Linden Park, South Australia
Linden Park is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia in the City of Burnside. It derives its name from the Linden Tree. Many of its streets are named after British First Sea Lords and admiralty, such as: Hood st: Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood Keyes st: Roger Keyes, 1st Baron Keyes Sturdee st: Doveton Sturdee Jellicoe st: John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe Beatty st: David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty Wemyss st: Rosslyn Wemyss, 1st Baron Wester Wemyss Hay Rd: Lord John Hay
Hutt Street, Adelaide
Hutt Street is a main road on the eastern boundary of the central business district of Adelaide, South Australia. It runs north-south, from Pirie Street, can be considered a branch of East Terrace, it runs to South Terrace. Hutt Street was named after Sir William Hutt, an early South Australian pioneer, a commissioner for the foundation of the state. Today, the street is known for its Colonial-era buildings, which are considered to be of architectural significance, it is home to many restaurants and boutiques. The temporary Adelaide Street Circuit racetrack includes a portion of Hutt Street. Since 1985, a partial road closure has occurred most years to open the racetrack for motorsport events. Australian Roads portal
Toorak Gardens, South Australia
Toorak Gardens is a leafy residential inner eastern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia, located 2 km east of the Adelaide city centre. It is characterised by tree-lined streets and detached single story villas and bungalows built in the 1920s and 1930s on allotments of around 0.25 acres. The Toorak Gardens area was part of the larger and now adjacent suburb of Rose Park. Between 1912 and 1917 it was named "Toorak" and subsequently "Toorak Gardens". Farmland owned by the Fergusson and Prescott families in the 19th century, it was subdivided and gained popularity in 1920s. First Creek, part of the Torrens catchment, runs through the north-east corner of the suburb. Toorak Gardens is in the local government area of the City of Burnside, is bounded to the north by Kensington Road, to the east by Portrush Road, to the south by Greenhill Road and to the west by Prescott Terrace and Warwick Avenue, it contains the Burnside War Memorial Hospital. Possibilities for derivation of the name Toorak are Torrak, an aboriginal word meaning tea-tree springs, toora an Aboriginal word for coot or malleefowl and other aboriginal words of similar pronunciation meaning reedy swamp and black crow.
Today's suburb of Toorak Gardens is composed of parts of the Adelaide sections of 275 and 274. Section 274 was bounded by Portrush Road, Greenhill Road and Fullarton Road. Section 275 was bounded by Portrush Road, Swaine Avenue and Prescott Terrace; the suburb of Toorak was first developed in 1912 on land, the eastern half of the Prescott Farm. Before its development into a village, it had been farmland up until that point with little settlement apart from the Prescott's home and worksheds as well as two large and extravagant houses. Julia Hallett owned a spectacular mansion on Portrush Road while Benjamin Burford had a grand mansion on Kensington Road that he named Attunga; when the suburb was first planned, laid-out and named there were many objections because of the association with the elite Melbourne suburb of Toorak. The real-estate agents assigned to the suburb received many complaints due to this association, including one signed'No Snobbery'. Extensive building restrictions were placed on development in the early suburb.
After the first houses had been built, the Adelaide Mail reported on 18 May 1912: "...only one house is allowed on each block, to cost not less than £600. Wood was tabooed, the materials being set down as either brick, stone or reinforced concrete, with slate, iron or tile roofs. Nearly all the houses are being roofed with Marseilles tiles, giving a pleasant appearance to the suburb, springing up there... where superior homes can be built of bought without fear of getting undesirable surroundings." Toorak received considerable attention from real-estate businesses, the press and the community at large. The Adelaide papers paid particular notice to the suburb's developments, announcing council work on the suburb's paths and gardens. In 1912 when trees were planted on Grant and Alexandra avenues, in 1914 when flower strips were developed on the kerbs, in 1916 when a reserve was created on Giles Street; the Toorak Bowling club was developed in this era, it stands to this day. Section 274 was bought by the Fergussons.
