Desmond Kevin Howard is a former National Football League player. Howard was known as a return specialist but played wide receiver, he is a college football analyst for ESPN. He played football for the University of Michigan from 1989 to 1991 and won the Heisman Trophy in 1991, he played professional football in the National Football League for the Washington Redskins, Jacksonville Jaguars, Green Bay Packers, Oakland Raiders and Detroit Lions. Howard was voted the Most Valuable Player of Super Bowl XXXI and is the first and the only special teams player to win the award, his team beat the New England Patriots in that game. Howard was ranked the ninth greatest return specialist in NFL history by NFL Network's NFL Top 10 return aces. On July 16, 2011, Howard was inducted into the 2011 class of the College Football Hall of Fame. Howard was born in Cleveland and earned All-American and All-Ohio honors as a tailback during his senior season at St. Joseph High School in Cleveland, scoring 18 touchdowns with a record-breaking 5,392 rushing yards, as well as 10 interceptions on defense.
He earned three varsity letters each in football, as well as one in basketball. During his college career at the University of Michigan, Howard set or tied five NCAA and 12 Michigan records, he led the Big Ten Conference in scoring with 138 points during the 1991 season on his way to winning the Heisman Trophy, Maxwell Award and Walter Camp Award, earning first-team All-American honors. Howard captured 85 percent of the first-place votes in balloting for the Heisman, the largest margin in history at that time. Howard earned a bachelor's degree in communications in 1992. In 2011, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame and he was honored as the inaugural Michigan Football Legend, a program honoring former players equivalent to a retired jersey number; each Michigan player to wear Howard's No. 21 jersey was to wear a patch recognizing Howard, dress at a locker bearing a plaque with his name and time of tenure at Michigan. Howard had come to Michigan as a tailback and struggled for playing time.
He met with Michigan counselor Greg Harden, who helped him to build his confidence and achieve success on and off the field. Howard told 60 Minutes in 2014: "If Greg Harden wasn’t at the University of Michigan…I don’t win the Heisman." On December 12, 2014, the Big Ten Network included Howard on "The Mount Rushmore of Michigan Football", as chosen by online fan voting. Howard was joined in the honor by Charles Woodson, Tom Harmon, Anthony Carter. On November 28, 2015, Howard had his #21 retired along with Gerald Ford, Tom Harmon, Ron Kramer, Bennie Osterbaan and Albert and Whitey Wistert at a ceremony before the Michigan game against Ohio State. Howard commented afterward, "Any time you have your name mentioned along with Gerald Ford, you've done something right." During the 1991 season, after he became a Heisman contender, Howard decided that he would do "something special" during the Michigan-Ohio State game "as a little shout-out to the people back in Ohio". After scoring in the game, in the end zone he wanted to do a backflip but, Howard said, "chickened out".
Comparing his act to Muhammad Ali's taunting of opponents, Steve Rushin observed that although Howard's pose did not resemble that of the statue, "that looks more like the Heisman Trophy of our imagination than the Heisman trophy itself... thousands of people must have picked up some object and tried to do the same thing". Howard said that "all of a sudden, everyone was doing it". After college, Howard was selected by the Washington Redskins in the first round, fourth overall in the 1992 NFL Draft; the pick was considered a luxury for the Redskins, who had just won Super Bowl XXVI and had receivers Art Monk, Gary Clark, Ricky Sanders on the roster. The Redskins, worried that the Green Bay Packers were going to draft Howard in the fifth spot, leapfrogged above them by dealing their two first-round picks - 6th and 28th - and their third-round choice to the Cincinnati Bengals for their first-round pick and their third-round pick. Howard was the highest Redskins draft pick since they took Hall of Fame receiver Charley Taylor with the third pick in 1964.
Redskins head coach Joe Gibbs remarked of Howard ``. We're excited."Howard's performance as a receiver was secondary to his skills as a punt and kick off returner throughout his 11-year career. Though he recorded 92 receptions in his first four seasons, he excelled as a punt and kickoff returner throughout his career, thus is known as a specialist. Howard played one season with the Jacksonville Jaguars in 1995, having been selected in the 1995 NFL expansion draft with the 55th pick, he had one touchdown, with 10 kick returns. His most notable professional season was in 1996 for the Green Bay Packers, he led the NFL in punt returns, punt return yards, punt return average, punt return touchdowns, while gaining 460 kickoff return yards and catching 13 passes for 95 yards. His 875 punt return yards were an NFL record surpassing the old record of 692 yards set by Fulton Walker in 1985. During the 1996 NFL postseason, Howard had a punt return for a touchdown in a game between the Packers and the San Francisco 49ers.
