Greater San Antonio
San Antonio–New Braunfels is an eight-county metropolitan area in the U. S. state of Texas defined by the Office of Budget. Colloquially referred to as Greater San Antonio, the metropolitan area straddles South Texas and Central Texas and is on the southwestern corner of the Texas Triangle; the official 2017 U. S. Census estimate showed the metropolitan area's population at 2,473,974—up from a reported 1,711,103 in 2000—making it the 24th largest metropolitan area in the United States. Austin–Round Rock lies about 80 miles northeast of Greater San Antonio. San Antonio–New Braunfels is the third-largest metro area in Texas, after Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington and Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land. There are eight counties; the central county is Bexar. The MSA covers a total of 7,387 sq. mi. 7,340 sq. mi. is land and 47 sq. mi. is water. Greater San Antonio has a number of communities spread out across several regions, it is centered around the City of San Antonio, the second largest city in Texas and the seventh largest city in the USA, with 1.5 million residents spread across 500 square miles.
Other regions include the surrounding counties. San Antonio New Braunfels Cibolo Schertz Seguin Timberwood Park San Antonio–New Braunfels is home to seven Fortune 1000 companies. Valero Energy Corp, Tesoro Petroleum Corp, Clear Channel Communications, USAA, NuStar Energy and CST Brands Inc are located in San Antonio. Rush Enterprises is located in New Braunfels; the San Antonio International Airport is located in Uptown San Antonio eight miles north of Downtown. It has two terminals and is served by 21 airlines serving 44 destinations including six in Mexico and one in Canada. VIA Metropolitan Transit is the metropolitan area's public transportation authority, serving the entire City of San Antonio and many of its suburbs throughout Bexar County. San Antonio Station serves as the area's Amtrak train station. Interstate Highways Interstate 10- West to El Paso, east to Houston Interstate 35- North to Austin and the Dallas/Fort Worth area, south to Laredo Interstate 37- South to Corpus Christi Interstate 410- Inner loop around San Antonio passes through the following municipalities: Castle Hills, Balcones Heights, Leon ValleyOther major highways U.
S. Highway 87- South to Victoria, north to San Angelo U. S. Highway 90- West to Uvalde U. S. Highway 181- South to Beeville U. S. Highway 281- North to Wichita Falls, south to McAllen Loop 1604- Outer loop around San Antonio The City of San Antonio is home to many public institutions; the San Antonio area's largest university is the University of Texas at San Antonio. Other public institutions include the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas A&M University–San Antonio, the five colleges of the Alamo Community College District; the city has many private institutions as well, such as Our Lady of the Lake University and St. Mary's University on the inner west side. Trinity University and the University of the Incarnate Word are in Midtown; the Culinary Institute of America maintains its third campus in Downtown. Texas Lutheran University in Seguin and Howard Payne University at New Braunfels, now offering classes at a local high school but will soon have a true campus in the Veramendi Development, are the only higher education institutions in the area outside of San Antonio city limits.
The San Antonio area has many public elementary and secondary schools sorted into the following independent school districts: As of the census of 2000, there were 1,711,703 people, 601,265 households, 432,131 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 71.4% White, 7.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.6% from other races, 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.4% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $40,764 and the median income for a family was $46,686. Males had a median income of $32,143 versus $24,007 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $18,713. List of cities in Texas Texas census statistical areas List of Texas metropolitan areas Texas Triangle
San Antonio the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populous city in the United States, the second-most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States, with more than 1.5 million residents. Founded as a Spanish mission and colonial outpost in 1718, the city became the first chartered civil settlement in present-day Texas in 1731; the area was still part of the Spanish Empire, of the Mexican Republic. Today it is the state's oldest municipality; the city's deep history is contrasted with its rapid recent growth during the past few decades. It was the fastest-growing of the top ten largest cities in the United States from 2000 to 2010, the second from 1990 to 2000. Straddling the regional divide between South and Central Texas, San Antonio anchors the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion colloquially known as the "Texas Triangle". San Antonio serves as the seat of Bexar County. Since San Antonio was founded during the Spanish Colonial Era, it has a church in its center, on the main civic plaza in front, a characteristic of many Spanish-founded cities and villages in Spain and Latin America.
