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Greater Tehran

Greater Tehran is the urban agglomeration around Tehran that covers central part of Tehran Province and eastern part of Alborz Province, that covers the contiguous cities of Tehran, Ray and other areas. As of 2012, Greater Tehran had a population of close to 14 million residents; the 2016 census had the population at 13.3 million in Tehran Province and 2.2 million in Karaj and Fardis combined. This allow to estimate that the population of the urban agglomeration was about 15 million people in 2016, it is sinking 25 cm per year because of the accelerated influx and the overuse of natural resources. Since the 1960s, much of Greater Tehran's growth has been caused by an influx of urban poor into informal settlements on the fringe. Greater Tehran should not be confused with the following: Tehran Province. Part of the province is too far from Tehran and has too low a population density to be classified as the part of agglomeration Tehran County Tehran City includes 22 districts, two of them and one are located outside of Tehran County.

The city's area is about 730 km². The extension of the city to other counties began in 1973 to include the villages surrounding the city of Tajrish and the cities of Vanak and Rey to which “Kooye Siman” had been annexed during the years 1956 to 1966. There is no exact definition of Tehran agglomeration borders and composition. Beside Tehran County Shemiranat County, Ray County, Eslamshahr County, Pakdasht County, Robat-Karim County, Varamin County, Shahriar County, Qods County, Malard County, Pishva County and Baharestan County in Tehran Province and Karaj County and even Nazarabad County and Savojbolagh County in Alborz Province can be regarded as parts of the agglomeration

The king and the god

The king and the god is the title of a short dialogue composed in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language. It is loosely based on the "king Harishcandra" episode of Aitareya Brahmana. S. K. Sen asked a number of Indo-Europeanists to reconstruct the PIE "parent" of the text. Hamp's/Sen's version from the EIEC, which differs from Hamp's original version in replacing Hamp's Lughus with Sen's Werunos: To rḗḱs éh1est. So n̥putlos éh1est. So rēḱs súhnum éwelt. Só tóso ǵʰeutérm̥ pr̥ḱsḱet: "Súhxnus moi ǵn̥h1jotām!" So ǵʰeutēr tom rḗǵm̥ éweukʷet: "Ihxgeswo deiwóm Wérunom". So rḗḱs deiwóm Werunom h4úpo-sesore nu deiwóm ihxgeto. "ḱludʰí moi, phater Werune!" Deiwós Wérunos km̥ta diwós égʷehat. "Kʷíd welsi?" "Wélmi súxnum." "Tód h1éstu", wéukʷet loukós deiwos Werunos. Rēǵós pótniha súhnum gegonh1e. Lehmann's version: Pótis gʰe ʔest. Só-kʷe n̥gn̥ʔtós ʔest, sū́num-kʷe wl̥next. So ǵʰutérm̥ pr̥ket: "Sū́nus moi gn̥hjotām!" ǵʰutḗr nu pótim weukʷet: "Jégeswo gʰi déiwom Wérunom." Úpo pro pótis-kʷe déiwom sesore déiwom-kʷe jegto.

"Kludʰí moi, dejwe Werune!" Só nu km̥ta diwós gʷāt. "Kʷód wl̥nexsi?" "Wl̥néxmi sū́num." "Tód ʔestu", wéwkʷet lewkós déjwos. Pótnī gʰi sū́num gegonʔe. A sound recording has been made by linguist Andrew Byrd, reading his own translation to reconstructed PIE. H₃rḗḱs dei̯u̯ós-kwe H₃rḗḱs h₁est. H₃rḗḱs súhxnum u̯l̥nh₁to. Tósi̯o ǵʰéu̯torm̥ prēḱst: "Súhxnus moi̯ ǵn̥h₁i̯etōd!" Ǵʰéu̯tōr tom h₃rḗǵm̥ u̯eu̯ked: "h₁i̯áǵesu̯o dei̯u̯óm U̯érunom". Úpo h ₃ rḗḱs. "ḱludʰí moi̯, pter U̯erune!" Dei̯u̯ós U̯érunos diu̯és km̥tá gʷah₂t. "Kʷíd u̯ēlh₁si?" "Súhxnum u̯ēlh₁mi." "Tód h₁estu", u̯éu̯ked leu̯kós dei̯u̯ós U̯érunos. Nu h₃réḱs pótnih₂ súhxnum ǵeǵonh₁e. English translation: Once there was a king, he was childless. The king wanted a son, he asked his priest: "May a son be born to me!" The priest said to the king: "Pray to the god Werunos." The king approached. "Hear me, father Werunos!" The god Werunos came down from heaven. "What do you want?" "I want a son." "Let this be so," said the bright god Werunos. The king's lady bore a son; the EIEC spelling corresponds to that used in the Proto-Indo-European language article, with ha for h2 and hx for unspecified laryngeals h.

