Canadian football is a sport played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards long and 65 yards wide attempting to advance a pointed oval-shaped ball into the opposing team's scoring area. In Canada, the term "football" may refer to Canadian football and American football collectively, or to either sport depending on context; the two sports have shared origins and are related but have some key differences. Rugby football in Canada originated in the early 1860s, over time, the game known as Canadian football developed. Both the Canadian Football League, the sport's top professional league, Football Canada, the governing body for amateur play, trace their roots to 1880 and the founding of the Canadian Rugby Football Union; the CFL is the most only major professional Canadian football league. Its championship game, the Grey Cup, is one of Canada's largest sporting events, attracting a broad television audience. In 2009, about 40% of Canada's population watched part of the game.
Canadian football is played at the bantam, high school, junior and semi-professional levels: the Canadian Junior Football League, formed May 8, 1974, Quebec Junior Football League are leagues for players aged 18–22, many post-secondary institutions compete in U Sports football for the Vanier Cup, senior leagues such as the Alberta Football League have grown in popularity in recent years. Great achievements in Canadian football are enshrined in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame located in Hamilton, Ontario. Other organizations across Canada perform senior league Canadian football during the summer; the first documented football match was a practice game played on November 9, 1861, at University College, University of Toronto. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was Sir William Mulock Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear; the first written account of a game played was on October 1862, on the Montreal Cricket Grounds.
It was between the First Battalion Grenadier Guards and the Second Battalion Scots Fusilier Guards resulting in a win by the Grenadier Guards 3 goals, 2 rouges to nothing. In 1864, at Trinity College, Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, Frederick A. Bethune, Christopher Gwynn, one of the founders of Milton, devised rules based on rugby football; the game gained a following, with the Hamilton Football Club formed on November 3, 1869, Montreal formed a team April 8, 1872, Toronto was formed on October 4, 1873, the Ottawa FBC on September 20, 1876. This rugby-football soon became popular at Montreal's McGill University. McGill challenged Harvard University to a game, in 1874 using a hybrid game of English rugby devised by the University of McGill; the first attempt to establish a proper governing body and adopted the current set of Rugby rules was the Foot Ball Association of Canada, organized on March 24, 1873 followed by the Canadian Rugby Football Union founded June 12, 1880, which included teams from Ontario and Quebec.
Both the Ontario and Quebec Rugby Football Union were formed, the Interprovincial and Western Interprovincial Football Union. The CRFU reorganized into an umbrella organization forming the Canadian Rugby Union in 1891; the original forerunners to the current Canadian Football League, was established in 1956 when the IRFU and WIFU formed an umbrella organization, The Canadian Football Council. In 1958 the CFC left the CRFU to become the CFL; the Burnside rules resembling American football that were incorporated in 1903 by the ORFU, was an effort to distinguish it from a more rugby-oriented game. The Burnside Rules had teams reduced to 12 men per side, introduced the Snap-Back system, required the offensive team to gain 10 yards on three downs, eliminated the Throw-In from the sidelines, allowed only six men on the line, stated that all goals by kicking were to be worth two points and the opposition was to line up 10 yards from the defenders on all kicks; the rules were an attempt to standardize the rules throughout the country.