As with many other urban centers in the Southwestern United States, areas outside the city limits are sparsely populated. San Antonio is the center of the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan statistical area. Called Greater San Antonio, the metro area has a population of 2,473,974 based on the 2017 U. S. census estimate, making it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in the United States and third-largest in Texas. Growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10 corridors to the north and east make it that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. San Antonio was named by a 1691 Spanish expedition for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is June 13; the city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which together were designated UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2015. Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, SeaWorld, the Alamo Bowl, Marriage Island. Commercial entertainment includes Morgan's Wonderland amusement parks.
According to the San Antonio Convention and Visitors Bureau, the city is visited by about 32 million tourists a year. It is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio Spurs, hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the U. S; the U. S. Armed Forces have numerous facilities around San Antonio. Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base, Lackland AFB/Kelly Field Annex, Camp Bullis, Camp Stanley are outside the city limits. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio until 2001, when the airfield was transferred to Lackland AFB; the remaining parts of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex. San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and the South Texas Medical Center, the only medical research and care provider in the South Texas region. At the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, they called the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning "refreshing waters".
In 1691, a group of Spanish explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua, they named the river "San Antonio" in his honor. It was years. Father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there; the viceroy gave formal approval for a combined mission and presidio in late 1716, as he wanted to forestall any French expansion into the area from their colony of La Louisiane to the east, as well as prevent illegal trading with the Payaya. He directed the governor of Coahuila y Tejas, to establish the mission complex. Differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, construction did not start until 1718. Olivares built, with the help of the Payaya Indians, the Misión de San Antonio de Valero, the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar, the bridge that connected both, the Acequia Madre de Valero; the families who clustered around the presidio and mission were the start of Villa de Béjar, destined to become the most important town in Spanish Texas.
On May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5, 1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar on the west side of the San Antonio River, one-fourth league from the mission. On February 14, 1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana to populate the province of Texas, his plan was approved, notice was given the Canary Islanders to furnish 200 families. By June 1730, 25 families had reached Cuba, 10 families had been sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain came to stop the re-settlement. Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, where they arrived on March 9, 1731. Due to marriages along the way, the party now included a total of 56 persons, they joined the military community established in 1718. The immigrants f
Wilson County, Texas
Wilson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 42,918, its county seat is Floresville. The county is named after James Charles Wilson. Wilson County is part of TX metropolitan statistical area. Archeological evidence in the Wilson County area reveals early habitation from the Paleo-Indians Hunter-gatherers period; the area was a hunting range for Tonkawa, Tamiques, Karankawa. Tawakoni, Lipan Apache and Comanche hunted in the county. In September 1718 Martín de Alarcón crossed the area on his way to explore the bay of Espíritu Santo. Pedro de Rivera y Villalón crossed the county in 1727 as part of an expedition to inspect the frontier defenses of New Spain. In 1766–67 the Marqués de Rubí included the area in his inspection of the Spanish frontier, the 1798 explorations of the coast by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado skirted the area; the first two land grants in the area were to Luis Menchaca and Andrés Hernández, who established ranches circa 1832-1833.
Anglos began arriving in the 1840s, Southern planters in 1850 and 1860, followed by German and Polish immigrants from other counties. Wilson County was formed in 1860 from Karnes. Sutherland Springs was designated the county seat. Wilson County voted in favor of secession from the Union, sent several military units to serve. Wartime hardships were compounded by a three-year drought. Following the civil war, the county seat was moved to Floresville; the 1872 courthouse was destroyed by fire and replaced in 1884 with a new building designed by Alfred Giles. Fence Cutting Wars in Texas lasted for five years, 1883-1888; the 40,000-acre ranch of Houston and Dilworth became the focal point in Wilson County. As farmers and ranchers began to compete for precious land and water, cattlemen found it more difficult to feed their herds, prompting cowboys to cut through fences. Texas Governor John Ireland prodded a special assembly to order the fence cutters to cease. In response, the legislature made fence-cutting and pasture-burning crimes punishable with prison time, while at the same time regulating fencing.
