A poetry slam is a competition in which poets of all ages perform spoken word poetry. Poetry slams began in Chicago in 1984 with its first competition designed to move poetry recitals from academia to a popular audience when American poet Marc Smith began experimenting with existing open microphone venues for poetry readings by making them competitive; the performances at a poetry slam are judged by a panel of judges five, selected from the audience, or sometimes judged by audience response. The judges give each poem a score on a scale of 0–10; the highest and lowest scores are dropped and the middle three are kept. The highest score one can receive is 30 and the lowest is zero. American poet Marc Smith is credited with starting the poetry slam at the Get Me High Lounge in Chicago in November 1984. In July 1986, the original slam moved to the Green Mill Jazz Club. In 1987 the Ann Arbor Poetry Slam was founded by Vince Keuter and made its home at the Heidelberg. In August 1988, the first poetry slam held in New York City was hosted by Bob Holman at the Nuyorican Poet's Cafe.
In 1990, the first National Poetry Slam took place at San Francisco. This slam included teams from Chicago and San Francisco, an individual poet from New York. Soon afterward, poetry slam increased popularity allowed some poets to make full-time careers in performance and competition, touring the United States and the world. In 2001, the grounding of aircraft following the September 11 attacks left a number of performers stranded in cities they had been performing in. After the attacks, a new wave of poetry slam started within New York City with a community focus on poets coming together to speak about the terrorist attacks; as of 2017, the National Poetry Slam featured 72 certified teams, culminating in five days of competition. Today, there are poetry slam competitions in a number of countries around the globe. Poetry Slam Inc. sanctions three major annual poetry competitions on a national and international scale: the National Poetry Slam, the individual World Poetry Slam, the Women of the World Poetry Slam In a poetry slam, members of the audience are chosen by an emcee or host to act as judges for the event.
In the national slam, there are five judges, but smaller slams have three. After each poet performs, each judge awards a score to that poem. Scores range between zero and ten; the highest and lowest score are dropped, giving each performance a rating between zero and thirty points. Before the competition begins, the host will bring up a "sacrificial" poet, whom the judges will score in order to calibrate their judging. A single round at a standard slam consists of performances by all eligible poets. Most slams last multiple rounds, many involve the elimination of lower-scoring poets in successive rounds. An elimination rubric might run 8-4-2; some slams do not eliminate poets at all. The Green Mill runs its slams with 6 poets in the first round. At the end of the slam, the poet with the highest number of points earned; the Boston Poetry Slam takes a different approach. Props and music are forbidden in slams, which differs from its immediate predecessor, performance poetry. Hedwig Gorski, the founder of performance poetry as a distinct genre, saw props and music as essential for a complete theatrical experience while following theorist Jerzy Grotowski's Poor Theater by blurring lines between the real person and speakers in scripted literary art.
Other rules for slams enforce a time limit of three minutes, after which a poet's score may be docked according to how long the poem exceeded the limit. Many youth slams, allow the poets up to three and a half minutes on stage. In an "Open Slam", the most common slam type, competition is open to all who wish to compete, given the number of slots available. In an "Invitational Slam", only those invited to do so may compete. Poetry Slam, Inc. holds several national and international competitions, including the Individual World Poetry Slam, the National Poetry Slam and The Women of the World Poetry Slam. The current IWPS champion is Ed Mabrey. Ed Mabrey is the only three-time IWPS champion in the history of the event; the current National Poetry Slam Team champions are Slam New Orleans, who have won the competition for the second year in a row. The current Women of the World Poetry Slam Champion is Dominique Christina. From 10-11 December 2016 Salzburg, Austria held a world-record poetry slam competition and broke the so-far-record of Nuremberg, Germany by Michl Jakob.