The CIRFU, QRFU and CRU refused to adopt the new rules at first. Forward passes were not allowed in the Canadian game until 1929, touchdowns, five points, were increased to six points in 1956, in both cases several decades after the Americans had adopted the same changes; the primary differences between the Canadian and American games stem from rule changes that the American side of the border adopted but the Canadian side did not. The Canadian field width was one rule, not based on American rules, as the Canadian game was played in wider fields and stadiums that were not as narrow as the American stadiums; the Grey Cup was established in 1909 after being donated by Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey, The Governor General of Canada as the championship of teams under the CRU for the Rugby Football Championship of Canada. An amateur competition, it became dominated by professional teams in the 1940s and early 1950s; the Ontario Rugby Football Union, the last amateur organization to compete for the trophy
Canadian Football League
The Canadian Football League is a professional sports league in Canada. The CFL is the highest level of competition in Canadian football; the league consists of each located in a city in Canada. They are divided into two divisions: four teams in the East Division and five teams in the West Division; as of 2018, it features a 21-week regular season where each team plays 18 games with three bye weeks. This season traditionally runs from mid-June to early November. Following the regular season, six teams compete in the league's three-week divisional playoffs which culminate in the Grey Cup championship game in late November; the Grey Cup is television events. The CFL was founded on January 19, 1958; the league was formed through a merger between the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union and the Western Interprovincial Football Union. Rugby football began to be played in Canada in the 1860s, many of the first Canadian football teams played under the auspices of the Canadian Rugby Football Union, founded in 1884.
The CRFU was reorganized as the Canadian Rugby Union in 1891, served as an umbrella organization for several provincial and regional unions. The Grey Cup was donated by Governor General Earl Grey in 1909 to the team winning the Senior Amateur Football Championship of Canada. By that time, the sport as played in Canada had diverged markedly from its rugby origins, started to become more similar to the American game. From the 1930s to the 1950s, the two senior leagues of the CRU, the eastern Interprovincial Rugby Football Union and Western Interprovincial Football Union evolved from amateur to professional leagues, amateur teams such as those in the Ontario Rugby Football Union were no longer competitive for the Grey Cup. From 1945 onward, the WIFU's champion faced the Big Four's champion for the Grey Cup, though until 1954 it had to play in a semi-final against the champion of the ORFU–by the only amateur union still competing for the Grey Cup; the ORFU withdrew from Grey Cup competition after the 1954 season, the WIFU champion was automatically awarded a berth in the Grey Cup final.
For this reason, 1954 is reckoned as the start of the modern era of Canadian football, in which the Grey Cup has been contested by professional teams. Since 1965, Canada's top amateur teams, competing in what is now U Sports, have competed for the Vanier Cup. In 1956, the IRFU and WIFU formed the Canadian Football Council. In 1958, the CFC became the Canadian Football League; as part of an agreement between the CRU and CFL, the CFL took possession of the Grey Cup though amateurs had not competed for it since 1954. The CRU remained the governing body for amateur play in Canada adopting the name Football Canada; the two unions remained autonomous, there was no intersectional play between eastern and western teams except at the Grey Cup final. This situation was analogous to how the American baseball leagues operated for years; the IRFU was renamed the Eastern Football Conference in 1960, while the WIFU was renamed the Western Football Conference in 1961. In 1961, limited intersectional play was introduced.
Because the West played 16 games by this time while the East still only played 14, this arrangement oddly allowed both the four-team Eastern Conference and the five-team Western Conference to play three games per intraconference opponent and one game per interconference opponent. It wasn't until 1974. In 1981, the two conferences agreed to a full merger, becoming the East and West Divisions of the CFL. With the merger came a balanced and interlocking schedule of 16 games per season. Since 1986, the CFL's regular season schedule has been 18 games; the separate histories of the IRFU and the WIFU accounted for the fact that two teams had the same name: the IRFU's Ottawa Rough Riders were called the "Eastern Riders", while the WIFU's Saskatchewan Roughriders were called the "Western Riders" or "Green Riders". Other team names had traditional origins. With rowing a national craze in the late 19th century, the Argonaut Rowing Club of Toronto formed a rugby team for its members' off-season participation.
The football team name Toronto Argonauts still remains though it and the rowing club have long since gone their separate ways. After World War II, the two teams in Hamilton—the Tigers and the Flying Wildcats—merged both their organizations into the Hamilton Tiger-Cats; the league remained stable with nine franchises—the BC Lions, Calgary Stampeders, Edmonton Eskimos, Saskatchewan Roughriders, Winnipeg Blue Bombers, Hamilton Tiger-Cats, Toronto Argonauts, Ottawa Rough Riders and Montreal Alouettes—from its 1958 inception until 1981. After the 1981 season, the Alouettes folded and were replaced the next year by a new franchise named the Concordes. In 1986 the Concordes were renamed the Alouettes to attract more fan support, but the team folded the next year; the loss of the Montreal franchise forced the league to move its easternmost Western team, into the East Division from 1987 to 1994, again from 1997 to 2001 and 2006 to 2013 when Montreal resumed operations, but Ottawa was unable to field a team.
