Greenville, Pennsylvania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Greenville
Borough
Greenville, Pennsylvania (8481352633).jpg
Location of Greenville in Mercer County, Pennsylvania
Location of Greenville in Mercer County, Pennsylvania
Greenville is located in Pennsylvania
Greenville
Greenville
Location of Greenville within Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 41°24′18″N 80°23′12″W / 41.40500°N 80.38667°W / 41.40500; -80.38667Coordinates: 41°24′18″N 80°23′12″W / 41.40500°N 80.38667°W / 41.40500; -80.38667
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Mercer
Established 1819
Government
 • Mayor Joshua Stephens
Area[1]
 • Total 1.89 sq mi (4.89 km2)
 • Land 1.89 sq mi (4.89 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,919
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 5,602
 • Density 2,968.73/sq mi (1,146.39/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-5)
Zip code 16125
Area code(s) 724
Website www.greenvilleborough.com

Greenville is a borough in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, United States. Located along the Shenango River, it is roughly 80 miles from both Pittsburgh and Cleveland. Greenville is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Greenville is located in northwest Pennsylvania at 41°24′18″N 80°23′12″W / 41.40500°N 80.38667°W / 41.40500; -80.38667 (41.404998, −80.386651),[3] along the Shenango River. Its altitude is 945 feet (288 m) above sea level.

History[edit]

Greenville was known for its manufacturing interests, including railroad shops, bridge works, gristmills, a cement-block plant, an automobile factory, foundries and machine shops, saw and planing mills, steelworks, a railroad-car manufacturer, and flour mills. Water power was supplied by the Shenango River.

In 1900, 4,814 people lived in Greenville, that number rose to 5,909 by 1910, and stood at 10,000 in 1940. In 1950 there were 9,210 residents of Greenville.[4] By 2000, the census showed a decline in population to 6,380.

Greenville was designated a financially distressed municipality in 2002 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

The Greenville Commercial Historic District and Alexander P. and James S. Waugh House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,848
1880 3,007 62.7%
1890 3,674 22.2%
1900 4,814 31.0%
1910 5,969 24.0%
1920 8,101 35.7%
1930 8,628 6.5%
1940 8,149 −5.6%
1950 9,210 13.0%
1960 8,765 −4.8%
1970 8,704 −0.7%
1980 7,730 −11.2%
1990 6,734 −12.9%
2000 6,380 −5.3%
2010 5,919 −7.2%
Est. 2016 5,602 [2] −5.4%
Sources:[6][7][8]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 6,380 people, 2,464 households, and 1,471 families residing in the borough, the population density was 3,038.1 people per square mile (1,263.2/km2). There were 2,723 housing units at an average density of 1,398.5 per square mile (539.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.33% White, 1.77% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.49% of the population.

The leading ancestries in Greenville are German at 28%, Irish at 12%, English at 12% and Italian at 10%.

There were 2,464 households, out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years, for every 100 females there were 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $38,869. Males had a median income of $31,324 versus $19,293 for females, the per capita income for the borough was $14,969. About 10.6% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation and culture[edit]

The Borough owns and maintains seven parks in Greenville, the biggest being Riverside Park, which houses its own recreation center , outdoor amphitheatre and a new playground, which was built in 2012 by community volunteers. Riverside Park's South Greenville Recreation Center was completed renovated and doubled the size of the center; the construction was completed early 2016. Riverside Park was previously home to the Greenville Memorial Pool, which opened in 1952 and closed in 2009. A sports complex is housed in the adjacent West Salem Township, where community softball, soccer and football programs are held.

The Greenville Area Chamber of Commerce promotes community development.[9]

The Greenville Area Community Theatre is open to people ages 18 and over, the Penn-Ohio Young Actors Playhouse is located in Greenville and serves the Penn-Ohio area for ages 18 and under.[10] Greenville also has its own symphony.[11]

The Greenville Area Public Library has served the area since 1921.[12]

Greenville has three museums: the Greenville Area Historical Society at the Waugh House Museum, the Greenville Railroad Park and Museum, and the Erie Extension Canal Museum.[13]

The Railroad Park and Museum displays, among other railroad equipment, the last extant 0-10-2 "Union" steam locomotive, every year on the first weekend in July, "Heritage Days" is held. This includes a fireworks display, crafter's and vendors, historical reenactments, children's activities, and the area's largest free car show,[14] the Waugh House is the oldest brick house in Greenville, built in 1826.

The post office is considered among the finest of Depression-Era design, built under the WPA program during the Roosevelt administration.

Employers[edit]

The Werner Company is the largest employer in the city. Richard D. Werner founded the R. D. Werner Company in 1922 in New York City, the early products were job tools, thread, and metal trim for carpet thresholds. Soon after World War II, Werner's curiosity led him to experiment with manufacturing aluminum ladders, and the Werner Ladder business was born. Today, Werner is the largest manufacturer of step and extension ladders in the world, and is growing rapidly, the company's headquarters is located on 93 Werner Road in Greenville.[15][16]

Other major employers in Greenville include UPMC Horizon, Walmart, Thiel College, Greenville Area School District, and St. Paul's.[17]

Education[edit]

Thiel College is located in Greenville.

The Greenville Area School District serves some of the area, and is divided into three buildings. The Reynolds Area School District serves some of the area, and is contained in two buildings.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer, p. 719
  5. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ "Penn-Ohio Young Actors Playhouse". poyap.weebly.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Welcome - Greenville Symphony Orchestra". Thegreenvillesymphony.org. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Greenville Area Public Library". Greenvillelibrary.net. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Greenville Museum Alliance, Greenville, Pa". Greenvillemuseumalliance.org. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Greenville Heritage Days, Greenville, Pa". greenvilleheritagedays.com. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  15. ^ http://www.bus-ex.com/article/werner-ladder-company
  16. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=36529
  17. ^ Search Results - Greenville, Pennsylvania - ReferenceUSA - Current Businesses
  18. ^ "Gov. Ridge to Kick Off Banic Festival..." thefreelibrary.com. 
  19. ^ [://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/wwII-g-l.html ://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/wwII-g-l.html] Check |url= value (help).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ "AllMusic Artist Biography". 
  21. ^ "Larry Lake- The Canadian Encyclopedia". Retrieved November 14, 2012.