The C Line is a 20-mile light rail line running between Redondo Beach and Norwalk within Los Angeles County. It is one of six lines forming the Los Angeles Metro Rail system. Having opened on August 12, 1995, it became the third line in the Metro Rail system after the opening of the A and B Lines; the line was delayed due to a change of its route from Los Angeles International Airport to El Segundo. In addition to Redondo Beach and Norwalk, the route serves El Segundo, South Los Angeles, Downey and Willowbrook, it serves the Plaza Mexico shopping center at the Long Beach Boulevard station in the city of Lynwood. A free shuttle bus to Los Angeles International Airport is available at the line's Aviation/LAX Station; the line is suburb-to-suburb service, so it is the only one in the entire Metro Rail system not to serve Downtown Los Angeles but passengers can reach it by connecting with the Metro J Line busway at the Harbor Freeway Station, the A Line light rail at Willowbrook Station or Metro Express 460 at Norwalk Station.
The grade-separated route runs in the median of the Century Freeway with a elevated section to the west. The line is maintained by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority; the C Line is internally known as Line 803: this designation appears on internal operating schedules, as well as in the hyperlink on Metro's timetable website. The C Line is the fastest light rail line in the Metro light rail network. C Line trains operate at 55–65 mph on the I-105 freeway portion and around 40 mph on the elevated portion west of Aviation/LAX Station; when the C Line began service in 1995, it operated with only one-car trains. As ridership increased, two-car trains were used. Ridership on the C Line has not been as high as the A Line, although it did have a higher ridership than the L Line until 2013. Additionally, the C Line runs with one-car trains in the early mornings and late evenings on weekdays, on weekends. Although nearly all of the C Line stations were built to accommodate three-car trains, the C Line has never used trains consisting of more than two cars.
The stations west of Aviation/LAX Station were not built to accommodate three-car trains. In 2019, Metro began renaming all of their BRT lines from colors to letters; as such, current Green Line was renamed the C Line while retaining its green coloring on maps. The soon-to-open Crenshaw/LAX Line project, will be renamed the K Line while the coloring on maps will be Olive; the entire route of the Green Line is grade-separated, with its tracks following a elevated route, either on a guideway or in the median of the Century Freeway. The line begins in the west at Redondo Beach station heads north through El Segundo. At Aviation/LAX, passengers can transfer to any one of several bus lines from different operators Shuttle Bus "G", a shuttle bus from the Green Line to LAX. From here, the Green Line heads east in the median of the Century Freeway, with a connection to the Metro Silver Line bus rapid transit line at the Harbor Freeway Station, it continues to a major transfer connection at the Willowbrook Station.
The line terminates in the city of Norwalk, just east of the 605 Freeway. Metro Green Line trains run between 3:30 a.m. and midnight daily. Service on Friday and Saturday nights continues until 2:15 a.m. First and last train times are as follows: To Norwalk Station Eastbound First Train to Norwalk from Willowbrook/Rosa Parks Station: 3:33 a.m. First Train to Norwalk from Douglas Station: 3:41 a.m. Last Train to Norwalk: 11:59 p.m. To Redondo Beach Station Westbound First Train to Redondo Beach Station: 4:04 a.m. Last Train to Redondo Beach Station: 12:50 a.m. Trains on the Green Line operate every seven to eight minutes during peak hours Monday through Friday, they operate every 15 minutes during the midday and all day on the weekends, with night service running every 20 minutes. In 1972, Caltrans signed a consent decree to allow construction of the fiercely opposed Century Freeway, which included provisions for a transit corridor in the freeway's median. Construction began in 1987 on the line as a light rail line, with a route following I-105 but a short section in the South Bay following the Harbor Subdivision.
The western alignment was planned and constructed to connect with Los Angeles International Airport, but the airport was planning a major renovation during the line's construction. Los Angeles World Airports wanted the connection to LAX to be integrated with this construction, but the Federal Aviation Administration voiced concerns that the overhead lines of the rail line would interfere with the landing paths of airplanes. Various studies have suggested extending the Green Line north to LAX, Loyola Marymount University, Santa Monica. A possible southern extension could take the Green Line's southern terminus farther southeast, to the South Bay Galleria or beyond, and on the line's east end, the line may one day be extended from its current terminus at Norwalk station to Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs station. The Crenshaw/LAX Line project extends from the existing Green Line, the question of how the new segment would be integrated into the Metro Rail system was the subject of some controversy in 2018 as completion of the project loomed.
