Greeks in Germany

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Greeks in Germany
Staatsangehörigkeit Griechenland in Deutschland.png
Distribution of Greek nationals in Germany
Total population
2016, Greek Ethnic Origin 443,000
2016, Greek Citizens 348,475
2016, Born in Greece 274,060
2016, Born in Germany 74,415
Regions with significant populations
Frankfurt Rhine Main Region, Munich, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Bielefeld
Languages
German, Greek
Religion
Predominantly Greek Orthodox Church

The Greeks in Germany form a significant community with a population of roughly 348,475 people having Greek Citizenship according to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, on December 31, 2016. Some 274,060 of these were born in Greece and 74,415 were born in Germany.[1]. About 443,000 people of Greek ethnic origin are estimated to live in Germany according to the 2016 Statistical Yearbook.[2]. The number varies significantly in other estimations, as the Federal Foreign Office of Germany gives an estimated population of 320,000 people,[3] while the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece steps it up to 380,000.[4].


History[edit]

Significant immigration from Greece to Germany started around 1700, when the Ottoman Empire opened its borders; the first community was found in Leipzig at this time.

The second wave of immigration was when Otto of Wittelbach became King of Greece as Otto of Greece. Many Greeks came as students to Bavaria.

The Greek population of today came mostly after World War II. West Germany needed employees for their expanding industry. In East Germany, Greek communists came as political refugees until 1973.

Many Greeks were relocated to German Democratic Republic during the Greek Civil War.

Education[edit]

The first Greek schools were created because of the number of Greeks immigrating over to Germany. Since the first Greek school built in 1960 and up until 1990, over 1 million Greeks had immigrated to Germany. About 800,000 of those Greeks had after either a long-term or a short term stay had gone back to Greece. Nowadays, every fifth of an estimated 47,000 students of Greek origin attends one of 35 Greek schools in Germany.

The Greek are a successful minority. Second-generation Greek students were more likely to attend a Gymnasium (college preparatory school) than their ethnic German counterparts.[5]

Demographics[edit]

The first Greeks came during the time of the Roman Empire to Central Europe. Among the major German cities Offenbach am Main and Stuttgart had the highest share of Greek migrants in 2011 according to German Census data. [6] Munich was home to the largest Greek community in Germany. According to the same census, there are also large Greek diaspora communities in Nordrhein-Westfalen, especially in Düsseldorf and Bielefeld.

Early Greek workers in Germany, in 1956
The place where the Griechenhaus stood, a court of Greek merchants in Leipzig
The Greek Salvator church in Munich
This Greek tavern was founded 1882 in Neckargemuend near Heidelberg
Greeks in Germany by Nationality[7]
YearPop.±%
1967200,951—    
1968211,764+5.4%
1969271,313+28.1%
1970342,891+26.4%
1971354,949+3.5%
1972389,426+9.7%
1973407,614+4.7%
1974406,394−0.3%
1975390,455−3.9%
1976353,733−9.4%
1977328,465−7.1%
1978305,523−7.0%
1979296,803−2.9%
1980297,518+0.2%
1981299,300+0.6%
1982300,824+0.5%
1983292,349−2.8%
1984287,099−1.8%
1985280,614−2.3%
1986278,506−0.8%
1987256,396−7.9%
1988274,793+7.2%
1989293,649+6.9%
1990320,181+9.0%
1991336,893+5.2%
1992345,902+2.7%
1993351,976+1.8%
1994355,583+1.0%
1995359,556+1.1%
1996362,539+0.8%
1997363,202+0.2%
1998363,514+0.1%
1999364,354+0.2%
2000365,438+0.3%
2001362,708−0.7%
2002359,361−0.9%
2003354,630−1.3%
2004315,989−10.9%
2005309,794−2.0%
2006303,761−1.9%
2007294,891−2.9%
2008287,187−2.6%
2009278,063−3.2%
2010276,685−0.5%
2011283,684+2.5%
2012298,254+5.1%
2013316,331+6.1%
2014328,564+3.9%
2015339,931+3.5%
2016348,475+2.5%

Muslims from Greece[edit]

There are some members of the Muslim minority of Greece among the some 350,000 Greeks living in Germany who are ethnic Turks or who espouse a Turkish identity;[8] the majority of Turks immigrated from Western Thrace.[9] In the 1960s and 1970s, the Thracian tobacco industry was affected by a severe crisis and many tobacco growers lost their income; this resulted in many Muslims leaving their homes and immigrating to Germany with estimates suggesting that today there are now between 12,000[10] and 25,000[11] residing in Germany.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.destatis.de/EN/FactsFigures/SocietyState/Population/MigrationIntegration/Tables_PersonsMigrationBackground/MigrantStatusSelectedCountries.html
  3. ^ "Greece". Federal Foreign Office of Germany. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
  4. ^ "Germany". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece. Archived from the original on 2009-08-01. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
  5. ^ Panagiotis Kouparanis: Migrantenkinder mit Bildungserfolg retrieved 20 January 2008
  6. ^ "Kartenseite: Griechen in Deutschland - Landkreise". kartenseite.wordpress.com. 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  7. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=LWUiuzpE-0UC&pg=PA148&lpg=PA148&dq=362,708+359,361+griechenland&source=bl&ots=Q4AZcJMbKs&sig=zmCuxrRv0JQI3HAdZ19-n_xxrvg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiOmcbPtcDZAhUHRKwKHY0uB4AQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=362%2C708%20359%2C361%20griechenland&f=false
  8. ^ Westerlund & Svanberg 1999, 320-321.
  9. ^ Council of Europe: Parliamentary Assembly 2007, 118.
  10. ^ Clogg 2002, 84.
  11. ^ International Assembly of Western Thrace Turks. "POLITICAL AND CIVIL ORGANISATION COMMISSION". Retrieved 2010-05-19.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Clogg, Richard (2002). Minorities in Greece: Aspects of a Plural Society. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-705-X..
  • Council of Europe: Parliamentary Assembly (2007). Parliamentary Assembly: Working Papers 2007 Ordinary Session 22–26 January 2007. Council of Europe. ISBN 92-871-6191-7..
  • Westerlund, David; Svanberg, Ingvar (1999). Islam Outside the Arab World. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-22691-8..

Further reading[edit]