In 1993, the league admitted the Sacramento Gold Miners. After modest success, the league expanded further in the U. S. in 1994 with the Las Vegas Posse, Baltimore Stallions, Shreveport Pirates. For the 1995 campaign, the American
The Ottawa Renegades were a Canadian Football League franchise based in Ottawa, Ontario founded in 2002, six years after the storied Ottawa Rough Riders folded. After four seasons, the Renegades franchise was suspended indefinitely by the league due to financial instability, its players were absorbed by the other teams in a dispersal draft. After two years in limbo, the Renegades franchise was awarded to Jeff Hunt, best known as the owner of the Ottawa 67's, in March 2008; the new franchise was rebranded as the Ottawa Redblacks. For historical purposes, the CFL classifies the Redblacks and Rough Riders as one discontinuous franchise; the Ottawa Renegades returned Canadian Football League action to Canada's capital in 2002. Ottawa had been without a team since 1996; the logo chosen draws similarities to the logo used by the Rough Riders for much of their existence up until 1992. The Renegades never qualified for the playoffs. In May 2005, Bernard Glieberman took ownership of the team, made his son Lonie Glieberman team president, many of the same names they had employed during the unsuccessful years of Glieberman's ownership of their previous teams started reappearing.
The team's only head coach was Joe Paopao. On November 7, 2005, the Ottawa Renegades announced John Jenkins as head coach and General Manager for 2006, with Forrest Gregg serving as the team's Executive VP for football. However, this did not occur because of the suspension of the team's operations. On March 3, 2006, Lonie Glieberman resigned from day-to-day operations of the team, acknowledging that he made mistakes during his tenure. With the team losing $3.8 million in 2005, the possibility of losing an additional $2.3 million to $5.8 million in 2006, the organization requested financial assistance from the CFL, which the league was not willing to provide. On March 22, 2006, Bernie Glieberman decided to stop funding the Renegades. While the CFL took over operations of the Toronto Argonauts and the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in 2003, on April 9, 2006, the CFL's board of governors decided against doing the same for the Renegades, instead choosing to look for a new owner; the CFL would move its easternmost-West Division team, the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, back to the East Division for the third time in its history to take Ottawa's place and to balance out the divisions.
The players of the Ottawa Renegades were dispersed to the remaining eight CFL teams in a dispersal draft, with QB Kerry Joseph going #1 to the Saskatchewan Roughriders. Steelback Brewery president Frank D'Angelo announced in April 2006 that he was exploring opportunities to revive the team; the announcement was not cleared with the Canadian Football League, who indicated that they had had only one informal conversation with D'Angelo, in which no decision was made. On May 15, 2007, the CFL announced that it had ended discussions with a group led by William Palmer regarding the return of a CFL team to Ottawa for the 2008 season. CFL Commissioner Mark Cohon stated "everal parties have expressed interest regarding a franchise for Ottawa, we have decided to concentrate efforts on these new opportunities; the CFL remains committed to the City of Ottawa, we remain determined to return a franchise to the nation’s capital only at a time and under circumstances that will ensure strength and stability in the long run".
