National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame
The National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame was founded in 1951 in Saratoga Springs, New York, to honor the achievements of American Thoroughbred race horses and trainers. In 1955, the museum moved to its current location on Union Avenue near Saratoga race course, at which time inductions into the hall of fame began; each spring, following the tabulation of the final votes, the announcement of new inductees is made during Kentucky Derby Week in early May. The actual inductions are held in mid-August during the Saratoga race meeting; the Hall of Fame's nominating committee selects eight to ten candidates from among the four Contemporary categories to be presented to the voters. Changes in voting procedures that commenced with the 2010 candidates allow the voters to choose multiple candidates from a single Contemporary category, instead of a single candidate from each of the four Contemporary categories. For example, in 2016, two female horses were inducted at the same time; the museum houses a large collection of art and memorabilia that document the history of horse racing from the eighteenth century to the present.
The museum first opened its doors in 1951, at which time it occupied a single room in Saratoga's Canfield Casino. The establishment was supported by the city of Saratoga Springs, which donated $2,500, the Saratoga Racing Association, which donated $5,000, various patrons of the sport, who donated various pieces of art and memorabilia; the first item in the museum's collection was a horseshoe worn by the great Lexington. In 1955, the museum relocated to its current location on Union Avenue, close to the main entrance of Saratoga Race Course. Inductions into the hall of fame began at the same time. Since the museum has expanded several times to allow for the display of its extensive art collection and more multimedia displays on the history of the sport. In the early years, inductions to the hall of fame were based on the evaluation of a panel of racing historians. In 1955, a group of 9 horses from the earliest years of the American turf were inducted; the 1956 class included 11 horses that raced around the turn of the century, while the 1957 class included 10 horses that raced up to the mid-thirties.
Since the classes have been smaller as the inductions shifted to more contemporary horses. Under current rules, a horse must have been retired for a minimum of five full calendar years to be eligible for the hall of fame. Thoroughbreds remain eligible in the contemporary category between five and 25 calendar years following their final racing year. Thoroughbreds retired for more than 25 calendar years may become eligible through the Historic Review Committee. Source: National Museum of Racing and Hall Contemporary jockeys become eligible for the Hall of Fame after they have been licensed for at least 20 years, remain eligible until 25 years after retirement. In special circumstances such as fragile health, the 20 year requirement may be waived, though there is a five year waiting period after retirement in such cases. Source: National Museum of Racing and Hall of FameLegend: * Still active ** Wins in North America only Contemporary trainers become eligible for the Hall of Fame after they have been licensed for at least 25 years, remain eligible until 25 years after retirement.
In special circumstances such as fragile health, the 25 year requirement may be waived though there is a five year waiting period after retirement in such cases. Established in 2013, the Hall of Fame states that the Pillars of the Turf category honors those "who have made extraordinary contributions to Thoroughbred racing in a leadership or pioneering capacity at the highest national level." In addition to the Hall of Fame, the museum houses numerous exhibits. These include: the Link Gallery, which features a bronze statue, a rotating selection of paintings the Sculpture Gallery, which features work by June Harrah, Herbert Haseltine, Marilyn Newmark, Jim Reno, John Skeaping and Eleanor Iselin Wade, among others; the gallery looks out onto the inner courtyard, which features a life-size bronze of Secretariat the Colonial Gallery, which covers the ocean transportation of horses and the foundations of American racing the Pre-Civil War Gallery, covering the expansion of racing during the early 19th century the Post-Civil War Gallery, covering the continued expansion of racing after the Civil War until a backlash to gambling in the early 20th century led to the closure of many tracks the 20th Century Gallery, which covers more recent topics The Eclipse Gallery, featuring award-winning entries from the Eclipse Award photography competition The Racing Day Gallery, which features displays about jockeys and the Breeders' Cup The Anatomy Room, covering the breeding and biology of the Thoroughbred The Triple Crown Gallery, including information and artifacts related to Triple Crown history The Steeplechase Gallery, covering the history of steeplechase racing in America The von Stade Gallery, which displays a selection of paintings, works on paper, or photographic prints from the Museum Collection The Peter McBean Gallery, which houses temporary exhibitions, a semi-permanent Hall of Fame Heroes exhibition and seasonal exhibitions.
