, Freshwater is one of the oldest churches on the Isle of Wight, was listed in the Domesday survey of 1086. Mark Whatson is the pastor of All Saints, an Anglican church in the Anglican Diocese of Portsmouth. A primary school associated with the church is nearby.
There is a marble memorial commemorating Tennyson in All Saints Church. Tennyson's wife Emily and other family members are buried in the church cemetery; the church is the site of a memorial to Tennyson's son, Lionel Tennyson, who died of malaria in 1886. Dimbola Lodge, the home of Julia Margaret Cameron and now a photographic museum, is in the village of Freshwater Bay, part of Freshwater. There is a tearoom and bookstore. Tennyson's son, Hallam donated land for a new church in Freshwater Bay. Hallam's wife Audrey suggested. St. Agnes' Church, Freshwater was consecrated on 12 August 1908, it is the only thatched church on the Isle of Wight. Freshwater was the site of the largest station on the Freshwater and Newport Railway that operated from 20 July 1889 to 21 September 1953; the station location is now occupied by a garden centre. Freshwater is near the source of the Western Yar. Freshwater Marshes are a Site of Special Scientific Interest, a large part of the Marshes are a Local Nature Reserve called Afton Marshes.
At the western end of Freshwater Bay on a bluff are the remains of Fort Redoubt known as Fort Freshwater or Freshwater Redoubt, a Palmerston Fort. Fort Redoubt was built in 1855-1856 to protect Freshwater Bay, was in use until the early 20th century, it was sold by the military in 1928. Presently, part of it is a private residence, other portions are being developed as holiday flats. A doorway carved into the cliff below the fort was the main access to the building from the beach, although most of the iron stairway that gave access has broken up due to the repeated actions of rust and the tide. Two unusual structures that have been described as ice houses, pottery kilns or crematoria are found on Moons Hill in Freshwater. Robert Walker was the first to excavate these features in the 1890s, he thought they were evidence of a Phoenician settlement in Freshwater. Chemical analyses suggest that they were most lime kilns; the renowned scientist Robert Hooke was born in Freshwater in 1635. His father John Hooke was the curate of All Saints Church in Freshwater.
When Hooke's father died in 1648, Hooke left Freshwater for London to be apprenticed to portrait painter Peter Lely. After that, he went to Westminster School and Oxford. Painter George Morland lived in Freshwater in a structure known as the "Cabin" around 1800. British Poet laureate Alfred Lord Tennyson lived at nearby Farringford House. Tennyson lived at Farringford from 1853 until the end of his life in 1892. Tennyson wrote of Farringford: “Where, far from noise and smoke of townI watch the twilight falling brown,All round a careless-ordered garden,Close to the ridge of a noble down.” Tennyson rented Farringford in 1853, bought it in 1856. He found that there were too many starstruck tourists who pestered him in Farringford, so he moved to "Aldworth", a stately home on a hill known as Blackdown between Lurgashall and Fernhurst, about 2 km south of Haslemere in West Sussex in 1869. However, he returned to Farringford to spend the winters. Pioneering photographer Julia Margaret Cameron lived in Freshwater at Dimbola Lodge from 1860 to 1875.
In 1960, Dekyi Tseri, mother of the current Dalai Lama, stayed at the guest house of Sir Basil Gould's widow Cecily in Freshwater for six weeks. Tseri, known to Tibetans as "Amala", meaning "The Great Mother", was recuperating after a throat operation to remove a benign polyp performed at St. Mary's Hospital in London. Freshwater was the birthplace of Sir Vivian Ernest Fuchs FRS (1
Cowes is an English seaport town and civil parish on the Isle of Wight. Cowes is located on the west bank of the estuary of the River Medina, facing the smaller town of East Cowes on the east bank; the two towns are linked by a chain ferry. The population was 9,663 in the 2001 census; the population at the 2011 census was 10,405. Charles Godfrey Leland's 19th century verses describe the towns poetically as "The two great Cowes that in loud thunder roar/This on the eastern, that the western shore". Cowes has been seen as a home for international yacht racing since the founding of the Royal Yacht Squadron in 1815, it gives its name to the world's oldest regular regatta, Cowes Week, which occurs annually in the first week of August. Powerboat races are held. Much of the town's architecture is still influenced by the style of ornate building that Prince Albert popularised; the name Westcowe was attested in 1413 as the name of one of two sandbanks, on each side of the River Medina estuary, so-called after a supposed likeness to cows.