However, in September 2007, the lower south side of Frank Clair Stadium was closed, due to cracks in the concrete structure. Ottawa mayor Larry O'Brien was quoted at the time that this was an opportunity to do a review of the usage and the facilities of Lansdowne Park. On March 25, 2008, the league ended the team's indefinite limbo by awarding the franchise to Jeff Hunt, owner of the Ottawa 67's; the team began play in 2014, did not retain the name Renegades because of its troubled history, instead being called the Ottawa Redblacks. As of the start of the 2018 CFL season, Kyries Hebert was the last active former Renegade player still on a CFL team roster, he is the only former Renegade to have played for the Ottawa Redblacks. Former Renegades Korey Banks, Kerry Joseph, Yo Murphy, Marc Parenteau, Markus Howell have gone on to be Grey Cup champions. Dan Crowley was the team's first starting quarterback. Throughout 2002, backup quarterbacks, Chuck Clements and Oteman Sampson saw some starting time.
However, in 2003, Kerry Joseph, would be the quarterback to succeed Crowley. During 2003, Romaro Miller started at quarterback. During 2004 and 2005, Joseph functioned as the primary starting quarterback. However, backups Darnell Kennedy and Brad Banks saw time as the starter, in relief of Joseph. Ottawa Renegades all time records and statistics Canadian Football Hall of Fame Canadian football Lansdowne Park List of Canadian Football League seasons Ottawa Rough Riders Ottawa Redblacks Ottawa Renegades website at SlamSports Official online home of Renegade Nation Ottawa Renegades Football Journal
In American football and Canadian football, defensive backs are the players on the defensive team who take positions somewhat back from the line of scrimmage. The defensive backs, in turn are classified into several different specialized positions: Safety: Free safety – most the deepest safety Strong safety – the bigger more physical safety, much like a small, quicker linebacker Defensive halfback Cornerback – which include: Nickelback – the fifth defensive back in some sets, such as the nickel formation Dimeback – the sixth defensive back in some sets, such as the dime formation The seventh defensive back, in the exceedingly rare "quarter" set, but strong known as a dollar back or a quarter back The group of defensive backs is known collectively as the secondary, they most defend the wide receiver corps. American football positions
Winnipeg Blue Bombers
The Winnipeg Blue Bombers are a professional Canadian football team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. They are members of the West Division of the Canadian Football League, they play their home games at Investors Group Field after many years of playing at the since demolished Canad Inns Stadium. The Blue Bombers were founded in 1930 as the Winnipeg Football Club, which remains the organization's legal name today. Since that time, they have won the league's Grey Cup championship 10 times, most in 1990. With 10 wins, they have the third-highest win total in the Grey Cup although they are the team with the longest Grey Cup drought; the Blue Bombers were the first team not located in Ontario or Quebec to win a championship and hold the record for most Grey Cup appearances with 24. Founded: 1930 Formerly known as: Winnipegs 1930–1937 Helmet design: Gold background, with a white "W" and blue trim Uniform colours: Blue, gold with white accents Past uniform colours: Green and white 1930 to 1932 Nicknames: Bombers and Gold, Big Blue Mascots: Buzz and Boomer Fight Song: "Bombers Victory March" Credited to T.
H Guild & J. Guild Stadium: Osborne Stadium, Canad Inns Stadium, Investors Group Field Local radio: 680 CJOB Main rivals: Saskatchewan Roughriders, Hamilton Tiger-Cats, a team they have played on numerous occasions for the Grey Cup, Toronto Argonauts, BC Lions, other prairie city teams the Edmonton Eskimos and the Calgary Stampeders. Western Division 1st place: 16—1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1947, 1950, 1952, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1972 East Division 1st Place: 7—1987, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2001, 2011 Western Division championships: 13—1936, 1939, 1941, 1947, 1950, 1952, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1972, 1984 Eastern Division championships: 7 — 1988, 1990, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2007, 2011 Grey Cup Championships: 10—1935, 1939, 1941, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1984, 1988, 1990 Division history: Western Football Conference, West Division, East Division, North Division, West Division, East Division, West Division, East Division, West Division 2018 regular season record: 10 wins, 8 losses, 0 ties The first football team in Winnipeg was formed in 1879, was called the Winnipeg Rugby Football Club.
