The Brothers Four
The Brothers Four is an American folk singing group, founded in 1957 in Seattle, known for their 1960 hit song "Greenfields". Bob Flick, John Paine, Mike Kirkland, Dick Foley met at the University of Washington, where they were members of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity in 1956, their first professional performances were the result of a prank played on them in 1958 by a rival fraternity, who had arranged for someone to call them, pretend to be from Seattle's Colony Club, invite them to come down to audition for a gig. Though they were not expected at the club, they were allowed to sing a few songs, were subsequently hired. Flick recalls them being paid "mostly in beer." They left for San Francisco in 1959, where they met Dave Brubeck's manager. Lewis became their manager and that year secured them a contract with Columbia Records, their second single, "Greenfields," released in January 1960, hit #2 on the pop charts, sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA. Their first album, Brothers Four, released toward the end of the year, made the top 20.
Other highlights of their early career included singing their fourth single, "The Green Leaves of Summer," from the John Wayne movie The Alamo, at the 1961 Academy Awards, having their third album, BMOC/Best Music On/Off Campus, go top 10. They recorded the title song for the Hollywood film Five Weeks in a Balloon in 1962 and the theme song for the ABC television series Hootenanny, "Hootenanny Saturday Night," in 1963, they gave "Sloop John B" a try, released as "The John B Sails". The British Invasion and the ascendance of edgier folk rock musicians such as Bob Dylan put an end to the Brothers Four's early period of success, but they kept performing and making records, doing well in Japan and on the American hotel circuit; the group, with Jerry Dennon, built a radio station in Seaside, Oregon in 1968. The station was subsequently sold in 1972 to a group from Montana, to a self-proclaimed minister, merged into a larger conglomerate of radio stations; the group attempted a comeback by recording a commercial version of Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man," but were unable to release it due to licensing issues, The Byrds stole their thunder by releasing their heralded version.
Mike Kirkland left the group in 1969, was replaced by Mark Pearson, another University of Washington alumnus. In 1971, Pearson left and was replaced by Bob Haworth, who stayed until 1985 and was replaced by a returning Pearson. Dick Foley was replaced by Terry Lauber. Despite all the changes and having spent 61 years in the business, the group is still active. 1960 The Brothers Four – U. S. #11 1960 Rally'Round! 1961 B. M. O. C. – US #4 1961 Roamin' with The Brothers IV 1961 The Brothers Four Song Book – US #71 1962 The Brothers Four: In Person – Columbia 360 Sound CS-8628 - US #102 1962 The Brothers Four Greatest Hits 1963 Cross-Country Concert – US #81 1963 The Big Folk Hits – US #56 1964 More Big Folk Hits – US #134 1964 Sing Of Our Times 1965 The Honey Wind Blows – US #118 1965 By Special Request 1966 Try To Remember – US #76 1966 A Beatles' Songbook – US #97 1966 Merry Christmas 1967 A New World's Record 1969 Let's Get Together 1970 1970 1996 Greenfields & Other Gold – new studio recording 1996 The Tokyo Tapes - 35th Anniversary – live cd 2010 Golden Anniversary – live cd 2014 Beautiful World – new studio and live cd 2018 The Very Best of the Brothers Four: Renewal List of University of Washington people List of people from Seattle List of folk musicians Ringing Bell Official website
Greenfield is a city in Greene County, United States. The population was 1,071 at the 2010 census. Greenfield is located in eastern Greene County at 39°20′35″N 90°12′35″W. Illinois Route 267 passes through the city, leading north 27 miles to Jacksonville and south 13 miles to Medora. Carrollton, the Greene County seat, is 13 miles to the southwest via Routes 267 and 108. According to the 2010 census, Greenfield has a total area of 1.783 square miles, of which 1.72 square miles is land and 0.063 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,179 people, 500 households, 330 families residing in the city; the population density was 687.2 people per square mile. There were 531 housing units at an average density of 309.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.24% White, 0.08% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population. There were 500 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families.
31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.95. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,833, the median income for a family was $36,908. Males had a median income of $27,961 versus $22,216 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,386. About 10.0% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. Greenfield is served by its own school district, Greenfield Community Unit School District Number 10. Greenfield CUSD 10 serves portions of Greene, Jersey and Morgan Counties.
