In show business, the green room is the space in a theatre or similar venue that functions as a waiting room and lounge for performers before and after a performance, during the show when they are not engaged on stage. Green rooms have seating for the performers, such as upholstered chairs and sofas; the origin of the term is ascribed to such rooms being painted green. Modern green rooms do not adhere to a green color scheme, though the name remains; the specific origin of the term is lost to history, which has led to many claims. One story is that London's Blackfriars Theatre included a room behind the scenes, which happened to be painted green, it was called "the green room". Some English theatres contained several green rooms, each ranked according to the status and the salary of the actor: one could be fined for using a green room above one's station. Richard Southern, in his studies of Medieval theatre in the round, states that in this period the acting area was called The Green; this central space grass-covered, was used by the actors, while the surrounding space and circular banks were occupied by the spectators.
From this source The Green has been a traditional actors' term for the stage. In proscenium arch theatres there was a tradition that a green stage cloth should be used for a tragedy; the green room could thus be considered the transition room on the way to the green/stage. Technical staff at some West End theatres still refer to the stage as the green. Another theory is that the room was painted green to "relieve the eyes from the glare of the stage." On the other hand, early stage lighting was by candlelight, so the "glare" might be apocryphal, a modern reference to electric stage lighting. It is sometimes said that the term green room was a response to limelight, though the name is a coincidence – "limelight" refers to calcium oxide, not to the fruit or colour. Furthermore, limelight was invented in 1820 and the term "green room" was used many years prior to that, it is possible that "green room" might be a corruption of scene room, the room where scenery was stored which doubled as the actors' waiting and warm-up room.
Many actors experience nervous anxiety before a performance and one of the symptoms of nervousness is nausea. As a person who feels nauseous is said to look "green", suggesting that the "Green Room" is the place where the nervous actors wait. According to one theory, long before modern makeup was invented the actors had to apply makeup before a show and allow it to set up or cure before performing; until the makeup was cured, it was green and people were advised to sit in the green room until such time as the makeup was stable enough for performing. Uncured makeup is gone. In Shakespearean theatre actors would prepare for their performances in a room filled with plants and shrubs, it was believed. Thus the green room may refer to the green plants in this stage preparation area; the term green room can alternatively be traced back to the East End of England. In Cockney rhyming slang, greengage is stage, therefore greengage room is stage room and like most rhyming slang it gets shortened, hence green' room.
This information came from dancer Max Wall. Rhyming Slang can be traced only as early as the 1840s, whereas the phrase "green room" predates this by several centuries, making such an etymology unlikely. Green is thought to be a calming and soothing colour. In Shakespeare's day, the actors waited in a "tiring house" because actors were attired in this space. Here it is mentioned by Peter Quince as he plans for his acting troupe to rehearse in the woods: QUINCE: Pat, pat; this green plot shall be our stage, this hawthorn-brake our tiring-house. Samuel Pepys mentions these locations at the Drury Lane Theatre Royal in 1667:...she took us up into the Tireing-rooms and to the women's Shift, where Nell was dressing herself and...then below into the Scene-room, and...here I read the Qu's to Knepp while she answered me, through all her part of Flora's Figarys... Thomas Shadwell's Restoration comedy, A True Widow, mentions in Act Four: Stanmore: "No madam: Selfish, this Evening, in a green Room, behind the Scenes, was before-hand with me..."
The term "green room" is mentioned in Colley Cibber's Love Makes a Man. "I do know London pretty well, the Side-box and behind the Scenes. In his Life of Samuel Johnson, James Boswell mentions visits by his subject to the Green Room at the Drury Lane Theatre. In 1792, Joseph Haslewood published a collection of memoirs of the actors and actresses of the London theatres entitled, The Secret History of the Green-Room, while 1796 saw the first edition of John Roach's themed, Authentic Memoirs of the Green-Room. In the Jane Austen novel Mansfield Park, when the Bertram children convert the billiard room into a theatre, Tom Bertram notes, "And my father's room will be an excellent green-room, it seems to join the billiard room on purpose." In the 1853 Charlotte Brontë novel Villette the narrator refers to the green-room when preparing for a performance in an amateur play. Jerome K. Jerome's first book comically describes his stint in English theatre during the late 1870s. "There was no green room. There never had been a green room.