It houses a collection bequeathed by John Nerud, including trophies and paintings of the Hall of Fame horses he trained, Gallant Man and Dr. FagerThe Museum Collection includes just over 300 paintings; these range from paintings of the early days of racing in England by John E. Ferneley, Sr. to more contemporary champions by Richard Stone Reeves. Featured artists include: William Smithson Broadhead, Vaughn Flannery, Sir Alfred J. Munnings
The Kentucky Derby is a horse race, held annually in Louisville, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The race is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings fillies 121 pounds; the race is called "The Run for the Roses" on account of the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is known in the United States as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes In Sports" or "The Fastest Two Minutes in Sports" in reference to its approximate duration, it is the first leg of the American Triple Crown and is followed by the Preakness Stakes the Belmont Stakes. Unlike the Preakness and Belmont Stakes, which took hiatuses in 1891–1893 and 1911–1912 the Kentucky Derby has been run every consecutive year since 1875; the Derby and Belmont all were run every year throughout the Great Depression and both World Wars. A horse must win all three races to win the Triple Crown.
In the 2015 listing of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities, the Kentucky Derby tied with the Whitney Handicap as the top Grade 1 race in the United States outside the Breeders' Cup races. The attendance at the Kentucky Derby ranks first in North America and surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup. In 1872, Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr. grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, traveled to England, visiting Epsom in Surrey where The Derby had been running annually since 1780. From there, Clark went on to Paris, where in 1863, a group of racing enthusiasts had formed the French Jockey Club and had organized the Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp, which at the time was the greatest race in France. Returning home to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club for the purpose of raising money to build quality racing facilities just outside the city; the track would soon become known as Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who provided the land for the racetrack.
The racetrack was incorporated as Churchill Downs in 1937. The Kentucky Derby was first run at 1 1/2 miles the same distance as the Epsom Derby; the distance was changed in 1896 to its current 1 1/4 miles. On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the first Derby. Under jockey Oliver Lewis, a colt named Aristides, trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, won the inaugural Derby; that year, Lewis rode Aristides to a second-place finish in the Belmont Stakes. Although the first race meeting proved a success, the track ran into financial difficulties and in 1894 the New Louisville Jockey Club was incorporated with new capitalization and improved facilities. Despite this, the business floundered until 1902 when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville put together a syndicate of businessmen to acquire the facility. Under Winn, Churchill Downs prospered and the Kentucky Derby became the preeminent stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses in North America.
Thoroughbred owners began sending their successful Derby horses to compete in the Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course, in Baltimore, followed by the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, New York. The three races offered large purses and in 1919 Sir Barton became the first horse to win all three races. However, the term Triple Crown didn't come into use for another eleven years. In 1930, when Gallant Fox became the second horse to win all three races, sportswriter Charles Hatton brought the phrase into American usage. Fueled by the media, public interest in the possibility of a "superhorse" that could win the Triple Crown began in the weeks leading up to the Derby. Two years after the term was coined, the race, run in mid-May since inception, was changed to the first Saturday in May to allow for a specific schedule for the Triple Crown races. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby.
On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes. On May 16, 1925, the first live radio broadcast of the Kentucky Derby was originated by WHAS and was carried by WGN in Chicago. On May 7, 1949, the first television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, produced by WAVE-TV, the NBC affiliate in Louisville; this coverage was aired live in the Louisville market and sent to NBC as a kinescope newsreel recording for national broadcast. On May 3, 1952, the first national television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, aired from then-CBS affiliate WHAS-TV. In 1954, the purse exceeded $100,000 for the first time. In 1968, Dancer's Image became the first horse to win the race and be disqualified after traces of phenylbutazone, an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug, were found in the horse's urinalysis. Forward Pass thus became the eighth winner for Calumet Farm. Unexpectedly, the regulations at Kentucky thoroughbred race tracks were changed some years allowing horses to run on phenylbutazone.
In 1970, Diane Crump became the first female jockey to ride in the Derby, finishing 15th aboard Fathom. The fastest time run in the Derby was set in 1973 at 1
The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes Thoroughbred horse race held on the first or second Saturday in June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. It is a 1.5-mile-long horse race, open to three-year-old Thoroughbreds. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds; the race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion, The Run for the Carnations, is the third and final leg of the Triple Crown and is held five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record of 2:24; the attendance at the Belmont Stakes is among the American thoroughbred racing top-attended events. The 2004 Belmont Stakes drew a television audience of 21.9 million viewers, had the highest household viewing rate since 1977 when Seattle Slew won the Triple Crown. The 150th Belmont Stakes took place on Saturday, June 9, 2018. Justify became the second horse in four years to win the Triple Crown; the first Belmont Stakes was held at Jerome Park Racetrack in The Bronx, built in 1866 by stock market speculator Leonard Jerome and financed by August Belmont Sr. for whom the race was named.
