The Compucolor II was an early color home computer product introduced in 1976 by Compucolor Corporation of Norcross, Georgia USA. It was a major breakthrough in color graphics, text. The Compucolor II initially was available at three points, $1,395.00, $1,595.00. The price difference governed by the internal User memory, the base unit came equipped with 8 KB dynamic RAM, followed by extended as 16 KB, and Deluxe 32 KB. It was the first color home computer system with built-in color graphics, floppy based data storage, Compucolor opened its first retail computer store in Norcross, Georgia USA in 1979. It was aptly named the Compucolor Computer Store, the store had limited success in the six months of operation, and the store concept was abandoned. By 1983, Compucolor was out of business, follow-on Compucolor II home/office computers were manufactured by Intelligent Systems Corporation, of Norcross, Georgia USA. The computer and integrated monitor were built into a standard General Electric 13 color television set cabinet and these cabinets were procured without TV components and modified to house a custom set of video analog electronics, digital board, and floppy drive.
The machine was based on the Intel 8080 operating at 1.99 mHz clock rate, internal proprietary ROM firmware allowed a plot graphics array of 128 H by 128 V available in 8 colors. Again, the system was sold with as User RAM in increments of 8 KB of RAM, three available keyboards having 72,101, or 117 individual keys. Which attached to the computer with a 25-pin ribbon cable, the keys were deluxe full-travel Cherry brand type having golden cross-bar contacts with excellent feel and reliability. Key tops were engraved with special legends to help manage computer functions, the Compucolor II used a custom designed 51. 2KB5.25 floppy disk drive, which was placed on the right side of the monitor cabinet. The design utilized a serial interface and was referred to as the Compucolor Drive or CD, there were reliability issues with this design since any variance in motor spindle speed would cause difficulty reading or writing floppy media. Also there were a few electromagnetic issues within the space that interfered with the floppy recording.
The disk operating system known as File Control System or FCS was designed in-house, in modern-day terms, files would be automatically defragmented to prevent cross-linked files. A ROM-based BASIC was included as an improved and sub-licensed version of Microsoft BASIC, Compucolor Corporation took a few steps to improve BASIC. Compucolor Corporation worked closely with Microsoft Corporation, and an agreement was agreed to in the best interest of both companies. Most legally available software for the Compucolor II was written by in-house software programmers
Ferrari 250 GTO
The Ferrari 250 GTO is a GT car produced by Ferrari from 1962 to 1964 for homologation into the FIAs Group 3 Grand Touring Car category. It was powered by Ferraris Tipo 168/62 V12 engine, the 250 in its name denotes the displacement in cubic centimeters of each of its cylinders, GTO stands for Gran Turismo Omologato, Italian for Grand Touring Homologated. Just 39250 GTOs were manufactured between 1962 and 1964 and this includes 33 cars with 1962-63 bodywork, three with 1964 bodywork similar to the Ferrari 250 LM, and three 330 GTO specials with a larger engine. Four of the older 1962-1963 cars were updated in 1964 with Series II bodies, when new, the GTO cost $18,000 in the United States, with buyers personally approved by Enzo Ferrari and his dealer for North America, Luigi Chinetti. In May 2012 the 1962250 GTO made for Stirling Moss set a record selling price of $38,115,000. In October 2013, Connecticut-based collector Paul Pappalardo sold chassis number 5111GT to a buyer for a new record of around $52 million.
In 2004, Sports Car International placed the 250 GTO eighth on a list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s, Motor Trend Classic placed the 250 GTO first on a list of the Greatest Ferraris of All Time. Popular Mechanics named it the Hottest Car of All Time, the 250 GTO was designed to compete in GT racing, where its rivals would include the Shelby Cobra, Jaguar E-Type and Aston Martin DP214. The development of the 250 GTO was headed by chief engineer Giotto Bizzarrini, although Bizzarrini is usually credited as the designer of the 250 GTO, he and most other Ferrari engineers were fired in 1962 due to a dispute with Enzo Ferrari. Further development of the 250 GTO was overseen by new engineer Mauro Forghieri, the design of the car was a collaborative effort and cannot be ascribed to a single person. The mechanical aspects of 250 GTO were relatively conservative at the time of its introduction, using engine, the chassis of the car was based on that of the 250 GT SWB, with minor differences in frame structure and geometry to reduce weight and lower the chassis.