I never saw a green room, except in a play, though I was always on the lookout for it." The green room is mentioned in
Anwar M. S. Phillips is a former American football cornerback, he was signed by the New Orleans Saints as an undrafted free agent in 2006. He played college football at Penn State. Phillips has played for the Baltimore Ravens. Phillips attended Northwest High School in Maryland, he was named to the Washington Post All-League squad as a wide receiver in 2000 and 2001. Phillips was an All-Big Ten selection at Penn State, he helped the Nittany Lions lead the conference in pass efficiency defense in 2005, made 104 tackles and seven interceptions in his collegiate career. There he earned a Bachelor of Science in labor and industrial relations in December 2005. Phillips signed as an undrafted free agent with the New Orleans Saints following the 2006 NFL draft, he saw playing time in 4 games during the preseason. Phillips was promoted to the active roster mid-season, he was released at the end of training camp the following season. Phillips signed as a free agent with the Baltimore Ravens on July 23, 2008, he spent the first half of the 2008 season on the practice squad before being promoted to active roster on November 1, 2008.
He would play in the Ravens' week 9 win over Cleveland. Phillips was re-signed to a one-year future contract at the conclusion of the season, he was waived on June 18, 2009. Baltimore Ravens bio
The group stage of the 2013 CAF Champions League was played from 20 July to 22 September 2013. A total of eight teams competed in the group stage; the draw for the group stage was held on 14 May 2013, 14:00 UTC+2, at the CAF Headquarters in Cairo, Egypt. The eight winners of the second round were drawn into two groups of four; each group contained one team from Pot 1, one team from Pot 2, two teams from Pot 3. The following eight teams were entered into the draw: In the group stage, each group was played on a home-and-away round-robin basis; the winners and runners-up of each group advanced to the semi-finals. The teams are ranked according to points. If tied on points, tiebreakers are applied in the following order: Number of points obtained in games between the teams concerned Goal difference in games between the teams concerned Away goals scored in games between the teams concerned Goal difference in all games Goals scored in all games The matchdays were 19–21 July, 2–4 August, 16–18 August, 30 August–1 September, 13–15 September, 20–22 September 2013.
Note: The Zamalek v Al-Ahly match was postponed due to security concerns in Egypt. Note: The Coton Sport v Séwé Sport match of Matchday 1 was postponed due to FIFA's suspension on 4 July 2013 of the Cameroonian Football Federation, lifted on 22 July 2013. Orange CAF Champions League
Lady Mary Christina Holborow, DCVO was a British magistrate, Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall. She was a daughter of the 8th Earl of Courtown. On retirement as a magistrate she became the Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall and a trustee of Cornwall Rural Community Council, the South West Lakes Trust, the National Maritime Museum and the TR14ers Community Dance Team Team based in Camborne. Lady Mary served as Commissioner for St John Ambulance Cornwall from 1982 until 1987, being awarded DStJ. In addition she was a governor of University College Falmouth, vice president for Exeter Charity, St Loye's Foundation and president of Cornwall County Scout Council She was patron of the Citizens Advice Bureau Cornwall, her work and chairmanship of the Cornwall chapter of Macmillan Cancer Relief was longstanding and relevant to her personal commitment to the hospice movement and health services within the county. Soon after the establishment of the Hypatia Trust, Cornwall in 1996, she became a supportive member of its Council of Trusted Friends.
A bard of the Cornish Gorsedd/Gorsedh Kernow, she was barded in 2012 at Camelford under the bardic name Gweresores Egloslasek/TheHelper of Ladoc Lady Mary was appointed Dame Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in the 2010 Birthday Honours. She died in Cornwall on 9 June 2017. On 8 August 1959, Lady Mary married Geoffrey Jermyn Holborow. Debrett's People of Today
Barack Obama served three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, when he was elected to the United States Senate. During this part of his career, Obama continued teaching constitutional law part time at the University of Chicago Law School as he had done as a Lecturer from 1992 to 1996, as a Senior Lecturer from 1996 to 2004. In 1994, Senator Alice Palmer announced her desire to run for the United States House of Representatives, leaving the Senate's 13th district seat open; when filing opened in 1995 for her seat, Obama entered the race. His challengers were disqualified and he won the Democratic primary unopposed in 1996, he won re election in 1998 and 2002. During his Senate tenure, Obama was involved with a wide range of legislation. While serving, he ran unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in the 2000 elections. In the redistricting following 2000 Census, the Democrats gained control of the Illinois Senate, Obama became more active in his legislation, which included work in areas such as health care, law enforcement, campaign finance reform and community reinvestment.