The first race in 1867 saw the filly Ruthless win. The race continued to be held at Jerome Park until 1890, when it was moved to the nearby facility, Morris Park Racecourse; the 1895 race was not held because of new laws that banned bookmaking in New York: it was rescheduled for November 2. The race remained at Morris Park Racecourse until the May 1905 opening of the new Belmont Park, 430-acre racetrack in Elmont, New York on Long Island, just outside the New York City borough of Queens; when anti-gambling legislation was passed in New York State, Belmont Racetrack was closed, the race was cancelled in 1911 and 1912. The first winner of the Triple Crown was Sir Barton, in 1919, before the series was recognized as such. In 1920, the Belmont was won by the great Man o' War, who won by 20 lengths, setting a new stakes and American record. Starting in 1926, the winner of the Belmont Stakes has been presented with August Belmont Trophy; the owner may keep the trophy for one year, receives a silver miniature for permanent use.
The term Triple Crown was first used when Gallant Fox won the three races in 1930, but the term did not enter widespread use until 1935 when his son Omaha repeated the feat. Sir Barton was honored retroactively. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes, the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions, the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes; the date of each event is now set by the Kentucky Derby, always held on the first Saturday in May. The Preakness Stakes is held two weeks later; the earliest possible date for the Derby is May 1, the latest is May 7. In 1937, War Admiral became the fourth Triple Crown winner after winning the Belmont in a new track record time of 2:28 3/5. In the 1940s, four Triple Crown winners followed: Whirlaway in 1941, Count Fleet in 1943, Assault in 1946 and Citation in 1948.
Count Fleet won the race by a then-record margin of twenty-five lengths. He set a stakes record of 2:28 1/5, a record tied by Citation. In 1957, the stakes record was smashed when Gallant Man ran the Belmont in 2:26 3/5 in a year when the Triple Crown series was split three ways; the Belmont Stakes race was held at Aqueduct Racetrack from 1963 to 1967, while the track at Belmont was restored and renovated. The largest crowd of the 20th century was in 1971 with over 80,000 people, supplemented by the city's Latino community, there to cheer on their new hero, Cañonero II, the Venezuelan colt who had won the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and was poised to win the U. S. Triple Crown. However, due to a foot infection that had bothered the horse for several days, Cañonero II failed to win the Triple Crown when he struggled across the finish line in 4th place behind Pass Catcher, ridden by Walter Blum. Despite this loss, Cañonero II was named the winner of the first Eclipse Award for Outstanding Three-Year-Old Male Horse.
On June 9, 1973, Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes by thirty-one lengths in a record time of 2:24, becoming a Triple Crown champion, ending a 25-year gap between Citation, the Belmont and Triple Crown winner in 1948. Secretariat's record still stands as the fastest running of the Belmont Stakes and an American record for 1½ miles on the dirt. In 1977, Seattle Slew became the first horse to win the Triple Crown while undefeated. Affirmed was the last winner of the Triple Crown in the 20th century, taking the Belmont Stakes in 2:26 4/5 on June 10, 1978. Ridden by eighteen-year-old Steve Cauthen, Affirmed defeated rival Alydar with Jorge Velasquez in the saddle. At the time the race was the third-slowest start and the third-fastest finish with the quarter in 25, the half in 50, 3/4 in 1:14, the mile in 1:37 2/5. In 1988, Secretariat's son Risen Star won the Belmont in 2:26 2/5 the second-fastest time in the history of the race; the next year, Easy Goer lowered the mark for second-fastest time to 2:26.