The car was built around a hand-welded oval tube frame, incorporating A-arm front suspension, rear live-axle with Watts linkage, disc brakes, the engine was the race-proven Tipo 168/62 Comp. 3.0 L V12 as used in the 250 Testa Rossa Le Mans winner, an all-alloy design utilizing a dry sump and six 38DCN Weber carburetors, it produced approximately 300 horsepower. The gearbox was a new 5-speed unit with Porsche-type synchromesh, Bizzarrini focused his design effort on the cars aerodynamics in an attempt to improve top speed and stability. The body design was informed by wind tunnel testing at Pisa University as well as road, the resulting all-aluminium bodywork had a long, low nose, small radiator inlet, and distinctive air intakes on the nose with removable covers. Early testing resulted in the addition of a rear spoiler, the underside of the car was covered by a belly pan and had an additional spoiler underneath formed by the fuel tank cover. The aerodynamic design of the 250 GTO was a technical innovation compared to previous Ferrari GT cars.
The bodies were constructed by Scaglietti, with the exception of early prototypes with bodies constructed in-house by Ferrari or by Pininfarina, Cars were produced in many colours, with the most famous being the bright red Rosso Cina
LaFerrari is a limited production hybrid sports car built by Ferrari. LaFerrari literally means The Ferrari in most Romance languages, in the sense that it is the definitive Ferrari, on December 3,2016, a LaFerrari auctioned off for $7 million making this car the most valuable 21st century automobile ever sold at auction. LaFerrari Concept Manta, LaFerrari Concept Tensostruttura were unveiled in Ferrari Museum Maranello, the LaFerrari is based on findings from testing of the FXX and on research being conducted by the Millechili Project at the University of Modena. Association with the Millechili Project led to speculation during development that the car would weigh under 1,000 kg, only 499 units have been built, and each cost more than 1 million US dollars. An additional 500th car was made to be sold at an auction. The vehicle was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Auto Show, followed by Auto Shanghai 2013,2013 Tour Auto Optic 2000,2013 Supercar Chronicle, the LaFerrari Aperta is a limited version of the LaFerrari.
200 cars will be sold, the additional nine Ferrari LaFerrari are reserved for selected distribution during the 70th anniversary celebrations of Ferrari, the LaFerrari Aperta comes with a removable carbon-fibre hard top and a removable soft top. The vehicle was unveiled in 2016 Paris Auto Show, like past convertible Ferrari models, it may use the Aperta label to denote its retractable roof. According to Ferrari, all units have already sold to customers via invitation. LaFerrari is the first mild hybrid from Ferrari, providing the highest power output of any Ferrari whilst decreasing fuel consumption by 40 percent, the KERS system adds extra power to the combustion engines output level for a total of 963 PS and a combined torque of 900 N·m. Ferrari claims CO2 emissions of 330 g/km, the engines bore and stroke is 94×75.2 mm with a compression ratio of 13.5,1 and a specific power output of 94 kW per litre. It is connected to a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission and the car is rear-wheel drive, Ferrari LaFerrari has a power to weight ratio of 1.3 kg per horsepower.
The car is equipped with carbon-ceramic Brembo discs on the front and rear, with the car sitting on Pirelli P Zero Corsa tires measuring 265/30 R19 and it has a double wishbone suspension in the front and a multi-link suspension in the rear. Ferrari claims that the car has lapped its Fiorano Test Circuit in 1,19.70 which is faster than any other road-legal car Ferrari has ever produced. LaFerrari received no input from Pininfarina, making it the first Ferrari since the Bertone-styled 1973 Dino 308 GT4 not to have Pininfarina bodywork or other styling and this decision is a rare exception to the collaboration between Ferrari and Pininfarina that began in 1951. However, Ferrari has stated that two new models designed jointly with Pininfarina have yet to be unveiled and that there are no plans to end relations with Pininfarina. The cockpit stands out for its essentiality and the sportiness of the shapes, there is a steering wheel with integrated controls and gear levers directly fixed to the steering column, a solution that allows better use in all conditions.