It was named by the family. They had come from the village of Monreith in Wigtown County and gave that name to their new farm; the Monreith farm was developed by the family, but with the death of Alexander Fergusson in 1869, the property passed into the hands of his widow, Agnes. She sold off parts of the farm in 1883 for £15,000, the remainder in 1917 for £20,000. Before the farm was sold, the Fergussons had established a flour mill, horse stabling and were engaging in business ventures in various parts of the state, it was in 1917. Developers started subdividing the new suburb on much the same lines as Toorak had been, with similar building restrictions and much media attention; the original Fergusson family home was demolished in 1923 and the family settled in separate houses on Cudmore Avenue. Miss Ivy Laver, a successful local businesswoman, was responsible for building the main park of Toorak Gardens, Fergusson Square, it remains as a monument to those. Benjamin Burford's Attunga property contained the largest and most extravagant mansion built in the suburb, with his passing it was bought in 1905 by an investor from Broken Hill, Otto Georg Ludwig von Rieben.
Although living at the property for 37 years, maintaining it, paying particular attention to the gardens, von Rieben settled on a property at Mount Lofty in the Adelaide Hills. Attunga however forty years after he gained it, was offered to the Burnside Council free of charge in 1944 for use as a hospital, on the condition that the house and grounds be maintained. A Council committee had suggested building a community hospital in August 1943, as part of its Post-War Reconstruction and Development Plan. In April 1949 the first conversion of von Rieben's home was completed, as a convalescent home caring for 21 patients, it closed in September 1956. The adjacent newly completed Burnside War Memorial Hospital opened in October, received its first patien
City of Burnside
The City of Burnside is a local government area in the South Australian city of Adelaide stretching from the Adelaide Parklands into the Adelaide foothills with an area of 2,753 hectares. It was founded in August 1856 as the District Council of Burnside, the name of a property of an early settler, was classed as a city in 1943; the LGA is bounded by Adelaide, Adelaide Hills Council, Mitcham, Norwood Payneham and St Peters and Unley. A residential upper middle class area, Burnside has little to no industrial activity and a small commercial sector. Over 257 hectares of its area is dedicated to Parks and Reserves, the result being one of the greenest areas in Adelaide, it was one of the first areas outside of Adelaide to be settled, with the early villages of Magill, Burnside and Glen Osmond now inner suburbs. At the 2006 census, the City had a SEIFA score of 1108, the highest figure for any local government area in South Australia — individual CCD scores ranged from 909 in eastern Glenside to 1194 in Stonyfell.
Burnside was inhabited by the Kaurna Indigenous people prior to European Settlement, with the natives living around the creeks of the River Torrens during the summer months and living in the Adelaide Hills during the wintertime. The area was first settled in 1839 by Peter Anderson, a Scots migrant, who named it Burnside after his property's location adjacent to Second Creek; the Village of Burnside was established shortly thereafter and the District Council of Burnside was gazetted in 1856, being separated from the larger East Torrens Council. The council's first chairman was Dr. C. R. Penfold of Penfolds Wines fame. Beaumont House, a historic structure, was constructed for the first bishop of Adelaide, Augustus Short, during 1851. Wineries and olive groves were the mainstay of an early Burnside economy; the first council chamber was designed by chairman George Soward and built in 1869 by Thomas Hill and William Yateman. The present Council Chambers were built in 1927/8 in Tusmore, with the council becoming a municipality in 1935.
With strong growth and development throughout the region, Burnside was proclaimed a city in 1943. The 1960s' brought to Burnside a community library and a swimming centre, both were further expanded and upgraded between 1997 and 2001. Burnside has an area of 2,753 hectares and is located from the east to the south-east of the Adelaide city centre and parklands, extending east to the Cleland Conservation Park in the Mount Lofty Ranges. Two creeks of the River Torrens run through a sloping plain from the ranges. Before European Settlement in South Australia, much of the Adelaide Plains were woodland. In what became Burnside, plains leading out to Unley hosted the large Black Forest of Grey Box woodland. To the north and the floodplains of First and Second Creeks, there were Blue Gums and River Red Gums. Nearer to the foothills, in Mount Osmond and Waterfall Gully, a more diverse range of plant species existed, however Manna Gums and Blue Gums were predominant. With colonisation, much of the native foliage was cut down to enable crops and grazing.