Greenfield Public Schools Greenfield Public Library
North America is a continent within the Northern Hemisphere and all within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers, about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, the fourth by population after Asia and Europe. In 2013, its population was estimated at nearly 579 million people in 23 independent states, or about 7.5% of the world's population, if nearby islands are included. North America was reached by its first human populations during the last glacial period, via crossing the Bering land bridge 40,000 to 17,000 years ago; the so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago. The Classic stage spans the 6th to 13th centuries.
The Pre-Columbian era ended in 1492, the transatlantic migrations—the arrival of European settlers during the Age of Discovery and the Early Modern period. Present-day cultural and ethnic patterns reflect interactions between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves and their descendants. Owing to the European colonization of the Americas, most North Americans speak English, Spanish or French, their culture reflects Western traditions; the Americas are accepted as having been named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci by the German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann. Vespucci, who explored South America between 1497 and 1502, was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a different landmass unknown by Europeans. In 1507, Waldseemüller produced a world map, in which he placed the word "America" on the continent of South America, in the middle of what is today Brazil, he explained the rationale for the name in the accompanying book Cosmographiae Introductio:... ab Americo inventore... quasi Americi terram sive Americam.
For Waldseemüller, no one should object to the naming of the land after its discoverer. He used the Latinized version of Vespucci's name, but in its feminine form "America", following the examples of "Europa", "Asia" and "Africa". Other mapmakers extended the name America to the northern continent, In 1538, Gerard Mercator used America on his map of the world for all the Western Hemisphere; some argue that because the convention is to use the surname for naming discoveries, the derivation from "Amerigo Vespucci" could be put in question. In 1874, Thomas Belt proposed a derivation from the Amerrique mountains of Central America. Marcou corresponded with Augustus Le Plongeon, who wrote: "The name AMERICA or AMERRIQUE in the Mayan language means, a country of perpetually strong wind, or the Land of the Wind, and... the can mean... a spirit that breathes, life itself." The United Nations formally recognizes "North America" as comprising three areas: Northern America, Central America, The Caribbean.
This has been formally defined by the UN Statistics Division. The term North America maintains various definitions in accordance with context. In Canadian English, North America refers to the land mass as a whole consisting of Mexico, the United States, Canada, although it is ambiguous which other countries are included, is defined by context. In the United States of America, usage of the term may refer only to Canada and the US, sometimes includes Greenland and Mexico, as well as offshore islands. In France, Portugal, Romania and the countries of Latin America, the cognates of North America designate a subcontinent of the Americas comprising Canada, the United States, Mexico, Greenland, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, Bermuda. North America has been referred to by other names. Spanish North America was referred to as Northern America, this was the first official name given to Mexico. Geographically the North American continent has many subregions; these include cultural and geographic regions. Economic regions included those formed by trade blocs, such as the North American Trade Agreement bloc and Central American Trade Agreement.
Linguistically and culturally, the continent could be divided into Latin America. Anglo-America includes most of Northern America and Caribbean islands with English-speaking populations; the southern North American continent is composed of two regions. These are the Caribbean; the north of the continent maintains recognized regions as well. In contrast to the common definition of "North America", which encompasses the whole continent, the term "North America" is sometimes used to refer only to Mexico, the United States, Greenland; the term Northern America refers to the northern-most countries and territories of North America: the United States, Bermuda, St. Pierre and Miquelon and Greenland. Although the term does not refer to a unifie
Faith No More
Faith No More is an American rock band from San Francisco, formed in 1979. Before settling on their current name in 1982, the band performed under the names Sharp Young Men and Faith No Man. Bassist Billy Gould and drummer Mike Bordin are the longest-remaining members of the band, having been involved with Faith No More since its inception; the band underwent several lineup changes early in their career, along with some major changes on. The current lineup of Faith No More consists of Gould, keyboardist/rhythm guitarist Roddy Bottum, lead guitarist Jon Hudson and vocalist/lyricist Mike Patton. After releasing six studio albums, including their best-selling records The Real Thing and Angel Dust, Faith No More announced their breakup on April 20, 1998, they have since reunited, embarked on The Second Coming Tour from 2009 to 2012, released their seventh studio album, Sol Invictus, in May 2015. Faith No More was formed as Sharp Young Men in 1979 by bassist Billy Gould, drummer Mike Bordin, vocalist Mike Morris, keyboardist Wade Worthington.