The winner of the competition scored one point better in the finals the second ranked. The event took place in the SN-Saal of the Salzburger Nachrichten. A "Theme Slam" is one in which all performances must conform to a specified theme, genre, or formal constraint. Themes may include Nerd, Queer, Improv, or other conceptual limitations. In theme slams, poets can sometimes be allowed to break "traditional" slam rules. For instance, they sometimes allow performance of work by another poet, they can allow changes on the restrictions on costumes or props (e.g. the Swedish "Triathlon" slams that allow for a poet
Uptown is one of Chicago, Illinois’ 77 community areas. Uptown's boundaries are Foster Avenue on the north. To the north is Edgewater, to the west is Lincoln Square, to the south is Lake View; the historical and commercial center of Uptown is Broadway, with Uptown Square at the center. In 1900, the Northwestern Elevated Railroad constructed its terminal at Broadway. Uptown became a summer resort town for downtown dwellers, derived its name from the Uptown Store, the commercial center for the community. For a time, all northbound elevated trains from downtown ended in Uptown. Uptown became known as an entertainment destination. Charlie Chaplin, Gloria Swanson and other early film stars produced films at the Essanay Studios on Argyle Street; the Aragon Ballroom, Riviera Theater, Uptown Theatre, Green Mill Jazz Club are all located within a half block of Lawrence and Broadway. Uptown is home to one of Chicago's most celebrated final resting spots, Graceland Cemetery; the Uptown neighborhood boundary once extended farther to Hollywood Avenue.
Beginning at the turn of the 20th Century, just after the World's Columbian Exposition, the entire area had experienced a housing construction boom. In the mid-1920s, construction of large and luxurious entertainment venues resulted in many of the ornate and historic Uptown Square buildings which exist today; the craftsmanship and artistry of those Uptown Square buildings reflects the ornate pavilions of the Exposition. For over a century, Uptown has been a popular Chicago entertainment district, which played a significant role in ushering in the Gilded Age, the Lyceum Movement, the jazz age, the silent film era, the swing era, the big band era, the rock and roll era, has been a filming location for over 480 movies, has ties to significant spectator sport athletes and organizations, including the Chicago Blackhawks and three Olympic figure skaters, as well as theater, comedy clubs, dance performers who became nationally famous, "The People's Music School," a needs-based, tuition-free music school for formal classical music training.
By the 1950s, the middle class was leaving Uptown for more distant suburbs, as commuter rail and elevated train lines were extended. Uptown's housing stock was aging, old mansions were subdivided. Residential hotels which had housed wives of sailors attached to the Great Lakes Naval Station during World War II now served low-income migrants from the South and Appalachia. Uptown developed a reputation as "Hillbilly Heaven" during the 1960s; the Council of the Southern Mountains, headquartered in Berea, Kentucky launched the Chicago Southern Center in 1963 in Uptown, with help from Chicago philanthropist W. Clement Stone. Chicago's anti-poverty program opened the Montrose Urban Progress Center. Students for a Democratic Society initiated a community organizing project, JOIN in 1963. Large-scale urban renewal projects like Harry S. Truman College eliminated much low-cost housing, the low-income Southern white residents dispersed. New waves of Asian and African-American migrants moved into the remaining neighborhoods.
Latinos forced out from other near downtown and lakefront areas by urban renewal settled close to the border with Lakeview at Sheridan, near Irving Park. In 1975 Young Lords founder Jose Jimenez joined with a broad coalition of whites and Latinos and ran unsuccessfully against Daley-sponsored Christopher Cohen, they still were able to garner 39% of the vote. His main campaign issue was housing corruption, displacing Latinos and the poor from prime real estate areas of Chicago. Most since 2000, gentrification has spread north from neighboring Lakeview and south from Edgewater. Median condo prices jumped 69.1% from 2000-2005. Historical images of Uptown can be found in Explore Chicago Collections, a digital repository made available by Chicago Collections archives and other cultural institutions in the city. Buena Park is a neighborhood bounded by Montrose Avenue, Irving Park Road, Graceland Cemetery and Lake Shore Drive. At the core of the neighborhood is the Hutchinson Street Historic District, a tree-lined stretch several blocks long featuring mansions that make up "one of the best collections of Prairie-style architecture in the city."