Market Gardens in the Adelaide Hills lowered the amount of water flowing down the creeks and some of the Hills Face was used for quarrying. Early crops included olives, grapes for winemaking and barley. Over the years agriculture declined and only vineyards survive today in Magill and Waterfall Gully. With new suburbs being gazetted in the 20th century, the Burnside Council undertook ambitious tree-planting and conservation schemes to slow and reverse the negative impact on the natural environment. 190 hectares of the council area is held in reserves and parks and some 35,000 trees line the streets. A'Second Generation Tree Planting Program' has been underway since 1993. Notable parks and reserves include Langman Reserve and Hazelwood Park; the Burnside city council is divided into the following wards: Kensington Park Kensington Gardens & Magill Burnside Beaumont Eastwood & Glenunga Rose Park & Toorak Gardens Burnside library is the only public library in the city of Burnside. It is part of the civic centre.
The library is open seven days a week, from 9.30am-6pm on weekdays, except Thursday when it closes at 9pm, on the weekend from 10am-4pm on Saturday and 2pm-5pm on Sunday. For State Government Burnside is part of the Electoral Districts of Adelaide, Morialta, Heysen and Unley. Bragg takes in most of the city. Liberal strength is strongest in the wealthy hills suburbs to the south-east around Beaumont and weakest around Norwood in the north where the Labor Party dominates. Before their catastrophic collapse in recent years, the Democrats polled impressive results in the western near-city suburbs; the Greens gained much of the previous Democrats vote in recent elections. Bragg has been held by Vickie Chapman, Shadow Attorney-General of the State Liberal Party, since 2002. Burnside forms the southern part of the Federal Division of Sturt, which takes in much of Adelaide's eastern suburbs, stretchin
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, the fifth-most populous city of Australia. In June 2017, Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1,333,927. Adelaide is home to more than 75 percent of the South Australian population, making it the most centralised population of any state in Australia. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills, 94 to 104 km from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. Named in honour of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for a freely-settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens, in the area inhabited by the Kaurna people. Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, surrounded by parklands.
Early Adelaide was shaped by wealth. Until the Second World War, it was Australia's third-largest city and one of the few Australian cities without a convict history, it has been noted for early examples of religious freedom, a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties. It has been known as the "City of Churches" since the mid-19th century, referring to its diversity of faiths rather than the piety of its denizens; the demonym "Adelaidean" is used in reference to its residents. As South Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area. Today, Adelaide is noted for its many festivals and sporting events, its food and wine, its long beachfronts, its large defence and manufacturing sectors, it ranks in terms of quality of life, being listed in the world's top 10 most liveable cities, out of 140 cities worldwide by The Economist Intelligence Unit.
It was ranked the most liveable city in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Before its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation. Kaurna culture and language were completely destroyed within a few decades of European settlement of South Australia, but extensive documentation by early missionaries and other researchers has enabled a modern revival of both. South Australia was proclaimed a British colony on 28 December 1836, near The Old Gum Tree in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North; the event is commemorated in South Australia as Proclamation Day. The site of the colony's capital was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General of South Australia, through the design made by the architect George Strickland Kingston. Adelaide was established as a planned colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution, based upon the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
Wakefield had read accounts of Australian settlement while in prison in London for attempting to abduct an heiress, realised that the eastern colonies suffered from a lack of available labour, due to the practice of giving land grants to all arrivals. Wakefield's idea was for the Government to survey and sell the land at a rate that would maintain land values high enough to be unaffordable for labourers and journeymen. Funds raised from the sale of land were to be used to bring out working-class emigrants, who would have to work hard for the monied settlers to afford their own land; as a result of this policy, Adelaide does not share the convict settlement history of other Australian cities like Sydney, Melbourne and Hobart. As it was believed that in a colony of free settlers there would be little crime, no provision was made for a gaol in Colonel Light's 1837 plan, but by mid-1837 the South Australian Register was warning of escaped convicts from New South Wales and tenders for a temporary gaol were sought.