Early proposals had suggested that a new line would operate between
The Cavalcade of the Magi is a traditional parade with floats carrying the wise men taking place in all Spanish cities and villages, in Andorra, in some cities and towns in Mexico and Gibraltar. The Magi ride through the streets, as their pages collect children's letters to the kings and throw candy to children; the cavalcade includes dancers and pages, as well as other assistants to the kings. The first Calvacade in Spain is documented from 1855 in Barcelona, the longest-standing cavalcade is in Alcoi, in the Valencian Land, where it has been celebrated uninterruptedly since 1866, it is celebrated every January 5 in the evening. In Spain, after greeting the kings at the cavalcade in town, children are supposed to go home and go to bed early, they clean and put out their shoes, the following morning, find the gifts of the Magi, which they requested in a letter, in and around their shoes. Paper cut-outs are also put out to adorn the scene, the children put out cookies and some brandy or other drink for the kings to sit and enjoy themselves for a moment before moving on to the next house, a bucket of water for their camels.
According to this tradition, the children who have behaved badly during the previous year receive coal rather than candy, though this is not a frequent occurrence. They might get coal candy, though; the great cavalcade of Madrid is broadcast live on TVE 1 every year, whereas regional television channels broadcast their own parades. The cavalcade of Alcoi is the oldest in the world and is a major draw of international tourism for Spain. Small towns and villages celebrate cavalcades with traditional props, some of which involve Romans and camels, while other places have modernized to tractors and fancy cars, though most of the parade goes by on foot and in a few floats. In Poland the first Cavalcade took place in 2008 in Warsaw. In 2016, the parade took place in over 450 Polish cities. Liturgical drama Medieval theatre Mystery play Star boys' singing procession Santa Claus parade This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed".
Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton
The Midnight Story is a 1957 American CinemaScope film noir crime film directed by Joseph Pevney, starring Tony Curtis, Marisa Pavan, Gilbert Roland. The film was slated to be titled The Eyes of Father Tomasino, after the 1955 Lux Video Theatre TV episode it was based on. Father Tomasino is stabbed to death. San Francisco traffic cop Joe Martini felt, he asks to assist homicide Lieutenant Kilrain in his investigation, but after being rejected, Joe quits the force. He has a hunch restaurant owner. Joe is warmly welcomed by Sylvio's family and falls in love with a cousin, Anna, he hides his past identity as a cop from her. Something is troubling Sylvio, but the family believes he still misses a sweetheart killed in Italy during the war. Sylvio has an alibi for the night of the priest's murder, but Sergeant Gillen gets word to Joe that the alibi is a fake. In a ploy to encourage Sylvio to confide in him, Joe pretends to be a murder. Sylvio breaks down and admits to having killed his own sweetheart the priest as well after confiding to him about the murder in confession.
Sylvio is struck by a moving vehicle. Dying, he begs for Joe's forgiveness. Tony Curtis as Joe Martini Marisa Pavan as Anna Malatesta Gilbert Roland as Sylvio Malatesta Jay C. Flippen as Sergeant Jack Gillen Argentina Brunetti as Mama Malatesta Ted de Corsia as Lieutenant Kilrain Richard Monda as "Peanuts" Malatesta Kathleen Freeman as Rosa Cuneo Herb Vigran as Charlie Cuneo Peggy Maley as Veda Pinelli John Cliff as Father Giuseppe Russ Conway as Det. Sgt. Sommers Chico Vejar as Frankie Pellatrini Tito Vuolo as Grocer Helen Wallace as Mother Catherine James Hyland as Frank Wilkins The film was shot on location in San Francisco in August 1956. At Tony Curtis's request, the shoot following a "French" shooting schedule, whereby filming would begin at noon and run continuously until 7 p.m. List of American films of 1957 The Midnight Story at the TCM Movie Database The Midnight Story on IMDb The Midnight Story at AllMovie