The bridge which exists between the two seats, designed like a wing, is home to other instruments linked to the dual-clutch gearbox
Doctor of Philosophy
A Doctor of Philosophy is a type of doctoral degree awarded by universities in many countries. Ph. D. s are awarded for a range of programs in the sciences, engineering. The Ph. D. is a degree in many fields. The completion of a Ph. D. is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, individuals with an earned doctorate can use the title of Doctor with their name and use the post-nominal letters Ph. D. The requirements to earn a Ph. D. degree vary considerably according to the country, institution, a person who attains a doctorate of philosophy is automatically awarded the academic title of doctor. A student attaining this level may be granted a Candidate of Philosophy degree at some institutions. A Ph. D. candidate must submit a project, thesis or dissertation often consisting of a body of academic research. In many countries, a candidate must defend this work before a panel of examiners appointed by the university. Universities award other types of doctorates besides the Ph. D.
such as the Doctor of Musical Arts, a degree for music performers and the Doctor of Education, in 2016, ELIA launched The Florence Principles on the Doctorate in the Arts. The Florence Principles have been endorsed are supported by AEC, CILECT, CUMULUS, the degree is abbreviated PhD, from the Latin Philosophiae Doctor, pronounced as three separate letters. In the universities of Medieval Europe, study was organized in four faculties, the faculty of arts. All of these faculties awarded intermediate degrees and final degrees, the doctorates in the higher faculties were quite different from the current Ph. D. degree in that they were awarded for advanced scholarship, not original research. No dissertation or original work was required, only lengthy residency requirements, besides these degrees, there was the licentiate. According to Keith Allan Noble, the first doctoral degree was awarded in medieval Paris around 1150, the doctorate of philosophy developed in Germany as the terminal Teachers credential in the 17th century.
Typically, upon completion, the candidate undergoes an oral examination, always public, starting in 2016, in Ukraine Doctor of Philosophy is the highest education level and the first science degree. PhD is awarded in recognition of a contribution to scientific knowledge. A PhD degree is a prerequisite for heading a university department in Ukraine, upon completion of a PhD, a PhD holder can elect to continue his studies and get a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences, which is the second and the highest science degree in Ukraine. Scandinavian countries were among the early adopters of a known as a doctorate of philosophy
Although never formally affiliated with any denomination, the early College primarily trained Congregationalist and Unitarian clergy. Its curriculum and student body were gradually secularized during the 18th century, james Bryant Conant led the university through the Great Depression and World War II and began to reform the curriculum and liberalize admissions after the war. The undergraduate college became coeducational after its 1977 merger with Radcliffe College, Harvards $34.5 billion financial endowment is the largest of any academic institution. Harvard is a large, highly residential research university, the nominal cost of attendance is high, but the Universitys large endowment allows it to offer generous financial aid packages. Harvards alumni include eight U. S. presidents, several heads of state,62 living billionaires,359 Rhodes Scholars. To date, some 130 Nobel laureates,18 Fields Medalists, Harvard was formed in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
In 1638, it obtained British North Americas first known printing press, in 1639 it was named Harvard College after deceased clergyman John Harvard an alumnus of the University of Cambridge who had left the school £779 and his scholars library of some 400 volumes. The charter creating the Harvard Corporation was granted in 1650 and it offered a classic curriculum on the English university model—many leaders in the colony had attended the University of Cambridge—but conformed to the tenets of Puritanism. It was never affiliated with any denomination, but many of its earliest graduates went on to become clergymen in Congregational. The leading Boston divine Increase Mather served as president from 1685 to 1701, in 1708, John Leverett became the first president who was not a clergyman, which marked a turning of the college toward intellectual independence from Puritanism. When the Hollis Professor of Divinity David Tappan died in 1803 and the president of Harvard Joseph Willard died a year later, in 1804, in 1846, the natural history lectures of Louis Agassiz were acclaimed both in New York and on the campus at Harvard College.
Agassizs approach was distinctly idealist and posited Americans participation in the Divine Nature, agassizs perspective on science combined observation with intuition and the assumption that a person can grasp the divine plan in all phenomena. When it came to explaining life-forms, Agassiz resorted to matters of shape based on an archetype for his evidence. Charles W. Eliot, president 1869–1909, eliminated the position of Christianity from the curriculum while opening it to student self-direction. While Eliot was the most crucial figure in the secularization of American higher education, he was motivated not by a desire to secularize education, during the 20th century, Harvards international reputation grew as a burgeoning endowment and prominent professors expanded the universitys scope. Rapid enrollment growth continued as new schools were begun and the undergraduate College expanded. Radcliffe College, established in 1879 as sister school of Harvard College, Harvard became a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900.