Mike Morris described the name as "a piss-take on all the ‘elegant’ groups at the time." On, Morris proposed the name Faith In No Man, but the band settled on Bordin's suggestion Faith No Man. They recorded "Quiet in Heaven/Song of Liberty", released in 1983; the songs were recorded in Matt Wallace's parents' garage, where Wallace had set up and been running a recording studio while the band was still recording under the name Sharp Young Men, with Mike Morris, Billy Gould, Mike Bordin and Wade Worthington. Worthington left shortly thereafter, they changed their name to Faith No Man for the release of the single, which featured two of the three songs recorded in Wallace's garage, hired Roddy Bottum to replace Worthington. Bottum and Bordin quit the band shortly after and formed Faith No More, they chose the name to accentuate the fact that "The Man" was "No More". The band played with several vocalists and guitarists, including a brief stint with Courtney Love, until they settled on vocalist Chuck Mosley in 1983 and guitarist Jim Martin.
After the name change, the band started recording We Care a Lot without backing from a record label and, after pooling their money, recorded five songs. This gained the attention of Ruth Schwartz, forming the independent label Mordam Records, under which the band, after getting the necessary financial support and released the album, it was the first official release for the label. In late 1986, Faith No More was signed to Los Angeles label Slash Records by Anna Statman; the label had been sold to the Warner Music Group subsidiary London Records, ensuring a widespread release for the band's following albums. Introduce Yourself was released in 1987, a revamped version of their debut album's title track "We Care a Lot" saw minor success on MTV. Mosley's behaviour had started to become erratic during a troubled tour of Europe in 1988. Incidents include him punching Billy Gould on stage, the release party for the album Introduce Yourself — during which he fell asleep on stage — and one of Mosley's roadies getting into a fist fight with guitarist Jim Martin during the European tour.
Mosley was fired after the band returned home from Europe. Billy Gould reflected "There was a certain point when I went to rehearsal, Chuck wanted to do all acoustic guitar songs, it was just so far off the mark. The upshot was that I walked out and quit the band. I just said: ‘I’m done – I can’t take this any longer. It’s just so ridiculous’; the same day, I talked to Bordin, he said: ‘Well, I still want to play with you’. Bottum did the same thing, it was another one of these ‘firing somebody without firing them’ scenarios." Chuck Mosley was replaced with singer Mike Patton in 1988. Patton, singing with his high school band, Mr. Bungle, was recruited at Martin's suggestion after he heard a demo of Mr. Bungle. According to Patton, he first met the band during a 1986 gig at "a pizza parlor" in his hometown of Eureka, California. Two weeks after joining Faith No More, he had written all the lyrics for the songs that would make up the Grammy award-nominated The Real Thing, released in June 1989. "Epic" was a top 10 hit.
The music video for "Epic" received extensive airplay on MTV in 1990, despite anger from animal rights activists for a slow motion shot of a fish flopping out of water at the end of the video. That same year, Faith No More performed at the 1990 MTV Video Music Awards and on the 293rd episode of Saturday Night Live "From Out of Nowhere" and "Falling to Pieces" saw releases as singles, a cover of Black Sabbath's "War Pigs" was produced for non-vinyl releases. In 1990, the band went on an extensive U. S. tour, sending The Real Thing to Platinum status in Canada, the U. S. and South America. The album had big sales numbers in Australia, U. K. and the rest of Europe, pushing the total sales well above 4 million worldwide. In February 1991, Faith No More released their only official live album, Live at the Brixton Academy; the album included two unreleased studio tracks, "The Grade" and "The Cowboy Song". That same year, the band contributed a track for the motion picture soundtrack to Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey with the song "The Perfect Crime".
Jim Martin made a brief cameo in the film as "Sir James Martin" as the head of the "Faith No More Spiritual and Theological Center". Mike Patton's original band Mr. Bungle would go on to sign with Slash and Reprise Records' parent label Warner Bros. Records in 1991, following the
Greenfields (Cecilton, Maryland)
Greenfields is a historic home located at Cecilton, Cecil County, United States. It is a 2 1⁄2-story, Georgian-style brick dwelling with a hip roof, built about 1770; the home features a central door with engaged Doric columns and a fanlight in a one-bay pedimented pavilion. It was home to Governor Thomas Ward Veazey and John Ward, Colonel of the Provincial Militia of Cecil County; this fine Georgian manor house was built earlier than 1770, more 1740 to 1760. It was built on land patented to John Ward in 1674; the Ward family occupied it for at least 100 years. It was one of the fox hunting centers of Cecil County Maryland, that sport being one of the early settlers' favorites; the mansion is noted for its paneling and fine woodwork. Noteworthy are the Wall of Troy and the Rose of Sharon molding; the original brick dependencies were still standing in 1967. Other noteworthy features are the large reception hall with its easy-tread stairway. Greenfields is owned, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
Greenfields, Cecil County, including photo from 1995, Maryland Historical Trust Greenfield Castle & Outbuildings, U. S. Route 213, Cecilton vicinity, Cecil, MD at the Historic American Buildings Survey
An electrical conduit is a tube used to protect and route electrical wiring in a building or structure. Electrical conduit may be made of metal, fiber, or fired clay. Most conduit is rigid. Conduit is installed by electricians at the site of installation of electrical equipment, its use and installation details are specified by wiring regulations, such as the US National Electrical Code and other building codes. Some early electric lighting installations made use of existing gas pipe serving gas light fixtures, converted to electric lamps. Since this technique provided good mechanical protection for interior wiring, it was extended to all types of interior wiring and by the early 20th century purpose-built couplings and fittings were manufactured for electrical use. However, most electrical codes now prohibit the routing of electrical conductors through gas piping, due to concerns about damage to electrical insulation from the rough interiors of pipes and fittings used for gas. Electrical conduit provides good protection to enclosed conductors from impact and chemical vapors.