The practice abated with sporadic incidents of related violence 1888. The San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway reached Floresville in 1886. In 1898 the San Antonio and Gulf Railroad was extended to Stockdale. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 808 square miles, of which 804 square miles is land and 4.7 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 87 U. S. Highway 181 State Highway 97 Guadalupe County Gonzales County Karnes County Atascosa County Bexar County As of the census of 2000, there were 32,408 people, 11,038 households, 8,830 families residing in the county; the population density was 40 people per square mile. There were 12,110 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.19% White, 1.21% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.25% from other races, 2.43% from two or more races. 36.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 11,038 households out of which 40.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.50% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.00% were non-families.
17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.26. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,006, the median income for a family was $45,681. Males had a median income of $31,716 versus $23,582 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,253. About 9.20% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over. Elmendorf Floresville La Vernia Nixon Stockdale Poth Doseido Colony Grass Pond Colony Sandy Hills John Connally, governor of Texas and U.
S. Secretary of the Navy and Treasury Merrill Connally, an actor and a county judge Wayne Connally, a member of both houses of the Texas State Legislature Frank Hamer, Texas Ranger List of museums in South Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Wilson County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Wilson County Wilson County Courthouse and Jail Wilson County from the Handbook of Texas Online Historic Wilson County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History. Wilson County Historical Society Wilson County government's website
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
New Braunfels, Texas
New Braunfels is a city in Comal and Guadalupe counties in the U. S. state of Texas, located in the northeastern part of Greater San Antonio. It is 32 miles from Downtown San Antonio; the city covers 44.9 square miles and has a 2017 estimated population of 79,152. New Braunfels was established in 1845 by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, Commissioner General of the Adelsverein known as the Noblemen's Society. Prince Solms named the settlement in honor of his home of Germany; the Adelsverein organized hundreds of people in Germany to settle in Texas. Immigrants from Germany began arriving at Galveston in July 1844. Most traveled by ship to Indianola in December 1844, began the overland journey to the Fisher-Miller land grant purchased by Prince Solms. At the urging of John Coffee Hays, who realized the settlers would not have time to build homes and plant crops further inland before winter, as the German settlers were traveling inland along the Guadalupe River, they stopped near the Comal Springs.
Prince Solms bought two leagues of land from Rafael Garza and Maria Antonio Veramendi Garza for $1,111.00. The land was located northeast of San Antonio on El Camino Real de los Tejas and had the strong freshwater Comal Springs, known as Las Fontanas, when the Germans arrived, it was the lower portions of the Fisher-Miller land grant. The first settlers forded the Guadalupe River on Good Friday, March 21, 1845, near the present-day Faust Street bridge; as the spring of 1845 progressed, the settlers built the "Zinkenburg", a fort named for Adelsverein civil engineer Nicolaus Zink, divided the land, began building homes and planting crops. Prince Solms would lay the cornerstone for the Sophienburg, a permanent fort and center for the immigrant association. In 1844, Prince Solms was so disillusioned with the logistics of the colonization that he asked the Vereins to remove him as commissioner-general and appoint a successor; when John O. Meusebach arrived, the finances were in disarray, due in part to Prince Solms' lack of business experience and his refusal to keep financial records.
To a larger degree, the financial situation happened because the Adelsverein was an organization of noblemen with no practical backgrounds at running businesses. They were on the other side of the world and did not witness the situation with which both Prince Solms and Meusebach were dealing. Henry Francis Fisher had not supplied transport and supplies for which the Verein advanced money to him. Meusebach found Prince Solms in Galveston trying to return to Germany, detained by authorities for unpaid bills. Meusebach made good on the debts, so Prince Solms could depart. Meusebach discovered that Prince Solms' choice of the inadequate Carlshafen as a port of entry, as well as the isolated route to New Braunfels, was deliberately chosen to keep the Germans from interacting with any Americans. According to Nicolaus Zink, Prince Solms had planned to establish a German feudal state by secretly bringing in immigrants and placing them in military fortresses. Meusebach, who had renounced his own title of nobility, took a different approach and invited Americans to settle in the Vereins territory.
