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Greater Beedelup National Park

Greater Beedelup National Park is a national park in Western Australia, 277 km south of Perth. It is situated on the Vasse Highway some 10 km west of Pemberton; the park is lush and damp due to an abundance of water. Gazetted in 1910, the park was declared an A Class Reserve in 1915; the Pemberton National Parks Board has been responsible for management of the park since 1957. Controlled burns occur within the park and some clear felling operations have been conducted in selected areas that used to be State Forests but have been regenerated since; the park is karri forest, with mixed areas of jarrah and marri. The loamy soil supports large colonies of moss and plants such as the swamp peppermint, karri hazel, myrtle wattle and lemonscented Darwinia all of which thrive in the damp conditions; some of the forest is an excellent example of uncut old-growth forest. Some of the upland areas are sandy and support communities of heath vegetation. Other plants of interest in the area include Crowea dentata, Crowea augustifolia and Choretrum lateriflorum.

Some rare fauna are thought to inhabit the area including the Woylie and the Tammar. Its major attraction is the Beedelup Falls, which are in full flow during spring. A suspension bridge, built in 1995, offers passage across Beedelup Brook and good views of the falls. Another feature of the park is the walk through karri tree, a 400-year-old tree with a large man-made hole cut through at the base large enough for a person to stand in; the park is named after Beedelup brook, named in 1875. It is thought the name Beedelup is derived from the Noongar word Beejalup meaning place of rest or place of sleep. An admission fee applies for this camping is not permitted. A signed walking trail around Beedelup falls, a rest area, picnic area and toilets are available for use by visitors. Protected areas of Western Australia

Crick Road

Crick Road is a road in North Oxford, England, an area characterised by large Victorian Gothic villas. At the western end is the Bradmore Road and at the eastern end is Fyfield Road. To the north is Norham Road and to the south are Norham Gardens and the University Parks. Houses in the road were first leased between 1876 and 1880. Architects include Willson Beasley, Frederick Codd, Galpin & Shirley, Frederick R. Pike; the houses are in pairs, with Jacobean as well as more traditional North Oxford Gothic detailing. In 1879, the school, to become known as the Dragon School moved from rooms at Balliol Hall in St Giles' to 17 Crick Road, which became known as "School House"; the headmaster was A. E. Clarke and from 1886 Charles Cotterill Lynam; the school expanded and moved in 1895 to its current location at Bardwell Road, further north in North Oxford. In 1879, the historian and Master of Balliol College, Arthur Lionel Smith married Mary Smith, they first lived at 7 Crick Road until 1893. They had had nine children together, six of whom were born at the house in Crick Road.

The Haldane family lived at 11 the house is marked with a blue plaque. The family included the physiologist and father John Scott Haldane and his wife Louisa, together with their children, the geneticist and evolutionary biologist J. B. S. Haldane, the novelist Naomi Mitchison; the family moved to'Cherwell' at the end of Linton Road to the north, now the location of Wolfson College on the banks of the River Cherwell. The botanist and Mayor of Oxford, George Claridge Druce, moved to 9 Crick Road in 1909, he named the house "Yardley Lodge", after the village of Yardley Gobion. He died at his home and was buried in Holywell Cemetery, Oxford

1967 Tangerine Bowl

The 1967 Tangerine Bowl was an NCAA College Division game following the 1967 season, between West Chester and Tennessee–Martin. The most valuable players were defensive end Gordon Lambert and quarterback Errol Hook, both of Tennessee–Martin; the game was one of four regional finals in the College Division, the predecessor of Division II. Tennessee–Martin's Lambert, West Chester quarterback Jim Haynie, were selected in the 1968 NFL/AFL Draft. Tennessee–Martin defensive end Julian Nunamaker was selected in the 1969 NFL/AFL Draft. Multiple members of the Tennessee–Martin team — including Lambert, Nunamaker, quarterback Allan Cox, kicker Lee Mayo, left tackle Gary Doble, head coach Bob Carroll — are inductees of the university's hall of fame. West Chester quarterback Jim Haynie, offensive end Don Wilkinson, running back Paul Dunkleberger, head coach Bob Mitten are inductees of their university's hall of fame

Cretan lyra

The Cretan lyra is a Greek pear-shaped, three-stringed bowed musical instrument, central to the traditional music of Crete and other islands in the Dodecanese and the Aegean Archipelago, in Greece. The Cretan lyra is considered to be the most popular surviving form of the medieval Byzantine lyra, an ancestor of most European bowed instruments; the lyra is held vertically on the player's lap, in the same way as a small viol, rather than being placed under the chin of the player like a violin. For normal right-handed playing, the player's right hand holds the bow; the strings are stopped by pressing the fingernails of the player's left hand against the side of the string, rather than by pressing the string against the fingerboard. This gives it a different tone from the violin. Older lyras have one string, not fingered and is used as a drone, playing the same note while tunes are played on the other two strings The Cretan lyra is related to the bowed Byzantine lyra, the ancestor of many European bowed instruments, to the rabāb, found in Islamic empires of that time.