It is in sharp contrast to the skyscrapers. The neighborhood was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, it can be accessed from the Sheridan stop on the CTA's Red Line. Robert A. Waller developed Buena Park starting in 1887 by subdividing his property; the site of the original Waller home now holds St. Mary of the Lake church. Buena Park pre-dates the remainder of Uptown by a number of years. Buena Park is home to one of the most active neighborhood organizations in Chicago: Buena Park Neighbors."The Delectable Ballad of the Waller Lot" by Chicago poet Eugene Field: Up yonder in Buena ParkThere is a famous spot,In legend and in history the Waller lot. Sheridan Park is a neighborhood bounded by Lawrence Avenue on the north, Clark on the west, Montrose on the south and Broadway on the east, it is residential, containing six-flats, single family homes, courtyard apartment buildings. There is a growing business district along Wilson Avenue, which bisects Sheridan Park from Broadway to Clark.
Truman College, one of the City Colleges of Chicago, is located in Sheridan Park. The neighborhood can be accessed from either the Lawrence stop on the CTA's Red Line. In 1985, the
Folks! is a 1992 American comedy-drama film directed by Ted Kotcheff and starring Tom Selleck. Its tagline is: "Jon Aldrich is about to come face to face with the most terrifying force known to man...his parents." It earned a Razzie Award nomination for Selleck as Worst Actor. The film tells the story of Jon Aldrich, a successful stockbroker, living a good life with a wife and kids until he comes across his elderly father who has major dementia and, as a result of it, wreaks all kinds of havoc on his life including his own, which among all of them involves accidentally burning down his own house. Jon tries to get his sister, Arlene, to take care of their parents, but she won't open the door; as a result, his father and his mother, have to move in with him and his family. That is the moment; the company Jon works for was doing illegal things which he knew nothing of, but no one believes him therefore he loses his job. The problems for him continue to mount up as Harry continues to cause all kinds of trouble and, as a result of it, the family becomes broke.
His wife, moves out with the kids, they lose everything except their apartment. Furthermore, as a result of his severe senility, Harry continues to unintentionally injure Jon, causing him to get hearing loss, a broken hand, a broken foot when a car runs over it, he loses a testicle. Plus, Harry puts the lives of Jon's kids and himself in danger at one point by jaywalking in an intersection one morning while trying to take them for a walk with him without letting anyone know; as a result of the whole mess, Jon starts to lose his own sanity, but in a brief moment of regaining his own Harry tells him that he never wanted to be a burden on him but he soon slips back into his state of dementia, where he is just happy all the time and yells out "McDonald's". Jon talks with Mildred who says that she and Harry never wanted to be a burden on him, she tells him that they have discussed it, they want him to help them die so he can collect the insurance money. He is against this at first but after a while he changes his tune.
Somehow ending up agreeing to volunteer to it, Jon helps his parents try to commit suicide many unsuccessful times and halfway through the attempts Arlene shows up on his doorstep with both of her corpulent sons in need of a place to live. He refuses at first because she would not open the door for them but he caves in and lets them stay, she joins in on the attempts to help their parents die, hoping for a cut of the insurance money. Her attempts are unsuccessful. Things start looking up for Jon as Audrey shows up to tell him that she was wrong for leaving and how much she loves the fact that he was willing to take in both of his parents. Upon her arrival she realizes all the injuries he has suffered since she saw him last, including the missing testicle; as they are reconciling he realizes that Arlene and his parents are gone and he knows they are going to try to commit suicide again with her help, so he tracks them down in an attempt to stop them which he does, but not without facing a bit more injury.
