Branford is a shoreline town located on Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, 8 miles east of New Haven. The population was 28,026 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.0 square miles. There are two harbors, the more central Branford Harbor and Stony Creek Harbor on the east end, one town beach at Branford Point. Much of the town's border with East Haven to the west is dominated by Lake Saltonstall, a reservoir owned by the South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority, Saltonstall Mountain, part of the Metacomet Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long Island Sound to nearly the Vermont border; the southern terminus of the Metacomet Ridge, Beacon Hill, is located in Branford. The town of Branford includes the Thimble Islands. Neighboring towns are North Branford to the north, Guilford to the east, East Haven to the west. An area called "Totoket", which became Branford, was part of the land bought from the Mattabesech Indians in 1638 by the first settlers of New Haven.
The Dutch in the New Netherland settlements set up a trading post at the mouth of the Branford River in the 17th century, the source of the name "Dutch Wharf" known as "Dutch House Wharf" and the Dutch House Quarter. The area was described by Ezra Stiles as containing a "Dutch Fort" as hinted at by archaeological excavations completed in the 1990s; the town's name is said to be derived from the town of England. The town in early maps was called Brentford before being shortened to Branford. Established in 1644, Branford grew during the 19th centuries. In the late 18th century, the first shoreline community, Stony Creek, was settled. Indian Neck and Pine Orchard were settled, but neither of those settlements was permanent until the mid-19th century. In 1852, the railroad helped bring new business, including Branford Lockworks, Malleable Iron Fittings Company, the Atlantic Wire Company; the Stony Creek granite quarries rose to prominence as a direct consequence of railroad construction. During the mid-19th century, Branford became a popular resort area.
Twenty hotels opened, including Indian Point House in Stony Creek, Montowese House in Indian Neck, Sheldon House in Pine Orchard. During the mid-20th century, Branford shed its resort image and subsequently took on many characteristics associated with northeastern suburbs. In 1974, Connecticut Hospice was founded in the first hospice in the United States. Branford has six historic districts that are listed on the United States National Register of Historic Places; these include buildings in Federal and Crafts, Queen Anne styles of architecture. Five NRHP-listed districts are Branford Center Historic District, Branford Point Historic District, Canoe Brook Historic District, Route 146 Historic District, Stony Creek-Thimble Islands Historic District. More than 20 historic homes and other properties are separately listed on the National Register. In total, 30 properties or districts in Branford appear in New Haven County's NRHP listings. One example is Harrison House and Museum, a 1724 structure, which has period furnishings, local historical items, archives, a barn and an herb garden.
Cruises of the Thimble Islands depart from the Stony Creek dock, seal-watch cruises take place in March. Branford's recreational facilities include several town-maintained parks and beaches owned by private foundations, hiking trails along Lake Saltonstall and a stretch of the Shoreline Greenway Trail, 20 miles of coastline with more than 12 marinas. Branford is home to two breweries named after local landmarks, Thimble Island Brewing Company and Stony Creek Brewery; as of the census of 2000, there were 28,683 people, 12,543 households, 7,663 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,305.2 people per square mile. There were 13,342 housing units at an average density of 607.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.05% white, 1.35% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.72% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.57% of the population. There were 12,543 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.9% were non-families.
32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.90. In the town, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $58,009, the median income for a family was $69,510. Males had a median income of $46,927 versus $35,947 for females; the per capita income for the town was $32,301. About 3.3% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 4.0% of those 65 and older. Branford Center is home to many small stores and coffee houses, which line Main Street, with the Green at the center; the Branford Green has churches as well as the town hall and other government facilities and hosts concerts and other events, such as the annual Branford Festival
Orange is a town in New Haven County, United States. The population was 13,956 at the 2010 census; the town is governed by a Board of Selectmen. The Paugusset, an Algonquian people, once lived in the area, now Orange. In 1639, the Rev. Peter Prudden purchased the land from the Native Americans for six coats, ten blankets, one kettle, twelve hatchets, twelve hoes, two dozen knives and a dozen small mirrors; when settled by English colonists, Orange was the northern and eastern district of the now neighboring city of Milford. The town is named after William III of England, Prince of Orange from birth. William is remembered for succeeding James II, deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. James II had been considered a despot in Connecticut; the town continued to grow throughout the 19th century. As early as 1848, a separation of Orange and West Haven was considered, it was not until 1921 that the two were separated by act of the Connecticut General Assembly and the new city of West Haven was formed out of the southeastern portion of Orange.