Easy Goer holds a Beyer Speed Figure of 122 for the race, the best of any Triple Crown race since these ratings were first published in 1987. For three years in a row, horses came to the Belmont S
Thoroughbred horse racing is a worldwide sport and industry:(involving the racing of Thoroughbred horses. It is governed by different national bodies. There are two forms of the sport: Flat racing and jump racing, called National Hunt racing in the UK and steeplechasing in the US. Jump racing can be further divided into steeplechasing. Traditionally racehorses have been owned by wealthy individuals, it has become common in the last few decades for horses to be owned by syndicates or partnerships. Notable examples include the 2005 Epsom Derby winner Motivator, owned by the Royal Ascot Racing Club, 2003 Kentucky Derby winner Funny Cide, owned by a group of 10 partners organized as Sackatoga Stable. 2008 Kentucky Derby winner Big Brown, owned by IEAH stables, a horse racing hedgefund organization. Most race horses were bred and raced by their owners. Beginning after World War II, the commercial breeding industry became more important in North America and Australasia, with the result that a substantial portion of Thoroughbreds are now sold by their breeders, either at public auction or through private sales.
Additionally, owners may acquire Thoroughbreds by "claiming" them out of a race. A horse runs in the unique colours of its owner; these colours must be registered under the national governing bodies and no two owners may have the same colours. The rights to certain colour arrangements are valuable in the same way that distinctive car registration numbers are of value, it is said. If an owner has more than one horse running in the same race some slight variant in colours is used or the race club colours may be used; the horse owner pays a monthly retainer or, in North America, a "day rate" to his or her trainer, together with fees for use of the training center or gallops and farrier fees and other expenses such as mortality insurance premiums, stakes entry fees and jockeys' fees. The typical cost of owning a race horse in training for one year is in the order of £15,000 in the United Kingdom and as much as $35,000 at major race tracks in North America; the facilities available to trainers vary enormously.
Some trainers pay to use other trainers' gallops. Other trainers have every conceivable training asset, it is a feature of racing that a modest establishment holds its own against the bigger players in a top race. This is true of national hunt racing. In 1976, Canadian Bound became the first Thoroughbred yearling racehorse to be sold for more than US$1 million when he was purchased at the Keeneland July sale by Canadians, Ted Burnett and John Sikura, Jr. Racing is governed on an All-Ireland basis, with two bodies sharing organising responsibility; the Irish Horseracing Regulatory Board is the rulemaking and enforcement body, whilst Horse Racing Ireland governs and promotes racing. In 2013, Ireland exported more than 4,800 Thoroughbreds to 37 countries worldwide with a total value in excess of €205 million; this is double the number of horses exported annually from the U. S. In Great Britain, Thoroughbred horse racing is governed by the British Horseracing Authority which makes and enforces the rules, issues licences or permits to trainers and jockeys, runs the races through their race course officials.
The Jockey Club in the UK has been released from its regulatory function but still performs various supporting roles. A significant part of the BHA's work relates to the disciplining of trainers and jockeys, including appeals from decisions made by the course stewards. Disciplinary enquiries relate to the running of a horse, for example: failure to run a horse on its merits, interference with other runners, excessive use of the whip; the emergence of internet betting exchanges has created opportunities for the public to lay horses and this development has been associated with some high-profile disciplinary proceedings. In order to run under rules a horse must be registered at Weatherbys as a Thoroughbred, it must reside permanently at the yard of a trainer licensed by the BHA or a permit holder. The horse's owner or owners must be registered as owners. Thoroughbred racing is governed on a state-by-state basis in Australia; the Australian Turf Club administers racing in New South Wales, the Victoria Racing Club is the responsible entity in Victoria, the Brisbane Racing Club was an amalgamation in 2009 of the Queensland Turf Club and Brisbane Racing Club, administers racing in Queensland.
Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne is home to the Melbourne Cup, the richest "two-mile" handicap in the world, one of the richest turf races. The race is held on the first Tuesday in November during the Spring Racing Carnival, is publicised in Australia as "the race that stops a nation". Regulation and control of racing in the United States is fragmented. A state government entity in each American state that conducts racing will license owners and others involved in the industry, set racing dates, enforce drug restrictions and other rules. Pedigree matters and the registration of racing colors, are the province of The Jockey Club, which maintains the American Stud Book and approves the names of all Thoroughbreds; the National Steeplechase Association is the official sanctioning body of American steeplechase horse racing. Regulation of horse racing in Canada is under the Jockey Club of Canada. There are a few racing venues across Canada, but the major events are in Ont
A horse trainer is a person who tends to horses and teaches them different disciplines. Some of the responsibilities trainers have are caring for the animals’ physical needs, as well as teaching them submissive behaviors and/or coaching them for events, which may include contests and other riding purposes; the level of education and the yearly salary they can earn for this profession may differ depending on where the person is employed. Horse domestication by the Botai culture in Kazakhstan dates to about 3500 BC. Written records of horse training as a pursuit has been documented as early as 1350 BC, by Kikkuli, the Hurrian "master horse trainer" of the Hittite Empire. Another source of early recorded history of horse training as a discipline comes from the Greek writer Xenophon, in his treatise On Horsemanship. Writing circa 350 BC, Xenophon addressed starting young horses, selecting older animals, proper grooming and bridling, he how to deal with vices. His approach is credited as the first known method of training horses through a sympathetic approach, wherein the trainer attempts to understand the natural instincts of the horse and build a relationship.
In horse racing, a trainer prepares a horse for races, with responsibility for exercising it, getting it race-ready and determining which races it should enter. Leading horse trainers can earn a great deal of money from a percentage of the winnings that they charge the owner for training the horse. Outside horse racing, most trainers specialize in a certain equestrianism discipline, such as show jumping, rodeo, sport horse disciplines, training of a specific horse breed, starting young horses, or working with problem horses. There are a wide variety of horse training methods used to teach the horse to do the things humans want them to do; some fields can be lucrative depending on the value of the horses once trained or prize money available in competition. However, as a rule, most horse trainers earn, at best, a modest income which requires supplementation from a second job or additional horse-related business, such as horse boarding or riding lessons. Horse trainers are deemed to have the status of agents for the horse owners.
As such, they have legal obligations to their owners, as well as authority to represent and bind their owners to certain transactions. Graduation from some form of secondary school, mandatory to become an animal trainer, is one of the qualifications a horse trainer may need. While this is a requirement for some employers, others may only require that horse trainers learn as they go along. Beginners in horse training can learn more about the subject at a college institution, which can be beneficial for their profession, but it is not always mandatory for horse trainers. Apprenticeship is another option if a person wants to gain more knowledge about the profession; when starting out in the profession, a horse trainer may not be given the assignments of a more learned and seasoned trainer until they gain more maturity in the job. Or, prior to their employment, they can develop their skills elsewhere. A horse trainer may need to acquire a license in order to train; the earnings of horse trainers may be different depending on the country and the place of employment.
According to the United States Department of Labor, “The median annual wage for animal trainers was $25,270 in May 2012. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $17,580, the top 10 percent earned more than $49,840.” The Government of Western Australia Department of Training and Workforce Development, in their section about horse trainers, state that $43,399 may be the standard yearly wages in Western Australia. Racehorse trainers in the UK can earn up to a standard yearly amount of £45,000, depending on the level of expertise a person possesses. For independent horse trainers, their status and the amount of work they do can influence the salary."Race winnings" can provide a trainer with additional money. Drug usage in horses has been a disputed topic in the field of equine; the acceptable purpose of drugs in this area is to reduce suffering of injuries in racehorses, but sometimes drugs are used unlawfully to get an advantage over other horses, which can result in penalties for the horse trainer in question.
With the numerous weekly deaths of racehorses, drugs are a disputed cause of death in horses. The intoxication of horses is concerning to some people, such as legislators; some trainers defend drugs. Some trainers deny that they use drugs for unlawful purposes, sometimes because of their respect for horses. List of race horse trainers Horse training Horse racing Horse show O*Net online description of animal trainer
WinStar Farm is an American Thoroughbred horse breeding and racing farm near Versailles, owned by Kenny Troutt. It is the owner of Justify, winner of the 2018 Triple Crown, along with Super Saver, winner of the 2010 Kentucky Derby, it stands several notable stallions, including Tiznow, Distorted Humor and Pioneerof the Nile, sire of American Pharoah. WinStar Farm won the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Owner in 2010 and won the Outstanding Breeder award in 2016; the core of the property was Silver Pool Farm, a 450-acre farm settled in the late 1700s by the Williams family from the Tidewater area of Virginia, which remained in that family for over 150 years. The area was first surveyed in 1788 and the original Silver Pool farm was settled by Daniel Williams, a descendant of Roger Williams, his wife, was a relative of Andrew Jackson. The couple were among the founders of the local Baptist Church, their sons Daniel and John went on to own the Silver Pool property and it was used for raising livestock and for manufacturing products from hemp.
