Martial Law (TV series)
Martial Law is an American/Canadian action adventure comedy series that aired on CBS from September 26, 1998 to May 13, 2000, was created by Carlton Cuse. The title character, Sammo Law, is a Chinese law officer and martial arts expert who comes to Los Angeles in search of a colleague and remains in the US; the show was a surprise hit, making Hung the only East Asian headlining a prime-time network series in the United States. At the time, Hung was not fluent in English and worried about the audience's ability to understand him. In many scenes, Hung does not speak at all, making Martial Law one of the few US television series to feature little dialogue from the lead character; the show lasted two seasons, before being cancelled due to high production costs and Hung being unhappy with the writing of season 2. Sammo Hung as Captain/Detective Sammo Law Arsenio Hall as Detective-Lieutenant Terrell Parker Kelly Hu as Detective Grace "Pei Pei" Chen Tammy Lauren as Detective Dana Dickson Louis Mandylor as Detective Louis Malone Tom Wright as Lieutenant Benjamin Winship Gretchen Egolf as Captain Amy Dylan The cast faced turnover from the beginning.
Detective Dana Dickson exited the show after Episode 6, "Extreme Measures", as she moved away to live with "her parents" as noted on the following episode. On Episode 9, "How Sammo Got His Groove Back", Arsenio Hall joined the cast as Terrell Parker, a wisecracking former LAPD press liaison who began helping out Sammo and the gang on cases; the pairing of Hung and Hall as partners was similar to than the partnership between Jackie Chan, Chris Tucker in the Rush Hour feature films. At the end of the episode "Cop Out", when Sammo Law is driving through Los Angeles, a sign is seen which advertises Rush Hour, as the movie was released at the time of the episode. Tzi Ma, who portrayed Consul Han in Rush Hour, guest starred as villain Lee Hei for six episodes in this series; the creator, Carlton Cuse was aware that CBS was in need of a show that would attract young male viewers to its Saturday night schedule. Stanley Tong suggested a cop show based on Police Story 3: Super Cop, a movie that he directed and Jackie Chan starred in.
Jackie Chan declined. Shannon Lee guest cast as Vanessa Feng in episode 8, "Take Out". Tong approached Sammo Hung, a good friend and occasional co-star of Chan's. Still eager to fill the 9pm program slot, CBS agreed quickly and production began on the series. After the first six episodes had aired they knew; the production however was not without complications, as Hung was used to the control over filming he had in Hong Kong and was not fluent in English. Hung was not delighted to be filming in early mornings and late night that American television productions require. New executive producers Lee Goldberg and William Rabkin took the helm at the beginning of the second season due to runaway production costs, they more or less pretended that the first season did not exist, retaining only the basic concept of a fish-out-of-water detective. Cast members Louis Mandylor and Tom Wright were dropped. Gretchen Egolf was brought in to play the unit's new leader, Amy Dylan, from the beginning of Season 2. Additionally, Parker's past in public relations was scrapped.
The first season's cliffhanger ending was explained away with a few throwaway lines. Law made crossover appearances on episodes of Early Edition and Walker, Texas Ranger, the former preceding it and the latter following it in its Saturday time slot. Chuck Norris's Walker character, Cordell Walker made an appearance as part of the two-part Martial Law/Walker, Texas Ranger crossover. After season 2, CBS offered Sammo Hung a third season, but Hung said he would not do it without a final say on scripts, claiming that the new screenwriter CBS assigned to the show for season 2 made him nothing but a fighting machine. An article in the magazine Black Belt mentions that due to the $2 million cost of production per episode the show was cancelled; the basic storyline is that a well-respected Chinese cop, is transferred to America. As he works for the police department, fighting crime in Los Angeles, he is met with a clash in culture, he is the mentor of Grace "Pei Pei" Chen, an undercover officer. When American techniques do not work, Sammo employs some Chinese cop work to get the job done.