This gave the remnant town of Orange a rural feel, as the bulk of the urbanized population was ceded to West Haven. In the post-war years, Orange began suburbanizing at a rapid pace. Early roads through the area included the Derby Turnpike; the turnpike was an Indian path. A toll road through Orange, from New Haven to Derby, was built starting in 1800; the toll house was located in Orange. The New Haven and Derby Railroad ran with a station in Orange. At its peak, there were eleven trains per day in each direction along with one freight train; the advent of a trolley from New Haven to Derby hastened the end to rail service. The construction of the Wilbur Cross Parkway and Interstate 95 brought highways through the area. Col. Asa Platt House — 2 Tyler City Road. Federal style. Built in 1810, it is thought to have been built by David Hoadley, who built the Orange Congregational Church; the nomination to the register, by Jan Cunningham, refers to "the elegant refinement of the interior", repeated elliptical forms in "the sunbursts of the mantelpieces.
Henry F. Miller House — 30 Derby Ave.. This international style house was completed in 1949 and featured at the time in the New Haven Register as "The House of Tomorrow". Orange Center Historic District — Roughly Orange Center Road from Orange Cemetery to Nan Drive; the district was established by the town January 13, 1978. The Orange Congregational Church, designed by David Hoadley and built in 1810 on the town green, is a centerpiece of the district; this Federal style church features a Palladian window, domed belfry and a painted black oval "window" on the front tower. The district includes the Stone-Otis House, built circa 1830 and The Academy, a schoolhouse built in 1878 with Stick style elements, including an elaborate gable screen now a museum. William Andrew House — 131 Old Tavern Road. Built about 1750 for the Bryan family, early settlers in North Milford; this area was known as "Bryan's Farms". The house includes a finely detailed front cornice, feather-edged sheathing and hand-split lath laboriously installed without nails.
The house served as housing for dairy farm employees and was bought by the Town of Orange in 2000 to be restored for use as a museum. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,233 people, 4,739 households, 3,895 families residing in the town; the population density was 770.0 people per square mile. There were 4,870 housing units at an average density of 283.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.08% White, 0.79% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 3.84% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population. There were 4,739 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.8% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $79,365, the median income for a family was $88,583. Males had a median income of $58,946 versus $41,563 for females; the per capita income for the town was $36,471. About 2.1% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over. Mary L. Tracy, for kindergarten and pre-school Peck Place, first through sixth grades Tu
Waterbury is a city in the U. S. state of Connecticut on the Naugatuck River, 33 miles southwest of Hartford and 77 miles northeast of New York City. Waterbury is the second-largest city in Connecticut; as of the 2010 census, Waterbury had a population of 110,366, making it the 10th largest city in the New York Metropolitan Area, 9th largest city in New England and the 5th largest city in Connecticut. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, Waterbury had large industrial interests and was the leading center in the United States for the manufacture of brassware, as reflected in the nickname the "Brass City" and the city's motto Quid Aere Perennius?. It was noted for the manufacture of watches and clocks; the city is along Interstate 84 and Route 8 and has a Metro-North railroad station with connections to Grand Central Terminal. Waterbury is home to Post University and the regional campuses of the University of Connecticut, University of Bridgeport, Western Connecticut State University as well as Naugatuck Valley Community College.
