U.S. Route 25
U. S. Route 25 is a north–south United States highway that runs for 750 miles from Brunswick, Georgia, to the Ohio state line in Covington, Kentucky. Starting at the intersection of US 17/SR 25 in Brunswick, US 25 goes northwest to Jesup northeast to Ludowici, it stays at a general north route through the cities of Statesboro, Millen and Augusta, where it crosses the Savannah River into South Carolina. The overall majority of the route is four-lane. Entering South Carolina from Augusta, Georgia, US 25 goes north through downtown North Augusta, connecting with I-20 just outside town. US 25 goes northwesterly through the cities of Edgefield and Greenville. Majority of the route is four-lane, with various sections at expressway grade. US 25 becomes a freeway from the state line in Tuxedo, in Henderson County, it continues for 9 miles before connecting with I-26/US 74 near East Flat Rock. Splitting from I-26/US 74 near Fletcher, it goes north through Arden, Biltmore Forest, downtown Asheville, before reconnecting with I-26 near Woodfin.
At Weaverville, US 25 and US 70 travel northwesterly together, through Marshall and Hot Springs into Tennessee. In concurrency with US 70 and SR 9, US 25 enters the state through the Bald Mountains, followed by crossing the French Broad River along Wolf Creek Bridge. Along the northern bank of the French Broad River, it crosses back over and leaves the Cherokee National Forest. US 25 enters Newport, after crossing the Pigeon River, serves as Broadway Street through the downtown area. At the western edge of Newport, US 25 splits: US 25E towards Morristown and US 25W towards Knoxville. Traversing a 112.8 miles from Newport, Tennessee, to North Corbin, Kentucky, US 25E connects the cities of White Pine, Bean Station and Harrogate in Tennessee. Entering Kentucky via the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, it connects the cities of Middlesboro and Barbourville. In North Corbin, after merging back with US 25W, a US 25E connector continues west to I-75. Traversing a 145.7 miles from Newport, Tennessee, to North Corbin, Kentucky, US 25W goes west connecting Dandridge and Clinton.
Going north in parallel or in concurrency with I-75, it goes through Caryville, Jacksboro, La Follette and Jellico, before crossing the Tennessee/Kentucky line. Continuing north, it goes through Williamsburg before going through downtown Corbin and reconnecting with US 25E in North Corbin. US 25 starts again in North Corbin and traverses north, in parallel with I-75, connecting the cities of London, Richmond and Dry Ridge. US 25 ends in Covington at the Ohio state line over the Ohio River along Clay Wade Bailey Bridge. US 25 overlaps with three corridors that are part of the Appalachian Development Highway System, part of Appalachian Regional Commission. Passed in 1965, the purpose of ADHS is to generate economic development in isolated areas, supplement the interstate system, connect Appalachia to the interstate system, provide access to areas within the Region as well as to markets in the rest of the nation. Corridor F: From I-75, in Caryville, Tennessee, to US 23, in Jenkins, Kentucky. US 25W overlaps a 8.5-mile section in Caryville.
US 25E overlaps a 15.0-mile section, centered around the Cumberland Gap area. From Harrogate, Tennessee to Pineville, Kentucky, US 25E is a four-lane limited-access road with interchanges at major intersections. Corridor S: From I-81, near Morristown, Tennessee, to SR 63, in Harrogate, Tennessee; the entire 48.7-mile section of US 25E is authorized for ADHS funding. As of 2013, 22.2 miles is still slated for construction along the route. Cutting through various mountain ridges, US 25E provides a four-lane limited-access road with interchanges at major intersections. Corridor W: From I-85, in Greenville, South Carolina, to I-26/US 74, near East Flat Rock, North Carolina. Of the 39.7-mile section of US 25, only 30.4-mile was authorized for ADHS funding. In 2013, both states have completed Corridor W. US 25 in South Carolina provides a four-to-six-lane limited-access road, with interchanges at major intersections. US 25 was established on November 11, 1926, as part of the original United States Numbered Highway System.