Sammo is sent by the Chinese government to apprehend Lee Hei. He finds out that Pei Pei, had infiltrated Lee Hei's criminal empire, his goal is to end his criminal organization. This plot line was unresolved and Season 1 ended in a cliffhanger, although season two's premiere has Sammo alluding to Lee Hei's death. Dana Dickson was billed as a main character but left after only a few episodes. After Winship's retirement and Louis's transfer to the NYPD, Law decides to stay in Los Angeles and is now partnered with Pei Pei; the department gets a new captain, Amy Dylan, who thinks that the Chinese way of police work is not the best way of handling things. In addition, there are revelations of a secret society. While Law decided to return to China in the last episode, a line of dial
Falling Skies (season 2)
The second season of the American television drama series Falling Skies premiered June 17, 2012. It consisted of ten episodes, each running 42 minutes in length. TNT broadcast the second season on Sundays at 9:00 pm ET in the United States; the season's plot focuses on the 2nd Massachusetts' discovery that a large community of survivors has formed in Charleston, their journey there, their reception once they arrive. It focusses on the discovery that the Skitters are themselves "harnessed" and mind-controlled by the invaders, but that some of them are resistant to the effects and are rebelling against their Overlords. Noah Wyle is Tom Mason, a former Boston University history professor who becomes the second-in-command of the 2nd Massachusetts, a 250 strong group of civilians and fighters fleeing post-apocalyptic Boston, he has three sons: Hal, the oldest, the middle child, taken by the Skitters, Matt, the youngest. His wife died a short time after the invasion while gathering supplies, he is good friends with Anne Glass, shares some of her views on the rights of civilians.
Last season he went with Karen and the aliens on their ship to find out if he can save Ben, however they lied. On they let him go and he went back to the 2nd Mass, he is having a fourth child with her. Moon Bloodgood as Anne Glass, the 2nd Mass's doctor, she was a pediatrician before the invasion. She is inclined towards the civilians, believes that they should do all they can to help them, her husband and son were killed at home in the bombings during the invasion. She is now in a relationship with Tom, she is pregnant with Tom's baby. Drew Roy as Hal Mason, Tom's oldest son, he is 16 years old, a Scout in the 2nd Mass. His girlfriend was Karen. Although Hal is sometimes cold toward Ben and Matt, his younger brothers, his father, he cares about his family. At the end of the season, Karen infected Hal and now he is under possession. Connor Jessup as Ben Mason, Tom's 14-year-old second son, captured by the Skitters. In the pilot, Hal saw Ben with one of the Skitter's harnesses on his back, which they use to control children.
He is rescued from the Skitters and is made free from his harness. He is now a member of the 2nd Mass fighting alongside the group, he has enhanced durability which helps him fight. Midway through the second season, Ben becomes the human leader of the Skitter rebellion; this puts the 2nd Mass in a large amount of danger as Ben becomes a large target for the alien Overlords. At the end of the season, Ben returns to his family. Maxim Knight as Matt, Tom's youngest son, he is having trouble adjusting to life after the invasion the death of his mother and the disappearance of his brother Ben. His brother is back though, he wants to help as well. Seychelle Gabriel as Lourdes, a former first year medical student who assists Anne, she is religious, her beliefs persist despite the circumstances. She has a crush on Hal, dissuaded for the most part by Karen, she was in a relationship with a mechanic named Jamil, but he was killed. Peter Shinkoda as Dai, a fighter. Dai does not have a wife or children, so in an odd way, he considers himself a little lucky not to have lost a loved one during the attack.
He died at the end of the season. Sarah Carter as Margaret, a woman who used to be part of Pope's gang, she helped his team escape after they were captured by Pope. Margaret was "recruited" by Pope, she kills Pope's brother and another member of his gang before they leave, she wants to earn a place in the 2nd Mass. When she was 16 she had brain cancer, she is now in a relationship with Hal. Mpho Koaho as Anthony, a former Boston cop, a fighter in the 2nd Mass and a part of Tom's team. Colin Cunningham as John Pope, the leader of a post-apocalyptic gang, he captured Tom, Karen and Dai and intended to trade them back to the 2nd Mass in exchange for an M2 Browning and one of their Pontiac GTO. However, the plan backfired when Margaret helped Tom and the rest escape, Pope was captured and the rest of his gang killed. Will Patton as Dan Weaver, the commander of the 2nd Mass. Weaver is a retired active and reserve military officer with the rank of captain, who served with Porter during the Gulf War, he does not like that the 2nd Mass includes so many civilians, this is a point on which he and Anne clash.