Following a burglary, a murder, two attempted murders in Adelaide during March 1838, Governor Hindmarsh created the South Australian Police Force in April 1838 under 21-year-old Henry Inman. The first sheriff, Samuel Smart, was wounded during a robbery, on 2 May 1838 one of the offenders, Michael Magee, became the first person to be hanged in South Australia. William Baker Ashton was appointed governor of the temporary gaol in 1839, in 1840 George Strickland Kingston was commissioned to design Adelaide's new gaol. Construction of Adelaide Gaol commenced in 1841. Adelaide's early history was marked by questionable leadership; the first governor of South Australia, John Hindmarsh, clashed with others, in particular the Resident Commissioner, James Hurtle Fisher. The rural area surrounding Adelaide was surveyed by Light in preparation to sell a total of over 405 km2 of land. Adelaide's early economy started to get on its feet in 1838 with the arrival of livestock from Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania.
Wool production provided an early basis for the South Australian economy. By 1860, wheat farms had been established from Encounter Bay in the south to Clare in the north. George Gawler took over from Hindmarsh in late 1838 and, despite being under orders from the Select Committee on South Australia in Britain not to undertake any public works, promptly oversaw construction of a governo
Hazelwood Park, South Australia
Hazelwood Park is an upper class suburb in the City of Burnside, South Australia with a census area population of 1,717 people. The suburb is about 5 kilometres east of the Central business district. Hazelwood Park, a suburban park inside the suburb, is the major attraction in the suburb; this includes a popular site in the summer. Much of the remainder of the suburb is residential but there is a small shopping area along Glynburn Road on the eastern edge; the area has seen many community changes over the years. The suburb is split in half by Greenhill Road, to the north there are residential dwellings and the park. To the south and east are the foothills of the Mount Lofty Ranges with continued residential properties. Hazelwood Park is bounded to the north by Knightsbridge Road, to the east by Glynburn Road, to the south by Cooper Place and to the west by Devereux Road and a line along the back of the blocks between Hazelwood and Tusmore avenues. Prior to European settlement, the area, now Hazelwood Park was part of the traditional lands of the Kaurna people, that stretched from Port Broughton to Cape Jervis.
The surrounding area and Hazelwood Park, was known by the name Knightsbridge when a village was laid out under that name in 1848. The village was laid out in section 298 in the land between Second Creeks. Unlike other more brilliantly designed early villages Knightsbridge was laid out by a Captain Hall from Port Adelaide, he divided the land into eight blocks and ran Knightsbridge Road through them. Much of the land was sold to timber merchants, who made use of the suburb's thick bushland; the first house in the suburb, which remains to this day on 12 Hazelwood Avenue, was built by George Taylor, a local grocer, in 1854. Named Knightsbridge House, it was unique in having much of the ground floor situated half-underground to cope with the fierce Australian summers; the total property owned by Taylor amounted to thirty-three acres, which included much of today's suburb. He leased the property out. Notably, an orphanage was established on the land by the Sisters of St. Joseph, a Catholic Organisation.
They cared for forty to sixty children on the property between the years 1875 and 1887. The orphanage was known for providing much care to the children, with the Adelaide daily the Register noting that'the good Sisters of St. Joseph were perfect slaves to these children'. With better accommodation provided at Woodville, the orphanage moved and the Knightsbridge farm attempted a sale, but was once again leased out. In the years 1888 to 1950 it was a large dairy farm under the Coote family; the remaining part of section 298, much of it owned by a Mr Debney and not part of Knightbridge Farm, was further subdivided in 1880 and became the village of Leabrook. The remainder of today's suburb of Hazelwood Park, south of Greenhill Road, was known as Linden, it lent its name to today's suburb of Linden Park, it is notable that Linden Park's name remained so after Linden became part of Hazelwood Park. Linden had some of the best arable land in the area, was a sought-after area. After World War II, with Adelaide expanding both in the metropolitan region and in the hills area various plans were laid out to replace the windy and dangerous Mount Barker Road.