On November 21, 1994, Senator Alice Palmer, a Democrat of Chicago's South Shore neighborhood announced she was launching a campaign committee to raise funds to run in 1996 for the 2nd congressional district seat of indicted U. S. Representative Mel Reynolds, suggested that 29-year-old Jesse Jackson, Jr. run for her 13th district Illinois Senate seat in 1996 instead of running against her for Congress. On June 27, 1995, Palmer announced she was running for Congress and would be giving up her Senate seat instead of running for re-election in 1996; the following week, newspapers reported that Palmer-supporter Barack Obama of Hyde Park—who had been announced as chairman of the $49.2 million Chicago Annenberg Challenge on June 22 and whose memoir Dreams from My Father would be published on July 18—would announce he was running for Palmer's 13th district seat, a T-shaped district that spanned Chicago South Side neighborhoods from Hyde Park-Kenwood south through South Shore and from the lakefront west through Chicago Lawn.
On September 11, 1995, Governor Jim Edgar set November 28 as the date for a special primary election to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Mel Reynolds following his August 1995 conviction. On September 19, Obama announced his Illinois Senate candidacy to an audience of 200 supporters at the Ramada Inn Lakeshore in Hyde Park-Kenwood. Palmer introduced and endorsed Obama as her successor to supporters that included 4th Ward Alderwoman Toni Preckwinkle of Hyde Park, newly elected 5th Ward Alderwoman Barbara Holt of Hyde Park, state Representative Barbara Flynn Currie of Hyde Park. On November 7, 1995, Obama's mother, Ann Dunham, died of metastatic uterine cancer at the age of 52 in Honolulu. Obama arrived in Hawaii the following day, remained for his mother's memorial service and returned to Chicago soon after. On November 28, after finishing a distant third in the special congressional primary election won by Jesse Jackson, Jr. a disappointed Palmer announced she wouldn't seek re-election and was undecided about again challenging Jackson in the March 1996 primary.
On December 11, 1995—the first filing day for nominating petitions—Obama filed his nominating petitions with more than 3,000 signatures. On December 18—the last filing day for nominating petitions—Palmer held a press conference to announce she was running for re-election to the Senate, accepting a draft by more than 100 supporters. Palmer drove to Springfield to file her nominating petitions. On December 26, Obama campaign volunteer Ron Davis filed objections to the legitimacy of the nominating petitions of Senator Palmer, Askia and Lynch. On January 17, 1996, Palmer announced she was withdrawing her bid for re-election because she was around 200 signatures short of the 757 needed to earn a place on the ballot after two-thirds of the 1,580 signatures on her nominating petitions were found to be invalid; the Chicago Board of Election Commissioners had sustained an objection to the nominating petitions of Lynch because of insufficient valid signatures and subsequently sustained objections to the nominating petitions of Askia and Ewell because of insufficient valid signatures.
Obama therefore won. On November 5, Obama won the race with 82 percent of the vote. Obama was up for reelection in 1998. In the March 17 primary, Obama won re-nomination unopposed, first-time candidate Yesse Yehudah won the Republican nomination unopposed. At the November 3 general election, Obama was re-elected to a four-year term as state senator for the 13th district with 89% of the vote. Obama won both the March 19 Democratic primary election and November 5, 2002 general election for the newly configured 13th district unopposed. On January 8, 1997, Obama was sworn in as senator. Early in his first term, the just-retired U. S. Senator Paul Simon contacted longtime Obama mentor and former congressman Abner Mikva suggesting that Mikva recommend Obama to Emil Jones, Jr. the powerful Democratic leader of the state Senate. "Say, our friend Barack Obama has a chance to push this campaign finance bill through," Simon said in a telephone conversation, as recounted by Mikva in a 2008 interview, "W
Helen's Tower is a 19th-century folly and lookout tower near Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland. It was named for his mother, Helen, he intended it as a shrine for poems, first of all a poem by his mother and other poems that he solicited from famous poets over the years. Tennyson's Helen's Tower is the best known of them; the tower is a fine example of Scottish Baronial architecture. Helen's Tower inspired the design of the Ulster Tower, a war memorial at France. Helen's Tower stands on the top of a wooded hill between Bangor and Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland; this hill rises to a height of about 130 metres above mean sea level and forms the highest point of the Clandeboye Estate, a large park surrounding Clandeboye House, the great house of the Barons and Marquesses of Dufferin. A similar but higher landmark, Scrabo Tower, built by the Londonderrys, stands on the next hill to the south; the Clandeboye Estate lies 11 miles east of Belfast on the outskirts of Bangor near the southern shore of Belfast Lough.