The Packers reached Super Bowl XXXI against the New England Patriots. The Packers led 27–14 at halftime, but Patriots quarter
Bob Bowman (coach)
Robert Bowman is an American swimming coach, the current head coach of the Arizona State Sun Devils swimming and diving teams of Arizona State University. Bowman is best known as the coach of record-breaking American swimmer Michael Phelps. From 2005 to 2008, Bowman served as the head coach for the Michigan Wolverines swimming and diving team of the University of Michigan men's swimming & diving team. From 2008 to 2015, he worked as the head coach for North Baltimore Aquatic Club. In 2015, USA Swimming appointed him the head coach of the men's U. S. 2016 Olympic Team. Bowman was raised in Columbia, South Carolina where he attended Columbia High School, he has a younger sister, Donna Bowman, who works at Chapin Middle School as a computer science professor. In 1986–87, Bowman was a coach at the Area Tallahassee Aquatic Club and served as an assistant coach at his alma mater, Florida State University. Bowman swam for the Seminoles from 1983 to 1985. Bowman graduated from Florida State with a bachelor of science degree in developmental psychology and a minor in music composition in 1987.
While at Florida State, Bowman was a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity. Bowman held assistant coaching positions with the Napa Valley Swim Team, the Cincinnati Pepsi Marlins, the Las Vegas Gold swim team. Bowman was the head coach and program director for the Birmingham Swim League from 1992 to 1994. While with the Birmingham Swim League, he was responsible for program design, staff development and daily operation of a 250-member club. Under his supervision, BSL improved to a top five program regionally after finishing out of the top 20 the previous 10 years. From 1994 to 1997, Bowman served as head coach for the Napa Valley Swim Team. Prior to becoming the Men's head coach at Michigan, Bowman coached for nine years at the North Baltimore Aquatic Club in Baltimore, Maryland. From 1996 to 1999 he held the position of senior coach. During his tenure in Baltimore, Bowman helped to produce three individual national champions, ten national finalists and five U. S. National Team members. In recognition of his accomplishments, Bowman was named the USA's Coach of the Year in 2001 and 2003.
He was named Developmental Coach of the Year in 2002. It was during his work at NBAC that Bowman began coaching 23-time Olympic gold medalist Michael Phelps. Under Bowman's tutelage at the North Baltimore Aquatic club, Phelps won five World Championship gold medals and was named the American Swimmer of the Year from 2001 to 2004. While at Michigan, Bowman worked with Greg Harden the sport administrator for swimming. Harden spoke with both Bowman and Phelps during their time in Ann Arbor leading up to the 2008 Olympics, he helped one communicate better with the other. Bowman gives Harden some of the credit for all the success. Bowman says Harden was one of the major reasons he came to Michigan in the first place. Bowman on Harden: “He’s a miracle worker, he made me a better coach, a better person.”Bowman was named as an assistant coach on the 2004 U. S. Olympic Team. At the 2004 Games, Bowman helped coach Phelps to eight medals, including six gold medals and two bronze. Four years at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, he coached Phelps to achieve eight Olympic gold medals, which had never been done before in a single Olympics.
In April 2008, Bowman announced that he would leave Michigan at the end of the 2008 USA Olympic Swim Trials and return to the North Baltimore Aquatic Club after the Beijing Olympics. Bowman was added to the coaching roster to the 2012 London Olympics serving as an assistant coach for the 2012 U. S. Olympic Team. Bowman was hired as the new swim coach at Arizona State University in 2015. On September 9, 2015, USA Swimming announced that Bowman would serve as the head coach of the men's team for the 2016 U. S. Olympic Team. According to a July 19 report from the Orange County Register, 2008 Olympic bronze medalist Caroline Burckle received "a series of sexually graphic text messages and a voice mail on her cell phone" on the night of May 16, 2011; the text messages came from Bowman and Sean Hutchison, two U. S. national team coaches. The Golden Rules: 10 Steps to World-Class Excellence in Your Life and Work. Bob Bowman, with Charles Butler, St. Martin's Press. Bob Bowman on LocalWiki
Thomas Edward Patrick Brady Jr. is an American football quarterback for the New England Patriots of the National Football League. He has won the most of any football player ever. After playing college football for the University of Michigan, Brady was drafted by the Patriots in the sixth round of the 2000 NFL Draft. Due to his late selection, Brady is considered the biggest "steal" in the history of the NFL Draft. In Brady's seventeen seasons as a starter, he has played in a record nine Super Bowls with the Patriots, is one of only two quarterbacks to win the Super Bowl in their first season as a starter. Brady holds most of the postseason quarterback records, leading all players in postseason touchdowns, passing yards, completions, while owning the corresponding Super Bowl records as well. Brady has won four Super Bowl MVP awards, the most by a player, as well as three league MVP awards. Brady has been selected to 14 Pro Bowls, has led his team to more division titles than any other quarterback in NFL history.