John's grandson, Claude S. Williams lived there and was known as a successful and "locally prominent" farmer and stockman; the farm was known to have been owned by the Williams family at least through the 1930s. Several buildings on the property are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the original pond was used as a location for hauling ice. The NRHP historic portion of the property is part of the Pisgah Rural Historic District and lies along Pisgah Pike road; the conforming structures include the original farmhouse from the settlement period, circa 1784-1790, when Virginia families first moved into the region. It retains its historic character. A brick smoke house, tobacco barn, converted to a horse barn, the spring-fed, stone-lined pond are listed. Along a portion of the Pisgah Pike that adjoins the property, a natural hedge of Osage orange has grown so tall that it has become a canopy arching over the road, is noted on the NRHP as a significant feature. Over time, most of Silver Pool became part of the 400-acre Prestonwood Farm, owned by Houston, Texas oilmen Jack, J. R. Preston, whose better known horses included Da Hoss and Victory Gallop.
In 2000, Kenny Troutt and Bill Casner, both with long-standing interests in horses, came together to purchase Prestonwood, renaming it WinStar Farm. Included in the purchase were the stallions Distorted Humor, still standing at WinStar and the sire of 2003 Kentucky Derby winner Funny Cide, Kris S.. Over the years, WinStar has grown, incorporating land from the nearby Olsen and Kinkead farms, as of 2016, consists of over 2,400 acres housing over 20 stallions, as well as a large broodmare band and facilities for weanlings and yearlings. In 2002, WinStar made its first major stallion acquisition —Tiznow, the only two-time winner of the Breeders' Cup Classic, having won that event in 2000 and 2001. Although Tiznow's pedigree was not fashionable, WinStar took a gamble that paid off when Tiznow became the leading freshman sire of 2005, he has ranked among the top thirty sires in North America for many years, was among the top five sires in 2008 and 2009. He is now developing into a successful sire of sires.
Dave Cauthen, brother of jockey Steve Cauthen, was named the first CEO of WinStar. In 2005, W. Elliott Walden, who had trained Distorted Humor and several WinStar horses, became vice president and racing manager. In 2010, Troutt and Casner dissolved their partnership; that year, Walden replaced Cauthen as president and CEO. In 2013, WinStar built a new stallion barn that houses 18 stallions, with covered access to two breeding sheds and two viewing areas. There are twenty-two paddocks of 3 acres each. A secondary barn acts as a quarantine area for stallions shuttling to the Southern Hemisphere, houses stallions when there is no room for them in the main barn, they have an extensive training facility for teaching young Thoroughbreds the basics of racing. Graduates of their training program include such notable horses as Honor Code. WinStar was a finalist for the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Breeder in 2008. WinStar won the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Owner in 2010. WinStar offers an innovative "Dream Big" program, which offers breeders the opportunity to earn a lifetime breeding right to a young stallion after producing just two live foals from his first books.
Troutt said that in the volatile thoroughbred industry, the keys to survival are to not let emotions drive bidding and to always be willing to sell. WinStar Farm won the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Breeder of 2016 after leading all North American breeders with earnings of $10,516,427, led by Tourist. Horses bred by WinStar earned 15 graded stakes wins and 239 overall wins in 2016, placing WinStar first in these categories as well. Although WinStar is known as a stud farm, they have raced several notable horses under WinStar's colors. Justify, winner of the 2018 Triple Crown, a son of Scat Daddy, purchased at the 2015 Keeneland sales for $500,000Bluegrass Cat, won the 2006 Haskell Invitational and was second in the Derby, a homebred by Storm Cat Colonel John, won the 2008 Santa Anita Derby and Haskell Invitational, a homebred by Tiznow Well Armed, won the 2009 Dubai World Cup by a record 14 lengths, a homebred by Tiznow Super Saver†, won the 2010 Kentucky Derby, a homebred by Maria's Mon Drosselmeyer, won the 2010 Belmont Stakes and 2011 Breeders' Cup Classic, a homebred by Distorted Humor
The Breeders' Cup World Championships is an annual series of Grade I Thoroughbred horse races, operated by Breeders' Cup Limited, a company formed in 1982. From its inception in 1984 through 2006, it was a single-day event. All sites have been in the United States, except in 1996, when the races were at the Woodbine Racetrack in Canada; the attendance at the Breeders' Cup varies, depending on the capacity of the host track. Santa Anita Park set the highest two-day attendance figure of 118,484 in 2016; the lowest two-day attendance was 69,584 in 2007 at Monmouth Park. The attendance only trails the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes and the Kentucky Oaks. With the addition of three races for 2008, a total of $25.5 million was awarded over the two days, up from $23 million in 2007. With the subsequent removal of two races, the purses for the remaining thirteen races totaled $24.5 million in 2014, plus awards for foal and stallion nominators. Prior to the 2016 running, the total purses were raised from $26 million to $28 million.