On June 10, 1930, they amalgamated with all the other teams in the Manitoba Rugby Football Union to create the Winnipeg Winnipegs Rugby Football Club, adopting the colours green and white. The Winnipegs played their first game against St. John's Rugby Club on June 13, 1930, when St. John's won by a score of 7–3. In 1932, the Winnipegs and St. John's adopted the colours blue and gold. Western teams had been to the Grey Cup game 10 times since 1909, but they had always gone home empty-handed, it was clear in those days that the East was much more powerful, outscoring their opponents 236–29 in these games. On December 7, 1935, the Bombers got their first shot at winning the 23rd Grey Cup; the game was being held with the home-town Tigers being their opponents. It was a rainy day at Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds, with 6,405 fans in attendance. Winnipeg was up 5–0 before many fans had reached their seats. Hamilton player Jack Craig let the opening kickoff bounce to the turf while a Winnipeg player promptly recovered the ball at the Hamilton 15-yard line.
Winnipeg scored on a Bob Fritz pass to Bud Marquardt to get the early lead. After scoring another touchdown on a Greg Kabat catch in the endzone, Winnipeg went into halftime up 12–4, their lead was soon cut to three points in the second half after Hamilton scored a touchdown of their own, helped by a blocked kick that placed the ball on the Winnipeg 15-yard line. After a Hamilton rouge, Winnipeg's RB/KR Fritz Hanson caught a punt, after a few moves and a few missed tackles, was on his way to a 78-yard touchdown return, making the score 18–10. Hamilton would force a safety to bring themselves within six points, but failed to crack the endzone, getting as far as the Winnipeg four-yard line; the final score was Winnipeg 18, Hamilton 12. With that, Winnipeg had become the first team from Western Canada to win a Grey Cup. In 1935, before an exhibition game against North Dakota State, Winnipeg Tribune sports writer Vince Leah decided to borrow from Grantland Rice, who labelled Joe Louis as "The Brown Bomber".
He called the team the "Blue Bombers of Western football". Up to that point, the team had been called the "Winnipegs". From that day forward, the team has been known as the "Winnipeg Blue Bombers". In that same year, the Blue Bombers, Calgary Bronks, Regina Roughriders formed the Western Interprovincial Football Union as the highest level of play in Western Canada. From 1936 to 1949, the Bombers won the right to compete for the Grey Cup in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1945. Of these appearances, Winnipeg won only twice, in 1939 over the Ottawa Rough Riders and again in their 1941 rematch. Jack Jacobs, known as Indian Jack, was a Creek quarterback from Oklahoma, he came to the Bombers in 1950 after a successful career in the United States. He led the Bombers to two Grey Cup appearances, his exciting style of play and extreme talent increased ticket sales and overall awareness and popularity of the club. The revenue the Bombers were getting from their newfound popularity was enough to convince them to move from the small, outdated Osborne Stadium to the new Winnipeg Stadium.
Jacobs was so well liked, the fans referred to the new stadium as "The House that Jack Built". Jacobs retired in 1954 to bec
Santana Terrell Moss is a former American football wide receiver who played in the National Football League for fourteen seasons. He played college football for the University of Miami. Moss was picked by the New York Jets in the first round of the 2001 NFL Draft, where he spent 4 seasons with the team, before playing for the Washington Redskins for 10 seasons. Moss was selected as an All-Pro in 2005. Moss was born in Florida, he attended Miami Carol City Senior High, played high school football for the Carol City Chiefs. He led the team with 25 receptions for 600 yards and 12 touchdowns as a senior, amassed 450 yards on 12 kickoff returns with one return touchdown that year. Moss earned third-team all-state football honors following his senior season. Moss attended the University of Miami, joined the Miami Hurricanes football team in 1997 as a walk-on, before being awarded a scholarship after the season's third game, he went on to break the Hurricanes' record for most receiving yards. He finished his 2000 senior season with 1,604 all-purpose yards, received first-team All-Big East Conference honors, was recognized a consensus first-team All-American.