The land was inhabited by the Algonquin bands. According to Samuel Orcutt's history, some Puritan residents of nearby Farmington "found it expedient to purchase the same lands from different tribes, without attempting to decide between their rival claims." The original settlement of Waterbury in 1674 was in the area now known as the Town Plot section. In 1675, the turbulence of King Philip's War caused the new settlement to be vacated until the resumption of peace in 1677. A new permanent location was found across the river to the east along the Mad River; the original Native American inhabitants called the area "Matetacoke" meaning "the interval lands." Thus, the settlement's name was Anglicised to "Mattatuck" in 1673. When the settlement was admitted as the 28th town in the Connecticut Colony in 1686, the name was changed to Waterbury in reference to the numerous streams that emptied into the Naugatuck River from the hills on either side of the valley. At that time, it included all or parts of what became the towns of Watertown, Wolcott, Naugatuck and Middlebury.
Growth was slow during Waterbury's first hundred years, the lack of arable land due to the constant flooding of the Naugatuck River in particular, discouraged many potential settlers. Furthermore, the residents suffered through a great flood in 1691 and an outbreak of disease in 1712. After a century, Waterbury's population numbered just 5,000. Waterbury emerged as an early American industrial power in the early 19th century when the city began to manufacture brass, harnessing the waters of the Mad River and the Naugatuck River to power the early factories; the new brass industry attracted many immigrant laborers from all over the world, leading to an influx of diverse nationalities. Waterbury was incorporated as a city in 1853 and, as the "Brass Capital of the World", it gained a reputation for the quality and durability of its goods. Brass and copper supplied by Waterbury was notably used in Nevada's Boulder Dam and found myriad applications across the United States, as well. Another famous Waterbury product of the mid-19th century was Robert H. Ingersoll's one-dollar pocket watch, five million of which were sold.
After this, the clock industry became as important as Waterbury's famed brass industry. Evidence of these two important industries can still be seen in Waterbury, as numerous clocktowers and old brass factories have become landmarks of the city. Of note in Waterbury's industrial history was the production of silverware, starting in 1858 by Rogers & Brother, in 1886 by Rogers & Hamilton. In 1893, Rogers & Brother exhibited wares at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. In 1898, both companies became part of the International Silver Company, headquartered in nearby Meriden. Production continued at the R&B site until 1938. Today designs by the two companies are in the collections of the Mattatuck Museum in Waterbury, the Brooklyn Museum in New York, the Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, in many historical societies and museums across the United States. In June 1920, labor unrest occurred in the town, with striking workers fighting with police on the street. Over 30 were arrested Lithuanians, Russians and Italians.
The strikers numbered some 15,000, with most being employed at Scovill, Chase Rolling Mill, Chase Metal Works. One striker was shot to death by police. At its peak during World War II, 10,000 people worked at the Scovill Manufacturing Co sold to Century Brass; the city's metal manufacturing mills occupied more than 2 million square feet and more than 90 buildings. The first Unico Club was founded in Waterbury in 1922 by Dr. Anthony P. Vastola, it now has 150 regional groups. The membership is composed of business and professional people of Italian lineage or those who are married to an Italian-American; the clubs sponsor educational and civic programs. Waterbury's Fr. Michael J. McGivney founded the Knights of Columbus in New Haven, Connecticut, on February 2, 1882. Though the first councils were all in Connecticut, the Order spread throughout the United States in the following years. Established in 1894, St. Joseph's Church holds the distinction of being the first Lithuanian worshiping community in Connecticut and second oldest in the country.
Sacred Heart was the first Catholic high school in Connecticut, September 6, 1922. One of the first full-length sound motion pictures was made in the 1920s at the studios of the Bristol Co. at Platts Mills by Professor William Henry Bristol, who experime
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Essex is a town in Middlesex County, United States. The population was 6,683 at the 2010 census, it is made up of three villages: Essex Village and Ivoryton. Essex is one of the few American towns to be attacked by a foreign power. 28 vessels, with a total value estimated to be close to $200,000, were destroyed by the British. One historian has called it the "Pearl Harbor" of that war. On that date 136 British marines and sailors under the command of Richard Coote rowed 6 boats from four British warships anchored in Long Island Sound, 6 miles up the Connecticut River, past the unmanned fort in Old Saybrook, arriving at the boat launch at the foot of Main Street in Essex close to 4 A. M; the boats were armed with swivel guns loaded with grapeshot, the officers armed with swords and pistols, the marines with "Brown Bess" muskets, the sailors with torches and axes. They commandeered the town, eliciting a promise of no resistance from the Essex militia in return for promising not to harm the townspeople or burn their homes, while a messenger rode to Fort Trumbull in New London for help.