In the early 20th century, the student body was predominately old-stock, high-status Protestants, especially Episcopalians, Congregationalists, by the 1970s it was much more diversified
Numerix is an American limited liability company that develops software for risk analysis of financial derivatives. The company was founded by Alexander Sokol, Nigel Goldenfeld, Mitchell Feigenbaum and it received a major investment from Greg Whitten who invested an additional USD32 million in 2001. Numerix provides software for financial companies that analyzes the risk associated with various types of assets. Approximately 400 clients in 25 different countries use software developed by Numerix for risk analysis, customers include the Nomura Research Institute, Bloomberg L. P. Numerix’ direct competitors are Fincad, SunGard-FastVal and Pricing Partners a Thomson Reuters company
A vintage car is, in the most general sense, an old automobile, and in the narrower senses of car enthusiasts and collectors, it is a car from the period of 1919 to 1930. Such enthusiasts have categorization schemes for ages of cars that enforce distinctions between antique cars, vintage cars, classic cars, and so on, the classification criteria vary, but consensus within any country is often maintained by major car clubs. The vintage era in the world was a time of transition. The car started off in 1919 as still something of a rarity, in fact, automobile production at the end of this period was not matched again until the 1950s. In todays terms, a car is defined the same as a classic. Cars became much more practical and comfortable during this period, car heating was introduced, as was the in-car radio. Four-wheel braking from a foot pedal was introduced, as was the use of hydraulically actuated brakes. Towards the end of the era, the system of octane rating of fuel was introduced. Alfred P. Sloan and Harley Earl of General Motors, Chrysler capitalized on advertising the automobile’s role in the life of the consumer for more than just the utilitarian value compared with the horse.
The stock market crash of 1929 started the layoff of workers and many new companies went bankrupt. The Federal Aid Road Act of 1916 was the first federal highway act and lack of funding hampered any positive results of this act. The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 started a 50/50 matching fund to states for road building and resulted in the creation of new, during this period as well as the car adapting to society, there were better roads, and society began to adapt to the car. From 1919 to 1929, many changes took place. General Motors went into a crisis that lasted until after Alfred Sloan became president in 1923. Hudson produced the Essex in 1919 that, by 1925, had propelled the company to third in sales behind Ford. Ford was in the process of building a new plant, buying back stock, in 1921 Maxwell failed and Walter P. Chrysler, formerly of General Motors, was brought in to reorganize it and, in 1925, the Chrysler Corporation was formed. There were other automakers that made it past the 1920-1921 depression only to fail during the Great Depression, Antique automobiles and early to middle era classic cars do not have the safety features that are standard on modern cars.
The most rudimentary of safety features, front wheel brakes and hydraulic brakes, for the average person car collecting is a hobby
Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that deals with mathematical methods that find use in science, business, computer science, and industry. Thus, applied mathematics is a combination of science and specialized knowledge. The term applied mathematics describes the professional specialty in which work on practical problems by formulating and studying mathematical models. The activity of applied mathematics is thus connected with research in pure mathematics. Historically, applied mathematics consisted principally of applied analysis, most notably differential equations, approximation theory, quantitative finance is now taught in mathematics departments across universities and mathematical finance is considered a full branch of applied mathematics. Engineering and computer science departments have made use of applied mathematics. Today, the applied mathematics is used in a broader sense. It includes the areas noted above as well as other areas that have become increasingly important in applications.
Even fields such as number theory that are part of mathematics are now important in applications. There is no consensus as to what the various branches of applied mathematics are, such categorizations are made difficult by the way mathematics and science change over time, and by the way universities organize departments and degrees. Many mathematicians distinguish between applied mathematics, which is concerned with methods, and the applications of mathematics within science. Mathematicians such as Poincaré and Arnold deny the existence of applied mathematics, non-mathematicians blend applied mathematics and applications of mathematics. The use and development of mathematics to industrial problems is called industrial mathematics. Historically, mathematics was most important in the sciences and engineering. Academic institutions are not consistent in the way they group and label courses, programs, at some schools, there is a single mathematics department, whereas others have separate departments for Applied Mathematics and Mathematics.