Jon gets their lives on track. He and Audrey buy his parents move in with them. Arlene is now with a man. At the end we find out that Harry hasn't been yelling "McDonald's" because he was hungry, but because he bought stock in McDonnell Douglas years and years ago, meaning he is worth tons of money. Tom Selleck - Jon Aldrich Wendy Crewson - Audrey Aldrich Don Ameche - Harry Aldrich Anne Jackson - Mildred Aldrich Christine Ebersole - Arlene Aldrich Michael Murphy - Ed Robert Pastorelli - Fred Jon Favreau - Chicago Taxi Driver The film received poor reviews. Noted the Los Angeles Times, "If gays and lesbians think they're getting a bad rap in the movies, consider the filmic lot of the elderly. First "Stop! or My Mom Will Shoot," now "Folks!". Where are the Gray Panthers when you need them?" The New York Times noted that its screenwriter "is best known as the screenwriter of "Where's Poppa?" and he may be aspiring to comparably dark humor. But "Folks" tries to be tender and vicious and that makes for an impossible mix.
A more mean-spiritedly funny actor might have carried this material better, but Mr. Selleck strives for the cuddly rather than the caustic. Mr. Ameche, mugging furiously, affects a jaw-jutting blank look and props his chin on Mr. Selleck's shoulder for quasi-comic effect." The film was not a box office success. Folks! on IMDb Folks! at Rotten Tomatoes
"Machine Gun" Jack McGurn, born Vincenzo Antonio Gibaldi, was a small-time boxer, Sicilian-American mobster and key member of Al Capone's Chicago Outfit. McGurn was born in July 1902 in Licata, the eldest son of Tommaso and Giuseppa Gibaldi. Four years he and his mother emigrated to join his father in the United States of America, arriving at Ellis Island on November 24, 1906. McGurn grew up in the Brooklyn slums where he went to Public School 46 on Union street between Henry and Hicks streets. McGurn moved to Chicago when he was 14 where he took up a career in boxing as a teenager and changed his name to "Battling" Jack McGurn because boxers with Irish names got the better bookings. After Tommaso's death while McGurn was still young, his mother remarried to grocer Angelo DeMory, murdered by Black Hand extortionists. Legend has it that McGurn was first introduced to Capone after his stepfather, Angelo DeMory, was assassinated by gang extortionists on January 28, 1923, McGurn had methodically avenged his death by killing the three hitmen responsible.
In fact, McGurn was on the Outfit's payroll by the time of DeMory's death, had come to Capone's attention through his budding career as a prizefighter. McGurn had part ownership of a speakeasy jazz club, a venue which still exists today, the infamous Green Mill, at 4802 North Broadway, in the middle of the rival "Bugs" Moran gang's territory. In November 1927, manager Danny Cohen gave McGurn the task of "persuading" comedian/singer Joe E. Lewis not to move his act south to the New Rendezvous Café, at North Clark Street and West Diversey Parkway. Lewis refused, McGurn slit Lewis's throat, cutting off a portion of his tongue and leaving him for dead. Miraculously, Lewis recovered and resumed his career, but his voice never regained its lush sound. McGurn is associated with planning the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, in 1929, though this association has not been proven. Although police charged McGurn in the case, he was never brought to trial due to his "blonde alibi"—girlfriend and wife Louise Rolfe—who claimed they spent the whole day together.
In April 1930, when Frank J. Loesch, chairman of the Chicago Crime Commission compiled his "Public Enemies" list of the top 28 people he saw as corrupting Chicago, McGurn's name was fourth on the list, published nationwide; this notoriety caused him to be shunned by the Outfit. So McGurn, who had great hand-eye coordination, attempted a career as a professional golfer. McGurn was a silent partner in Evergreen Golf Course, at 91st Street and Western Avenue, a known mob hangout where McGurn could be found playing, giving lessons, or drinking and playing cards in the clubhouse. Dan Lilly was known to have caddied for him once and claimed that he kept a machine gun in his golf bag at all times. On August 25, 1933, the Western Open golf championship began at Olympia Fields Country Club in the far south suburb of Olympia Fields. A reasonably skilled golfer and flashy dresser, McGurn entered the competition as Vincent Gebhardi, the professional at public Evergreen Golf Course. In the opening round, McGurn carded a 13-over-par 83 on course No. 4.