He is fourth all-time in career passing yards for regular season play, third in career touchdown passes, first in postseason career passing yards, first in postseason career passing touchdowns, fourth in career passer rating, fourteenth in postseason career passer rating. For regular season and postseason combined, Brady is first all-time in career passing yards and touchdown passes; the only quarterback to reach 200 regular-season wins, Brady is the winningest quarterback in NFL history. With a postseason record of 30–10, he is first all-time in playoff wins and appearances for an NFL player. Brady has led the Patriots to an NFL-record eight consecutive AFC championship games since 2011, has never had a losing season as a starting quarterback, he is tied for the record for the longest touchdown pass at 99 yards to Wes Welker. For his alleged involvement in the publicized Deflategate football-tampering scandal, Brady was suspended for the first four games of the 2016 season. Brady and the Patriots won two of the next three Super Bowls, making him the record holder for most Super Bowl wins by a player, the oldest quarterback to win a Super Bowl, at 41.
Brady was born in San Mateo, California, on August 3, 1977, the only son and fourth child of Galynn Patricia and Thomas Brady, Sr. He has three older sisters, Nancy and Maureen, was raised as a Catholic, his father is of Irish descent, while his mother has German, Norwegian and Swedish ancestry. Two of Brady's great-great-grandparents on his father's side and Bridget Brady, were Irish refugees from the Great Famine who moved to San Francisco from Boston before the American Civil War, they were accompanied by Bridget's sister Ann and her husband Lawrence Meegan, the parents of the 19th-century American Major League Baseball player "Steady" Pete Meegan. Brady's great-uncle Michael Buckley Jr. was the first American prisoner of war in World War II. In the 1980s, Brady attended San Francisco 49ers games at Candlestick Park, where he was a fan of quarterback Joe Montana. At age four, Brady attended the 1981 NFC Championship, against the Dallas Cowboys, in which Montana threw The Catch to Dwight Clark.
As a child, Brady attended football camp at the College of San Mateo, where he was taught to throw the football by camp counselor and future NFL/AFL quarterback Tony Graziani. Brady grew up as a Los Angeles Lakers and Boston Celtics fan, he attended Junípero Serra High School in San Mateo, where he graduated in 1995. He played football and baseball in high school, he played against Bellarmine College Preparatory rival Pat Burrell in both baseball. Brady began his football career as the backup quarterback on the Padres junior varsity team. At first, Brady was not good enough to start on the 0–8 JV team, which had not scored a touchdown all year. Brady ascended to the starting position, he held the position until he graduated. By Brady's senior year, he was striving to be noticed by college coaches, he created highlight tapes and sent them to schools he considered attending. This led to strong interest from many football programs around the nation; the process of recruiting was much different during Brady's time, athletes' rankings were not as prominent.
In terms of recruiting in the 2000s, Brady would have been considered a four-star recruit. In essence, he was a rated prospect. Brady was on Blue Chip Illustrated as well as a Prep Football Report All-American selection. After his recruiting process, he narrowed down his list to five schools. "Probably the ones that we did hear from and pared the list to were Cal–Berkeley, UCLA, USC, Illinois”, his father said. As a Cal fan, his father hoped that Brady would attend the nearby Cal, where Brady was a silent commit, that he would be able to watch his son play. Brady was known as a great baseball player in high school, he was a left-handed-batting catcher with power. His skills impressed MLB scouts, he was drafted in the 18th round of the 1995 MLB Draft by the Montreal Expos; the Expos projected Brady as a potential All-Star, offered him money typical of that offered to a late second-round or early third-round pick. Brady was determined to play football at the ne
Michael Fred Phelps II is an American retired competitive swimmer and the most successful and most decorated Olympian of all time, with a total of 28 medals. Phelps holds the all-time records for Olympic gold medals, Olympic gold medals in individual events, Olympic medals in individual events; when he won eight gold medals at the 2008 Beijing Games, Phelps broke fellow American swimmer Mark Spitz's 1972 record of seven first-place finishes at any single Olympic Games. At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Phelps had tied the record of eight medals of any color at a single Games by winning six gold and two bronze medals. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Phelps won four gold and two silver medals, at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, he won five gold medals and one silver; this made him the most successful athlete of the Games for the fourth Olympics in a row. Phelps is the long course world record holder in the men's 100 meter butterfly, 200 meter butterfly, 400 meter individual medley as well as the former long course world record holder in the 200 meter freestyle and 200 meter individual medley.