A dubious local myth states that Coote did not burn the town as a favor to a local merchant who greeted him with a secret Masonic handshake. The British marched to the Bushnell Tavern seized the town's stores of rope and, according to the April 19, 1814 Hartford Courant, "$100,000 or upwards" worth of rum, their main targets, were the newly constructed privateers in the harbor, ready or nearly ready for sail, which they burned. Within 6 hours, their mission was accomplished, The British went downstream with two captured ships in tow, including the Black Prince, a vessel that may well have inspired the raid. Stranded in the river by low tide, they were forced to wait at the extreme range of the shots of the volunteers from the nearby town of Killingworth who lined the riverbanks. At the time of the raid, Essex had been a major center of shipping and shipbuilding, but was suffering under a blockade by The British. Captain Richard Hayden, a prominent shipbuilder, had advertised his Black Prince in a New York City newspaper as "a 315 ton sharp schooner that would make an ideal privateer."
This may have caught the attention of The British, who investigated Essex and launched the successful raid. As a consequence of the practical, but somewhat less than heroic, response of the town to the raid, shortly afterwards, the name of the town was changed to Essex. On the second Saturday of each May since 1964, the "Sailing Masters of 1812" of Essex commemorate the "Burning of the Ships" with an ancient fife and drum corps parade down Main Street and ceremony at the steamboat dock, wearing the United States naval uniform of that period; the Connecticut River Museum, situated at the site where Coot landed, now hosts an exhibit portraying the raid, featuring a large diorama by Russell Joseph Buckingham, a musket ball believed to have been fired and a plank from the ship Osage, burned by The British. Plans are to expand the celebration of "the town's worst day in history" in future years, according to the museum's executive director, Jerry Roberts. Centerbrook, a fertile and productive agricultural area, was the "center" of town until the Revolutionary War.
Many farmhouses remain from this era. The Selah Griswold House and Clark Nott House on Bokum Road are fine examples of two-story center chimney homes that were characteristic of the time; the Benjamin Bushnell Homestead on Ingham Hill Road falls into the same category. Characteristic of Centerbrook were smaller Cape Cod type homes; the Snow House on Main Street, the Nott House on Westbrook Road, the Taylor Bushnell House on Ingham Hill Road, the Silent Rose House near the train station are fine examples. The dominant building in Centerbrook, from a historical standpoint, is the Congregational Church; this structure is the second to stand here, the oldest existing church building in Middlesex County. There were a few homes built in Essex Village during the first half of the 18th century. One of the more notable is the Pratt House on West Avenue, an "organic" structure built according to the immediate needs of the Pratt family. Shipbuilding dominated between the Civil War; as a result, the village came to be the focal point of the area.
Many homes were erected between 1790 and 1820. By that time, Main Street had much the same make-up as today; the homes were Federal, with one extended family dominating lower Main Street. The first eight structures on the south side of this highway were either built or lived in by members of the Hayden family. Of these eight structures, only the one on the west side of Novelty Lane and the one on the east corner of Parker Lane were not built by this family; the fact that the well known Hayden Shipyard was directly south of these buildings was the primary reason for this situa
West Haven station
The West Haven station is a commuter rail stop on the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line, located in West Haven, Connecticut. The station was built on Sawmill Road between Hood Terrace and Railroad Avenue, in the Elm Street-Wagner Place neighborhood. West Haven has 660 parking spaces in on-site lots as well as bicycle facilities; the station is handicapped accessible. West Haven has full service on the New Haven Line, as well as from the handful of Shore Line East trains which run past New Haven to Stamford. After a decade of studies and controversy over the station site, ground was broken for the station on November 10, 2010; the $80 million project included the station, with two 12-car platforms, a glass station building, an overhead pedestrian bridge, as well as the restoration of the abandoned fourth mainline track through the station. It is only the second new station on the line in a century, after Fairfield Metro in 2011; the station opened to passengers on August 18, 2013. In the late 1990s, Metro-North began considering adding a station in either West Haven or neighboring Orange to fill the ten-mile gap between the Milford and New Haven stations—the longest such gap on the New Haven mainline.