The next morning, the name "Gebhardi" on the day's pairing sheet was observed by an alert Chicago Police chief detective, who sent two sergeants to arrest him. "Aware of McGurn's truculent temper," the Chicago Tribune account reported, "the sergeants enlisted the help of Lt. Frank McGillen and five policemen from the Homewood station of the county highway force." McGurn was playing much better the second day. The group of burly officers accosted McGurn on the seventh green and told him he was under arrest under a warrant issued the day before under the "criminal reputation law", he was accompanied by the glitzy "Blonde Alibi" Louise Rolfe. Wearing a tight, thin white dress and sporting a three-carat diamond ring, she approached the policemen and snapped, "Whose brilliant idea was this?" McGurn politely asked to finish his round. Amused, the plainclothesmen became part of his gallery, but the police presence began to unnerve McGurn and his game went sour. He came in with a 16-over-par 86 for a 36-hole total of 14 strokes above making the cut.
Less than three years McGurn, by impoverished and abandoned by his fellow gangsters, was assassinated by three men with pistols on February 15, 1936, one day after the seventh anniversary of the St. Valentine's Day massacre, he was bowling at the second-floor Avenue Recreation Bowling Alley, at 805 N. Milwaukee Avenue in Chicago; the killers tossed a Valentine card with this prophetic poem near to his body: "You've lost your job, you've lost your dough, Your jewels and cars and handsome houses, But things could still be worse you know... At least you haven't lost your trousers!". He was laid to rest at Mount Carmel Cemetery in Illinois. On March 2, 1936, McGurn's half-brother, Anthony De Mory, was killed in a manner similar to McGurn. De Mory, "I know the guys who killed Jack. I'm going to get them," was shot by three masked men in a Chicago pool hall. Police linked the assassination to McGurn's slaying; the identity of McGurn's killers remains unknown, but research and speculation by criminologists suggest three possible theories: revenge by George "Bugs" Moran, whose men McGurn had planned to kill seven years to the date before, or the South Side mob under Frank Nitti, because McGurn, had become a liability due to his intimate knowledge of the Outfit.
There is the notion that McGurn was killed by James Gusenberg, the brother of Frank and Peter Gusenberg, who were two of the victims of
Next of Kin (1989 film)
Next of Kin is a 1989 American action thriller film directed by John Irvin and starring Patrick Swayze and Liam Neeson, with Adam Baldwin, Helen Hunt, Bill Paxton and Ben Stiller in one of his earliest roles. The screenplay was based on a story of the same title. Truman Gates, raised in Appalachia, has migrated to Chicago to become a police officer. Married to Jessie, pregnant, he seems to have made the transition from hillbilly to respectable lawman; when the local coal mine closes, Truman persuades his younger brother Gerald to look for work in Chicago. But things take a turn for the worse when soon after landing a job as a truck driver, Gerald's vehicle is hijacked by mobsters and Gerald is killed by Joey Rosellini, the nephew of mob boss Papa John Isabella. Truman returns to Kentucky for the funeral; when his surviving brother, Briar Gates, insists on a traditional mountain blood feud, Truman urges his family to let the police deal with Gerald's murder. Briar finds Truman's reluctance to be disgraceful.
Determined to deal with the murderers in his own way, Briar travels to Chicago in search of his youngest brother's killer. Meanwhile, Truman tries to solve the crime before Briar takes revenge on his own, he explains the mountain code to him. He suggests that if Gerald's murderer surrenders peacefully, it would save them both a lot of trouble. John, refuses on general principle, Truman is left to continue his investigation. After arriving in town, Briar gets a room at a flop house. Before he leaves, he gives the front desk clerk the phone number of his cousin back home and asks him to call the number if he doesn't return by morning. Not wasting any time, Briar goes looking for information on the man who killed Gerald and, during his search, shoots up a local mob hangout; when Truman arrives a little Joey, embarrassed by the attack, says he is not pressing charges against Briar. He intends to "handle things" himself; when Papa John says he feels things are getting out of hand, Joey dismisses the threat, saying that the Gates family, "plow rocks for a living."