He has won 82 medals in major international long course competition, of which 65 were gold, 14 silver, 3 bronze, spanning the Olympics, the World Championships, the Pan Pacific Championships. Phelps's international titles and record-breaking performances have earned him the World Swimmer of the Year Award eight times and American Swimmer of the Year Award eleven times, as well as the FINA Swimmer of the Year Award in 2012 and 2016. Phelps earned Sports Illustrated magazine's Sportsman of the Year award due to his unprecedented Olympic success in the 2008 Games. After the 2008 Summer Olympics, Phelps started the Michael Phelps Foundation, which focuses on growing the sport of swimming and promoting healthier lifestyles. Phelps retired following the 2012 Olympics, but he made a comeback in April 2014. At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, his fifth Olympics, he was selected by his team to be the flag bearer of the United States at the 2016 Summer Olympics Parade of Nations, he announced his second retirement on August 2016, having won more medals than 161 countries.
He is considered the greatest swimmer of all time. Phelps was born in Baltimore and raised in the Rodgers Forge neighborhood of nearby Towson, he attended Rodgers Forge Elementary, Dumbarton Middle School, Towson High School. Phelps is the youngest of three children, his mother, Deborah Sue "Debbie" Phelps, is a middle school principal. His father, Michael Fred Phelps, is a retired Maryland State Trooper who played football in high school and college and tried out for the Washington Redskins in the 1970s. Phelps is of English, Irish and Welsh descent, his parents divorced in 1994, when he was nine years old, his father remarried in 2000. Phelps revealed that the divorce had a severe negative impact on him and his siblings, his relationship with his father was distant for a few years after the divorce, he graduated from Towson High School in 2003. Phelps began swimming at the age of seven because of the influence of his sisters and to provide him with an outlet for his energy. After retirement in 2016, he stated "The only reason I got in the water was my mom wanted me to just learn how to swim.
My sisters and myself fell in love with the sport, we decided to swim." When Phelps was in the sixth grade, he was diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. By the age of 10, he held a national record for his age group and began to train at the North Baltimore Aquatic Club under coach Bob Bowman. More age group records followed, as of August 21, 2018, Phelps still held 11 age group records, eight in long course, three in short course Phelps' rapid improvement culminated when he qualified for the 2000 Summer Olympics at the age of 15, as became the youngest male to make a U. S. Olympic swim team in 68 years. While he did not win a medal, he finished fifth in the 200-meter butterfly. At the World Championship Trials for the 2001 World Aquatics Championships, on March 30, Phelps broke the world record in the 200-meter butterfly to become, at 15 years and 9 months, the youngest male to set a world record in swimming; the youngest male had been Ian Thorpe, who captured the 400-meter freestyle world record at 16 years, 10 months.
At the World Championships in Fukuoka, Phelps broke his own world record in the 200-meter butterfly while en route to become a world champion for the first time. At Nationals, the selection meet for the 2002 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, in Fort Lauderdale, Phelps set an American record in the 200-meter individual medley and was just off the world record in the 200-meter butterfly. In the 400-meter individual medley, Phelps bettered the world record held by Tom Dolan with a time of 4:11.09, just ahead of Erik Vendt, who finished second with a time of 4:11.27 below the old world record. In the 200-meter freestyle, Phelps was beaten by Klete Keller and in the 100-meter butterfly, Phelps beat Ian Crocker. At the 2002 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships in Yokohama, Phelps won three gold medals and two silvers. In his first event, the 400-meter individual medley, Phelps won gold ahead of Erik Vendt with a time of 4:12.48. In the 200-meter butterfly, Phelps lost to Tom Malchow, finishing behind him 1:55.41 to 1:55.21.