Lehmann attempts to give a more phonetical rendering, with x for h2 and ʔ for h1. Further differences include Lehmann's avoidance of the augment, of the palato-alveolars as distinctive phonemes. Altogether, Lehmann's version can be taken as the reconstruction of a later period, after contraction for example of earlier pótnix to pótnī, say of a Centum dialect, that has lost the augment. However, the differences in reconstructions are more due to differences in theoretical viewpoint; the EIEC spelling is a more direct result of the reconstruction process, while having typologically too many marked features to be a language spoken some time in that form, whereas Lehmann represents the position to attain the most probable natural language to show up in reconstruction the way PIE is. Sanskrit: athainam uvāca: Varuṇaṃ rājānam upadhāva: putro me jāyatāṃ, tena tvā yajā iti tatheti. Sa Varuṇaṃ rājānam upasasāra: putro me jāyatāṃ, tena tvā yajā iti. tatheti. Tasya ha putro jajñe Rohito nāma. English translation: Then he said to him: Have recourse to Varuna, the king: "Let a son be born to me.

He went up to Varuna. "Be it so". To him a son was born, Rohita by name. Schleicher's fable Sen, SK, "Proto-Indo-European, a multiangular view", Journal of Indo-European Studies, 22: 67–90. Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, 1997, p. 503. What was the earliest ancestor of English like? by Geoffrey Sampson, with a simplified spelling of the EIEC version

Age of Ruin

Age of Ruin is an American metalcore band from Fairfax, Virginia. The group released a demo album the following year; the band's first full-length album was self-released in 2000. Formed in 1998, the group released a demo in 1999 titled The Opium Dead and their first full-length album, Black Sands Of The Hourglass was self-released in 2000 and re-released in 2004 with two bonus tracks on Tribunal Records. In 2002 the group released an EP entitled Autumn Lanterns for Tribunal Records. After LP and EP releases on Tribunal Records and a number of substantial lineup changes, Age of Ruin released "The Tides of Tragedy" via Eulogy Records in the spring of 2004; the band drew large crowds across the United States on the Van's Warped Tour 2004, the hype continued to build. Subsequent tours with bands such as Shadows Fall, Darkest Hour, The Bled, Sworn Enemy, Good Clean Fun and Anterrabae continued to cause an strong following to grow. In Winter 2006, Age of Ruin kicked off the year with their first European tour, a 25-day tour crossing 12 countries.

Sharing the stage with other mainstream acts such as The Black Dahlia Murder, Bleeding Through, Most Precious Blood. In 2008, the original lineup of Age of Ruin minus Patrick Owens got back together and recorded / released "One Thousand Needles" on Eulogy records. After a two years hiatus, "The Ruin" released a new song called "Cancerous" at the end of 2010. Christopher Fleming - bass guitar Daniel Fleming - guitar Derrick Kozerka - vocals Aaron Sirott - drums Benjamin "The Beard" Swan - vocals Brian Kerley - guitars Colin Kercz - drums David Haik - drums Joseph S. - bass Joel Hansen - guitar Patrick Owens - drums Ryan Haik - guitars "The Opium Dead" "Black Sands of the Hourglass" "Autumn Lanterns" "Longest Winter Woes" "Black Sands of the Hourglass" "The Tides of Tragedy" "Live Music Series: Age of Ruin" "One Thousand Needles"'"The Opium Dead"' 1. Terror 2. Blacksunrise 3. Scattered Ashes 4. Torn Out Wings'"Black Sands Of The Hourglass"' 1. Footsteps In The Catacombs Of Yesterday 2; the Crimson Fails Forever 3.