The name was subsequently transferred to fortifications built during the reign of Henry VIII on the east and west banks of the river to dispel a French invasion, referred to as cowforts or cowes. They subsequently gave their names to the towns of Cowes and East Cowes, replacing the earlier name of Shamblord; the town's name has been subject to dispute in the past, sometimes being called Cowes, West Cowes. For example, a milestone from the 17th century exists, calling the town Cowes, but up until the late 19th Century the Urban District Council bore the name West Cowes. In 1895 West Cowes Urban District Council applied for permission to change the name of the town to Cowes and this was granted on 21 August 1895. Whilst the name Cowes has become well established on infrastructure related to the town, the name West Cowes remained on Admiralty charts, used by sailors, until 2015, when it was corrected following a letter from a Cowes resident. Red Funnel, the Southampton-based ferry company that provides routes from Southampton to both Cowes and East Cowes, has continued to use the name West Cowes for the town in information and publicity and as the name for the town's terminal.
In earlier centuries the two settlements were much smaller and known as East and West Shamblord or Shamelhorde, the East being the more significant settlement. The Isle of Wight was a target of attempted French invasions, there were notable incursions. Henrician Castles were built in both settlements in the sixteenth century; the west fort in Cowes still survives to this day, albeit without the original Tudor towers, as Cowes Castle. The fort built in East Cowes is believed to have been similar but was abandoned c. 1546 and since destroyed. The seaport at Cowes, Isle of Wight was the first stop on English soil before crossing the Atlantic Ocean with many ships loaded with Germans and Swiss passengers leaving from Rotterdam going to the New World destination of the port City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; these Germans and Swiss passengers where going to become British subjects in Colonial America, the English Captain's made a written record of the stop in Cowes, England. It is believed that the building of an 80-ton, 60-man vessel called Rat o' Wight on the banks of the river Medina in 1589 for the use of Queen Elizabeth I sowed the seed for Cowes to grow into a world-renowned centre of boat-building.
However, seafaring for recreation and sport remained the exception rather than the rule until much later. It was not until the reign of keen sailor George IV that the stage was set for the heyday of Cowes as'The Yachting Capital of the World.' In 1826 the Royal Yacht Squadron organised a three-day regatta for the first time and the next year the king signified his approval of the event by presenting a cup to mark the occasion. This became known as Cowes Regatta and it soon grew into a four-day event that always ended with a fireworks display; the opium clippers Nina and Wild Dayrell were built in Cowes. In Cowes the 18th-century house of Westbourne was home to a collector of customs whose son, born there in 1795, lived to become Dr Thomas Arnold, headmaster of Rugby School. Northwood House was the home of the Ward family, it was donated under trust to the town in the grounds becoming Northwood Park. William George Ward was a close friend of the poet Tennyson and in whose memory the poet wrote six lines.
Cowes and East Cowes became a single urban district in 1933. During an air raid of World War II on 4/5 May 1942, the local defences had been fortuitously augmented by the Polish destroyer Błyskawica, which put up such a determined defence that, in 2002, the crew's courage was honoured by a local commemoration lasting several days to mark the 60th anniversary of the event. In 2004 an area of Cowes was named Francki Place in honour of the ship's commander; the Friends of the ORP Błyskawica Society is active in Cowes. There is a Błyskawica Memorial. Industry in both Cowes and East Cowes has always centred on the building and design of marine craft and materials associated with boat-making, including the early flying boats, sail-making, it is the place. Major present-day employers include BAE Systems Integrated System Technologies, which occupies the site of the old Somerton Aerodrome at Newport Road, Cowes; the population of the town increases during Cowes Week, the busiest time of the year for local businesses.
The town was reported to be doing well despite the economic downturn. Cowes has a Non-League football club Cowes Sports F. C. wh
Ashey is a hamlet on the outskirts of Ryde on the Isle of Wight in southern England. The appropriate civil parish is called Havenstreet and Ashley Ashey is the site every year of an amateur horse race known as the "Isle of Wight Grand National and Ashey Scurry". There are four races, it is open to ponies of all sizes and breeds. Riders of all ages enter, it includes betting. There was a racecourse opened in Ashey in 1884, it included a grandstand as well. It was never rebuilt. There is a railway station in Ashey, the Ashey railway station, which reopened in 1991 and is between the stations at Havenstreet and Smallbrook Junction. At one time, there was a separate station. There is a manor in East Ashey called the East Ashey Manor. Ashey Down is the site of some ancient burial mounds; the summit of Ashey Down is a good viewpoint and this fact has been gratefully accepted by sailors in their use of the solid, white stump - the Ashey sea mark -, constructed in 1735. In a variation on the medieval beacon system the Navy built four semaphore stations at key high points on the Island.
These relayed to the admiral at Portsmouth details of all shipping seen off the island, the final messages all passed through Ashey. There is a story that in 1969, a Dr. White of St Helens and his wife saw some mysterious lights when driving by Ashey Down at night. Official Scurry event website