Frederick Temple Blackwood became the 5th Baron Dufferin and Claneboye and inherited the estate at his father's untimely death in 1841, while still a minor. Queen Victoria would create him Earl Dufferin and Marquess Dufferin and Ava, but for the events discussed here, he was the Baron; when coming of age in 1847, he decided to surround Ballyleidy House with a large English landscape garden. As that year was the worst of the Great Famine, the work might in part have been undertaken to help destitute people by providing employment. Lord Dufferin thus created a lake, he decided to embellish the park with a landmark by building a lookout tower on a hill. For this he engaged William Burn, well established as an architect of country houses; the Scottish Baronial Style was chosen for the tower. A Scottish style suited the Dufferins, as the family had come to Ireland from Scotland during the Plantation of Ulster. A perspective drawing by Burn, dated 1848, shows Helen's Tower much as it has been built, only that the caption calls it the gamekeeper's tower.
The building's outside was complete by November 1850 when it was formally named Helen's Tower in honour of the Baron's mother, 43 at the time. As she died only in 1867, the tower celebrates rather than commemorates her; the interior decoration was only completed on 23 October 1861. Dufferin intended the tower as a lookout but as a shrine for a poem that his mother wrote for him on the eve of his 21st birthday; this poem is inscribed on a metal plate in the upper room surrounded by other poems as will be explained further down. In 1975 Helen's Tower was listed as a Grade A historic building After a period of neglect, it was restored in the 1980s and can now be rented as holiday accommodation from the Irish Landmark Trust; the tower's style is Scottish Baronial Revival. It seems to be the earliest of William Burn's designs in this style, its height is 60 feet. The tower consists of a base, a main body, a flat turreted roof; the base, which contains the ground floor, has battered outer surfaces that pass without break into the vertical walls of the tower's main body.
The base and the main body are square in plan and comprise a round stair tower that projects from the northeastern corner. The tower's flat turreted roof, or roof-bastion, forms a viewing platform, surrounded by four corbelled corner turrets linked by parapets; the parapets on the southern and northern sides are each incised by one central crenel. The two western turrets are proportioned like pepperpots, they have steep concave conical roofs, covered with slate at the bottom, capped with lead at the top, crowned with ball finials. The southeastern turret serves as chimney stack, it carries four clay chimney pots. The corbels of these three turrets are patterned; the northeastern turret takes the form of a square garret chamber. Its outer corners are corbelled out over the cylindric stair tower; the chamber has a slate saddle roof with an east-west trending ridge that ends in crow-stepped gables, which form the highest points of the turret and indeed the whole tower. Small gabled wall dormer windows break the mids of the turret's eaves, one on the northern and one on the southern side.
The garret chamber serves as cap-house, giving access from the spiral stairs to the viewing platform by way of a small descending outer stair. The design of the stair tower and cap-house evokes the square-corbelled-on-round towers of the original Scottish Baronial Style that Burn miniaturised somewhat for use at Helen's Tower; the entrance to Helen's Tower is in a porch that occupies the re-entrant between the base of the square tower and that of the stair tower on the eastern side. The porch has a hipped roof built of lapped sandstone courses; the entrance door opens to the south and is surmounted by a square datestone sheltered by a hood mould. The stone shows a coronet, an aristocratic cypher and the year 1850; the coronet has four balls as befits a baron. The cypher shows an ampersand between them. A similar device appears on the gable of Helen's Bay railway station where however the two Ds are interlaced to form a proper monogram rather than a cypher; the description of Helen's Tower on the historic building list says the cypher is short for Dufferin and Ava, interpreting the second