Macoupin County, Illinois
Macoupin County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U. S. state of Illinois, is a part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 47,765; the county seat is Carlinville. Macoupin County is part of the Metro-East region of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the primary industry is agriculture, consisting of crops of corn and some wheat. The region was inhabited by Illinoisan Indians when the first white settlers arrived. Indeed, macoupin is the Miami-Illinois term for Nelumbo lutea. None of the native Indians remain, although some descendants of the earliest European settlers claim partial ancestry; the first European contact was by French explorers in the seventeenth century, travelling southward down the major rivers. The main European settlement was from the southwest, as people moved inland from the established transportation route of the Mississippi River. Macoupin County was established on January 17, 1829, it was formed out of Greene and Madison Counties and was named after Macoupin Creek, which runs near Carlinville and meanders southwest to the Illinois River.
The economy was based on subsistence agriculture, communication was to the southwest. In the middle 19th century, Illinois changed rapidly; the greatest change was in the building of railroads, Macoupin County was on the rail and road transportation link between St. Louis and the still-young metropolis of Chicago; the county lies midway between the relocated state capital of Springfield. The economy was still based on agriculture, but there was now easier access to markets. Towns were small, sparsely distributed, any new communities were founded along the railroad lines that provided transportation. Culturally, the county remained closer to its historical ties with St. Louis than to more northerly areas within the state. Agriculture remained a mainstay of the economy, but this was joined by coal mining, an industry that changed the complexion of the county. With coal underlying the entire region, the most economical development was to place mines alongside the railroad tracks, located in or near already-existing towns.
By the twentieth century, there were mines in many towns, all of them with substantial populations of foreign-born miners from everywhere in Europe. During the twentieth century and coal mining remained the mainstays of the county's economy, the county's fortunes rose and fell with them. Farming was still family based. Macoupin County was at the center of major labor disputes between mine owners and miners, was a hotbed of union activity; the county had played a major role in violent 1890s disputes that brought unwanted national attention, was at center stage when the United Mine Workers rose to power, was again prominent during the internecine war between the UMW and the Progressive Miners of America of the 1930s. Agriculture remained as the county's prime economic activity, but farming became a large-scale corporate enterprise, with small family farms disappearing. Coal mining decreased, has disappeared entirely. Buildings and structures related to coal mining were torn down as they wasted away, so that there is now little to see of this once-major industry.
Towns were characterized either by a main street layout. In the former, a central city block may be a small park with a gazebo, with the small businesses of the town surrounding it. In the latter, a single street will have the small businesses of the town lining either side of it. Carlinville has a city square layout, with the main county building occupying the central city block; this building houses all the offices of the county. Churches of the various denominations will lie within two or three blocks of the town square, or sometimes will lie along a single street near the town's center. With modern roads accessible, some towns in the northern part of the county became virtual bedroom communities as people commuted to Springfield to work and shop, hastening the decline of small businesses in the towns; the same effect was felt in the southernmost part of the county, in 2005, the U. S. Census Bureau included the county in the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area due to increased commuting patterns and employment in St. Louis and the Metro-East.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 868 square miles, of which 863 square miles is land and 4.7 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carlinville have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −23 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.95 inches in February to 4.25 inches in May. Sangamon County - northeast Montgomery County - east Madison County - south Greene County - west Jersey County - west Morgan County - northwest As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,765 people, 19,381 households, 13,224 families residing in the county; the population density was 55.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 21,584 housing units at an average density of 25.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% white, 0.8% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 35.8% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 13.9% were English, 9.5% were American, and
Illinois's 13th congressional district
The 13th congressional district of Illinois is represented by Republican Rodney L. Davis; the congressional district covers parts of Bond, Madison, McLean and Sangamon counties, all of Christian, Calhoun, De Witt, Jersey, Macoupin and Piatt counties, as of the 2011 redistricting which followed the 2010 census. All or parts of Bloomington, Decatur, Godfrey and Urbana are included; the representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, the boundaries became effective on January 5, 2013. The Republican and Democratic primaries took place on March 18, 2014. In the Republican primary, incumbent Rodney L. Davis defeated fellow Republicans Erika Harold and Michael Firsching. In the Democratic primary, Ann Callis defeated David Green. Bill Byrnes had withdrawn from the Democratic primary. Josh Dill ran in the district as an Independent. In the 2004 U. S. General Election, this district voted for George W. Bush with 55% to 45% for John Kerry. However, in 2008, the district voted for Barack Obama.
As of May 2015, three former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 13th congressional district are alive; the most recent representative to die was Phil Crane on November 8, 2014. The most serving representative to die was John N. Erlenborn on October 30, 2005. Illinois's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present U. S. Census Bureau – 13th District Fact Sheet Ann Callis 2014 Democratic candidate – Campaign Site David Green 2014 Democratic candidate – Campaign Site Rodney Davis Incumbent Republican – Campaign Site "United States House of Representatives elections in Illinois, 2014". Ballotpedia
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Pike County, Illinois
Pike County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 16,430, its county seat is Pittsfield. Pike County was formed in January 1821 out of Madison County, it was named in honor of Zebulon Pike, leader of the Pike expedition in 1806 to map out the south and west portions of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike served at the Battle of Tippecanoe, was killed in 1813 in the War of 1812. Prior to the coming of the first European settler to the future Pike County, French traders and travelers passed through the native forests and prairies. Pike County began on the south junction of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers; the east boundary was the Illinois River north to the Kankakee River to the Indiana State line on north to Wisconsin territorial line and west to the Mississippi River to the original point at the south end. The first county seat was Cole's Grove, a post town, in what became Calhoun County; the Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, published in 1822, mentioned Chicago as "a village of Pike County" containing 12 or 15 houses and about 60 or 70 inhabitants.