Prince Solms, being an officer of the Imperial Army of Austria, had kept a uniformed military unit at the ready in Indianola. Meusebach converted the military unit to a more needed work detail. A finance and business structure for the colony was put in place by Meusebach, he provided for adequate food and shelter for the colonists. On August 11, 1845, Hermann Friedrich Seele became the first teacher for the German-English school in New Braunfels. Meusebach established friendly relations with a local tribe of Waco Indians. Upon seeing his reddish-blonde hair, they called him Ma-be-quo-si-to-mu, "Chief with the burning hair of the head". In May 1846, Meusebach received a letter from Count Castell informing him 4,304 emigrants were on their way to Texas. With no funds and no new settlements, the mass of emigrants was stalled at Carlshafen. Meusebach's requests to the Verein for more money, his warnings of pending bankruptcy for the Verein, brought no results; as a last resort, Meusebach instructed D.
H. Klaener to publish the plight in the German news media. Embarrassed by the publicity, the Verein established a $60,000 letter of credit; the amount was not adequate for sustaining the total number of German emigrants in Texas, but Castell sent Philip Cappes as special commissioner to observe the situation. Cappes had been instructed by Castell to observe Meusebach and to secretly report back every detail. By the time Cappes departed in March 1847, he recommended another $200,000 be advanced. Cappes invited Henry Francis Fisher to New Braunfels, in spite of Fisher not being trustworthy to the Verein; as of February 11, 1845, Fisher had been involved in coercing newly arrived immigrants to sign documents stating their intent to depart from the Verein and align with Fisher's friend Dr. Friedrich Schubbert known as Friedrich Strubberg. Cappes was not in town when Meusebach was breakfast host to Fisher on December 31, 1846. Posters had mysteriously appeared about town maligning Meusebach, saying "Curses upon Meusebach the slave driver", inciting colonists to free themselves from his "tyranny".
A group led by Rudolph Iwonski pushed their way into Meusebach's home, colonist C. Herber brandished a whip. Herber was an alleged counterfeiter. Meusebach and Herber shared a dislike of one another; the colonists' list of demands included Meusebach resigning as commissioner-general and turning the colonization over to Fisher. Meusebach kept his composure, but the group became so heated
Medina County, Texas
Medina County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 46,006, its county seat is Hondo. The county is named for the Medina River; the Medina Dam, the fourth largest in the nation when completed in 1913, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The irrigation project, creating Medina Lake, was built by 1500 skilled workers who worked in shifts operating 24 hours a day to complete the dam in two years. Medina County is part of the San Antonio, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Texas Legislature formed Medina county on February 12, 1848 and enlarged it on February 1, 1850 using land taken from Bexar County. Castroville was the county seat, the county erected the first permanent courthouse there in 1854; the county seat moved to Hondo in 1892, a new courthouse was completed there in 1893. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,335 square miles, of which 1,325 square miles is land and 9.2 square miles is water.
Interstate 35 U. S. Highway 90 State Highway 16 State Highway 132 State Highway 173 Bandera County Bexar County Atascosa County Frio County Uvalde County As of the census of 2000, there were 39,304 people, 12,880 households, 10,136 families residing in the county; the population density was 30 people per square mile. There were 14,826 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 14.48% from other races, 2.88% from two or more races. 45.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,880 households out of which 39.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.30% were non-families. 18.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the county, the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,063, the median income for a family was $40,288. Males had a median income of $27,045 versus $21,734 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,210. About 12.00% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.80% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over. D'Hanis Lake Medina Shores Dunlay Mico Pearson Rio Medina Yancey New Fountain Quihi Vandenburg, abandoned for New Fountain in 1846 National Register of Historic Places listings in Medina County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Medina County Holt, Jr. C. L. R.. Geology and ground-water resources of Medina County, Texas.
Washington, D. C.: U. S. Government Printing Office. Castro Colonies Heritage Association, The History of Medina County, Dallas, TX: National Share Graphics, 1983). Houston B. Eggen, History of Public Education in Medina County, Texas, 1848–1928. Cyril Matthew Kuehne, S. M. Ripples from Medina Lake, San Antonio, TX: Naylor, 1966. Bobby D. Weaver, Castro's Colony: Empresario Development in Texas, 1842–1865, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1985. Media related to Medina County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Medina County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Schertz is a city in Guadalupe and Comal counties in the U. S. state of Texas, within the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan area. The population was 40,092 as of the 2017 U. S. Census estimate, up from 31,465 at the 2010 census. Schertz is the third-largest city in the San Antonio-New Braunfels metropolitan area and the largest city of the Randolph Metrocom, which consists of cities surrounding the Randolph Air Force Base; the Metrocom is located on San Antonio's far northeast side. In addition to Schertz, other Randolph Metrocom communities include Live Oak, Converse, Cibolo, Universal City, Garden Ridge, Selma; these towns are located in Comal and Guadalupe counties and combined have a total of 355,000 residents and growing rapidly. Since the late 1990s, Schertz experienced substantial growth. In five years, from 2000–2005, the city's population jumped from 18,694 to 26,463. In 2006 alone, the population rose from 26,463 to 34,000. During that same period, the city platted the growth shows no sign of slowdown.