Both town governments were supportive of a station, to cost $25–30 million. Support in West Haven was rallied by the West Haven Train Station Committee Inc. which circulated a petition signed by 7600 residents. Support in Orange was both local by the Orange Railroad Committee and aided by several employers, including Bayer Pharmaceuticals, whose employees were to use the station. In fall 2001, a site study and a regional transportation committee recommended the Orange site based on cost, time considerations, highway access. However, in December 2001, the South Central Council of Governments voted instead to support the West Haven site, citing the economic needs of West Haven versus comparatively wealthy Orange. Orange's first selectman planned to appeal the decision, controversy continued; the sustained bitter animosity between the two towns was cited in a study of bargaining between municipalities. The Final Environmental Impact Statement, issued in June 2007, considered both station sites, noting that "The recommendation of the West Haven site does not preclude the construction of a commuter railroad station at the Orange site in the future, as the demand for additional parking and service warrants, as additional funding becomes available."
In 2011 - after ground was broken at West Haven - state lawmakers considered a funding deal to build an Orange station. In February 2005, the City of West Haven released a proposal for the West Haven station that modified the state's current plan, with less land taking adjacent to the station and a pedestrian bridge across Saw Mill Road to a 629-space garage in the Armonstrong North building; the city's proposal included transit-oriented development, with a 325-unit residential development on the Armstrong South property and mixed-use buildings along Hood Terrace and Railroad Avenue. On June 19, 2006, West Haven Mayor John M. Picard and U. S. Representative Rosa L. DeLauro announced that DeLauro had secured $1.2 million in federal funding for the project, which brought the federal funding commitment as of that date to $3.2 million. The Final Environmental Impact Statement, released in June 2007, estimated the capital cost for the station at $66.56 million including land acquisitions, with a total of 1,074 parking spaces split between lots and a garage.
Ridership was estimated at 1,620 daily riders at opening and 1,955 by 2025, with about 20% new transit users rather than diverted from New Haven or Milford stations. Design was one-third complete and construction planned for fall 2009 when initial renderings were released in June 2008, with costs estimated at $100 million; the State Bond Commission authorized a $103 million bond for station construction in 2009. About 12 miles of Track 4 - the southbound outside track - was taken out of service for passenger trains in the mid-1980s to reduce maintenance costs; the track was removed between Devon and Woodmont, reduced to freight use only between Woodmont and New Haven. The West Haven station project involved restoration of the New Haven Line's original configuration of 4 electrified main tracks in the five-mile stretch from New Haven to Woodmont, leaving Woodmont to Devon as the only remaining triple-track section of the New Haven Line; the fourth track allows Metro-North local trains to stay on the outer tracks, leaving the inner tracks for passing Amtrak service and Metro-North expresses.
The track restoration and re-electrification represented $33.68 million of the project cost. The restoration used new material, while the old rails and ties were reconditioned for use elsewhere in the state on freight-only and museum trackage. Groundbreaking was held on November 2010, with the presence of outgoing Governor Jodi Rell. At the time, the station was expected to cost $118 million and open by the end of 2012. After a year of site preparation and foundation work, construction began in earnest in early 2012. In April 2012, the state announced that the station was coming in under budget, with a cost of $80 million plus $25 million in previous property acquisition and design work; the majority of station and building construction was completed by the end of 2012, with electrical, interior finishing, paving work remaining. In March 2013, as the station neared completion, some of the original station advocates began pushing to use money left over from construction to build a
Wallingford is a town in New Haven County, United States. The population was 45,135 at the 2010 census; the urban center of the town is the Wallingford Center census-designated place, with a population of 18,209 at the 2010 census. The community was named in England; the Connecticut General Assembly created the town on October 10, 1667. This original plot of land near the Quinnipiac River is now considered Main Street. Starting on May 12, 1670 there were 126 people who lived in temporary housing, five years in 1675 there were 40 permanent homes. In 1697 Wallingford was the site of the last witchcraft trial in New England. Winifred Benham was thrice acquitted all three times; the 1878 Wallingford tornado struck on August 9 of that year. It killed at least 29 and 34 people in Wallingford, the most by any tornado event in Connecticut history. Wallingford has diversified its commercial and industrial base over the past decade attracting high-technology industries as compared to traditional heavy manufacturing.