Shadows Cast In Candlelight 4. Terror 5. Cracks In The Mirror 6. Blacksunrise 7. Angel Dusted Dreamlock 8. Withered Rose 9. Echos In Stained Glass'"Autumn Lanterns"' 1. Tainted Ghost Catharsis 2. No Kiss Cuts as Deep 3. Hung Upon the Weakest Branch 4. Glowing Embers 5. Water to Wine, Blood to Ink'"Longest Winters Woes"' 1; the Harlequin's Kiss 2. The Silver Tongues 3. Dimmer 4. Passage of the Winter's Woes 5; the Crimson Fails Forever 6. Bleed For Better Days'"Black Sands of the Hourglass"' 1. Footsteps In the Catacombs of Yesterday 2; the Crimson Fails Forever 3. Shadows Cast In Candlelight 4. Terror 5. Cracks In the Mirror 6. Blacksunrise 7. Angel Dusted Dreamlock 8. Withered Rose 9. Echoes In Stained Glass 10; the Icarus Syndrome 11. You Give Love a Bad Name'"The Tides Of Tragedy"' 1. Dawn 2. Yesterday's Ghost 3. Truest Flame 4. Elapse 5. No Kiss Cuts As Deep 6. Diaries Of The Dead 7. Serengeti 8. Bluest Eyes In Blackest Hearts 9. Sirens Passage 10. Glowing Embers 11. Yours To Bury 12. A Portrait Of Solemn Seas'"Live Music Series: Beyond Warped"' 1.

Bluest Eyes in Blackest Hearts 2. Yesterday's Ghost 3. No Kiss Cuts As Deep 4. Bleed For Better Days 5. Truest Flame Age of Ruin's Official Myspace Metal Archive for Age of Ruin Age of Ruin Facebook Age of Ruin's Official LastFM

Mackworth Castle

Mackworth Castle was a 14th- or 15th-century structure located in Derbyshire, at the upper end of Mackworth village near Derby. The home for several centuries of the Mackworth family, it was at some point reduced to the ruins of a gatehouse suggestive of a grand castle. A survey from 1911 suggested that though the gatehouse resembled a castle, the rest of the structure may have been more modest; the remains are part of a designated Scheduled Ancient Monument. The date of construction of the castle is uncertain; the first Mackworth, Henry du Mackworth, appears in the Pipe Rolls of 1254, the MackWorth lineage can be followed from the early part of the 15th century. Mackworth castle remained in the family until 1655 or 1656, when it was sold by Sir Thomas Mackworth, 3rd Baronet, who had relocated to Normanton in Rutland, to Sir John Curzon, 1st Baronet. Local legend says that the castle was destroyed during the Parliamentary Civil War by some ordnance on a nearby hill. However, Rev. Charles Kerry of the Derbyshire Archaeological Society questions whether the castle had begun to decline before its purchase by Curzon, noting that, "Had Mackworth Castle been a place suitable for the reception of the Queen of Scots, Sir Ralph Sadler would not have overlooked it when en route with his charge for Tutbury."

Sadler chose to lodge Queen of Scots, a decision which irritated Queen Elizabeth. He wrote in explanation on 5 February 1584, that he would not have done so had there been any appropriate houses anywhere near that town in which to house his charge. What remains of the building is its gatehouse, a square battlemented structure which could stand as a separate building in itself. According to English Castles: A Guide by Counties, the gatehouse was a Tudor-era addition; some understanding of the layout of the rest of the building can be derived from the rectangular spaces on the west of the gatehouse, which once formed courtyards. The ruined gatehouse is a Grade I listed building. According to Anthony Emery in Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500: East Anglia, Central England and Wales, the structure may never have been grand, he recounts that a 1911 survey suggested that the walls surrounding those spaces were "timber-framed on low rubble walls", similar to the nearby 14th-century house of the Tuchet family, for whom the Mackworths served as stewards.