He tried to save his family when the Skitters came. He tells Tom, it is revealed in the episode "Grace" that Weaver was a religious man but that he lost faith when the Skitters came. This is shown when Lourdes is reciting a prayer: Weaver is whispering it to himself as well, he seems to have a paternal affection for the young soldier Jimmy Boland as shown when he comforts him in "Sanctuary Part 1". He discovers it is possible that his wife and eldest daughter are still alive, he found his eldest daughter alive. Dale Dye as Colonel Porter Dylan Authors as Jimmy Boland Ryan Robbins as Tector Murphy Brad Kelly as Lyle Luciana Carro as Crazy Lee Brandon Jay McLaren as Jamil Dexter Billy Wickman as Boon Laci J Mailey as Jeanne Weaver Jessy Schram as Karen Nadler Matt Frewer as General Cole Bressler Terry O'Quinn as Arthur Manchester Ty Olson as Sergeant Clemmens Falling Skies was renewed on July 7, 2011, for a second season. TNT announced production had begun on the second season on October 24, 2011.
For the second season, Brandon Jay Mc
Directors Guild of America
The Directors Guild of America is an entertainment guild that represents the interests of film and television directors in the United States motion picture industry and abroad. Founded as the Screen Directors Guild in 1936, the group merged with the Radio and Television Directors Guild in 1960 to become the modern Directors Guild of America; as a union that seeks to organize an individual profession, rather than multiple professions across an industry, the DGA is a craft union. It represents members of the directorial team; the guild has various training programs whereby successful applicants are placed in various productions and can gain experience working in the film or television industry. As of 2017, the guild had more than 16,000 members; the DGA headquarters are on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, with satellite offices in New York and Chicago and coordinating committees in San Francisco and London. According to DGA's Department of Labor records, the guild's reported membership classifications account for 1,532 "retirees", 323 "suspended" members, 5 "life" members, compared to 13,577 "active" members.
"Suspended" members are ineligible to vote in the union. DGA contracts cover some non-members, known as agency fee payers; these non-members number 172, or about 1% of the size of the union's membership. The agreements signed between the guild and film and television production companies make various stipulations covering pay and working conditions for guild members and require that all those employed in the relevant fields on a film made by that company are guild members. Guild members are prevented from working for companies that have not signed an agreement with the DGA; this sometimes leads production companies that have no such agreement to form new companies, purely for the purpose of making a particular film, which do sign an agreement with the DGA. The Guild enters into negotiations with the AMPTP, the organization that represents the studios and production companies every three years to update and renew the Basic Agreement and the Freelance Live and Tape Television Agreement, the DGA's two major agreements.
The DGA negotiates minimum compensation levels. Many DGA members have agents; the DGA agreements secure residual payments for the reuse of members’ work in film and new media. Other than wages and basic working conditions, the DGA has a particular role in protecting the creative rights of film and TV directors; such protections that the guild provides include defining the director's role, with examples, the principle of "one director to a picture" and the right to prepare a director's cut or edit. Each of these protections is to help offset the power that producers can have over a director during the film-making process; the DGA hosts an important precursor to the Academy Awards. In its 69-year history, the DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film has been a near perfect barometer for both the Best Director, in some cases, the Best Picture Academy Award. Only seven times has the DGA Award winner not won the corresponding Best Director Academy Award. Honorees are awarded with a statue manufactured by Society Awards.
The rule that a film can only have one single director was adopted to preserve the continuity of a director's vision and to avoid producers and actors lobbying for a director's credit, or studios hiring multiple directors for a single film or television episode. The rule is waived only for directorial teams recognized by the DGA who have a history of working together and sharing a common vision. Examples include The Wachowskis, Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris, Hughes brothers, Russo Brothers, Phil Lord and Christopher Miller and the Coen brothers; the Coens for years divided credit, with Ethan taking producing credit, Joel taking directing credit, both of them sharing the writing credit until The Ladykillers in 2004. An example of the DGA refusing to recognize a directorial team was Robert Rodriguez and Frank Miller for Sin City. In the past, the DGA has engaged in disputes with the Writers Guild of America over possessory credits, first used in the 1915 film The Birth of a Nation; the WGA tried to limit possessory credits to writers, but has always been opposed by the DGA, leaving directors free to try to negotiate such credits if they wish.
