Great snub icosidodecahedron

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Great snub icosidodecahedron
Type Uniform star polyhedron
Elements F = 92, E = 150
V = 60 (χ = 2)
Faces by sides (20+60){3}+12{5/2}
Wythoff symbol |2 5/2 3
Symmetry group I, [5,3]+, 532
Index references U57, C88, W116
Dual polyhedron Great pentagonal hexecontahedron
Vertex figure
34.5/2
Bowers acronym Gosid

In geometry, the great snub icosidodecahedron is a nonconvex uniform polyhedron, indexed as U57. It can be represented by a Schläfli symbol sr{5/2,3}, and Coxeter-Dynkin diagram .

This polyhedron is the snub member of a family that includes the great icosahedron, the great stellated dodecahedron and the great icosidodecahedron.

Cartesian coordinates

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of a great snub icosidodecahedron are all the even permutations of

(±2α, ±2, ±2β),
(±(α−βτ−1/τ), ±(α/τ+β−τ), ±(−ατ−β/τ−1)),
(±(ατ−β/τ+1), ±(−α−βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ+β+τ)),
(±(ατ−β/τ−1), ±(α+βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ+β−τ)) and
(±(α−βτ+1/τ), ±(−α/τ−β−τ), ±(−ατ−β/τ+1)),

with an even number of plus signs, where

α = ξ−1/ξ

and

β = −ξ/τ+1/τ2−1/(ξτ),

where τ = (1+5)/2 is the golden mean and ξ is the negative real root of ξ3−2ξ=−1/τ, or approximately −1.5488772. Taking the odd permutations of the above coordinates with an odd number of plus signs gives another form, the enantiomorph of the other one.

The circumradius for unit edge length is

${\displaystyle R={\frac {1}{2}}{\sqrt {\frac {2-x}{1-x}}}=0.64502\dots }$

where ${\displaystyle x}$ is the appropriate root of ${\displaystyle x^{3}+2x^{2}={\Big (}{\tfrac {1\pm {\sqrt {5}}}{2}}{\Big )}^{2}}$. The four positive real roots of the sextic in ${\displaystyle R^{2},}$

${\displaystyle 4096R^{12}-27648R^{10}+47104R^{8}-35776R^{6}+13872R^{4}-2696R^{2}+209=0}$

is the circumradius of the snub dodecahedron (U29), great snub icosidodecahedron (U57), great inverted snub icosidodecahedron (U69), and great retrosnub icosidodecahedron (U74).

Related polyhedra

Great pentagonal hexecontahedron

Great pentagonal hexecontahedron
Type Star polyhedron
Face
Elements F = 60, E = 150
V = 92 (χ = 2)
Symmetry group I, [5,3]+, 532
Index references DU57
dual polyhedron Great snub icosidodecahedron

The great pentagonal hexecontahedron is a nonconvex isohedral polyhedron and dual to the uniform great snub icosidodecahedron. It has 60 intersecting irregular pentagonal faces, 120 edges, and 92 vertices.