Emery writes that "he gateway was no more than a display structure, a early example of that hankering for a world of chivalry and romance that had passed." Mackworth Castle is the scene of events that take place in the 1954 movie The Black Shield of Falworth, starring Tony Curtis, which itself is based on the 19th century historical novel Men of Iron by the American author Howard Pyle. Kerry, Rev. Charles. "Mackworth: its Castle and its Owners". In Derbyshire Archaeological Society. Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. 11. The Society. Pp. 1–9

2010 Chinese anti-ballistic missile test

The People's Republic of China carried out a land-based high-altitude anti-ballistic missile test on 11 January 2010. This made China the second country in the world after the United States of America to destroy an incoming missile beyond the Earth's atmosphere; the test came just after an American official announced in Taipei that The Pentagon had just approved the sale of the MIM-104 Patriot missile system to Taiwan. In fact, the sale was part of a deal passed by the United States Congress more than a year before. Beijing considers Taiwan to be part of its territory, its Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defense had voiced its strong opposition to these sales. Observers and analysts think the test was a response to the deal, showed Beijing's stance on the issue. However, some others believe this test was routine, because an article appeared in the PLA Daily as early as on November 12, 2009 claiming that a new type of Chinese missile provided anti-ballistic missile capability and would go to further tests.

The statements from Zhu Zhuhua, a director of the People's Liberation Army Air Force Equipment Research Institute supported the claim. Based on this analysis, the test was coincidental to Taiwan's weapon deal; the flight of Intercontinental ballistic missiles has three stages in air, the boost phase, the mid-course phase, the final reentry phase. The Chinese test targeted on the mid-course phase; the test was said to be successful. The full name of the test is called the Test of the Land-based Mid-course Phase Anti-ballistic Missile Interception Technology. However, the exact launch sites and types of these two missiles are not clarified in Chinese news, although it was rumored that the interceptor was designated the DN-1 or "Dong Neng 1". According to The Pentagon, Beijing did not inform the test in advance, and the statement "We detected two geographically separated missile launch events with an exo-atmospheric collision being observed by space-based sensors", by The Pentagon spokeswoman Major Maureen Schumann proves the profile and results of the test.

Some related concepts: Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle Anti-ballistic missile Anti-satellite weapon National Missile Defense Organizations: Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, an agency of the United States Department of Defense Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of ChinaSome recent tests: 2007 Chinese anti-satellite missile test USA 193 2010 in spaceflight SINA News 11 January 2010 - 我国进行陆基反导拦截技术试验 Yahoo! News - China says missile defense system test successful

Anaphylaxis Campaign

The Anaphylaxis Campaign is a British charity that supports people at risk from severe allergic reactions. For over 21 years, the charity has provided support to patients and their families; the Anaphylaxis Campaign was created to ensure a safe environment for all people with allergies by working with and educating the food industry, pre-schools, health professionals and other key audiences. It focuses on food labelling, risk reduction and allergen management; the charity trains patients and healthcare professionals through its Allergy Wise online training. They have a nationwide network of volunteer-led peer support groups for people whose lives are affected by the risk of an acute allergic reaction, to help people with severe allergies to be more confidently in control of their lives, it campaigns to raise awareness of anaphylaxis with the general public and with the relevant authorities for better allergy care and treatments. The Campaign was established in 1994 following the deaths of four people from allergic reactions to nuts.

Its founder and honorary vice-president, David Reading, was made OBE in the 2005 New Year's Honours List for services to people with allergies. The Campaign's honorary president is William Frankland, the pioneer immunologist, who turned 107 in March 2019. Olympic swimmer Mark Foster has been the Campaign's patron since 2009, his friend and fellow-athlete, Ross Baillie died following an anaphylactic reaction in 1999. The chef Giorgio Locatelli is a patron of the Anaphylaxis Campaign since 2013; the Anaphylaxis Campaign is a founder member of the National Allergy Strategy Group, a coalition of charities, professional organisations and industry, that seeks to improve health services for allergy sufferers in the UK. The charity has called for greater consistency on food labelling, it has lobbied to remove what it considers to be unnecessary'may contain' labelling, arguing that food manufacturers should only use these labels when there is a genuine risk to allergy sufferers. The Anaphylaxis Campaign has tried to raise awareness of the problems caused by inconsistency in how severe allergy is diagnosed.

To help improve awareness among frontline medical practitioners, it launched an online training programme, called AllergyWise, in 2011, accredited by the Royal College of Nursing. In March 2011, the charity held a national conference with the Food Standards Agency, the UK government department, on'Communicating the science of food allergy'. Anaphylaxis Allergy Allergy UK Official site Charity Commission. Anaphylaxis Campaign, registered charity no. 1085527. National Allergy Strategy Group