Not all Hollywood directors are DGA members. Notable exceptions include Robert Rodriguez. Quentin Tarantino directed six feature films before becoming a DGA member, in 2012; those who are not members of the guild are unable to direct for the larger movie studios, which are signatories to the guild's agreements that all directors must be guild members. Thomas Schlamme has been president of the DGA since 2017; the following are the past Presidents of the Screen Directors Guild and the DGA: Alan Smithee Runaway production Stage Directors and Choreographers Society Official website
The Richest Cat in the World
The Richest Cat in the World is a 1986 American made-for-television drama film directed by Greg Beeman and released by Walt Disney Television. It first aired as the Disney Sunday Movie on ABC on Sunday March 9, 1986; the death of millionaire Oscar Kohlmeyer leaves an inheritance to a talking cat called Leo Kohlmeyer. Leo's inheritance is worth five million dollars while Oscar's nephew gets twenty-five thousand dollars on the condition he doesn't contest the will. Being greedy and bossy, Mrs. Rigsby forces her husband to contest; the Rigsbys try to kidnap the cat. Ramon Bieri as Oscar Kohlmeyer Steven Kampmann as Howard Piggans Caroline McWilliams as Paula Rigsby Steve Vinovich as Gus Barrett George Wyner as Victor Rigsby Brandon Call as Bart Kellie Martin as Veronica Palmer The Aristocats - Another Disney film with a similar plot; the Richest Cat in the World on IMDb Commercial trailer
Smallville is an American television series developed by writer-producers Alfred Gough and Miles Millar, based on the DC Comics character Superman created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. The series broadcast by The WB, premiered on October 16, 2001. After Smallville's fifth season, The WB and UPN merged to form The CW, the series' United States broadcaster. Smallville, which ended its tenth and final season on May 13, 2011, follows Clark Kent in the fictional town of Smallville, before he becomes known as Superman; the first four seasons focus on his friends in high school. After season five Smallville ventures into adult settings focusing on his career at the Daily Planet and introducing other DC comic-book superheroes and villains. Before the series' production, Bruce Wayne, chronicling the young protagonist's journey toward Batman, was proposed first. Although that series failed to generate interest, it inspired Smallville. Series developers Gough and Millar pitched their "no tights, no flights" rule to the president of Warner Bros.
Television, reducing Superman to the bare essentials and examining what led Clark Kent to become the Man of Steel. After seven seasons with the show and Millar departed with little explanation. Smallville was filmed in and around Vancouver, British Columbia, with local businesses and buildings substituting for Smallville locations. Most of the music for the first six seasons was composed by Mark Snow, who incorporated elements of John Williams' musical score from the Superman film series. In season seven, Louis Febre became the series' primary composer. Smallville was positively received when it began. Former Superman star Christopher Reeve expressed approval for the series, making two guest appearances before his death; the pilot episode set a ratings record with 8.4 million viewers. Over ten seasons the series averaged about 4.34 million viewers per episode, with season two the highest-rated at 6.3 million. By the end of its run, Smallville passed Stargate SG-1 as the longest-running North American science-fiction series by episode count.
Since its first season, the series received accolades ranging from Emmys to Teen Choice Awards. Smallville spawned a series of young-adult novels, a DC Comics bimonthly comic book, soundtrack recordings and series-related merchandise. All ten seasons are available on DVD in regions 1, 2 and 4. In April 2012, it continued in comic-book form with a storyline resuming shortly after the series finale, which ended in 2015; the regular cast is introduced in season one, with storylines involving a villain deriving power from kryptonite exposure. The one-episode villains were a plot device developed by Millar. Smallville's first season dealt with Clark Kent's coming to terms with his alien origin and the revelation that his arrival on Earth was connected to the death of Lana Lang's parents. After the first season the series had fewer villain-of-the-week episodes, focusing instead on individual-character story arcs and exploring Clark's origins. Major storylines include Clark's discovery of his Kryptonian heritage and Lex Luthor's escalating conflict with his father, Lionel.