It is very common for Statistics departments to be separated at schools with graduate programs, many applied mathematics programs consist of primarily cross-listed courses and jointly appointed faculty in departments representing applications. Some Ph. D. programs in applied mathematics require little or no coursework outside of mathematics, in some respects this difference reflects the distinction between application of mathematics and applied mathematics. Research universities dividing their mathematics department into pure and applied sections include MIT, brigham Young University has an Applied and Computational Emphasis, a program that allows student to graduate with a Mathematics degree, with an emphasis in Applied Math
The Ferrari P series were sports prototype racing cars produced in the 1960s and early 1970s. Sports car racers followed in 1963, although these cars shared their numerical designations with road models, they were almost entirely dissimilar. The first Ferrari mid-engine in a car did not arrive until the 1967 Dino. The 250 P was a Prototype racer produced in 1963, winning the 12 Hours of Sebring,1000 km Nürburgring and it was an open cockpit mid-engined design with a single-cam 3. 0-litre 250 Testa Rossa V12 engine and was almost entirely unrelated to the other 250 cars. The 275 P and 330 P were evolutions of the 250 P with longer wheelbase and 3. 3-litre or 4. 0-litre engines and these cars raced during 1963 and 1964. The 250 P evolved into a saleable mid-engined racer for the public, introduced at Paris in November,1963, the LM was successful for privately entered racers around the world. This car is on display at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Museum. About 32 models were built in 1964 and 1965, with all but the first few powered by 3. 3-litre 320 hp engines, a fully independent double wishbone suspension was specified with rack and pinion steering and four wheel disc brakes.
The 250 LM thus had to run as a Prototype until it was homologated as a Group 4 Sports Car for the 1966 season, a 1964 Ferrari 250 LM was auctioned off by Sothebys in 2013 for a price of $14.3 million to an undisclosed telephone bidder. This bidding smashed the previous record for this model. Two entirely new cars, the 275 P2 and 330 P2, the 330 P2 was first used by Luigi Chinettis North American Racing Team in the Daytona race that year. In 1965275 P20836 won the 1000 km of Monza,275 P20828 won the Targa Florio,330 P20828 won the Nurburgring 1000 km, the P2 cars were replaced by the P3 for 1966. For 1965 Ferrari built a version of P2 cars, they were equipped with a SOHC4.4 L engine. In 1966 Ferrari upgraded their 365 P2 cars with new bodywork by Piero Drogo, the 1966330 P3 introduced fuel injection to the Ferrari stable. It used a P3 transmission whose gears were prone to failure and were replaced by ZF transmission gears and other internals. When P30844 and 0848 were first converted to 412 Ps this 593 with ZF internals was fitted for one season after which the 593s with ZF internals were replaced by 603 transmissions in all the 412 Ps.
Several Ferrari gearboxes are fitted with other manufacturers gears and internals such as the 333, at a point 412P0844 was converted by Ferrari to a 330 Can-Am. The Ferrari 412 P was a version of the famous 330 P3 race car, built for independent teams like NART, Scuderia Filipinetti, Francorchamps
BASIC is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use. In 1964, John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz designed the original BASIC language at Dartmouth College in the U. S. state of New Hampshire and they wanted to enable students in fields other than science and mathematics to use computers. At the time, nearly all use of computers required writing custom software, versions of BASIC became widespread on microcomputers in the mid-1970s and 1980s. Microcomputers usually shipped with BASIC, often in the machines firmware, having an easy-to-learn language on these early personal computers allowed small business owners, professionals and consultants to develop custom software on computers they could afford. In the 2010s, BASIC remains popular in many computing dialects and in new languages influenced by BASIC, before the mid-1960s, the only computers were huge mainframe computers. Users submitted jobs on punched cards or similar media to specialist computer operators, the computer stored these, used a batch processing system to run this queue of jobs one after another, allowing very high levels of utilization of these expensive machines.
As the performance of computing hardware rose through the 1960s, multi-processing was developed and this allowed a mix of batch jobs to be run together, but the real revolution was the development of time-sharing. The original BASIC language was released on May 1,1964 by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz, the acronym BASIC comes from the name of an unpublished paper by Thomas Kurtz. BASIC was designed to allow students to write computer programs for the Dartmouth Time-Sharing System. It was intended specifically for technical users who did not have or want the mathematical background previously expected. Being able to use a computer to support teaching and research was quite novel at the time, the language was based on FORTRAN II, with some influences from ALGOL60 and with additions to make it suitable for timesharing. Wanting use of the language to become widespread, its designers made the available free of charge. They made it available to schools in the Hanover area. In the following years, as dialects of BASIC appeared, Kemeny.