It is the home of a large variety of industries and major corporations spanning the spectrum of the medical, health care, high-tech specialty metal manufacturing and research development. The development of the Barnes Industrial Park, Casimir Pulaski Industrial Park, Wharton Brook Industrial Park, the South Turnpike Road area have contributed to this transition; the Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, the town's largest taxpayer, has established a research and development facility in Wallingford's MedWay Industrial Park. An Interchange Zone which permits restrictive commercial development of office parks and development centers and hotels has been created at the intersection of Interstate 91 and Route 68. In terms of Wallingford's manufacturing and design history, silver-producing companies like Simpson, Miller & Co. and R. Wallace & Sons are of particular note. Simpson, Miller & Co. as well as Wallingford's Watrous Manufacturing became part of the International Silver Company, headquartered in the neighboring city of Meriden.
The town of Wallingford has both private education. The Wallingford Public School System consists of eight elementary schools, two middle schools, two high schools. Wallingford has a private sector of schools offering the following: Choate Rosemary Hall, Heritage Baptist Academy, Holy Trinity School. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.9 square miles, of which 39.0 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles, or 2.16%, is water. The town of Wallingford sits astride the Quinnipiac River in northern New Haven County, it is about 13 miles north of New Haven. Towns bordering Wallingford are Cheshire, Hamden, Middlefield, North Branford and North Haven. Situated in the Hartford-New Haven-Springfield corridor, Wallingford is traversed by U. S. Route 5, Interstate 91, State Highways Route 15, Route 68, Route 71 and Route 150. East Wallingford Quinnipiac Tracy Wallingford Center Yalesville As of the census of 2000, there were 43,026 people, 16,697 households, 11,587 families residing in the town.
The population density was 1,102.7 people per square mile. There were 17,306 housing units at an average density of 443.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.77% White, 1.02% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 1.16% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.52% of the population. There were 16,697 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. Of all households 25.6% were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.07. The median household income in Wallingford is $91,317; the median family income is $101,239. The per capita income in Wallingford is $40,903. In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. From 1943 to 1944 the Boston Braves held spring training in Wallingford at Choate's Winter Exercise Building; the town is the home of a New England Football League team. Choate Rosemary Hall Oakdale Theatre Paul Mellon Arts Center Yalesville Underpass Ten buildings and districts in Wallingford are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: John Barker House, added August 3, 1974 Joseph Blakeslee House, added April 13, 1998 Center Street Cemetery, added August 1, 1997 Franklin Johnson House, added November 23, 1998 Theophilus Jones House, added January 30, 1992 Nehemiah Royce House, added August 24, 1998 Samuel Parsons House, added April 12, 1982 Samuel Simpson House, added June 18, 1986 Wallingford Center Historic District, added December 2, 1993 Wallingford railroad station, added November 19, 1993 Charles Henry Stanley Davis, History of Wallingford, Conn. from Its Settlement in 1670 to the Present Time, Including Meriden, One of Its Parishes until 1806, Cheshire, Incorporated in 1780.
Meriden, CT: Charles Henry Stanley Davis, 1870. John B. Kendrick, History of the Wallingford Disaster. Hartford, CT: Case and Brainard Co. 1878. Charles Bancroft Gillespie, Souvenir History of Wallingford, Connecticut, 1895. New Haven, CT: Jo