Varying numbers and types of conductors can be pulled into a conduit, which simplifies design and construction compared to multiple runs of cables or the expense of customized composite cable. Wiring systems in buildings may be subject to frequent alterations. Frequent wiring changes are made simpler and safer through the use of electrical conduit, as existing conductors can be withdrawn and new conductors installed, with little disruption along the path of the conduit. A conduit system can be made submersible. Metal conduit can be used to shield sensitive circuits from electromagnetic interference, can prevent emission of such interference from enclosed power cables. Non-metallic conduits are light-weight, reducing installation labor cost; when installed with proper sealing fittings, a conduit will not permit the flow of flammable gases and vapors, which provides protection from fire and explosion hazard in areas handling volatile substances. Some types of conduit are approved for direct encasement in concrete.
This is used in commercial buildings to allow electrical and communication outlets to be installed in the middle of large open areas. For example, retail display cases and open-office areas use floor-mounted conduit boxes to connect power and communications cables. Both metal and plastic conduit can be bent at the job site to allow a neat installation without excessive numbers of manufactured fittings; this is advantageous when following irregular or curved building profiles. Special tube bending equipment is used to bend the conduit without denting it; the cost of conduit installation is higher than other wiring methods due to the cost of materials and labor. In applications such as residential construction, the high degree of physical damage protection may not be required, so the expense of conduit is not warranted. Conductors installed within conduit cannot dissipate heat as as those installed in open wiring, so the current capacity of each conductor must be reduced if many are installed in one conduit.
It is impractical, prohibited by wiring regulations, to have more than 360 degrees of total bends in a run of conduit, so special outlet fittings must be provided to allow conductors to be installed without damage in such runs. Some types of metal conduit may serve as a useful bonding conductor for grounding, but wiring regulations may dictate workmanship standards or supplemental means of grounding for certain types. While metal conduit may sometimes be used as a grounding conductor, the circuit length is limited. For example, a long run of conduit as grounding conductor may have too high an electrical resistance, not allow proper operation of overcurrent devices on a fault. Conduit systems are classified by the wall thickness, mechanical stiffness, material used to make the tubing. Materials may be chosen for mechanical protection, corrosion resistance, overall cost of the installation. Wiring regulations for electrical equipment in hazardous areas may require particular types of conduit to be used to provide an approved installation.
Rigid metal conduit is a thick-walled threaded tubing made of coated steel, stainless steel or aluminum. Galvanized rigid conduit is galvanized steel tubing, with a tubing wall, thick enough to allow it to be threaded, its common applications are in industrial construction. Intermediate metal conduit is a steel tubing heavier than EMT but lighter than RMC, it may be threaded. Electrical metallic tubing, sometimes called thin-wall, is used instead of galvanized rigid conduit, as it is less costly and lighter than GRC. EMT itself can be used with threaded fittings that clamp to it. Lengths of conduit are connected to equipment with clamp-type fittings. Like GRC, EMT is more common in commercial and industrial buildings than in residential applications. EMT is made of coated steel, though it may be aluminum. Aluminum conduit, similar to galvanized steel conduit, is a rigid tube used in commercial and industrial applications where a higher resistance to corrosion is needed; such locations would include food processing plants, where large amounts of water and cleaning chemicals would make galvanized conduit unsuitable.