Moss became the first player to earn Big East Offensive Player of the Year and Special Teams Player of the Year honors in the same season. Moss is an important figure in Miami Hurricanes football history considered to be one of the most accomplished wide receivers in the university's history, he graduated as the school's all-time leader in receiving yards, punt return yards, all-purpose yards. Moss was interviewed about his time at the University of Miami for the documentary The U, which premiered December 12, 2009 on ESPN, he was inducted into the University of Miami Sports Hall of Fame in 2011. Moss was a standout track athlete for the Miami Carol City Senior High track team, he was a two-time state champion in the triple jump and won state title in the long jump during junior season. He set a school record in the triple jump with leap of 14.81 meters. He ran track for the Miami Hurricanes track and field team, was named the "Most Outstanding Field Performer" for the 2000 Big East Outdoor Track and Field championships.
He won the triple jump at the 2000 Big East Championships, with a personal-best mark of 15.50 meters. Moss was a first round pick in the 2001 NFL Draft by the New York Jets out of the University of Miami. In the 2001 season, Moss made his NFL debut in Week 10 against the Miami Dolphins. Moss made his first career catch in Week 12 against the New England Patriots. In the 2002 season, Moss made his first career start in Week 1 against the Buffalo Bills. Moss played a total of 51 games with the New York Jets and finished with 3,899 receiving yards, 19 touchdowns, 127 rushing yards, 1,799 return yards. Following the 2004 season, Moss was acquired by the Washington Redskins in a trade with the New York Jets for now former Jet Laveranues Coles. Moss signed a six-year contract with the Redskins on May 4, 2005. Known for his big play potential, Moss started the 2005 season off with a bang in Week 2 against the Dallas Cowboys, where he caught two touchdown passes of 39 and 70 yards from Mark Brunell in the last five minutes to come from behind and beat the Cowboys 14–13 on Monday Night Football.
His 2005 season with the Redskins was the best in his professional career, with 84 receptions for 1,483 yards, setting a new Redskins single-season receiving record. In 2005, Moss was selected to his first NFL Pro Bowl. Moss recorded 3 catches for 39 receiving yards at the Pro Bowl. In the first three games of the 2006 season, he recorded only 13 catches for 188 yards. On October 1, 2006, Moss exploded for a season-high 138 yards on 4 catches, hauling in two touchdowns of 55 and 8 yards, as well as a 68-yard game-winning touchdown to give Washington the victory in overtime over the visiting Jacksonville Jaguars 36–30. Due to injuries that kept him inactive much of the year and less than 100% when he did play, Moss finished the 2006 season with 790 yards on 55 receptions. In the 2007 season, Moss started and played in 14 games and recorded 61 receptions, 808 receiving yards, three touchdowns. In the 2008 season, Moss recorded over 1,000 receiving yards for the third time in his career. Starting in all 16 games in 2009, Moss recorded 70 receptions, 902 receiving yards, three touchdowns.
In the 2010 season, the last season of his contract with the Redskins, Moss recorded 1,115 receiving yards making this the fourth time in his career that he recorded over 1,000 receiving yards. He achieved a new career high of 93 receptions to go along with six touchdowns in the 2010 season. With his original contract ending, Moss re-signed with the Redskins. On July 26, the Redskins signed him to a three-year, $15 million contract that included a $5 million signing bonus, he was made offensive co-captain along with Trent Williams. In Week 7 against the Carolina Panthers, Moss suffered a broken left hand, he made his return to the field in Week 12 against the Seattle Seahawks. In Week 14 against the New England Patriots, Moss caught a 49-yard touchdown pass from wide receiver Brandon Banks, the first passing touchdown of Banks' career. Working out of the slot receiver position, Moss played and started 12 games and recorded 46 receptions, 584 receiving yards, four touchdowns in the 2011 season.
During the preseason, it was reported. After seven consecutive seasons of being a starter for the Redskins