John responds, "That's what they said about'our' people back in Sicily." Working together for a time and Truman learn the identity of the hijackers from a witness. Truman pressures the son of Papa John, to turn state's evidence against Joey. Lawrence goes to Joey for help. Lawrence's body is found with evidence of being tortured, Briar's shotgun is found at the scene. Joey goes to Papa John, who devastated by his son's death, sanctions a hit on the supposed culprit. Before he can, Briar breaks into Rosellini's trucking company and engages in a gunfight with Joey's crew and kills two of Joey's guys before Joey shoots Briar twice. Fatally wounded, Briar dies in Truman's arms; when the flop house desk clerk hears about the deaths at the Trucking Company on the news, he calls the phone number that Briar gave him. Though both Truman and the police know that the evidence against Briar was planted, that Briar's death was an ambush, there is no proof. Truman goes after the Rosellini mob himself; as the Gates family gathers together and travels to Chicago to begin a war against the Outfit, Truman goes on the offensive and throws one of Joey's guys through the window of a restaurant.
When Joey comes out, he finds "You forgot one," painted on Joey's car, he vows to kill Truman without Papa John's permission. Truman lures the Rosellini crew to a darkened cemetery, where an extended battle ensues, including the arrival of the Gates clan. In the end, Truman has Joey pinned on the ground with a knife to his throat only to be stopped when Papa John arrives with members of the Gates family held at gunpoint, he orders Truman to move out of the way. Papa John has learned the truth about Lawrence's murder, to Joey's horror, he points the gun not at Truman, but at him. Joey asks him; the Don tells Joey, "This is for killing my son," and he fatally shoots Joey. The Gates and Isabella families call a truce. Back at the police station, Truman finds Jessie and tells her, "You're my family." Some of the home scenes and the opening scenes were filmed in the small Perry County, Kentucky coal camp of Hardburly. Others were done at the M. C. Napier High School gym in Letcher County near Carbonton.
Next of Kin received mixed reviews from critics, scoring 56 % based on 9 reviews. Critic Brian Orndorf wrote, "Next of Kin isn't a dazzling picture, but there's personality about it that eases the blow of idiocy, keeping the adventure of Truman Gates, redneck cop and well." It earned a Razzie Award nomination for Patrick Swayze as Worst Actor, where he lost to William Shatner for Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. The film has since become a cult classic. A soundtrack to the film was released through Columbia Records. Here is the track listing: "Brother to Brother" - Gregg Allman & Lori Yates - 3:58 "Hey, Backwoods" - Rodney Crowell - 4:11 "Hillbilly Heart" - Ricky Van Shelton - 2:56 "Straight and Narrow" - Ricky Skaggs - 2:51 "Paralyzed" - Sweethearts of the Rodeo - 3:00 "The Yard Sale" - Billy Lawson - 2:24 "My Sweet Baby's Gone" - Charlie Daniels - 3:15 "Pyramid of Cans" - George Jones - 2:31 "Brothers" - Patrick Swayze & Larry Gatlin - 4:10 "Wailing Sax" - Duane Eddy - 3:19The album has been out of print for years and is considered a sought-after collector's item priced high on many online stores, including Amazon.
Next of Kin on IMDb Next of Kin at AllMovie Next
Uptown Theatre (Chicago)
Uptown Theatre is a closed, ornate movie palace and concert venue located in the Uptown neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. Designed by Rapp and Rapp and built by Paschen Bros. contractors, it is one of the many movie palaces built by the Balaban & Katz theatre chain run by A. J. Balaban, his brother Barney Balaban and their partner Sam Katz; the largest remaining in Chicago, it boasts 4,381 seats and its interior volume is said to be larger than any other movie palace in the United States, including Radio City Music Hall in New York. It occupies over 46,000 square feet of land at the corner of Lawrence Avenue and Broadway in Chicago's Uptown Entertainment District; the mammoth theater has an ornate five story entrance lobby with an eight-story façade. The Uptown Theater has been closed since 1981. While restoration was discussed in the following decades, several concentrated efforts were made to promote the Uptown's restoration, no such efforts were successful, leaving the theater in disrepair.