One of these proposals was the Burnside-Crafers Highway, which envisioned leaving Greenhill Road once reaching Hazelwood Park. It was to pass through Hazelwood Park and Beaumont, wind around the hills of Waterfall Gully and go over Eagle On The Hill to Crafers; the Burnside Council put much effort into this proposal, widening Linden Avenue in preparation for the highway. The proposal was rejected in favour of upgrading Mount Barker Road and Linden Avenue remained a huge out-of-place road running through an otherwise peaceful suburb. After years of drivers racing down the 2 km long avenue, the Burnside Council constructed a large median strip in 2005; the actual Hazelwood Park was acquired by the State Government free of charge in July 1915, gazetted as a'pleasure resort'. This came from the old Hazelwood estate, owned by the Francis Clark family, they had acquired a residence and 50-acre estate named "Grove Cottage" from Thomas Burr in 1853 and re-named it "Hazelwood", which reflects the name of the school in Birmingham founded by Rowland Hill, a brother of Caroline Clark.
The Burnside Council sought to acquire the park from the State Government after finding notes from a government meeting in 1944 that were to see the park sold to a private owner. The Mayor of Burnside at the time, George Bolton, had a grand vision for what the park should become. After years of effort, the Burnside Council acquired the park in May 1963 after negotiations with the Premier, Sir Thomas Playford; as part of the acquisition, the Burnside Council was to retain the name'Hazelwood' and was to maintain the park at a level satisfactory to the State Government. The deed was transferred on 2 January 1964 for the 2.2 ha of Section 298, Hazelwood Park. In 1966, after much political wrangling, a 3-pool swimming center opened at Hazelwood Park, it was named after Mayor George Bolton, the leading voice in advocating its construction. The George Bolton Swimming Center remains open to this day, saw renovations in 1996 which added further facilities.. The park is a State Heritage Item; the SA State Heritage Reg
Belair, South Australia
Belair is a suburb in the south eastern foothills of Adelaide, South Australia at the base of the Mount Lofty Ranges. Belair was established during the settlement of Adelaide as a source of timber. Parts of Belair have views of the city of the Adelaide Plains and the coast. Belair National Park is one of the major attractions of the suburb, Windy Point provides a 230 degree panorama making it one of the best lookouts over the city, the plains and the coast. Belair National Park is a popular location for feeding ducks, walking or horseriding through the bush, enjoying the native flora and fauna, having barbecues and playing social games of tennis, soccer and'backyard' cricket. Belair Country Club hosts an 18-hole public golf course adjacent to the National Park. Belair is a popular area for mountain bikers. There are bike trails not just in the National Park but throughout Belair, steep tracks down the hills face to railway stations on the Belair line, which terminates adjacent to the National Park.
The origin of the name'Belair' appears uncertain. Gustav Ludewigs, who subdivided the area, may have named the suburb after Bel Air, being his wife Maria's birthplace. Another theory is that it was named in 1849 after Eugene Bellairs, a Government surveyor who lived in the area. A Belair Post Office opened on 3 April 1859. Belair is a fifteen-minute drive from the Adelaide city centre. Belair railway station is the terminus of the suburban Belair railway line. Belair Primary School opened in 1957 or 1958.. It consisted of two campuses, a junior primary (originally known as "Belair Infant School", renamed to "Belair Junior Primary School", an upper primary school; the junior primary campus closed in 1997, since Belair schools consists of a co-located junior school and an upper primary school situated on Main Road, Belair. The schools have Eco-school status, follow the International Baccalaureate syllabus. In 1999 the schools twinned with Momoyama Elementary School in Japan; every two years, during May, a group of students and staff travel to Kyoto.
In the alternate year, Momoyama students and staff visit Belair during August. These visits have become an integral part of the schools' Japanese language and cultural programme. St John's Grammar School has a junior campus adjacent to the railway station and senior campus located towards the west of the suburb. Actors Ben Nicholas and Sarah Snook are some of its more famous graduates. There are numerous mountain biking tracks throughout Belair, the City of Mitcham is expanded and formalised these tracks in the early 21st century. In November 2010 a two-metre-wide bitumen track opened between Caroline Avenue and Beagle Terrace, providing a trail for cyclists as an alternative to the dangerous curves of Belair Road. There are other tracks leading down to Mitcham. Belair Schools View of the city from Windy Point