The disembodied voice of Clark's biological father, Jor-El, is introduced. In a fourth-season arc Clark, instructed by Jor-El, searches for three Kryptonian stones which contain the knowledge of the universe and form his Fortress of Solitude. Clark battles Brainiac in his attempts to release the Kryptonian criminal General Zod, must capture other escaped Phantom Zone criminals, his cousin Kara arrives, Lex Luthor discovers Clark's secret. The eighth season introduces Davis Bloome, Tess Mercer replaces the departing Lex Luthor. Justin Hartley becomes a series regular as Oliver Queen after being a recurring guest in season six. In the ninth season Major Zod and other members of Zod's military group are revived by Tess Mercer, their efforts to regain their powers are the season's central conflict; the final season revolves around Clark's attempts to lose his doubts and fears and become the hero he is meant to be, while confronting his biggest challenges: the coming of Darkseid and the return of Lex Luthor.
Tom Welling as Clark Kent, a young man with superhuman abilities who tries to find his place in life after discovering that he is an alien and uses his powers to help those in danger. Clark's season-one problems include his inability to share his secret and his desire for a normal life. After months of scouting, Welling was cast as Clark. David Nutter had to convince Welling's manager that the role would not hurt the actor's film career in order to get Welling to read the pilot script. After reading the script, Welling agreed to audition for the role of Clark Kent. Kristin Kreuk as Lana Lang, the girl next door. Grieving the loss of her parents, she feels connected to Clark. Kreuk was the first to be cast. Although she left the series after the seventh season, she returned for five episodes in season eight as a guest star. Michael Rosenbaum as Lex Luthor, a billionaire's son sent to Smallville to run the local fertilizer plant. After Clark saves his life, they become fast friends; as the series progresses, Lex's friendship with Clark crumbles until they consider themselves enemies.
The role was difficult to cast.
Mom and Dad Save the World
Mom and Dad Save the World is a 1992 sci-fi adventure family romantic comedy film. Jon Lovitz plays Emperor Tod Spengo, the cruel and over-dramatic emperor of the planet named Spengo. Teri Garr plays Marge Nelson and Jeffrey Jones plays Dick Nelson, her husband; the film stars Eric Idle and Thalmus Rasulala. Rasulala died shortly after completing his scenes, the film is dedicated to his memory; the original music score was composed by Jerry Goldsmith. Emperor Tod Spengo, with General Afir at his side, takes over a small planet at the edge of the galaxy populated by idiots, renames it after himself, he has all the resources of the planet engaged to create his "Super Death Ray Laser" to destroy Earth, thus making Spengo the greatest planet in the Universe. When Spengo peeks at the laser's planned point of impact, he beholds housewife Marge Nelson and falls in love. Using his Magnobeam, he kidnaps Marge and her husband Dick on their way to their 20th-anniversary weekend, hoping to make Marge his wife.
Dick and Marge get separated on Spengo: Marge is sent to the lap of luxury, waited on by servants with fish or dog heads, while Dick is thrown into a dungeon. In his cell, Dick meets the rightful king of Spengo, who gives him plans for his son, called the White Bird, leader of a band of rebels out in the desert. In the meantime, Spengo finds that his advances towards Marge are failing, so he tries to read Dick's mind in order to discover the secret to her heart before having him executed. Upon witnessing Dick's devotion to Marge, Spengo's interrogator, has a change of heart and helps Dick escape. Despite the stupidity of his captors, Dick is soon discovered and forced down a garbage chute to the sewers, where he encounters a pack of carnivorous mushroom-like creatures called Lub-Lubs and is forced to run for his life. Dick manages to escape the sewers and steal an escape pod, winds up crashing in the desert, where he meets the rebels led by King Raff's son and daughter, all of them dressed as 6-foot-tall birds, although such creatures are not found on Spengo.