Phelps said he lost because he did not take butterfly training after he broke the world record. In the 200-meter individual medley, Phelps won with a time of 1:59.70. In the 4×200-meter freestyle relay, along with Nate Dusing, Klete Keller
The Heisman Memorial Trophy, is awarded annually to a player in NCAA football. Winners epitomize great ability combined with diligence and hard work, it is presented by the Heisman Trophy Trust in early December. The award was created by the Downtown Athletic Club in 1935 to recognize "the most valuable college football player east of the Mississippi," and was first awarded to University of Chicago halfback Jay Berwanger. After the death in October 1936 of the Club's athletic director, John Heisman, the award was named in his honor and broadened to include players west of the Mississippi. Heisman had been active in college athletics as a football player, it is the oldest of several overall awards in college football, including the Maxwell Award, Walter Camp Award, the AP Player of the Year. The Heisman and the AP Player of the Year honor the most outstanding player, while the Maxwell and the Walter Camp award recognizes the best player, the Archie Griffin Award recognizes the most valuable player.
The most recent winner of the Heisman Trophy is former University of Oklahoma quarterback Kyler Murray. The trophy itself, designed by sculptor Frank Eliscu, is modeled after Ed Smith, a leading player in 1934 for the now-defunct New York University football team; the trophy is made out of cast bronze, is 13.5 inches tall, 14 inches long, 16 inches in width and 25 pounds. Eliscu had asked Smith, his former George Washington High School classmate, to pose for a commissioned sculpture of a football player. Smith did not realize until 1982; the Downtown Athletic Club presented Smith with a Heisman Trophy of his own in 1985. From its inception in 1935, the statue was cast by Dieges & Clust in New York until 1980, when Dieges and Clust was sold to Herff Jones. For a time until at least 2008, the statues were cast by Roman Bronze Works in New York. Since 2005 the trophy has been made by MTM Recognition in Oklahoma. Only players east of the Mississippi were eligible, but since 1936 all football players in all divisions of college football are eligible for the award, though winners represent Division I Football Bowl Subdivision schools.
There are three categories of persons eligible to vote for the award winner: Sports journalists: Heisman.com states that sports journalists are to be the determinants of the award since they are "informed and impartial." There are 870 media voters: 145 voters from each of six regions. Previous Heisman winners. According to Heisman.com there are 57 prior winners eligible to vote and, thus, 57 potential votes. Fans: As the Premier Partner of the Heisman Trophy, Nissan has a vote and gives this to the fans. Fan voting done through a survey collected by ESPN on NissanHeismanHouse.com. This constitutes one Heisman vote. Except for the one vote based on the fan voting, the balloting is based on positional voting, whereby each voter identifies three selections, ranking them in order; each first-place selection is awarded three points, each second-place selection is awarded two points, each third-place selection is awarded one point. Voters must make three selections and cannot duplicate a selection, else the ballot is invalid and none of the selections count.
The accounting firm Deloitte is responsible for the tabulation of votes, which has moved exclusively to online voting since 2007. Larry Kelley and Clint Frank of Yale were the first teammates to win the Heisman Trophy, in 1936 and 1937. Nile Kinnick of Iowa was the only Heisman Trophy winner to have a stadium named after him. In 1972, the University of Iowa renamed its football complex Kinnick Stadium. Kinnick is the only winner to die in military service of the United States, his death in 1943 made him the first Heisman Trophy winner to die. Doc Blanchard was the first junior to win the Heisman Trophy when he led Army to the national title in 1945. Paul Hornung was the only player to win the Heisman Trophy as a player for a losing team, he took the award at Notre Dame 1956. Ernie Davis was the first African American player to win the Heisman Trophy, he attended Syracuse University was drafted first overall in 1962, yet never played a game in the NFL as he was diagnosed with leukemia and died in 1963.
Terry Baker was the only player to win the Heisman Trophy and play in the Final Four in the NCAA Basketball Tournament in the same school year. Archie Griffin of Ohio State is the only player to receive the award twice, winning it as a junior in 1974 and a senior in 1975. Steve Spurrier, the 1966 recipient as a Florida Gator, became the first Heisman Trophy winner to coach a winner in 1996. Charles Woodson of the University of Michigan is the only defensive player to win the award, beating out favorite Peyton Manning, quarterback for the University of Tennessee, in 1997, he was a standout cornerback, but occasionally played as a wide receiver and punt returner. In 2007, Tim Tebow became the first sophomore to win the Heisman, he became the first major college quarterback to rush for 20 touchdowns and pass for 20 touchdowns in a season. In 2012, Johnny Manziel became the first redshirt freshman to win the award. In 2016, Lamar Jackson b