The New Philadelphia Town Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2009. Founded by Frank McWorter, an early free black settler in Pike County, it was the first town founded by a black man in the United States. McWorter had invested in land there sight unseen after purchasing the first few members of his family out of slavery. In 1836 he founded the town of New Philadelphia, near Barry, he lived there the rest of his life. With the sale of land, he made enough money to purchase the freedom of his children. After the railroad bypassed the town, its growth slowed and it was abandoned in the 20th century; the town site is now an archaeological site. In the early 21st century, Pike County acquired notability as a whitetail deer hunting center for bowhunting. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 849 square miles, of which 831 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Pike County is located on the highlands between the Illinois River, which forms its eastern border, the Mississippi River, the county's western border.
It has two interstate highways, I-72, with bridges spanning both rivers to enter the county, I-172 which extends about 300 feet into the county to its intersection with I-72. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pittsfield have ranged from a low of 15 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 115 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.74 inches in January to 4.11 inches in May. Pike County is one of the few US counties to border as many as nine counties. Illinois has two -- LaSalle. Great River National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,430 people, 6,639 households, 4,527 families residing in the county; the population density was 19.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,951 housing units at an average density of 9.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 1.7% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 16.8% were American, 15.1% were English, 13.4% were Irish. Of the 6,639 households, 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 42.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $40,205 and the median income for a family was $50,426. Males had a median income of $39,071 versus $26,835 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,996. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over. Pike County was reliably Democratic from 1892 through 1948. However, it was a national bellwether in every presidential election from 1912 to 2004 aside from 1924 & 1988.
Since 2000, the county has become a Republican stronghold, with Donald Trump winning it in the 2016 presidential election by a margin of 57.6 points. The county is located in Illinois's 18th Congressional District and is represented by Republican Davin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 100th district and is represented by Republican C. D. Davidsmeyer; the county is located in the 50th district of the Illinois Senate, is represented by Republican William McCann. Barry Griggsville Pittsfield New Canton National Register of Historic Places listings in Pike County, Illinois Pike County Chamber of Commerce Pike County books and primary sources New Philadelphia Association Free Frank New Philadelphia Historic Preservation Foundation Christopher C. Fennell, "Updates on New Philadelphia Archaeology Project", University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign New Philadelphia: A Multiracial Town on the Illinois Frontier, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan Pike County Township Histories summation Pike County Illinois History
Morgan County, Illinois
Morgan County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 35,547, its county seat is Jacksonville. Morgan County is part of the Jacksonville, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area. Morgan County was formed in 1823 out of Sangamon Counties, it was named in honor of General Daniel Morgan, who defeated the British at the Battle of Cowpens in the American Revolutionary War. General Morgan was serving under General Nathanael Greene at Cowpens. Jacksonville was established by European Americans on a 160-acre tract of land in the center of Morgan County in 1825, two years after the county was founded; the founders of Jacksonville, Illinois consisted of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankee" settlers, to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s, they were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s.
Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal and the end of the Black Hawk War. The Yankee migration to Illinois was a result of several factors, one of, the overpopulation of New England; the old stock Yankee population had large families bearing up to ten children in one household. Most people were expected to have their own piece of land to farm, due to the massive and nonstop population boom, land in New England became scarce as every son claimed his own farmstead; as a result, there was not enough land for every family to have a self-sustaining farm, Yankee settlers began leaving New England for the Midwestern United States. When they arrived in what is now Jacksonville there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the "Yankee" New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes, they brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism.
They were members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism and Presbyterianism while some others became Baptist, before moving to what is now Jacksonville. Jacksonville, like some other parts of Illinois, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.</ref> According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles, of which 569 square miles is land and 3.5 square miles is water. Average temperatures in the county seat of Jacksonville range from a low of 15 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.35 inches in January to 4.86 inches in May. Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 35,547 people, 14,104 households, 8,851 families residing in the county; the population density was 62.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 15,515 housing units at an average density of 27.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 90.9% white, 6.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.9% were German, 21.6% were American, 15.4% were Irish, 14.5% were English. Those citing "American" ancestry in Morgan County, Illinois are of overwhelmingly English extraction, in many cases going back to colonial New England, however most English Americans identify as having "American" ancestry because their roots have been in North America for so long, in many cases since the early sixteen hundreds. Of the 14,104 households, 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.2% were non-families, 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 40.8 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,645 and the median income for a family was $59,185. Males had a median income of $43,609 versus $29,893 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,244. About 11.2% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. Jacksonville Waverly Morgan County has been reliably Republican from its beginning. National Register of Historic Places listings in Morgan County, Illinois Official website
Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge
The Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge is located on the Illinois River and the Mississippi River in parts of Calhoun and Greene counties in Illinois, St. Charles County, Missouri, it is managed by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service as part of the Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge Complex; as of 2009, the Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge consists of five separate parcels of riverine bottomland wetlands grouped in and around the confluence of the Illinois and the Mississippi Rivers. The region is noted for its population of bald eagles; the refuge is 8,501 acres in size. Its headquarters is located in the Calhoun County municipality of Illinois; this article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Official site