At first, the rebels don't trust Dick. Using what little resources he can scrounge up, he devises a plan to sneak back into Spengo's palace and save Marge. In the meantime, General Afir, the only intelligent person among Spengo's forces and resentful of his emperor's antics, believes that Dick and Marge are the key to ending Spengo's rule, so he switches the love serum meant for Marge with water and informs her of his intentions to recover Dick. However, Spengo overhears Afir's plan and has him placed in the barrel of the laser, to die when the weapon is fired at Earth. While Spengo's wedding with Marge is prepared, a detachment of Spengo's soldiers go into the desert to finish the rebels, but find their camp deserted, one by one they fall victim to a Light Grenade left on Dick's pallet. Dick and the rebels approach Spengo's fortress inside a large wooden bust of Spengo, which Spengo has brought into the chapel, in the midst of the wedding ceremony the rebels emerge from the Trojan bust; as fighting rages in the castle, Spengo retreats to his lab with Marge and prepares to fire the laser at Earth.
Dick and Tod clash with swords. Marge manages to free herself and help Dick throwing Spengo into the sewers, where he is eaten by the Lub-Lubs. At the last second and Marge manage to shut down the laser, saving Afir and the Earth. With Tod deceased, Raff is reinstated as the rightful king, he reverses the polarity on the Magnobeam to send Dick and Marge back to Earth. Upon arriving home and Marge proceed to show their son and her boyfriend Carl slides from what they claim is "Santa Barbara". To end their anniversary, they share drinks on the roof. Teri Garr as Marge Nelson Jeffrey Jones as Dick Nelson Jon Lovitz as Emperor Tod Spengo Thalmus Rasulala as General Afir Wallace Shawn as Sibor Eric Idle as King Raff Dwier Brown as Sirk, the White Bird Kathy Ireland as Semage Suzanne Ventulett as Stephanie Nelson Michael Stoyanov as Carl Danny Cooksey as Alan Nelson Tony Cox as Blaaatt Jeff Doucette as Captain Destroyer Jonathan Stark as Lieutenant Destroyer Dan Stanton as Twin Destroyers Laurie Main as Chorus Master Mom and Dad Save the World was panned by critics and holds a 9% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 22 reviews.
Mom and Dad Save the World on IMDb Mom and Dad Save the World at AllMovie Mom and Dad Save the World at Rotten Tomatoes Mom and Dad Save the World at Box Office Mojo
Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, extraterrestrials in fiction. Science fiction explores the potential consequences of scientific other various innovations, has been called a "literature of ideas." "Science fiction" is difficult to define as it includes a wide range of concepts and themes. James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term to cover what we would today call'hard' science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to known facts was the substrate on which the story was to be built, if the story was to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology." According to Robert A. Heinlein, "A handy short definition of all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world and present, on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and that the reason for there not being a "full satisfactory definition" is that "there are no delineated limits to science fiction."
Author and editor Damon Knight summed up the difficulty, saying "science fiction is what we point to when we say it." Mark C. Glassy described the definition of science fiction as U. S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart did with the definition of pornography: "I know it when I see it." Science fiction had its beginnings in a time when the line between myth and fact was arguably more blurred than the present day. Written in the 2nd century CE by the satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of contemporary science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, artificial life; some consider it the first science-fiction novel. Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th-century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus contain elements of science fiction. Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon and The States and Empires of the Sun, Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World", Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum and Voltaire's Micromégas are regarded as some of the first true science-fantasy works.
Indeed, Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Somnium the first science-fiction story. Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued. Edgar Allan Poe wrote several stories considered science fiction, including "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" which featured a trip to the Moon. Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea which predicted the contemporary nuclear submarine. In 1887, the novel El anacronópete by Spanish author Enrique Gaspar y Rimbau introduced the first time machine. Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or "the Shakespeare of science fiction." His notable science-fiction works include The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds. His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering and time travel.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, something resembling the World Wide Web. In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. In 1926, Hugo Gernsback published the first American science-fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote: By'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision... Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive, they supply knowledge... in a palatable form... New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow... Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written...
Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well. In 1928, E. E. "Doc" Smith's first published work, The Skylark of Space, written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. It is called the first great space opera; the same year, Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419 appeared in Amazing Stories. This was followed by the first serious science-fiction comic. In 1937, John W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fiction, an event, sometimes conside