The 9th-century Persian geographer Ibn Khurradadhbih, in his lexicographical discussion of instruments, cited the lyra as a typical instrument of the Byzantines along with the urghun and the salandj. The Byzantine lyra spread westward through Europe with uncertain evolution. Bowed instruments similar to the Cretan lyra and direct descendants of the Byzantine lyra have continued to be played in many post-Byzantine regions until the present day with small changes, for example the Gadulka in Bulgaria, the bowed Calabrian lira in Italy and the Classical Kemenche in Istanbul, Turkey. With regard to the period of introduction of the bowed instrument in the island, there are four schools of thought: The Byzantine lyra was introduced after 961 AD, when the island was reconquered from Arabs by the Byzantine Empire under the command of Nikephoros Phokas. At that time, noble families from Constantinople were sent to settle on Crete to inject new life and replenish the Greek population, who introduced many Byzantine traditions from Constantinople.

The lyra was introduced from the islands of the Dodecanese, entered the island through the eastern town of Sitia, the neighbor of Kassos and Karpathos. The lyra was introduced into the island's traditions as a popular element of the Byzantine music and tradition, in a similar manner that lyra was introduced in other regions. By the local tradition, the Cretan lyra has been spontaneous developed in the island of Crete some time before the year 961 AD and after the Byzantine invasion of Nikephoros Phokas it's been adopted by the Byzantine panspermia among other treasures from Crete, to Istanbul, from there, spread east and west. Over the centuries and during the island's Venetian era, the violin exerted its influence on the music of Crete both under the organological and musical aspect, bringing about profound changes in the instrument's repertory, organology, musical language and performance practice. There are three major types of Cretan lyras: the lyraki, a small model of lyra identical to the Byzantine lyra, used only for the performance of dances the vrontolyra, which has a strong sound, ideal for accompaniment of songs the common lyra, popular in the island today.

The influence of the violin caused the transformation of many features of the old form of Cretan Lyra into the contemporary lyra, including its tuning, performance practice, repertory. In 1920, the viololyra was developed in an effort by local instrument manufacturers to give the sound and the technical possibilities of the violin to the old Byzantine lyraki. Twenty years a new combination of lyraki and violin gave birth to the common lyra. Other types include the four-stringed lyra. In 1990, Ross Daly designed a new type of Cretan lyra which incorporates elements of lyraki, the Byzantine lyra and the Indian sarangi; the result was a lyra with three playing strings of 29 cm in length, 18 sympathetic strings which resonate on Indian-styled jawari bridges. The Lyra has a body with a pear-shaped soundboard, or one, oval in shape, with two small semi-circular soundholes; the body and neck are carved out of one piece of aged wood. Traditionally the body's wood was sourced from trees growing in Crete such as walnut and asfadamos, the local plane tree.

The soundboard is carved with a shallower arch and is made of straight-grained softwood: traditionally the aged wooden beams of buildings and, ideally the 300-year-old wooden beams from Venetian ruins. In the past, the strings were made of the bow of horse-tail hair. In the past, the bow's arc had a series of spherical bells, gerakokoudouna, to provide rhythmic accompaniment to the melody when the bow was moving. Today, most lyras are played with violin bows. A method for the vibration analysis and characterization of the Cretan lyre top plates was reported in 2006; the old model of t


Phycella is a genus of herbaceous, perennial bulbous flowering plants belonging to the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae. The genus consists of five species distributed from central Chile to northwestern Argentina; the genus was described by John Lindley in 1825. After further examining specimens of Amaryllis ignea that he had described the previous year as Amaryllis, with some reservation, Lindley concluded they were a separate genus, naming two species, P. ignea, P. cyrtanthoides. Subsequently, it was considered these were the same plant, P. ignea was reassigned to a synonym for P. cyrtanthoides. Phycella is located in the American clade of the Amaryllidoideaetribe, where it is placed in tribe Hippeastreae, subtribe Traubiinae. In molecular phylogenetic analysis, Phycella forms a sister group to the remainder of the Hippeastreae. In 1996 the Müller-Doblies' had situated it in subtribe Hippeastrinae based on morphological criteria, by submerging it in Hippeastrum. A detailed study of in-depth relations within Hippeastreae revealed a more complicated situation wit regard to the Chilean-Argentinian taxa which had not been well represented in earlier studies.

There was strong support for two major clades, representing two subtribes, with Phycella and three other genera forming the Traubiinae. This study showed that one species of Famatina segregated with Phycella, was therefore submerged in it as Phycella herbertiana. By contrast the remaining three Famatina species segregated with Rhodophiala and were therefore grouped in Hippeastrinae together with Hippeastrum. Famatina has been extinguished as separate genus. Five species are described: Phycella australis Ravenna Phycella brevituba Herb. Phycella cyrtanthoides Lindl. Phycella herbertiana Lindl. Syn. Famatina maulensis Ravenna Phycella scarlatina Ravenna

Big Ditch Wildlife Management Area

Big Ditch Wildlife Management Area is a protected area located in Webster County, West Virginia near the town of Cowen. The WMA is centered on Big Ditch Lake, a 55-acre man-made reservoir. Big Ditch located along Birch River Road less than 1 mile west of the intersection of West Virginia Routes 20 and 82 at the southern edge of Cowen. Activities include fishing for warm water species like largemouth bass and channel catfish and picnics. Small game and bow hunting is permitted seasonally. Animal conservation Hunting List of West Virginia wildlife management areas Recreational fishing West Virginia Division of Natural Resources web site West Virginia Hunting Regulations West Virginia Fishing Regulations