In 1928, one divided section between Richmond and Newport, was removed. In 1929, US 25 was extended south into Georgia, ending at US 80 near Georgia. In 1933, US 25 was extended north from Port Huron to Michigan. In 1936, US 25 was extended south again to its current terminus at US 17 in Georgia. In 1974, US 25 was eliminated in Ohio and Michigan, establishing its northern terminus on the Clay Wade Bailey Bridge in Covington, Kentucky, its former alignment was replaced by Interstate 75 between Cincinnati and Detroit, Interstate 94 between Detroit and Port Huron. M-25 continues as the designation of former US 25 between Port Austin. In 2000, US 25E was rerouted through the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, making a direct link between Tennessee and Kentucky, eliminating Virginia's short section, its old alignment that went through historic Cumberland Ga
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Laurens, South Carolina
Laurens is a city in Laurens County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 9,139 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Laurens County. Located in the Upstate region of South Carolina, the city of Laurens is named after John Laurens of Revolutionary War fame, it is part of the Greenville–Mauldin–Easley Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town of Laurens was established by an act of the General Assembly on March 15, 1785 as a location for commercial activities, it was one of the six counties created from the Old Ninety-Six District of South Carolina. Laurens was named Laurensville. On December 15, 1845, a charter was issued with the name of Laurensville; the first appearance of the town named. The town of Laurens was chartered in 1900 and in 1916; the town was named in the honor of the South Carolina statesman. The first inhabitants of Laurens were the Cherokee Indians, they used the land as their fighting ground. There has been evidence of broken potsherds, a mound found linked to Cherokee culture on land now called Laurens.
There were many treaties made with the Cherokee Indians over the land known as Laurens County dating back to 1721. Before the America Revolution thousands of immigrants from Scotland and Ireland, settled in Laurens County. Laurens developed into a major intersection of commerce in the colonial America. In the Battle of Musgrove Mill, Laurens witnessed intense fighting. In 1790, after the Revolutionary War, Laurens was elected as the county seat. Like other southern towns, cotton was the major crop being produced; the high amount of cotton production led to an economic boom and a substantial increase in the African American population. The economic boom attracted wealthy businessmen to Laurens. Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States, worked as a tailor in downtown Laurens from 1824 until 1826. Before the beginning of the Civil War, Laurens provided a great deal of political leaders to the state government; the state’s decision to secede from the Union was influenced by many of those political leaders.
The fighting of the Civil War never neared Laurens. But Laurens was affected by the influx of refugees that fled Charleston to avoid the progressing Union Army and Navy. Several of the refugees settled in Laurens after the Civil War. In the years after the Civil War, the economy of Laurens evolved to include industry; the recovery of Laurens' economy was dependent upon the creation of the textiles and manufacturing industry after the civil war. In 1895, Lauren Cotton Mill was founded, Watts Mill was started in 1902. Laurens Glass Company was established 1910, one of the largest glass plants in the southeast for over eighty years; the Laurens Railroad Company was chartered in 1847. The Columbia-Newberry-Laurens Railroad and the Charleston-Western Carolina Railroad are the two major intersections provided by the railroad. Laurens and Laurens County is part of the Old 96 District, which includes Abbeville County, Greenwood County, McCormick County, Edgefield County; the textile and glass industries were at one point a major source of employment.
Although many of the textile plants and the glass production facilities have closed over the last 30 years, a variety of industries exist within the county, including corporations like CeramTec, International Paper, Milliken & Co. and others. Walmart operates a distribution center outside of the city near Interstate 385, which serves as a major employer; the area has seen several recent economic retail developments, is seeing new capital investment in heavy industry, including a major new transmission production facility for German ZF Group. The unemployment rate, as of February 2012, sat at 9.6%. Laurens was the town chosen for a makeover in the second season of Town Haul. Laurens is home to Gary Davis and Pink Anderson, acoustic blues musicians who were born in the city, as well as Redtop Davis, lightweight boxer of the 1940s and 1950s. J. T. Taylor, the lead singer of the funk/R&B band Kool & The Gang, grew up in Laurens; the Courthouse Square consists of four acres, purchased in 1792 for two guineas, around $21,000.
The Laurens County Courthouse is placed in the center of the square. The current courthouse is the third courthouse; the first courthouse was constructed of wood. It was used as a church and courthouse; the second courthouse was made of brick. Dr. John Wells Simpson built the third courthouse in 1838; the courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Laurens' church district has two historic churches. Bethel AME Church is one of the historic churches in the district. Columbus White, a former slave and builder, designed the church in 1910, but the first church structure was built in 1868. In 1877, Saint Paul First Baptist, which neighbors Bethel AME Church, was established. Columbus White built Saint Paul First Baptist in 1912; the church is styled in Gothic Revival. The church served as the county’s first African American public school until 1937; the Church of the Epiphany is Lauren’s oldest church building still operating. The church was constructed in 1846; the First United Methodist Church represents Romanesque Revival architecture.