The purse of the Classic was raised from $5 million to $6 million, the purse of the Longines Turf was increased from $3 million to $4 million. In 2018, total prizes and awards were increased to over $30 million after another race, the Juvenile Turf Sprint, was added and the purse for the Sprint was increased to $2 million; each Breeders' Cup race presents four Breeders' Cup trophies to the connections of the winner and a garland of flowers draped over the withers of the winning horse. Many Breeders' Cup winners will go on to win the Eclipse Award in their respective division. For example, of the eleven flat racehorse categories, seven of the Eclipse winners in 2015 had won a Breeders' Cup race, while three others were in the money. In the 2015 listing of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities, three Breeders' Cup races are ranked among the top Grade 1 races in the world: the Classic, the Turf and the Mile; the Distaff is ranked second among the top Grade 1 races for mares. The event was created as a year-end championship for North American Thoroughbred racing, attracts top horses from other parts of the world Europe.
The idea for the Breeders' Cup was proposed at the 1982 awards luncheon for the Kentucky Derby Festival by pet food heir John R. Gaines, a leading Thoroughbred owner and breeder who wanted to clean up the sport's image; the Cup was faced with much skepticism in the racing community, however with the vocal support of legendary trainer John Nerud and others, the Breeders' Cup was carried out, subsequently experienced tremendous popularity domestically and abroad. The prize money is supported by nomination fees paid by breeders for stallions and the resultant foals. In North America, participating stud farms pay an annual nomination fee for a given stallions, equal to the stallion's advertised stud fee, plus an additional amount if the stallion has more than 50 foals in a given year; the cost to nominate a European stallion is 50% of their stud fee, while the nomination fee for a South American stallion is 25% of their stud fee. In North America, the breeders of the resultant foals must pay a one-time nomination fee by October 15 of the year of birth.
The races are operated by Breeders' Cup Limited, a company formed in 1982. The first event was in 1984. From its inception in 1984 through 2006, it was a single-day event. All sites have been in the United States, except in 1996, when the races were at the Woodbine Racetrack in Canada. In 2006 Greg Avioli began serving as interim President and CEO of the Breeders' Cup, he became the official CEO in April 2007. "This is an exciting time for the Breeders' Cup," said Avioli. "We will continue to focus on growing the international market for our championships, creating a successful two-day event and promoting the Breeders' Cup brand with both our television and sponsorship partners." In 2007, the event was expanded from one to two days and in 2008, the first day was devoted to female horses and the overall purse increased to over $25 million, making it what the New York Post called "the richest turf festival in the world." Before the Breeders' Cup expanded to two days, it was considered to be the richest day in sports.
Beginning in 2008, the second day of the Breeders' Cup became the second-richest. In 2008, a total of $17 million was awarded on that day, down from $20 million in 2007; the richest single day in sports is now Dubai World Cup Night. It features six races with a combined purse of $21 million in 2008. In 2008, the Breeders' Cup Marathon was added but was dropped in April 2014. 2008 marked the first time most of the races were run on an artificial surface, instead of the traditional dirt. On August 11, 2009 the Breeders' Cup announced that it would use the standard colored saddle towel system starting with the 2009 event; the new color-coded system replaces the standard purple saddle towels, used since 1985. The first Breeders' Cup in 1984 used yellow saddle towels. On October 22, 2009, the Breeders' Cup announced it had signed simulcasting and licensing agreements with Betfair, a company which in turn had purchased the horse-racing network TVG in January of that year; the agreement brought in Betfair's customer base of over 2.5 million, many of whom had legal access to common-pool betting.
Betfair handled common-pool wagering at the organization's November 2