Aluminum can not be directly embedded in concrete. The conduit may be coated to prevent corrosion by incidental contact with concrete. Aluminum conduit is lower cost than steel in
Greenfield is a city in Franklin County, United States. Greenfield was first settled in 1686; the population was 17,456 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Franklin County. Greenfield is home to Greenfield Community College, the Pioneer Valley Symphony Orchestra, the Franklin County Fair; the city has a Main Street Historic District containing fine examples of Federal, Greek Revival, Victorian architecture. Greenfield is part of the Springfield, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pocumtuck Indians first settled and inhabited the Greenfield area. Native American artifacts found in the area have been dated between 7,000 and 9,000 years B. C; the Pocumtucks fished local rivers. Some sources claim that they were wiped out by the Mohawks in 1664 and that the land was left unoccupied; this theory may be an example of the principle of vacuum domicilium, a used justification for the displacement of native peoples. Other sources show that the Pocumtucks joined the Wampanoag chief Metacom in August 1675 in the fight against English encroachment, indicating a continued presence in the area.
The Pocumtuck played an important role in the Battle of Great Falls / Wissantinnewag – Peskeompskut on May 19, 1676, tribal oral tradition indicates that following the battle, elements of the Pocumtuck fled to and were incorporated into the Abenaki people to the north and the Mahican people to the west. The area was colonized as part of Deerfield by the English in 1686. In 1753, named for the Green River, was incorporated as a separate town from Deerfield. In 1795, the South Hadley Canal opened, enabling boats to bypass the South Hadley falls and reach Greenfield via the Connecticut River. Located at the confluence of the Deerfield and Green rivers, not far from where they merge into the Connecticut River, Greenfield developed into a trade center. Falls provided water power for industry, Greenfield grew into a prosperous mill town. John Russell established the Green River Works in 1834, hiring skilled German workers at what was the country's first cutlery factory; the Connecticut River Railroad was the first of several railways to enter the town, replacing the former canal trade.
During the 19th and 20th centuries, Greenfield was one of the most important American centers of the tap and die business and was the home of Greenfield Tap & Die Company. It was designated the county seat when Franklin County was created from Hampshire County in 1811. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22 square miles, of which 21 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles, or 2.08%, is water. Greenfield is located at the center of the county and is bordered by Colrain and Bernardston to the north. Greenfield is located 39 miles north of 90 miles west-northwest of Boston. Greenfield lies at the confluence of the Deerfield and Connecticut rivers; the Green River runs from the north, through town to the Deerfield, which lies along the city's southern border. From there, the Deerfield meets the Connecticut, which flows southward along the Montague border before bending eastward before continuing southward. Several brooks flow into the three rivers, as well as a fourth river, the Fall River, which makes up the city's border with Gill.
The city is located beside the Pocumtuck Range, the northernmost subridge of the Metacomet Ridge, is surrounded by hills, with the town center lying on an elevated point above the rivers. Like most of New England, Greenfield has a humid continental climate on the border between Köppen Dfa and Dfb with its warmest-month mean of 71.6 °F. with cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers. Extreme temperatures range from 100 °F, recorded on July 22, 1926, August 26, 1948, to −30 °F, recorded on January 22, 1961. Precipitation is abundant and well averages 41.3 inches per year. Greenfield lies at the junction of four highways. Interstate 91 travels north and south through the western stretch of the city and is duplexed for a 3-mile stretch with Massachusetts Route 2. Route 2, which follows the rough path of the Mohawk Trail, enters over the Fall River as a surface road before becoming a limited-access highway until its concurrence with I-91. Once it leaves the interstate, Route 2 becomes a surface road again.
Between the start of the limited access section of Route 2 and its split from I-91 at Exit 24, the Mohawk Trail follows Massachusetts Route 2A, which uses Route 2's former right of way through the center of Greenfield. At the town center, Route 2A meets the duplexed U. S. Route 5 and Massachusetts Route 10, which comes over the Deerfield River in the south before heading northward through town, with another interchange along the highway portion of Route 2; the nearest general aviation airport is located in the Turners Falls section of Montague, the nearest national air service is at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. The town is served by the Peter Pan and Greyhound bus lines and is the hub of the Franklin Regional Transit Authority, whose local service extends from Bernardston to Northampton and from Orange to Charlemont; the John W. Olver Transit Center is the hub for FRTA bus service, as well as the local depot for Peter Pan and Greyhound intercity service. Greenfield lies at the junction of two rail lines, an east–west line heading from the northern points of Worcester County towards the Hoosac Tunnel and Albany, New York, the north–south line heading from Springfield in the so