The first settlers came to Schertz around 1843. Some of the families on the immediate land surrounding Schertz were the Boettigers, Schneiders, Seilers and Mergeles. Members of the Schertz family still reside in the city; the first name of Schertz was "Cibolo Pit" "Cut Off", thus named because when Cibolo Creek flooded, the settlement was cut off. The first settlers planted wheat and corn, which did not need special equipment to harvest and process. In years, cotton was planted, proved to be a productive cash crop. In 1870, the first gin was built by the Schertz family, it was powered by mules and later by steam. This gin was located; the second cotton gin built by Weyel and Kallies was between Second streets. In years, there was a corn sheller and lumber yard; the first school, built in 1890, was across Cibolo Creek. In 1917 a new two-story brick school was built torn down to make room for the O'Henry School; the land for the school was donated by Adolph Schertz. In 1876, one of the largest boosts to Schertz came when the Galveston and San Antonio Railroad was built through the town.
This gave the people a chance to travel to San Antonio by rail instead of wagon or buggy, besides goods being shipped in and out. The first post office was established in 1882. At that time Schertz was still known as Cut Off. In 1899 it became Schertz. Sebastian Schertz operated a general store when the railroad was constructed. A big and active shooting club was located on the site, now the City Park. There was an annual shooting tournament called Koenig Schiessen or "King Shoot"; this was a two-day affair with people coming from San Antonio by train. The last night, a big dance was held to close the event for that year. A piece of live coal, blown from a switch engine, carrying gravel cars to or from the rock crusher, is believed to have blown on the shingle roof of the dance hall, setting it on fire and destroying it, it was rebuilt, but the club disbanded. The rockcrusher was at one time located in Cibolo Creek across from the public utilities of the city of Schertz; this was destroyed in 1913.
The first church in Schertz is the present day United Methodist Church on First Street. One of the oldest business buildings, the red brick building on Main Street, was built by Willie Schertz, it is now a hardware store and Masonic meeting place. It was the first mercantile store. On the site of the present-day Schertz Bank, a two-story hotel, a five-room hospital and drug store complex was built in 1909; the hotel was built by Henry Ebert. Dr. Watson was the resident doctor; this doctor used two methods of transportation to see his patients, a horse-drawn hack for good roads and horseback for emergencies in bad weather and long distances. In 1917 another red brick hospital on Main Street was built by Dr. C. M. Cotham and Miss Cora Karbach, a nurse, it is now an old apartment house. The first bank was chartered in 1913, one of the first bankers was Mr. Glass, he organized the National Home Guard during World War I, which drilled at night in the second story of the building that at the present time is the Masonic Lodge meeting place.
Randolph Field was a boon to Schertz in the late 1920s. Farm land was bought as the Air Corps needed 2,000 acres for the air academy, which opened in 1930. There were three sites considered; the present site was chosen because there was less fog in the area and the fog lifted earlier in the day, which meant more flying time. All of this boosted the economy not only for Schertz and the surrounding communities but for the areas of New Braunfels and San Antonio; the V. F. W. of Schertz was chartered in 1946. The first fire protection was from the Randolph Field Fire Department. Schertz businesses and citizens organized a fire department, the first business meeting of the Schertz Fire Department was February 8, 1956. Archie Woodward was the first fire chief. A combination fire station and city hall were built, the Schertz library is now in this building. A new library has been built next to the previous library. Schertz was incorporated as a city by the state of Texas in 1958; the original center of Schertz is located in western Guadalupe County at 29°33′21″N 98°16′22″W.
City Hall, located at 1400 Schertz Parkway, is in Guadalupe County. Large tracts of the city now extend south into Bexar County. Cibolo Creek, formin