The church was built in 1897. In 1834, the First Baptist Church was built; the name of the original church was Laurensville Baptist Church. In 1850, the first sanctuary was built. In 1893, the second church was constructed; the present sanctuary was built in 1958. The First Presbyterian Church was organized on April 1, 1832, but the present church structure was built in 1891; the first preacher of the church was Samuel B. Lewers, he served
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Lander University is a public university in Greenwood, South Carolina. It is the state's second-smallest publicly funded baccalaureate institution. Lander University was founded by Methodist clergyman Samuel Lander in 1872 as Williamston Female College in Williamston, South Carolina, it remained a private institution for 26 years. In 1898 the College gained the support of the South Carolina Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South; the college moved to Greenwood in 1904 and was renamed Lander College in honor of its founder who died in the same year. It remained a women's college until 1943. In 1948, when the Methodist Conference, pursuant to a policy of consolidation of its education efforts decided to end support of Lander College, interested citizens of Greenwood formed the Lander Foundation as a non-profit corporation and leased the College from the Church. In 1951, the Greenwood County obtained property from the Methodist Conference; the South Carolina General Assembly created the Greenwood County Education Commission, known as the Lander Foundation, to serve as the board of control of the College.
Lander thus became the only four-year liberal arts college in the United States to be controlled and financed by a county government. In 1973, Lander College became a state-supported college and in 1992 its name was changed to Lander University; the institution is now co-educational. Lander University has had twelve presidents serve; the presidents in order are: Samuel Lander. Rhett Turnipseed. Don Herd, Jr.. Lander is situated on a wooded site near the middle of the City of Greenwood, of 123 acres; the Lander College Old Main Building consists of three distinct sections displaying an eclectic blending of elements of the Romanesque Revival and Georgian Revival styles. Two of the sections—Greenwood Hall and Laura Lander Hall—were built in 1903-04, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. In addition to six major buildings erected since 1973, campus improvements have included extensive renovations to a number of older facilities, new housing complexes, athletics fields and parking lots.
Lander created a new 10-year Campus Master Plan in 2003. The first phase of the plan, the creation of a campus entrance, is complete, a new residence hall for 300 students opened in 2006. An expanded dining hall opened in January 2. Lander University has eleven housing areas, they are sectioned off between upperclassman housing. All first time students are required to stay on campus in one of the four designated dorms. Freshman have a choice between New Residence Hall, Centennial Hall, Chipley Hall, Williamston; these are all first come first serve. These dorms are for one year only with the exception of Centennial Hall; these residence halls vary in styles from suites to apartment style living. The costs for each housing varies. Upperclassman housing areas give students the independent-living feel. There are seven housing areas which includes the newest addition McGhee Court; these two are both located off campus. On campus housing includes Lide, Centennial Hall, University Place, Williamston; the costs for each one of these varies as well.
All housing areas have resident assistants who are there to help assist and guide students to make things easier. They are around to help with any information you need. About 3,000 students are enrolled with 69 % of female. Lander University has 43.1% of its classes with fewer than 20 students. The most popular majors at Lander are business administration and management, exercise science and early childhood education and teaching, but though those are popular majors, Lander is known for being a liberal arts school. In the 2018 edition of U. S. News & World' Report's Best Colleges rankings, Lander ranked 16 in Regional Colleges of the South and 6 in Best Colleges for Veterans. Lander has a student/faculty ratio of 19:1 with 123 full-time faculty members, the majority of whom hold terminal degrees in their areas; the average class size is 23. More than 60 areas of undergraduate study are offered, as well as a diverse selection of. Three programs are offered online: the R. N. to B. S. N. Completion option, the criminal justice management bachelor’s degree, the health care management certificate.
The academic structure consists of five colleges, each home to teaching and learning in a wide-ranging variety of subject areas such as: College of Arts and Humanities Department of Art Department of English and Foreign Languages Department of Mass Communications and Media Studies Department of Music College of Behavioral and Social Sciences Department of Government and Sociology Department of History and Philosophy Department of Psychological Sciences Department of Military Science and ROTC College of Business College of Education Department of Teacher Education Department of Physical Education and Exercise Studies College of Science and Mathematics Department of Biology Department of Physical Sciences Department of Mathematics and Computing Varsity athletic teams have reaped honors at district and national levels, including 12 national championships in men’s tennis. A member of the NCAA Division II, Lander plays in the Peach Belt Conference and fields t