A version was a part of the Pick operating system from 1973 onward. During this period a number of computer games were written in BASIC. A number of these were collected by DEC employee David H. Ahl and he collected a number of these into book form,101 BASIC Computer Games, published in 1973. During the same period, Ahl was involved in the creation of a computer for education use
Microsoft Office is an office suite of applications and services developed by Microsoft. It was first announced by Bill Gates on 1 August 1988, initially a marketing term for a bundled set of applications, the first version of Office contained Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and Microsoft PowerPoint. Over the years, Office applications have grown substantially closer with shared features such as a spell checker, OLE data integration. Microsoft positions Office as a development platform for software under the Office Business Applications brand. On 10 July 2012, Softpedia reported that Office is used by over a billion people worldwide, Office is produced in several versions targeted towards different end-users and computing environments. The original, and most widely used version, is the version, available for PCs running the Windows. The most current desktop version is Office 2016 for Windows and macOS, released on 22 September 2015 and 9 July 2015, more recently, Microsoft developed Office Mobile, which are free-to-use versions of Office applications for mobile devices.
Microsoft produces and runs Office Online, a version of core Office apps. Microsoft Word is a word processor available for Windows and macOS, Word is included in some editions of the now discontinued Microsoft Works. The first version of Word, released in the autumn of 1983, was for the MS-DOS operating system and had the distinction of introducing the mouse to a broad population, Word 1.0 could be purchased with a bundled mouse, though none was required. Following the precedents of LisaWrite and MacWrite, Word for Macintosh attempted to add closer WYSIWYG features into its package, Word for Mac was released in 1985. Word for Mac was the first graphical version of Microsoft Word and its proprietary Doc format is a de facto standard, although Word 2007 deprecated this format in favor of Office Open XML, which was standardized by Ecma International as an open format. Support for Portable Document Format and OpenDocument was first introduced in Word for Windows with Service Pack 2 for Word 2007, Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program that originally competed with the dominant Lotus 1-2-3, and eventually outsold it.
It is available for the Windows and macOS platforms, Microsoft released the first version of Excel for the Mac OS in 1985, and the first Windows version in November 1987. Microsoft PowerPoint is a program for Windows and macOS. It is used to create slideshows, composed of text and other objects, Microsoft Access is a database management system for Windows that combines the relational Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a graphical user interface and software-development tools. Microsoft Access stores data in its own based on the Access Jet Database Engine. It can import or link directly to data stored in other applications, Microsoft Outlook is a personal information manager
The Ferrari F50 is a mid-engined range-topping sports car made by Ferrari. The F50 was introduced in 1995, the car is a two-door, two seat roadster with a removable hardtop. It has a 4.7 L naturally aspirated 60-valve V12 engine that was developed from the 3.5 L V12 used in the 1990 Ferrari 641 Formula One car, the last F50 was produced in Maranello, Italy, in July 1997. The F50s engine predated the car, it was used in the Ferrari 333 SP for the American IMSA series in 1994, following the motorsport theme, Ferrari developed the F50 GT, a prototype based on the F50 that was built to compete in GT2-class racing. The car had a roof, large rear spoiler, new front spoiler. The 4.7 litre V12 engine was tuned to generate around 720 bhp, in testing in 1996 the car proved to be quicker even than the 333SP, but this went unnoticed as Ferrari cancelled the F50 GT project, instead focusing on Formula One. Ferrari sold off the three complete chassis that were built–the test car 001,002 and 003, chassis 002 and 003 had bodies fitted before being sold.
The remaining three tubs were reportedly destroyed, a custom-made F50 variant named the Bolide was commissioned by the Sultan of Brunei in 1998 and delivered in the same year. It used the F1 derived V12 engine and the same chassis, One car was produced in the coupe configuration. Very few images and no official statistics of this car are available. At least two cars were produced in RHD, One was for the sultan, and was subsequently bought by a collector in Ireland. Another one is now in Hong Kong, power,520 PS @8000 rpm Max. Torque,347 lb·ft @6500 rpm Power/Disp,109.1 bhp/litre Weight/Power ratio,5.8 lb/bhp Bore x Stroke,3.35 in. It completed the track in 7,47,3 seconds faster than the Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat but 28 seconds slower than the Mercedes-AMG GT R. Buckley, Rees, Chris