However, on June 28, 2018, it was announced that $75 million had been set aside to restore the theater with hopes of reopening it within two years. Restoration work is expected to begin during the summer of 2019; the Uptown Theatre opened its doors August 18, 1925, billed as "An Acre of Seats in a Magic City." The Grand Opening of the Uptown Theatre was accompanied by a "Central Uptown Parade" of over 200 floats and a grand ball at Harmon's Arcadia in Uptown. Over 12,000 people stood in line to be ticketholders in the first audience. Several women collapsed because of exhaustion; the theater opened with a staff of more than 130 people, including a full-time 34 piece orchestra, a nurse and others. Elaborate stage show productions would accompany each movie, unique in that the elaborate stage shows would follow the theme of the movie. Other chains had basic Vaudeville acts to keep patrons entertained before the movie; the Uptown Theatre is on historic registers. Movies at the Uptown Theatre continued after stage shows ended as a way to reduce costs.
In 1949, the stage shows were revived for a short time. Movies continued during the 1960s. Notably, during that time, the television show Queen for a Day was filmed in the Uptown, with a live audience. Movie crowds dwindled, at the same time that the Uptown area was experiencing a decline of retail in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In the 1970s, the theater was revived as a major concert venue, hosting local and national acts, notably the Grateful Dead several times between 1978 and 1981; the J. Geils Band was the last band to play at the theater; the Uptown Theatre has been closed to regular events since the winter of 1981. Then-owner Plitt Theatres had turned off the heat, causing a frozen water pipe to burst, which caused extensive damage to the interior. In subsequent years, deferred maintenance and vandalism led to further debilitation of the structure and ornament, both inside and out. Since 1981, the theater has been used as a location for scenes in movies such as the Academy Award-nominated Ron Howard movie, the Julia Roberts and Nick Nolte movie, I Love Trouble, the John Hughes-Chris Columbus sequel Home Alone 2: Lost in New York.
In the 1990s, the theatre lobby was host to the "Hearts Party", which raised money for an AIDS charity. In 2016, the theater was used for the music video for Regina Spektor's single "Black and White". In 1990, a group of preservationists persuaded the owners to donate important interior fixtures from the Uptown to be used in future preservation and restoration projects. Through the efforts of civil engineer, Curt Mangel, it was arranged that the fixtures would be stored by wealthy collector, Jasper Sanfilippo, at his estate in Barrington Hills, Illinois. In 2006, the exterior was extensively secured and terra cotta pieces were cataloged and stored for future restoration efforts. A May 21, 2007 article in Crain's Chicago Business described the Uptown Theatre as "suddenly a hot property," as three national entertainment companies were in competition to purchase and reopen the Uptown Theatre; the theater was purchased through a judicial sale July 29, 2008 by JAM Productions for $3.2 million and finalized in court on August 18, 2008.
It is estimated. JAM also owns the Riviera Theatre on Broadway one block away. In August 2013, the fourth installment of the Transformers series had begun filming scenes in the theatre. On June 28, 2018, it was announced that $75 million had been set aside to restore the theater with hopes of reopening it within two years. Construction is expected to begin during the summer of 2019. A diverse advocacy group of friends, neighbors and theatre enthusiasts, Friends of the Uptown, founded in 1998, supports restoring the venue to its position as an entertainment and economic asset for the Uptown neighborhood. A 2006 documentary by filmmakers John Pappas and Michael Bisberg, Uptown: Portrait of a Palace, published by Compass Rose, explores the history of the Uptown Theatre and why the largest and one of the most elaborate theatres in the nation has been left vacant since 1981. Historic photos are juxtaposed with recent film footage to show how the building has survived the past 80 years; the documentary uses interviews with eight sources close to the theatre, including Alderman Mary Ann Smith.
Prohibition in the United States
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933. During the nineteenth century, family violence, saloon-based political corruption prompted prohibitionists, led by pietistic Protestants, to end the alcoholic beverage trade to cure the ill society and weaken the political opposition. One result was that many communities in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries introduced alcohol prohibition, with the subsequent enforcement in law becoming a hotly debated issue. Prohibition supporters, called "drys", presented it as a victory for public morals and health. Promoted by the "dry" crusaders, the movement was led by pietistic Protestants and social Progressives in the Prohibition and Republican parties, it gained a national grass roots base through the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. After 1900, it was coordinated by the Anti-Saloon League. Opposition from the beer industry mobilized "wet" supporters from the Catholic and German Lutheran communities.
They had funding to fight back, but by 1917–18 the German community had been marginalized by the nation's war against Germany, the brewing industry was shut down in state after state by the legislatures and nationwide under the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1920. Enabling legislation, known as the Volstead Act, set down the rules for enforcing the federal ban and defined the types of alcoholic beverages that were prohibited. For example, religious use of wine was allowed. Private ownership and consumption of alcohol were not made illegal under federal law, but local laws were stricter in many areas, with some states banning possession outright. Criminal gangs were able to gain control of the liquor supply for many cities. By the late-1920s a new opposition mobilized nationwide. Wets attacked prohibition as causing crime, lowering local revenues, imposing "rural" Protestant religious values on "urban" United States. Prohibition ended with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment on December 5, 1933.
Some states continued statewide prohibition. Research shows that prohibition reduced overall alcohol consumption by half during the 1920s, consumption remained below pre-Prohibition levels until the 1940s, suggesting that Prohibition did socialize a significant proportion of the population in temperate habits, at least temporarily. Rates of liver cirrhosis "fell by 50% early in Prohibition and recovered promptly after Repeal in 1933." Criticism remains that Prohibition led to unintended consequences such as a century of Prohibition-influenced legislation and the growth of urban crime organizations, though some scholars have argued that violent crime did not increase while others have argued that crime during the Prohibition era was properly attributed to increased urbanization, rather than the criminalization of alcohol use. As an experiment it lost supporters every year, lost tax revenue that governments needed when the Great Depression began in 1929. In the United States, once the battle against slavery was won, social moralists turned to other issues, such as Mormon polygamy and the temperance movement.
On November 18, 1918, prior to ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment, the U. S. Congress passed the temporary Wartime Prohibition Act, which banned the sale of alcoholic beverages having an alcohol content of greater than 1.28%. The Wartime Prohibition Act took effect June 30, 1919, with July 1, 1919 becoming known as the "Thirsty-First"; the U. S. Senate proposed the Eighteenth Amendment on December 18, 1917. Upon being approved by a 36th state on January 16, 1919, the amendment was ratified as a part of the Constitution. By the terms of the amendment, the country went dry one year on January 17, 1920. On October 28, 1919, Congress passed the Volstead Act, the popular name for the National Prohibition Act, over President Woodrow Wilson's veto; the act established the legal definition of intoxicating liquors as well as penalties for producing them. Although the Volstead Act prohibited the sale of alcohol, the federal government lacked resources to enforce it. Prohibition was successful in reducing the amount of liquor consumed, cirrhosis death rates, admissions to state mental hospitals for alcoholic psychosis, arrests for public drunkenness, rates of absenteeism.
While some allege that Prohibition stimulated the proliferation of rampant underground and widespread criminal activity, many academics maintain that there was no increase in crime during the Prohibition era and that such claims are "rooted in the impressionistic rather than the factual." By 1925, there were anywhere from 30,000 to 100,000 speakeasy clubs in New York City alone. Wet opposition talked of personal liberty, new tax revenues from legal beer and liquor, the scourge of organized crime. On March 22, 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the Cullen–Harrison Act, legalizing beer with an alcohol content of 3.2% and wine of a low alcohol content. On December 5, 1933, ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment repealed the Eighteenth Amendment. However, United States federal law still prohibits the manufacture of distilled spirits without meeting numerous licensing requirements that make it impractical to produce spirits for personal beverage use. Consumption of alcoholic beverages has been a contentious topic in America since the colonial period.
In May 1657, the General Court of Massachusetts made the sale of strong li